Specific Information on Citation for Biblical Studies -
The Society of Biblical Literature has posted online a style guide for students. This guide will explain most of the specifics you need. It is a pdf at
http://www.sbl-site.org/assets/pdfs/SBLHS_SS92804_Revised_ed.pdf You'll need to scroll down past the preface and title page.
I have also listed below some basics. NOTE: I have been unable to make hanging indents for Works Cited/Bibliography examples.
How to cite the Bible. Examples: Gen 12:27 (NJPS) or Gen 12:27 (NIV); Rom 5:12-21 (NRSV) or Rom 5:12-21 (KJV) . Or, in an in-text citation: (Rom 5:12-21 NRSV) or (Gen 12:27 NJPS) Use the abbreviation for the English version you are using. NJPS for New Jewish Publication Society, NIV for New International Version, etc. If you will use the same version throughout, you can include a footnote or endnote to that effect the first time you use a biblical citation. You do not need to cite the Jewish Study Bible or the New Oxford Annotated or the HarperCollins Study Bible in the in-text citation if all you are using is the biblical verses. This is because the NJPS or NRSV will be exactly the same in these or any other bibles containing the NJPS or NRSV. If a biblical book is the first word in a sentence, do not abbreviate it. Thus: We see this in Rom 5:12 (NRSV). But when first in the sentence: Romans 5:12 shows us this.
How to Cite Introduction to a Biblical Book or Annotations in a Study Bible. If you use information or quote from the introduction to a book, the annotations, or one of the essays included in a study bible, you should cite the study bible by author of the introductions, annotations, or essay, etc. as you would for an article in an edited collection using the style you have adopted such as MLA or CMS or Society of Biblical Literature Style. A table of contributors for the Jewish Study Bible (JSB) and New Oxford Annotated Bible (NOAB) can be found toward the front to locate the author. The contents and authors for the Jewish Study Bible are on pp. v-vii. Here is an example of a bibliography entry in MLA and in SBL Style:
Levenson, Jon D. "Genesis Introduction and Annotations." The Jewish Study Bible. Tanakh Translation. Eds. Adele Berlin and Marc Zvi Brettler. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. 8-101.
Horsley, Richard A. "The First Letter of Paul to the Corinthians Introduction and Annotations." The New Oxford Annotated Bible. New Revised Standard Version, with the Apocrypha. Ed. Michael D. Coogan et al. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. 26792.
Levenson, Jon D. "Genesis Introduction and Annotations." Pages 8-101 in The Jewish Study Bible. Tanakh Translation. Edited by Adele Berlin and Marc Zvi Brettler. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Horsley, Richard A. "The First Letter of Paul to the Corinthians Introduction and Annotations." Pages 26792 in The New Oxford Annotated Bible. New Revised Standard Version, with the Apocrypha. 3rd ed. Edited by Michael D. Coogan et al. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
How to Cite Typical Biblical Studies Reference Sources - Mostly MLA, but also Society of Biblical Literature Handbook of Style
Biblical Commentaries. This can be complex, but there are some rules of thumb See 7.3.9 in The SBL Handbook of Style for specifics on SBL style with footnotes. Single volume commentaries on a single biblical book are usually cited just like any other book with the addition of the series name and vol. number.
In-text citation style of page 127: (Hooker,127) or (Hooker 127) or author-date (Hooker 1991, 127) and in the Works Cited:
Hooker, Morna, The Gospel according to Saint Mark. Black's New Testament Commentaries 2. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1991.
A section within a commentary which combines articles on more than one biblical book should be treated essentially as an article in an edited collection.
In-text citation style for info or a quote from p. 780: (Fitzmyer, 780) or (Fitzmyer 780) or author-date (Fitzmyer 1990, 780) and in the Works Cited:
Fitzmyer, Joseph A. "The Letter to the Galatians." The New Jerome Biblical Commentary. Eds. Raymond E. Brown, Joseph A. Fitzmyer, and Roland E. Murphy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1990. 780-90. OR
Fitzmyer, Joseph A. 1990. "The Letter to the Galatians." Pages 780-90 in The New Jerome Biblical Commentary. Edited by Raymond E. Brown, Joseph A. Fitzmyer, and Roland E. Murphy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Footnote with Bibliography Entry SBL Style. Note: the footnote uses the abbreviation for the commentary.
1Patrick D. Miller, NIB 6:577.
Miller, Patrick D. The Book of Jeremiah: Introduction, Commentary, and Reflections. Pages 553926 in Introduction to Prophetic Literature, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Baruch,Letter of Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel. Vol. 6 of New Interpreters Bible. Edited by Leander E. Keck. Nashville: Abingdon, 2001.
An article in a Biblical Encyclopedia or Dictionary.
In-text citation for a quote or information from page 419: (Stendahl, 419) or author-date (Stendahl 1962, 1: 419)
Works Cited- Depending on the Format you are using:
Stendahl, Krister. "Biblical Theology, Contemporary." The Interpreters Dictionary of the Bible. Vol. 1. Ed. G. A. Buttrick. Nashville: Abingdon, 1962. 418-32. OR
Stendahl, K. 1962. "Biblical Theology, Contemporary." Pages 418-32 in vol. 1 of The Interpreters Dictionary of the Bible. Edited by G. A. Buttrick. 4 vols. Nashville: Abingdon, 1962.
OR, with SBL Style from 7.2.28 The SBL Handbook of Style for endnotes or footnotes:
33 K. Stendahl, "Biblical Theology, Contemporary," IDB 1:418-32.
Stendahl, K. "Biblical Theology, Contemporary." Pages 418-32 in vol. 1 of The Interpreters Dictionary of the Bible. Edited by G. A. Buttrick. 4 vols. Nashville: Abingdon, 1962.
Common Abbreviations are:
Jewish Publication Society Torah Commentary - JPS Torah Commentary
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible - EDB
Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible - IDB
New Jerome Biblical Commentary - NJBC
Harper's Bible Commentary (1988) - HBC
HarperCollins Bible Dictionary - HBD
New Interpreter's Bible - NIB
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
Anchor Bible Dictionary - ABD
Note as well the following:
Internet Source - Citation of electronic works is constantly evolving. Here are an MLA example and an SBL Style example:
MLA Example: Suppose you want to cite something from overheads on the web that you accessed on 4-10-08. In Works Cited it should read more or less as follows:
Anderson, Janice Capel. "Immanuel Kant - Overhead." Philosophy 103- Ethics. Spring 2008. University of Idaho. 10 Apr. 2008. <http://www.its.uidaho.edu/jcanders/slide10.htm>.
SBL Style Example in bibliography:
Bowman, Donna. "The Bible-Shaped Mirror: Biblical Women and Contemporary Culture in Recent Film." SBL Forum. No pages. Cited 4 September 2008. Online: http://www.sbl-site.org/publications/article.aspx?articleId=778.