Nimíipuu - Lewis and Clark Rediscovery Lifelong Learning
Attachment A – Cultural Property Rights Agreement
11 July 2001
Objective: The objective of this agreement is to safeguard and protect the cultural property of the Nimíipuu (Nez Perce). Cultural property is defined as knowledge and information concerning ideas, practices, objects, landscape, or any other expressed view associated with the culture of the Nimíipuupeople. As cultural property information is obtained for this project, we seek to protect it from uses other than those designated by the Nimíipuu,
and specifically approved by the Nez Perce Tribal Executive Committee and its designated agencies.
- "Patents, copyrights, and trademark are mechanisms designed to protect an inventor, creator, or designer’s individual creations or novel company investments. Inventions, defined by the World Intellectual Property Organization as new ideas that solve a particular problem in a technical field, are covered by patents, which protect the owner of the patent from having his product copied by competitors. Copyrights protect literary, scientific, and artistic works, as well as computer software. Copyrights do not protect ideas as such; rather they protect the specific way in which the author has chosen to express the idea. Trademark, another form of intellectual property protection, distinguish the products of one firm from those of other firms in a related field. According to Greaves ("Tribal Rights," in Valuing Local Knowledge, Island Press, 1996), such
legal measures fall far short of protecting the intellectual property rights and biological resources of indigenous peoples. Indigenous or local knowledge is unique to a given culture or society, and it contrasts with knowledge generated, say, within universities or other research institutions; it is a communal inheritance, often specific to a particular locality or way of life. The use of traditional knowledge is governed by community regulation. It has no identifiable author and is already in the public domain, and therefore cannot be protected under current copyright and patent laws." (Ian McIntosh, "Intellectual Property Responsibilities," Cultural Survival, Winter 2001: 4)
Patents, copyrights and trademarks evolved out of Euro-American legal
consideration to protect individual property defined in terms of a commodity.
Such legal safeguards were and are not fundamentally designed to protect the
collective cultural and intellectual property rights of indigenous peoples.
- Recognizing the sovereign status of the Nez Perce Tribe, the tribe has the
right to monitor and regulate how Nimíipuu cultural property is used and
shared publically. This right is exercised through its Nez Perce Tribal
Executive Committee (NPTEC) and any other body it so designates.
- The agreement is entered into by the principal investigator (and any
research assistants under his supervision) in the Nimíipuu - Lewis and
Clark Rediscovery Life-Long Learning Online Internet Project and by the Nez
Perce Tribe (as approved by NPTEC on June 12, 2001), and is applicable and
binding between these two parties.
- Utilize a thorough review process to access, adjust, and
approve the cultural property and information obtained for this project by the
principal investigator, accessing its accuracy, authenticity, and
appropriateness for public sharing and dissemination. The review process would
involve each interviewee involved in the project, the Office of Cultural
Resources, the Internet Project Committee, and, finally, NPTEC. No cultural
property would be publicly disseminated as part of this project without prior
approval of the above said individuals, committees, and agencies.
- Copies of all cultural property and informational materials obtained for
this project (e.g., still photos, video and audio tapes, and print materials of
interviews and imaging) by the principal investigator, whether used in the final
Internet modules or as supplemental, non-used research materials to the modules,
would remain with the tribe and housed in the Office of Cultural Resources. Such
materials are considered the cultural property of the Nez Perce Tribe, to be
used as deemed appropriate by the tribe and its agencies.
- No additional or future uses (e.g., print or web publication) of any and
all cultural property and informational materials obtained for this project by
the principal investigator would be permitted without the prior approval of
- The Nimíipuu have the continued right to monitor and adjust the
content of the Nimíipuu - Lewis and Clark Rediscovery Life-Long Learning
Online module. If any adjustments are requested, they would be coordinated and
facilitated through the principal investigator or through an internet technician
working on the Lewis and Clark Rediscovery Life-Long Learning Online Project.
The monitoring shall begin upon final NPTEC approval of the project and shall
continue for up to two years following the date of the project’s inception.
- All web-based materials approved by the NPTEC for use on the Lewis and Clark Rediscovery Life-Long Learning Online site will carry the appropriate tribal copyright © sign, identifying each web-based page as copyrighted to the Nez Perce Tribe.
Signature of Principle Investigator:
Date: __23 July 2001_______________
Witnessed by Nez Perce Cultural Resources Official:
__Vera J. Sonneck___________
Date: __July 23, 2001______________