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Library Philosophy and Practice 2011

ISSN 1522-0222

Scientometric Portrait of Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman

Manzoor Ahmad Khan Anjum
Librarian
National Library of Engineering Sciences (NLES)
University of Engineering & Technology (UET)
GT Road
Lahore, Pakistan

Dr. Munir Ahmad
Rector
National College of Busines Administration & Economics (NCBA&E)
Gulberg, Lahore, Pakistan

Introduction

Bibliometrics is a word that means "the more that is published on a topic, the more important the topic is in terms of money and energy being used" (Jaing, 2003).

The terms bibliometrics by Pritchard and 'Naukometriya' (the Russian for 'Scientometrics') by Nalimov & Mulchenko were coined simultaneously in 1969 while Narin (1976) used the term 'Evaluative bibliometrics' to denote the use of bibliometric techniques, especially publication and citation analysis in the assessment of a scientific creativity.

The anyhow fuzzy borderlines between the two specialties almost vanished during the last three decades and nowadays both terms are used almost as synonyms. Instead, the field informetrics took the place of the originally broader specialty bibliometrics (Glanzel, 2003).

Bbibliometrics is not only the term that is used to refer to the quantitative study of document-related processes. Informatics and librametry may be defined in similar ways; scientometrics, technometrics, sociometrics and econometrics are fields that overlap with bibliometrics to greater or lesser extent (in the sense either that similar methods are used, or that related processes are studied); and webrometrics and cybermetrics are new areas that focus specifically on the communication of information in electronic form (UCLA Graduate School).

Kalyane and Kalyane (1993) for the first time used the phrase 'Scientometric Portrait' to carry out bio-bibliometric studies on scientists while Sinha & Bhatnagar (1980) and Sinha & Ullah (1994) used the term 'Information profile' for such studies while Sen (1995) proposed the term 'Microbibliometrics' for the studies on individual scientists in IASLIC conference (1994).

Recently the term 'Bio-bibliometrics' is being used for a method of retrieving and visualizing biological information (Stapley & Benoit, 2000) while Koganurmath, et al. (2003) have suggested that 'Scientometric portrait' is the appropriate phrase for the studies on scientists and 'Informetric portrait' for the studies on researchers in other disciplines such as arts, humanities and social sciences.

Biographical Sketch

Professor Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman an outstanding academician and one of the leading scientists in Pakistan completed his Masters in Organic Chemistry from the University of Karachi in 1964 and obtained his PhD from Cambridge University in 1968, where he later on had the rare distinction of being appointed as Don at Kings College, Cambridge (1969-1973) and D.A.A.D. Fellow of University of Tuebingen, Germany in 1979. He is also the only scientist from the Pakistan, other than the late Prof. Abdul Salam (Nobel Laureate), who has been awarded the prestigious degree of Doctor of Science (ScD) by Cambridge University. Three Pakistani Universities, Sir Syed Engineering University (2003), Gomal University (2004) and Karachi University (2005) each awarded him D.Sc. degree

He is internationally renowned in the field of Natural Product Chemistry. He has hundreds of publications to his credit including 15 Patents, 94 Books, 59 Chapters in Books published by major US and European presses while more than 70 students have completed Ph.D researches under his supervision.

He is an eminent writer and the level of his writings can be judged from the fact that his first book "Biosynthesis of Indole Alkaloids" was published by Oxford University Press, England as Vol. 7 of their prestigious "International Series of Monographs in Chemistry" in 1983 while another book "Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy" is considered to be the first text book to have a detailed discussion on 2D-NMR spectroscopy. Its success in USA and Europe prompted it to be translated into Japanese language by Prof. H. Hirota from Tokyo University and Prof. Motoo Tori from Tokushima Bunri University. Another title "Stereoselective Synthesis in Organic Chemistry", published by Springer-Verlag, Germany was appreciated by the Nobel Laureate Sir D.H.R. Barton, who wrote its foreword and called it "a monumental tome."

The Government of Pakistan has conferred four civil awards on him in recognition of his eminent contributions in the field of Organic Chemistry. He has also won several national and international prizes. He is the first scientist from the Islamic World to have received the prestigious UNESCO Science Prize (1999) in the 35 year old history of the award. He has secured numerous other national and international prizes and awards including the Federation of Asian Chemical Societies Award (Hiroshima, Japan, 1997), the ECO Prize (2000), ISESCO Prize (2001), the Islamic Organization Prize by Government of Kuwait (1988), the First Prize at the 6th Khwrazmi Festival by the President of Iran (1993), the FPCCI Prize for Technological Innovation (1985), the "Best Scientist of the Year" Award of the Government of Pakistan (1986), and the Prime Minister's Gold Medal and Pakistan Academy of Sciences-INFAQ Foundation Prize in Science (1995).

He is Fellow of three major international science academies and Editor-in-Chief/Executive Editor of fifteen leading European Chemistry journals. He is also the Editor of five book-series entitled "Studies in Natural Product Chemistry", 32 volumes of which have been published under his editorship during the last 14 years. He is also editing "Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry"., "C-13-NMR of Natural Products", "Advances in Organic Chemistry", "Advances in Organic Synthesis" and "Frontiers in Drug Design and Discovery".(Taken from Dr.Atta-ur-Rahamn's Bio).

Study Objective

The prime purpose of the study is to document quantitatively the publication productivity pattern of Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman and particularly it highlights:

· Year-wise, quinquennium-wise and domain-wise productivity

· Domain-wise authorships and collaborative pattern

· Identify prominent collaborators

· Collaborator dynamics

· Mentor's authorship credibility

· Prominent, new and overlapping collaborators

· Core Channels of Communication and distribution of publications among these channels and

· Bradford multiplier

· Geographical distribution of publications, and

· Documentation of keywords used in the titles.

Literature Review

Both terms bibliometrics and scientometrics are used for the study of statistical analysis of scientific literature and to trace the origin of statistical studies we have to go back about 46 years before the coinage of these terms in early twenties of the twentieth century when E. W. Hulme (1923) published his book "Statistical Bibliography in Relation to the Growth of Modern Civilization."

Alfred J. Lotka (1926) conducted a study on the frequency distribution of scientific productivity while the very next year Gross and Gross (1927) conducted a citation-based study by examining 3633 citations and is considered to be the first citation analysis. In 1934, Bradford conducted a study on the frequency distribution of papers over journals while Zipf (1949) formulated an interesting law in bibliometrics and quantitative linguistics for studying word frequency in a text.

Until the early 60s these studies were not given much importance. Glanzel (2003) identifies three reasons for this phenomenon.

1. These papers appeared when traditional methods of information retrieval were still sufficient

2. They applied to different phenomena and the interrelation between these laws which was not completely recognised; and

3. Financing systems for scientific research did not yet stand need of quantitative or even sophisticated statistical methods.

Derek deSolla Price(1963) by analysing the system of science communication laid down the foundation of modern research evaluation techniques and paved a path for the modern scientometrics.

Mentionable efforts for the institutionalisation of the field are, the launching of first international journal "Scientometrics" by Tibor Braun in 1979 followed by the first international conference in 1983 (being held annually since then). The bibliometricians/scientometricians contributed a number of books and articles and developed complex models of scientific communication to strengthen the foundation of the discipline. The bibliometrics continue its journey passing through different phases and as a result of these efforts "Baby Scientometrics" in the words of (Glazel, 2003) evolve into a distinct scientific discipline with a specific research profile, several subfields and the corresponding scientific communication structures.

Some biographical and bio-bibliometric studies of individuals have been carried out occasionally at the time of retirement or paying homage to an individual after death. For some noted individuals their contributions are highlighted in the obituary column of professional journals (Koganurmath, 2003).

Hirsch (2005) for the quantification of scientific output of individual scientific authors suggested the h-index, also known as the Hirsch Number which is based on the citations each article (paper) of an author gets. This number has several advantages over other criteria. H-index has been suggested for use in academic promotions, tenure, grant funding, and prediction of winning of the Nobel Prize.

Recently individual scientists including the Nobel Laureates are becoming the focus of scientometric studies rather than gross statistical "macro" data (Schubert and Glanzel, 1992). Among a number of scientometric studies on Nobel Laureates few are:

Scientometric portrait of Nobel Lauriat Leland Dr. C.V. Raman (Kademani, Kalyane & Kademani, 1994), Barbara McClintock: (Kalyane and Kademani, 1997), S. Chandrasekhar (Gupta, 1983), Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (Kademani, Kalyane & Jange, 1999), Ahmed Hassan Zewail (Kademani, Kalyane & Kumar, 2001), Harold W. Kroto (Kademani, Kalyane & Kumar, 2002), Pierre – Gilles de Gennes (Kalyane & Sen, 1996), Wolfgang Ketterle (Koganuramath, et al., 2003) and H. Hartwell (Angadi, et al., 2004).

Besides Nobel Laureates there are numerous scientometric studies on other scientists in various disciplines, the reference is made to some of such studies as:

The research by Kalyane & Kalyane (1993), (Kademani, Kalyane & Balakrishnan (1994), Kalyane (1995), Prpic (1996), Kalyane & Sen (1996), Hawkins (2001), Kalyane, Prakasan and Kumar (2001), Swarna, Kalyane and Kumar (2002), Kademani, et al., (2005), Kademani, et al. (2006), Sangum, Savanur and Sarathi (2006), Sangam and Savanur (2006), Tiew (2006), van Raan (2006), (Koley & Sen 2006),Anuradha & Urs (2007), Fred Y. Ye (2007), Sagar, Kademani and Kumar (2007) , Leydesdorff & Meyer (2007), Ocholla & Ocholla (2007), Pouris (2007)andYazit & Zainab (2007).

Few examples of bibliometric/citation studies from Pakistan are: Kousar & Mahmood (2010). Naseer & Mahmood (2009), Mahmood & Rehman (2009),Javed & Shah (2008), Ullah, Butt & Haroon (2008), Ullah (2006), Sharif & Mahmood (2004), Majid (1995, 2000), Anwar and Saeed (1999), Khan and Samdani (1997) and Mahmood (1996).

The bibliometricians, scientometricians and information specialists also contributed a number of books on theory and applications of the discipline. A few examples of such publications are:

Introduction to informetrics: quantitative methods in library, documentation and information science (Egghe and Rousseau, 1990), Handbook of quantitative studies of science & technology (van Raan, 1988), Bibliometric mapping as a science policy and research management tool (Noyons, 1999), The challenge of scientometrics: The development, measurement and self-organization of scientific communications (Leydesdorff, 1995) and Scholarly communication and bibliometrics (Borgman, ed. 1990).

Among a large number of useful web-sites providing information on different aspects of bibliometrics few are:

· Applications in Teaching Bibliometrics by Sara von Ungern-Sternberg.

htp://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla61/61-ungs.htm

· Bibliometric Mapping by the Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS) at Leiden University in the Netherlands.

http://sahara.fsw.leidenuniv.nl/ed/projects.html

· BIRD: Bibliometric Retrieval of Documents, from the National Research Council Canada- Institute for Information Technology.

http://ai.iit.nrc.ca/II_public/WebBird/index.html

· BIRD Resources: Bibliometric Systems. A list of bibliometric systems, projects and links. http://ai.iit.nrc.ca/II_public/WebBird/bibliometric.html

· Bibliometrics, Scientometrics & Informetrics by Luc Quoniam

http://crrm.univ-mrs.fr/vl/metricts.html

Methodology

On critical study of the list down loaded from the web, it was observed that there are certain duplicate titles in the list. After dropping duplicate titles the list counts 766 publications which are considered for study purpose.

The study identifies year, quinquennium and domain-wise productivity and Collaborations, collaborative pattern, mentor's authorship credibility, individual collaborator dynamics, channels of communication used and distribution of publications among channels and geographical distribution of publications. Further, the study find out prominent collaborators, the most productive period, top ranking journals, publication density and concentration, Bradford multiplier and high frequency words used in the titles.

Data Analysis & Discussion

The contribution of 766 publications during 1966-2007 by the mentor were analyzed year, quinquennium and domain-wise, author-wise authorships credits, mentor's authorship credibility, channels of communication used, countries of productivity and keywords used in the titles.

Productivity

The productivity can be divided into; year-wise, quinquennium-wise and domain-wise and are discussed as under:

Year-wise Productivity

Table 1 describes year-wise contribution of 766 publications by thementor from 1966-June 2007. He contributed 1 (0.13 %) publication in each year 1966, 1968 and 1969 while maximum 67 (8.75 %) publications in the year 2005. Still 4 (0.52 %) publications are in the press while 8 (1.04 %) have been submitted for acceptance. In his 42 years of research career 1970 is the only year when he made no contribution.

S. No.

Year

Number of Pubs.

CF

%

Single-authored

%

Multi- authored

%

Productive Age

1

1966

1

1

.13

0

0

1

0.13

1

2

1967

2

3

.26

0

0

2

0.26

2

3

1968

1

4

.13

0

0

1

0.13

3

4

1969

1

5

.13

1

0.13

0

0

4

5

1971

3

8

.39

1

0.13

2

0.26

6

6

1972

5

13

.65

3

0.39

2

0.26

7

7

1973

3

16

.39

0

0

3

0.39

8

8

1974

3

19

.39

0

0

3

0.39

9

9

1975

4

23

.52

0

0

4

0.52

10

10

1976

10

33

1.31

2

0.26

8

1.05

11

11

1977

6

39

.78

3

0.39

3

0.39

12

12

1978

2

41

.26

1

0.13

1

0.13

13

13

1979

6

47

.78

3

0.39

3

0.39

14

14

1980

7

54

.91

1

0.13

6

0.78

15

15

1981

5

59

.65

2

0.26

3

0.39

16

16

1982

11

70

1.44

0

0

11

1.44

17

17

1983

17

87

2.22

1

0.13

16

2.09

18

18

1984

31

118

4.05

3

0.39

28

3.66

19

19

1985

18

136

2.35

2

0.26

16

2.09

20

20

1986

27

163

3.53

3

0.39

24

3.13

21

21

1987

27

190

3.53

3

0.39

24

3.13

22

22

1988

39

229

5.09

5

0.65

34

4.44

23

23

1989

28

257

3.66

7

0.91

21

2.74

24

24

1990

23

280

3.00

4

0.52

19

2.48

25

25

1991

32

312

4.18

2

0.26

30

3.92

26

26

1992

25

337

3.26

4

0.52

21

2.74

27

27

1993

11

348

1.44

2

0.26

9

1.16

28

28

1994

22

370

2.87

3

0.39

19

2.48

29

29

1995

34

404

4.44

4

0.52

30

3.92

30

30

1996

14

418

1.83

1

0.13

13

1.7

31

31

1997

25

443

3.26

0

0

25

3.26

32

32

1998

33

476

4.31

0

0

33

4.31

33

33

1999

21

497

2.74

2

0.26

19

2.48

34

34

2000

20

517

2.61

3

0.39

17

2.22

35

35

2001

20

537

2.61

2

0.26

18

2.35

36

36

2002

37

574

4.83

4

0.52

33

4.31

37

37

2003

38

612

4.96

1

0.13

37

4.83

38

38

2004

41

653

5.35

1

0.13

40

5.22

39

39

2005

67

720

8.75

4

0.52

63

8.22

40

40

2006

34

754

4.44

3

0.39

31

4.05

41

41

2007*

12

766

1.56

1

0.13

11

1.44

42

 

Total

766

 

100

83

10.84

683

89.15

 

Table 1 Year-wise Productivity

* In the press or submitted for publication

The contribution of 222 (28.98 %) publications during five high productive years (1988, 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005) indicates that more than one-fourth productivity is the result of less than one-eighth period of productive years (42 years) while 50 % productivity in ten high productive years indicates that half of the total productivity is the result of less than one-fourth of the entire period (1966-2007) of productivity. The productivity of 624 (81 %) publications in 20 high productive years indicates that more than four-fifth of toal productivity is the result of less than fifty percent of total period of productivity. It is obvious from the above discussion that in least 22 productive years, the productivity is less than one-fifth of the entire productivity from 1966-2007.

By dividing total period of productivity (42 years) into three clusters of 14 years each, we find that in the first cluster of 14 years (1966-1979) the productivity is only 47 (6.14 %) publications. In the next cluster (1980- 1993) the productivity is 301 (39.3 %) while in the last cluster of 14 years from 1994-2007, he contributed 418 (54.57 %) publications. It is obvious from the above discussion that the productivity (39.3 %) in the second cluster and (54.57 %) in the third is more than six-times and about nine-times respectively as compared with the first cluster of 14 years of productivity.

In case of decade-wise productivity it is 23 (3.00 %) in the first decade (1966-75), 113 (14.75 %) in the 2nd decade (1976-85), 268 (34.99 %) in the third (1986-95) while in the fourth decade (1996-05) it is 316 (41.25 %). The decade-wise analysis of productivity indicates that only 3 % of entire productivity is during the 1st decade, about one-seventh in the 2nd decade, about one-third in the third while more than two-fifth of entire productivity is in the last decade. Moreover, the collective productivity during the third & the fourth decades is more than three-fourth (76.24 %) of the entire productivity.

The publication productivity coefficient .69 indicates his higher productivity period just after 50 percentile age of his research career under consideration.

Quinquennium-wise Productivity

Table 2 describes quinquennium-wise productivity which consists over nine quinquenniums from 1966-2007. As the productivity in the 9th quinquennium is only of two years, thus it is not reflecting the exact productivity for the complete 9th quinquennium (2006-10).

The productivity in the 8th quinquennium at its peak point is even more than the collective productivity of first four quinquenniums (I-IV). The productivity from 1st to 5th quinquennium remains increasing while decreases in the sixth and seventh quinquenniums. The collective productivity (49.74 %) in three quinquenniums (5th to 7th) is nearly equal as compared with the collective productivity of remaining six quinquenniums (1st- 4th, 8th & 9th) irrespective the decade with maximum productivity (8th) is also included in these six quinquenniums.

Table 2 Quinquennium-wise Productivity

Q

Period

Number of Pubs. (F)

CF

%

Single-authored

CF

%

Multi- authored

CF

%

I

1966-70

5

5

.65

2

2

0.26

3

3

0.39

II

1971-75

18

23

2.35

4

6

0.52

14

17

1.83

III

1976-80

31

54

4.05

10

16

1.31

21

38

2.74

IV

1981-85

82

136

10.7

8

24

1.04

74

112

9.66

V

1986-90

144

280

18.8

22

46

2.87

122

234

15.93

VI

1991-95

124

404

16.19

15

61

1.96

109

343

14.23

VII

1996-00

113

517

14.75

6

67

0.78

107

450

13.97

VIII

2001-05

203

720

26.5

12

79

1.57

191

641

24.93

IX

2006-07

46

766

6.00

4

83

0.52

42

683

5.48

   

766

 

100

83

 

10.84

   

89.16

Q= Quinquennium

Domain-wise Productivity

Table 3 provides detail of domain-wise authorship pattern, number of publications and authorships in each domain of 766 publications as:

NP

Natural Products

NP syn

Natural Products – Synthesis

NPiso

Natural Products –Isolation

NP x-ray

Natural Products --X-Rays

NPnmr

Natural Products – NMR

SY

Synthesis

SP

Spectroscopy

AC

Analytical Chemistry

MC

Medicinal Chemistry

Misc.

Encyclopedias, Handbooks, Directories, General topics, etc.

The entire productivity in various domains is NP 90 (11.75 %), NP-syn & NP-x-ray each 9 (1.18 %), NP-iso 423 (55.22 %), NP-nmr 14 (1.93 %), SY 132 (17.23 %), SP 27 (3.53 %), AC 8 (1.04 %), MC 24 (3.13 %) and Misc. 30 (3.92 %). Domain-wise detail of 83 (10.83 %) single-authored contribution is NP 28 (3.66 %), NP-syn 9 (1.18 %), NP-iso 13 (1.7 %), NP-nmr and AC each 2 (0.26 %), SY 16 (2.09 %), MC 6 (0.78 %), SP 4 (0.52 %) and Misc. 3 (0.39 %) while collaborative productivity in various domains is NP 62 (8.09 %), NP-iso 410 (53.53 %), NP-x-ray 9 (1.18 %), NP-nmr 12 (1.57 %), SY 116 (15.14 %), MC 18 (2.35 %), SP 23 (3.0 %), AC 6 (0.78.%) and Misc. 27 ( 3.53 %).

The single-authored productivity (3.66 %) in the domain of NP is more than all other categories (2-11, 13, and 21–authored) while five-authored productivity (85) in the domain NP-iso is the highest followed by six-authored (77), four-authored (71) and seven-authored (52).

Under the domain of NP-x-ray the maximum productivity is by 6-authored while in case of NP-nmr 2-authored contribution is the highest followed by each 3, 6, single and each five and seven-authored respectively.Under the domain SY two-authored productivity is the highest (39) followed by three-authored (18) and in case of domain AC single and 6-authored productivity is the same and the highest 2 (0.26 %).

Table 3 Domain-wise Productivity

Papers

Domains

NP

NP syn

NP iso

NPx-ray

NPnmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

Total

%

1-authored

28

9

13

2

16

6

4

2

3

83

10.83

2- authored

18

39

1

4

39

5

8

1

22

137

17.89

3-authored

11

47

3

18

3

10

3

95

12.4

4-authored

7

71

1

14

6

1

100

13.05

5-authored

6

85

2

1

10

2

3

1

110

14.36

6-authored

13

77

4

3

11

2

2

112

14.62

7-authored

4

52

1

1

7

1

1

1

68

8.88

8-authored

3

19

4

26

3.39

9-authored

12

6

18

2.35

10-authored

5

6

1

12

1.57

11-authored

1

1

1

3

.39

13-authored

1

1

.13

21-authored

1

1

.13

Total

90

9

423

9

14

132

24

27

8

30

766

Percentage

11.8

1.2

55.2

1.2

1.8

17.2

3.1

3.5

1.1

3.9

100

NP= Natural Product

NPsyn, NPiso, NPx-ray, NPnmr

MC=Medicinal Chemistry

AC= Analytical Chemistry

Misc.=Reference &

General Books

SP=Spectroscopy

SY= Synthesis

Collaborations

Table 4a provides the detail of 3214 (97.48 %) collaborative authorships out of total 3297 authorships. Among these 3214 Collaborations 274 (8.53 %) are two-authored, 285 (8.87 %) three-authored, 400 (12.45 %) four-authored, 550 (17.11 %) five-authored, 672 (20.91 %) six-authored, 476 (14.81 %) seven-authored, 208 (6.47%) eight-authored, 162 (5.04 %) nine-authored, 120 (3.73 %) ten-authored, 33 (1.03 %) eleven-authored, 13 (0.4 %) thirteen-authored and 21 (0.65 %) collaborative authorships are twenty-one-authored.

Table 4a Collaborations

Type of Productivity (X)

Number of Contributions (Y)

%

Author-ships

F =X*Y

CF

%

Collabora-tiveships

CF

%

1-authored

83

10.83

83

83

2.52

0

   

2- authored

137

17.89

274

357

8.31

274

274

8.53

3-authored

95

12.4

285

642

8.65

285

559

8.87

4-authored

100

13.06

400

1042

12.13

400

959

12.45

5-authored

110

14.36

550

1592

16.68

550

1509

17.11

6-authored

112

14.62

672

2264

20.38

672

2181

20.91

7-authored

68

8.88

476

2740

14.44

476

2657

14.81

8-authored

26

3.39

208

2948

6.31

208

2865

6.47

9-authored

18

2.35

162

3110

4.91

162

3027

5.04

10-authored

12

1.57

120

3230

3.64

120

3147

3.73

11-authored

3

0.39

33

3263

1.00

33

3180

1.03

13-authored

1

0.13

13

3276

0.39

13

3193

0.4

21-authored

1

0.13

21

3297

0.64

21

3214

0.65

Total

766

100

3297

 

100

3214

 

100

The number of collaborations is the highest 672 (20.91 %) in case of six-authored productivity followed by five-authored contribution 550 (17.11 %). The contribution of more than 80% co-authorships is by six high productive categories (2 to 7-authored) while the remaining six categories (8 to11, 13 and 21-authored) contributed less than 20 % Collaborations.

The number of Collaborations from one to six-authored productivity remains increasing and afterwards decreasing till 13-authored productivity which indicates that in case of 1-6-authored productivity, the relationship between number of Collaborations and category of productivity is directly proportional while from 7 to 13-authored productivity this relationship is inversely proportional. The authorship per paper is 4.3.

Table 4b provides the detail of 2531 collaborations made by co-authors. The most prolific collaborator contributed 398 (15.73 %) authorships while 250 collaborators contributed 250 (9.88 %) co-authorships one each.

The contribution of 398 (15.73 %) Collaborations by one collaborator indicates that the credit of one-seventh of total co-authorships goes to only one collaborator. The contribution of 846 (33.43 %) co-authorships out of total 2531by only 18 out of total 547 collaborators indicates that 3.3 % of total collaborators contributed one-third of the total Collaborations while only 57 co-authors contributed 50 % of the total Collaborations.

It is evident from the data that the contribution of 50 % Collaborations only by 57 reseachers is equal to the remaining 490 collaborators while the contribution of 94.47 % Collaborations by only 92 collaborators indicates that Collaborations contribution exceeds the general rule of 80/20.

Table 4b Collaborations

S. No.

Number of

Collaborators

(X)

Number of Collaborations

(Y)

Total

Collaborations

X*Y= F

CF

%

1

250

1

250

250

9.88

2

87

2

174

424

6.87

3

48

3

144

568

5.69

4

28

4

112

680

4.43

5

14

5

70

750

2.77

6

26

6

156

906

6.16

7

15

7

105

1011

4.15

8

12

8

96

1107

3.79

9

10

9

90

1197

3.56

10

10

10

100

1297

3.95

11

6

11

66

1363

2.61

12

7

12

84

1447

3.32

13

2

13

26

1473

1.03

14

4

14

56

1529

2.21

15

5

15

75

1604

2.96

16

4

16

64

1668

2.53

17

1

17

17

1685

0.67

18

3

19

57

1742

2.25

19

2

20

40

1782

1.58

20

1

21

21

1803

0.83

21

3

22

66

1869

2.61

22

2

24

48

1917

1.9

23

1

27

27

1944

1.07

24

1

31

31

1975

1.23

25

1

35

35

2010

1.38

26

1

38

38

2048

1.5

27

1

42

42

2090

1.66

28

1

43

43

2133

1.7

29

1

398

398

2531

15.73

2.1 Year-wise Collaborations

Table 4c describes year-wise contribution of co-authors. More than three-fifth (61.52 %) of the total Collaborations is the result of ten most productive years (1988, 1991, 1995, 1998 and 2001-2006) while more than four-fifth (88.27 %) of the entire Collaborations is the result of 20 most productive years. It is obvious from the data that the contribution of more than 80 % of Collaborations is in 20 years while in the remaining 22 years these are only 12 %.

Table 4c Year-wise Collaborations

S. No.

Year

Collaborations

(F)

CF

%

S. No.

Year

Collaborations

(F)

CF

%

1

1966

2

2

0.08

22

1988

99

447

3.91

2

1967

2

4

0.08

23

1989

66

513

2.61

3

1968

1

5

0.04

24

1990

71

584

2.81

4

1969

0

5

0

25

1991

119

703

4.7

5

1971

2

7

0.08

26

1992

64

767

2.53

6

1972

3

10

0.12

27

1993

32

799

1.26

7

1973

6

16

0.24

28

1994

76

875

3.00

8

1974

5

21

0.2

29

1995

110

985

4.35

9

1975

7

28

0.28

30

1996

32

1017

1.26

10

1976

16

44

0.63

31

1997

85

1102

3.36

11

1977

9

53

0.36

32

1998

119

1221

4.7

12

1978

2

55

0.08

33

1999

71

1292

2.81

13

1979

5

60

0.2

34

2000

82

1374

3.24

14

1980

11

71

0.44

35

2001

97

1471

3.83

15

1981

3

74

0.12

36

2002

143

1614

5.65

16

1982

27

101

1.07

37

2003

185

1799

7.31

17

1983

30

131

1.19

38

2004

207

2006

8.18

18

1984

66

197

2.61

39

2005

318

2324

12.56

19

1985

38

235

1.5

40

2006

160

2484

6.32

20

1986

47

282

1.86

41

Sub

47

2531

1.86

21

1987

66

348

2.61

 

Total

 

2531

 

Quinquennium-wise Collaborations

Table 4d about quinquennium-wise collaborations indicates that the highest number of collaborations 950 (37.53 %) are in the 8th quinquennium (2001-05) followed by 401 (15.84 %) in the 6th quinquennium (1991-95).

Table 4d Quinquennium-wise Collaborations

Quinquennium

Period

Collaborations (F)

CF

%

I

1966-70

5

5

0.2

II

1971-75

23

28

0.91

III

1976-80

43

71

1.7

IV

1981-85

164

235

6.48

V

1986-90

349

584

13.79

VI

1991-95

401

985

15.84

VII

1996-00

389

1374

15.37

VIII

2001-05

950

2324

37.53

IX

2006-07

207

2531

8.18

Mentor's Authorship Credibility

The credit of contributing 766 out of 3297 authorships goes to the mentor. Table 5 describes his authorship credibility. The credibility of 444 (57.96 %) publications as first author and 74 (9.66 %) as second author indicates that being the first or the second author he is mainly responsible for the contents and productivity of 67.62 % publications. In case of 86.55 % publications his authorship credibility varies from 1 to 5 while in case of only 13.45 % publications the authorship credibility is either seventh or beyond.

Table 5 Mentor's Authorship Credibility

Authorship Position

Frequency (F)

CF

%

1st author

444

444

57.96

2nd author

74

518

9.66

3rd author

41

559

5.35

4th author

49

608

6.4

5th author

55

663

7.18

6th author

49

712

6.4

7th author

26

738

3.39

8th author

11

749

1.44

9th author

12

761

1.57

10th author

2

763

0.26

11th author

3

766

0.39

Collaborator Dynamics

Individual author's domain-wise profile of productivity is presented in Table 6 (See Appendix A). The 547 authors contributed 2531 (76.77 %) collaborative authorships with the mentor. The top collaborator has 398 (12.07 %) co-authorships while coauthorships contributed by 296 authors varies from 43 (1.3 %) to 2(.06 %). The remaining 250 authors contributed 1(.03 %) authorship each.

Year-wise Collaborator Dynamics

During the 42 years of mentor's productivity (1966-2007), the number of colaborators varies in different years. There are only three authors including the mentor in the year of the first publication (1966) and maximum number of co-authors are 318 (12.56 %) in the year 2005.

In the year 1966 all collaborators are new while in the years 1967, 1968, 1971,1975,1978, 1979 and 1981 all collaborators are those who continue to collaborate from previous years. Maximum number of new and overlapping collaborators at one time are 55 (2.17 %) and 263 (10.39 %) in the year 2005 respectively while maximum number of Collaborations 318 (12.56 %) at one time are also in the same year. The collaborators joining the mentor for the first time contributed 369 (14.58 %) co-authorships in 10 high Collaborations years while in the same period collaborators who continue to collaborate contributed 1209 (47.77 %) Collaborations. It is evident from the above discussion that the number of overlapping collaborators is four-times than the new collaborators in high ten years of Collaborations. It can be inferred from the above ratio of new comers and overlapping collaborators that the co-authors once join the group seems to be satisfied with their output and group.

Table 7 Year-wise Detail of New & Overlapping Collaborators

S. No.

Year

(F)

CF

%

(F-1)

CF

%

(F-2)

CF

%

1

1966

2

2

0.08

2

2

0.08

0

0

0

2

1967

2

4

0.08

0

2

0

2

2

0.08

3

1968

1

5

0.04

0

2

0

1

3

0.04

4

1969

0

5

0

0

2

0

0

3

0

5

1971

2

7

0.08

0

2

0

2

5

0.08

6

1972

3

10

0.12

2

4

0.08

1

6

0.04

7

1973

6

16

0.24

3

7

0.12

3

9

0.12

8

1974

5

21

0.2

1

8

0.04

4

13

0.16

9

1975

7

28

0.28

0

8

0

7

20

0.28

10

1976

16

44

0.63

5

13

0.2

11

31

0.44

11

1977

9

53

0.36

7

20

0.28

2

33

0.08

12

1978

2

55

0.08

0

20

0

2

35

0.08

13

1979

5

60

0.2

0

20

0

5

40

0.2

14

1980

11

71

0.44

4

24

0.16

7

47

0.28

15

1981

3

74

0.12

0

24

0

3

50

0.12

16

1982

27

101

1.07

9

33

0.36

18

68

0.71

17

1983

30

131

1.19

11

44

0.44

19

87

0.75

18

1984

66

197

2.61

11

55

0.44

55

142

2.17

19

1985

38

235

1.5

7

62

0.28

31

173

1.23

20

1986

47

282

1.86

4

66

0.16

43

216

1.7

21

1987

66

348

2.61

15

81

0.6

51

267

2.02

22

1988

99

447

3.91

35

116

1.38

64

331

2.53

23

1989

66

513

2.61

16

132

0.63

50

381

1.98

24

1990

71

584

2.81

16

148

0.63

55

436

2.17

25

1991

119

703

4.7

18

166

0.71

101

537

3.99

26

1992

64

767

2.53

12

178

0.47

52

589

2.06

27

1993

32

799

1.26

6

184

0.24

26

615

1.03

28

1994

76

875

3.00

19

203

0.75

57

672

2.25

29

1995

110

985

4.35

30

233

1.19

80

752

3.16

30

1996

32

1017

1.26

7

240

0.28

25

777

0.99

31

1997

85

1102

3.36

23

263

0.91

62

839

2.45

32

1998

119

1221

4.7

28

291

1.11

91

930

3.6

33

1999

71

1292

2.81

11

302

0.44

60

990

2.37

34

2000

82

1374

3.24

34

336

1.34

48

1038

1.9

35

2001

97

1471

3.83

21

357

0.83

76

1114

3.0

36

2002

143

1614

5.65

30

387

1.19

113

1227

4.47

37

2003

185

1799

7.31

37

424

1.46

148

1375

5.85

38

2004

207

2006

8.18

40

464

1.58

167

1542

6.6

39

2005

318

2324

12.56

55

519

2.17

263

1805

10.39

40

2006

160

2484

6.32

25

544

0.99

135

1940

5.33

41

2007

47

2531

1.86

3

547

0.12

44

1984

1.74

   

2531

 

100

547

 

21.66

1984

 

78.44

F= Total Collaboratorships, F-1= New collaborators, F-2= Overlapping collaborators

4.2 Quinquennium-wise Collaborator Dynamics

During the 9 quinquenniums from (1966-2007) 2531 reseachers collaborate with the mentor. During the three quinquenniums (6th to 8th) 371(67.82 %) new collaborators join the mentor while during the same period (6th & 8th quinquenniums) the overlapping collaborators are 69 %. It is evident from the data that with the passage of time the number of collaborators in each quinquennium increased.

Table 8 Quinquennium-wise detail of New & Overlapping Collaborators

Q

Period

(F)

CF

%

(F-1)

CF

%

(F-2)

CF

%

I

1966-70

5

5

0.2

2

2

0.08

3

3

0.12

II

1971-75

23

28

0.9

6

8

0.24

17

20

0.67

III

1976-80

43

71

1.7

16

24

0.63

27

47

1.07

IV

1981-85

164

235

6.5

38

62

1.5

126

173

4.98

V

1986-90

349

584

13.8

86

148

3.4

263

436

10.39

VI

1991-95

401

985

15.8

85

233

3.36

316

752

12.49

VII

1996-00

389

1374

15.4

103

336

4.1

286

1038

11.3

VIII

2001-05

950

2324

37.5

183

519

7.23

767

1805

30.3

IX

2006-07

207

2531

8.2

28

547

1.11

179

1984

7.07

   

2531

100

 

21.65

1984

78.39

Q=Quinquennium, F=Collaboratorships, F-1= New collaborators, F-2= Overlapping collaborators

Channels of Communication

The mentor used 113 channels of communication to publish 756 out of total 766 publications in which 106 (13.84 %) are published locally while 660 (86.16 %) from abroad. For the remaining ten titles the names of publishers are not mentioned in the list provided by the mentor. Channel-wise scattering of publications is depicted in the Table 8 as below.

The Photochemistry by publishing 93 (12.14 %) titles is at the top followed by Elsevier Science Publishers and J. Nat. Prod 56 (7.31 %) each. Fourteen channels each publish 2 (.26 %) titles while 55 channels of communication (12 local and 43 foreign) publish only 1 (.13 %) title each. It is interesting to note that among the most prolific publishers, the top seven belongs to foreign countries.

The publication of 346 (45.17 %) titles by 7 top publishers indicates that one-sixteenth numbers of publishers publish more than forty percent of titles and all are foreign. The publication of 413 (53.9 %) titles in ten channels of communication indicates that less than one-eleventh numbers of channels publish more than fifty percent titles and among these ten publishers, local is only one. It is evident from the above discussion that 90% channels of communication used among top ten are foreign.

The publication density in this case is 6.69, (the ratio of total number of papers published to the total number of channels in which the papers were publishedwhile publication concentration is 7.96 (as the ratio in percentage of the journals containing half of the papers published to the total number of journals in which those papers were published during the period under study) (Vinkler (1990).

Table 9 Channels of communication

S. No.

Channel of Communication

F

%

CF

Local

%

Foreign

%

1

Photochemistry

93

12.14

93

   

93

12.14

2

Elsevier Science Publishers

56

7.31

149

   

56

7.31

3

J. Nat. Prod

56

7.31

205

   

56

7.31

4

Planta Medica

48

6.27

253

   

48

6.27

5

Heterocycles

35

4.57

288

   

35

4.57

6

Nat. Prod. Letters

30

3.92

318

   

30

3.92

7

Z. Naturforch

28

3.66

346

   

28

3.66

8

J. Chem. Soc. Pak

27

3.53

373

27

3.52

   

9

Acta Cryst.

21

2.74

394

   

21

2.74

10

Chem. Pharm. Bull.

19

2.48

413

   

19

2.48

11

Natural product research

17

2.22

430

   

17

2.22

12

Tetrahedron Lett

17

2.22

447

   

17

2.22

13

Fitoterapia

15

1.96

462

   

15

1.96

14

Patent Offices

15

1.96

477

10

1.31

5

0.65

15

COMSTECH

14

1.84

491

14

1.83

   

16

Bioorganic & Med. Chemistry

12

1.57

503

   

12

1.57

17

Helv. Chim. Acta

12

1.57

515

   

12

1.57

18

J. of Ethnopharmacology

12

1.57

527

   

12

1.57

19

Tetrahedron

11

1.44

538

   

11

1.44

20

Bentham Science

9

1.18

547

   

9

1.18

21

Chem & biodver

9

1.18

556

   

9

1.18

22

Elite Publishers

9

1.18

565

9

1.18

   

23

J. Chem. Soc

9

1.17

574

   

9

1.17

24

Pure & Applied Chemistry

9

1.18

583

   

9

1.18

25

B.C.C. & T. Press

7

0.91

590

7

0.91

   

26

Pak. J. Sci. Indus. Res.

7

0.91

597

7

0.91

   

27

Springer Verlag

7

0.91

604

   

7

0.91

28

Academic Press

6

0.78

610

   

6

0.78

29

J. of Enzyme Inhibition and Med. Chemistry

6

0.78

616

   

6

0.78

30

Phytotheraphy Research

6

0.78

622

   

6

0.78

31

Hamdard Foundation Press

5

0.65

627

5

0.65

   

32

Biochemical and Biophysical Res. Comm.

4

0.52

631

   

4

0.52

33

Harwood Academic

4

0.52

635

   

4

0.52

34

J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans.

4

0.52

639

   

4

0.52

35

Letters in Organic Chemistry

4

0.52

643

   

4

0.52

36

Nat. Prod. Rep

4

0.52

647

   

4

0.52

37

Quaid-e-Azam University

4

0.52

651

4

0.52

   

38

Shamim Printing Press

4

0.52

655

4

0.52

   

39

Chem. of Natural Compounds

3

0.39

658

   

3

0.39

40

Curr. Pharm. Design

3

0.39

661

   

3

0.39

41

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

3

0.39

664

   

3

0.39

42

Pak. J. Science

3

0.39

667

3

0.39

   

43

Phytomedicine

3

0.39

670

   

3

0.39

44

Steroids

3

0.39

673

   

3

0.39

45

Alken Inc

2

0.26

675

   

2

0.26

46

Arzneim Forsch. Drug Res.

2

0.26

677

   

2

0.26

47

Biochemica

2

0.26

679

   

2

0.26

48

Chem. of Hetrocyclic Comps.

2

0.26

681

   

2

0.26

49

Crystal Structure Comm.

2

0.26

683

   

2

0.26

50

Current Organic Chemistry

2

0.26

685

   

2

0.26

51

Experientia

2

0.26

687

   

2

0.26

52

J. Org. Chem.

2

0.26

689

   

2

0.26

53

Molecular Diversity

2

0.26

691

   

2

0.26

54

Nature

2

0.26

693

   

2

0.26

55

Organic Lettres

2

0.26

695

   

2

0.26

56

Plenum

2

0.26

697

   

2

0.26

57

Proc. Pak. Acad. Sciences

2

0.26

699

2

0.26

   

58

Synthetic Communications

2

0.26

701

   

2

0.26

59

Acta Agrobotanica

1

0.13

702

   

1

0.13

60

Arch. Pharm. Res.

1

0.13

703

   

1

0.13

61

Asian J. Androl

1

0.13

704

   

1

0.13

62

Biochem. Soc. Trans.actions

1

0.13

705

   

1

0.13

63

Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.

1

0.13

706

   

1

0.13

64

Blackwell Scientific

1

0.13

707

   

1

0.13

65

Bulgarian Academy of Sc.

1

0.13

708

   

1

0.13

66

Carbohydrate research

1

0.13

709

   

1

0.13

67

Chem. Nat. comp.

1

0.13

710

   

1

0.13

68

Chemistry and Industry

1

0.13

711

   

1

0.13

69

Chemistry in Britain

1

0.13

712

   

1

0.13

70

Clarendon

1

0.13

713

   

1

0.13

71

Cryst. Eng. Comm.

1

0.13

714

   

1

0.13

72

Current Medicinal Chemistry

1

0.13

715

   

1

0.13

73

Frontiers in Nat. Prod. Chem.

1

0.13

716

   

1

0.13

74

Hamdard Medicus

1

0.13

717

1

0.13

   

75

I. U. P. A. C

1

0.13

718

   

1

0.13

76

Indian J. Chem.

1

0.13

719

   

1

0.13

77

Ins. Union of Crystallography

1

0.13

720

   

1

0.13

78

J. of Science

1

0.13

721

1

0.13

   

79

J. Chem. Educ.

1

0.13

722

   

1

0.13

80

J. Chem. Res.

1

0.13

723

   

1

0.13

81

J. FASEB

1

0.13

724

   

1

0.13

82

J. Mol. Bio.

1

0.13

725

   

1

0.13

83

J. Natn. Sci. Coun.

1

0.13

726

   

1

0.13

84

J. of Inorganic Biochemistry

1

0.13

727

   

1

0.13

85

J. Pharm. Med.

1

0.13

728

   

1

0.13

86

J. Pharm. Sci.

1

0.13

729

1

0.13

   

87

J. Pract. Chem.

1

0.13

730

   

1

0.13

88

J. Science & Medicine

1

0.13

731

1

0.13

   

89

Journal of Pharm. Society

1

0.13

732

1

0.13

   

90

J. of Heterocyclic Chemitry

1

0.13

733

   

1

0.13

91

Kluwer Plenum

1

0.13

734

   

1

0.13

92

Letters in Drug Desing & Discovery

1

0.13

735

   

1

0.13

93

Magn. Reson. Chem.

1

0.13

736

   

1

0.13

94

Molecular Immunology

1

0.13

737

   

1

0.13

95

Munksgaard, Copenhagen

1

0.13

738

   

1

0.13

96

N. Triter. Alkl. Cholines

1

0.13

739

   

1

0.13

97

Neuroscience Letters

1

0.13

740

   

1

0.13

98

New Trends in Nat Prod. Chemistry

1

0.13

741

   

1

0.13

99

Organic Mass Spectrometry

1

0.13

742

   

1

0.13

100

Oxford University

1

0.13

743

   

1

0.13

101

Pak. J. Anal. Chem.

1

0.13

744

1

0.13

   

102

Pakistan J. of Hematology

1

0.13

745

1

0.13

   

103

Pakistan Med. Jour.

1

0.13

746

1

0.13

   

104

Print Arts

1

0.13

747

1

0.13

   

105

Proc. ISBBP Symp. Biochem. Biophys

1

0.13

748

   

1

0.13

106

Recent Trends in Biomed. Res. in Pakistan

1

0.13

749

1

0.13

   

107

Royal Society of Chemistry

1

0.13

750

   

1

0.13

108

Social and Natural Sciences

1

0.13

751

   

1

0.13

109

Synthesis

1

0.13

752

   

1

0.13

110

Turk. J. Chem.

1

0.13

753

   

1

0.13

111

UGC Press

1

0.13

754

1

0.13

   

112

Vanguard Books

1

0.13

755

1

0.13

   

113

Yaulor & Farncis

1

0.13

756

   

1

0.13

114

Name not mentioned

10

1.31

766

2

0.26

8

1.04

 

766

100

 

106

13.84

660

86.16

Bradford Distribution

Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman contributed 766 publications during the entire period of productivity (1966- June 2007). For the ten publications the names of channels of communication are not mentioned. To test for the remaining 756 publications whether his contribution follows Bradford distribution or not, the productivity is divided into three zones each having approximately 252 papers.

The first 4 channels published 253 titles, the next 16 published 250 while in case of 3rd zone 64 channels published 253 publications. The below table provides zone-wise distribution of publications and journals.

Bradford multiplier is 4 in this case. According to this multiplier the number of publications in the third zone should be 4x4x4 = 64 which is exactly the same as actual number 64. Thus the data follows the Bradford Law of distribution, Garfield, E. (1979).

Zones

Papers

Journals

1st

253

4

2nd

250

16

3rd

253

64

Geographical Distribution of Publications

The table below explains countrywise distribution of the publications. The publishers from 23 countries published 766 titles. UK is at the top by publishing 220 (28.72 %) titles followed by USA 131 (17.1 %) and Pakistan 106 (13.84 %). , Germany 91 (11.88 %), The Netherlands 89 (11.62 %), Japan 57 (7.41 %) while 11 countries publish 1 (0.13 %) title each. The numbers of locally published titles are 106 (13.84 %) while the numbers of titles published abroad are 660 (86.16 %). The top seven countries published 95.14 % titles and the titles published in developing countries is about 16 % as compared with the developed world.

Table 10 Geographical Detail of Productivity

S. No.

Country

F

CF

%

Foreign

%

Local

%

1

UK

220

220

28.72

220

28.72

   

2

USA

131

351

17.1

131

17.1

   

3

Pakistan

106

457

13.84

   

106

13.84

4

Germany

91

548

11.88

91

11.88

   

5

The Netherlands

89

637

11.62

89

11.62

   

6

Japan

57

694

7.41

57

7.41

   

7

Switzerland

35

729

4.57

35

4.57

   

8

Italy

13

742

1.7

13

1.7

   

9

Canada

7

749

0.91

7

0.91

   

10

Brazil

2

751

0.26

2

0.26

   

11

Ireland

2

753

0.26

2

0.26

   

12

Sri Lanka

2

755

0.26

2

0.26

   

13

Bulgaria

1

756

0.13

1

0.13

   

14

Denmark

1

757

0.13

1

0.13

   

15

Hungary

1

758

0.13

1

0.13

   

16

India

1

759

0.13

1

0.13

   

17

Indonesia

1

760

0.13

1

0.13

   

18

Kazakhstan

1

761

0.13

1

0.13

   

19

Korea

1

762

0.13

1

0.13

   

20

Nepal

1

763

0.13

1

0.13

   

21

New Zealand

1

764

0.13

1

0.13

   

22

Thailand

1

765

0.13

1

0.13

   

23

Turkey

1

766

0.13

1

0.13

   
 

766

 

100

660

86.16

106

13.84

Keyword Tomography

Titles of publications convey precisely the thought contents of publications. Therefore, if a word occurs more frequently than expected to be occurred, then it reflects the emphasis given by the author about the domain of his research (Angadi, et. al., 2006). The list of keywords with frequencies in parenthesis appeared in the titles of publications is provided in descending order as under. The words without frequencies are those which appear once in the titles.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Natural (84), Synthesis (77), Products (74), Chemistry (69), Isolation (68), Natural Products (54), Alkaloids (53), Studies (45), New (42), Structure (41), Natural Products Chemistry (36), Bioactive Natural Products (32), Alkaloid (29), Constituents (26), Novel (25), Steroidal Alkaloids (26), Recent (22), Rhazya stricta (22), Stereoselective ( 22), Microbial Transformation (21), Buxus papillosa (20), Chemical Constituents (19), Vinblastine (19), Derivatives (18), Synthetic (18), Medicinal Plants (17), New Steroidal Alkaloids (16), Structural Studies (16), Bioactive (15), Chemists (15), Publications (15), Their (15), Atharanthus roseus (14), Activity (14), Directory (14), OIC Members (14), Sarcococca saligna (14), Scientific (14), States (14),Some (13), Structure Elucidation (13), Leaves of Buxus papillosa (12), Structural (12), Frontiers (11), Inhibitors (11), Syntheses (11), Synthetic Studies (11), Total (11), Antifungal (10), Inhibiting (10),Vincristine (10), â-Carbolines (9), Crystal (9), Leaves of Rhazya stricta (9), Medicinal (9), Reactions (9), Alstonia macrophylla (8), Buxus sempervirens (8), Harmaline (8), Indigenous (8), Isolated (8), Leaves (8), Pakistan (8), Tinospora malabarica (8), Withania coagulance (8), 13C-NMR (7), Antibacterial (7), Ervatamia coronaria (7), Inhibition (7), Plants (7), Prolyl Endopeptidase (7), Structure and Chemistry (7), Tyrosinase (7), Using (7), Withania somnifera (7), Acetylcholinesterase (6), Compounds (6), Procedure (6), Rhizomes (6), Urease (6), Veratrum album (6), Advances (5), Alstonia scholaris (5), Analogues (5), Biotransformation (5), Butyrylcholinesterase (5), Characterization (5), Delphinium denudalum (5), Elucidation (5), Fungal Transformation (5), Indole Alkaloids (5), Inhibitory Activity (5), Microbial Transformations (5), Nepalese Origin (5), New Cholinesterase (5), New Indole Alkaloid (5), New Triterpenoidal Alkaloids (5), Nigella sativa (5), Nigellicine (5), Phytochemical Studies (5), Seeds (5), Skimmia laureola (5), Spectroscopy (5), Strictamine (5), Suregada multiflora (5),Transformed Products (5),Triterpenoid (5), Withanolides (5), a-Glucosidase (4), Amides (4), Anti-Inflammatory (4), Biological (4), Buxus hyrcana (4), Coumarins (4), Diterpenoid (4), 11-Methoxyrutaecarpine (4), Fagonia indica (4), Fumaria indica (4), Handbook of Natural Products Data (4), Handbook (4), Indole (4), Iris bungei (4), Iris germanica (4), Leaves of Catharanthus roseus (4), 2D NMR Techniques (4) 2D NMR Techniques (4), Source (4), Leucosceptrum canum (4), Medicinal Plants of Pakistan (4), Molecular (4), New Isoquinoline Alkaloid (4), New Withanolides (4), Norditerpenoid Alkaloids (4), Organic (4), Petchia ceylanica (4), Potential Biological Importance (4), Reduction (4), Rhazimol (4), Roots of Buxus papillosa (4), Selected (4), Sphaeranthus indicus (4), Study (4), Towards (4), Two (4), Vinrosidine (4), Alkaloidal (3), Anti leukaemic Alkaloids (3), Anticancer Alkaloids (3), Anticonvulsant Activities (3), Antioxidant (3), pproaches (3), Aqueous Fraction (3), Bongardia chrysogonum (3), Buxus hildebrandtii (3), Catharanthine (3), Cephalosporium aphidicola (3), Cholinesterase Inhibitory Activity (3), 16-epi-19S-Vindolinine (3), Conformational (3), Cyclization (3), Datura fastuosa (3), Diterpenoids (3), Encyclopaedia (3), Fritillaria imperialis (3), Fruits (3), Haplophyllum buxbaumii (3), Imides (3), Inhibitory(3), Inhibitory Activity (3), Leaves of Buxus sempervirens (3), Leucosceptrine (3), Magnetic (3), Medica (3), Method (3), Modern (3), Moenjodaramine (3), Molecular Structure (3), New Indole Alkaloids (3), New Natural Products (3), New Pregnane-Type Steroidal Alkaloid (3), NMR Studies (3), Nnovel (3), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (3), Nuclear (3), Organic Chemistry (3), Partial (3), Planta Medica (3), Planta (3), Quinoline Alkaloid (3), Relationship (3), Resonance (3), Roots of Buxus sempervirens Roots of Delphinium denudatum (3), Saponins (3), Semperviramidine (3), Sesquiterpene (3), Sesterterpenes (3), Sodium Borohydride (3), Sophora griffithii (3), Spatoglossum variabile (3), Spices (3), Structure-Activity (3), Tiliacora racemosa (3), Trends (3), Triterpenes (3), Absolute (2), Allium (2), Alstonia species (2), Alternative Method (2), Analytical Chemistry (2), Antihypertensive Alkaloids (2), Anti-leukaemic (2), Arylnaphthalene Lignans (2), Asymmetric Synthesis (2), Autocrine Inflammatory Mediator (2), Bacopa monniera (2), Bioactive Constituents (2), Benzopyrone Derivatives (2), Betula utilis (2), Bioactivities (2), Biodiversity (2), Biological Evaluations (2), Biological Screening (2), Bisbenzylisoquinoline Alkaloids (2), Botrytis cinerea (2), Bridged (2), Buxus longifolia(2), Buxus sempervirens L. (2), Buxuspapilosa (2), Cadaba fruticosa (2), Calcium Channel Blocking (2), Cell Suspension Culture (2), Cholinesterase Inhibiting Withanolides (2), Cocculus hirsute (2), Cocculus pendulus (2), Colchicum decaisnei (2), Complex Natural Products (2), Configuration (2), Dihydrocleavamines (2), Delphinium nordhagenii (2), Drug Design (2), Cytotoxic (2), Demethoxycarbonyldeoxyvinblastine (2), Cunninghamella elegans (2), Design (2), Determination (2), Dimeric Tropane Alkaloids (2), Diphenylbisbenzylisoquinoline Alkaloid (2), Diterpene Lactones (2), Diterpenoid Alkaloids (2), Dynamics (2), Economical (2), Efficient (2), Enamine (2), Erratum (2), Ervaticine (2), Erythroxylum moonii (2), Essential (2), Ethanolic Extract (2), Ethers (2), Evaluation (2), Facile (2), Field (2), Five New Peltogynoids (2), Furanoid Diterpene (2), Furanoid (2), Further (2), Gomaline (2), Growth (2), Halenia corniculata (2), Harappamine (2), Hecubine (2), Hypoglycemic Activity (2), Identification (2),Imine-Enamine (2), Immunomodulatory Properties (2), Indolic (2), Indolic Imides (2), Inhibitor (2), Inhibitory Constituents (2), Intermediates (2), Isodon rugosus (2), Isoflavonoid Glycosides (2), Karachic acid (2), Kinetics (2), Lactones (2), Leaves of Alstonia macrophylla (2), Leaves of Sarcococca oriacea (2), Legumes of Rhazya Stricta (2), Leontice leontopetalum (2), Leuconollam sesquihydrate (2), Lindelofia stylosa (2), Lupine Alkaloids (2), Marine Brown Alga (2), Marine Organisms (2), Mestranol (2),Methods (2), Microbial (2), Microbial Metabolism (2), Mixture (2), New Antioxidant (2), New Dihydroindole Alkaloid (2), New Indolenine Alkaloid (2), New Isoflavone (2), New Theory of Memory (2), Nigellimine (2), N-oxide (2), Oil (2), One step Synthesis (2), Oxindole Alkaloid (2), Paeonia emodi (2), Papilamine (2), Partial Syntheses (2), Pentacyclic Triterpenes (2), Pentacyclic (2), Perspectives (2), Pharmacophores (2), Phosphodiesterase (2), Phytochemical (2), Potential (2), Pregnane-Type Steroidal Alkaloids (2), Presence (2), Process (2), Protecting Groups (2), Protoberberine Alkaloids (2), Pteleopsis hylodendron (2), Quinovic Acid Glycosides (2), Rapid (2), Reactions of Harmaline (2), Rearrangement (2), Recent (2), Recent Advances (2), Recognition (2), Reductive (2), Relationship (2), Revisiting Diterpene Lactones (2), Rhazimal (2), Rhazimine (2), Rhazya orientalis (2), Roots of Rhazya stricta (2), Rosamine (2), Saponin (2), Sarcococca brevifolia (2), Sarcococca hookeriana (2), Sesterterpene (2), Sodium Bromate (2), Sodium Hydrogen Sulfite (2), Spectral Deductions (2), Spectroscopic (2), Spectrum (2), Stereochemistry (2), Stricticine (2), Taxus wallichiana Zucc. (2), Terminalia glaucescens (2), Trachelospermum jasminoides (2), Triterpene (2), Triterpenodal Alkaloids (2), Triterpenoid Alkaloids (2), Triterpenoids (2), Utilization (2), FS-1 Subfraction (2), Interleukin-8 (2), 1H/13C-NMR (2) (-)- Caryophyllene Oxide (2), (-)-Ambrox (2), (+)-Androsta-1,4-Diene-3,17-Dione (2), (+)-Catharanthine (2), (+)-Eburnamonine (2), (+)-Vincamine (2), 11-Methoxynauclefine (2), 11-Methoxynauclefine (2), 5-Disubstituted-1,3,4-Oxadiazoles (2).

(-) –Ambrox, (-) Pinene, (-)-Isolongifolol, (-)-isolongifolol, (+)-16-Hydroxydihydrocleavamine, (+)-Adrenosterone, (+)-Cycloisolongifol-5-ol, (+)-á- and â-Dihydrocleavamines, (+)-Cycloisolongifol-5- beta-ol, (+)-16-Methoxy-carbonyldihydrocleavamine, (+)-Dihydrocatharanthine, (+)-di-OMethyl Syringaresinol, (+)-N-Formylharappamine, (+)-epi -Ibogamine, (+)-Ibogamine, (+)-N-formylpapilicine, (+)-N-Methyltiliamosine, (+)-N-Acetyl-N-dimethylcyclomicrobuxeine, +)-Methifloramine, (+)-Scareolide, (1R,2S,5R)-(-)-Menthol, (2,4,6-trihydroxyphenyl), (4-Hydroxyphenyl), (4R)-Thiazolidine Carboxylic Acid, (Đ)-_-Pinene, (deacetylakuammiline), (R)-synephrine hydrochloride, 1,2,3,6, 11-Hexahydro-3-oxoindolizino (8,7-b), 1,2-Dehydroaspidospermidine N-oxide, 1,5-Benzothiazepine Derivatives, 10,12,12-Tris(3,3-dimethylallyl)-6,7-Dihydroxy-2,2,9-Trimethyl-1H-pyrano [2,3-b]antr-acen-5(12H)-one, 11-Hydroxyepipachysamine-E, 11-methoxy Indoloquinolizidines, 11-Methoxy-5,6-dihydrosempervirine, 12-Epinapelline, 16-Hydroxydihydrocleavamines, 20-dihydrocondylocarpine, 16-Methoxycarbony-dihydrocleavamine, 19, 19,20-E - Vallesamine, 19,20-Z-Vallesamine, 1D, 15-Acetoxydihydrocatharanthine, 1-Isopropenyl-3a,5a,5b,8,8,11a-hexamethylicosahydro-1H-cyclopenta-[a]chrysen-9-yl,4-hydroxy-3- methoxycinnamate, 20-Dimethylamino-3á, á-methylamino-5á-pregnane 217á-Ethynylestradiol, 17 á-dimethoxy-5â-estra-1, 10a-Hydroxycolumbine, 7á-Hydroxyfrullanolide, 7-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2H-Chromen-2-One, 17-Ethynel-3, 7-Hydroxy-4,5-Dimethyl-2H-Chromen-2-,One2, 20-N-Ethyl-1,8,14-trihydroxy-16â,18-dimethoxylycoctonine, 15, 20-anhydrovinblastine, 2-Amino-2-Deoxy-D-Mannose, 2-Methoxy-1,2-dihydrorhazimine, 2-Methoxycarbonyl succinanilic acid, 2-Substituted 50,6-Dihydro-5-oxo-4H-1,3,4-oxadiazine-4-propanenitriles and of Their Intermediates, 2-Substituted Analogues, 3-(2-Furanyl)-2-Propenoic Acid, 3-(2-Thienyl)-2Propenoic Acid, 3-(3,7-Dimethylocta-2,6-dienyloxy)-1,8-dihydroxy-6-methyl-9,10-anthraquinone, 35 (10)-triene, 30-Acetoxy-Na-benzoylbuxidienine, 3-Acetoacetyl-7-Methylpyrano-[4,3-b]pyran-2,5-Dione, 3-Substituted Isocoumarins, 4-Vinylquinoline Alkaloid, 6-Methoxymethylmorphinol, 6S-11, 13-Dihydroeremanthine, 7-Hydroxycoumarin, 7-Hydroxyfrullanolide, â,-Glucuronidase, Abietane Diterpenes, Absolute Configurations, á-Carbons, Acetic acid, Acetonitrile Combination, Acetyl, Acetylharmaline, ă-Chymotrypsin, Acid Lability, Aconitum falconeri, Aconitum karakolicum, Aconitum leave, Actinidia Deliciosa, Activation, Active, Activities, Addition, Adhatoda vasica Nees, Against, â-Glucuronidase, ă-Lactone, Alcohols, â-Hydroxyvincadifformine, Aldehydes, Alioline, Along with, Alstozine N-Oxide, lzheimer's disease therapy, Aminothiophene, Analysis, Analysis Based Studies, Anamirta cocculus, Anhydrovinblastine, Anilines Carboxamides, Anticholinergic Activity, Anticonvulsant effect, Anti-Depressant Activities, Antidiarrhoeal, Antiferility Agents, Antileishmanial Activity, Antileishmanial Physalins, Antimicrobial Activities, Antimicrobial Activity, Antimicrobial Sesquiterpene Lactone, Antimicroial Ellagic Acid Derivatives, Antisecretory, Antispasmodic, Aplysia juliana, Apocynaceae, Aporphine-benzylisoquinoline Alkaloid, Apparicine, Application, Arachidonic Acid, Areca catechu, Arginine, Arjunglucoside I chloromethane 0.25-solvate monohydrate, Aromatic Amines, Aromatic Carboxylic Scids, Aromoline, Arylsulphonyl, Aryltetralin, Aspergillus terreus, Aspidospermidose, Bacteria, Bannucine, Barks of Xylopia aethiopica, Barley Extracts, Based, Basis, enzodiazepine, Benzoyl-16-acetylcycloxobuxidine, Benzylisoquinoline Alkaloids, Berberis aristata, Berberis waziristanica, Betaine, Betavulganrin, Bhimberine, Bicuculline-induced Epileptiform Activity, Binary Indole Alkaloids, Bioactive chemical constituents, Bioactive Compounds, Bioactive Flavonoids and Saponin, Bioactive Phenolic Compounds, Bioactive Substances, Bioassay, Biocontrol Agents, Bio-Informatics, Biologcial Activity, Biological Activities, Biosynthesis, Bipiperidine, Biscoumarin, Blood Pressure, Bowellia papyrifera Brideliandellensis, Broncho, Broncho-vasodilatory Activity, Buxaceae, BuxaminolG, Buxaminone, Buxapapilinine, Buxapapillosin, Buxaquamarine, Buxus Species, C-6 Substituents, Cadabine, Calcium antagonistic properties, Calcium-channel blockingpotential Calculations, Candidate, CarbazoleSynthesis, Carbohydrate, Carbohydrate metabolicenzyme, Case, Cassia absus L. (Chaksu), Catalyzed, Catharine, Cathovaline, CD In situ Complexation Method, Ceiba pentandra, Centaurium pulchellum, Centaurium pulchellum Druce, Century, Cesium Fluoride-Celite, Cesium Iodide, Chalcone, Chalinesterase Inhibitors, Chasmaconitine 0.5-Methanol Solvate , Chemistry and Mechanism, Chemistry of Natural Products, Chemotaxonomy, Chemotherapy, Chloride Adduct, Cholinestease inhibitory pregnane-type steroidal alkaloids, Cholinesterase Inhibiting Activites, Cholinesterase Inhibiting New Steroidal Alkaloids, Cholinesterase Inhibitory, Cholinesterases, Cinnamate Derivatives, Cinnamates, Cinnoline Derivative, Circular Dichroism, Cleavages, Clerodendron inerme, Climacoptera obtusifolia, Coagulin-H: Human IL-2 Novel Natural Inhibitor, Cohirsine, Colchicine Alkaloids, Colocynthis vulgaris, Combinational Library, Commiphora mukul, Competitive Inhibitors, Complex, Complexes, Computer Guided Planned Synthesis, Concurrent Inhibiton, Conformation, Conformationally Constrained Peptide Metal Complexes, Conformations, Consolida hohenackeri, Containing, Control, Convenient, Conversion, Coronaridine, Cortisol, Cottonogenic, Creatinine, Crude Extracts, Cs/BF3. Et2O System, CsF-Celite/alkyl halides/CH3CN combination, Cucurbitacin Q-1,Cucurbitacins, Cucurbitane Glycosides, Cultured Hippocampal Neurons, Cussonia bancoensis, Cyclic, Cycloartane, Cyclobuxoviricine, Cyclohexanone, Cyclohexanoneoxalyl, Cyclomicrobuxine monohydrate, Cymbopogon citrates, Cyteine Based Novel Noncompetitive Inhibitors of Urease(s), Cytotoxic Natural Products, Cytotoxicity, Danazol, Degradative, Dehassia kurzii, Dehydroepiandrosterone, Delphinium carduchorum, Demulsification, Deoxyvinblastine, Desmethylpecyline, Desorption, Detoxification, Dicarboxylic Acid, Dicoumarols, Dihydro catharanthine, Dihydrocorynantheol, Dimensional, Dimensional Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Discaria febrifuga, Dimeric Hydrogen-Bonded Supramolecular Complex, Dimeric Podophyllotoxin-Type Lignan, Diploclisia glaucescens, Discoveries, Distinctive Inhibition Susceptibility, Distribution, Diterpene Alkaloids, Diterpenoid Lactone, Ditopic Receptor, Docking Studies , Drug, Drug Discovery, Dual Inhibitor, Duranta repens, Dynamic, E rvatamia coronaria, E.O. Ajaiyeoba, Easy, Eatty Ester, Effects, Efficacy, Efficient Solvent Evaporating System,Elixirs of Love, Emodinol,Enamine Reactions, Enantiomers, Endoperoxide Synthase, Enzyme inhibition studies, Enzyme Inhibitory Activites, Enzyme Inhibitory Effects, Enzymes, Enzymes Inhibition Activity, Esterase,Examples, Exciting, Exotic Withanolides, Expedient Esterification, Extracts, Extracts of Barley, Facile Route, Factors, Fast atom Bombardment Mass Spectrometry, Fatty Ester, Favouring, Fermentation, Fern Adiantum incisum, Ferula mongolica, Fight Against Cancer,First, First Microwave-Assisted Synthesis, Five, Five New Withanolides, Flowers, Focused Library of Oxadiazoles, Four New Flavones, Fraction, Fragmentation, Fructo-oligosaccharides, Fruit Extract, FS-1 isolated, Fumarizine, Fungal Metabolites of (E)-Guggulsterone, Fungus Rhizopus stolonifer, Furanoid Bisnorditerpenoid, Furanoid Diterpenoid, Fusarium lini, Gambirtannine, Gelidiella acerosa, Gelomuilide, Generation , Genus Buxus, Glycolipid, Glycopeptides, Glucose Derivatives, Gossypium herbaceum, Griffithine, Guanidino Function of Arginine, Haloxylon griffithii, Harepermine, Harmaline (4,9-dihydro-7-methoxy-1- methyl-3H-pyrido-[3,4-b] indole), Harmaline (4-9-dihydro-7-methoxy-1-methyl-3H- pyrido-[3,4-b] indole), Harmidine, Harmine, Hederagenin, Heterocycle, Hexacyanoferrate, Highly Selective Indination of Alcohols, Highly Versatile Iodination Method, Hippocampal Pyramidal Neurons, Human Neutrophils, Human Platelet Aggregation, Human sperm motility, Hunteria lkaloids, Hyderabadin, Hydrazides, Hydroxy, Hydroxylated, Hydroxylation, Hydroxyprogesterones, Hypolipaemic E- Guggulsterone, Identity, Imidazolone, Imines, Immunostimulant Sesquiterpene Glycoside, Imperatives for the Promotion of Science and Technology in Pakistan, Imperatorin, Imperialine Derivatives, Improved, Improved Method, Improved synthesis of sildenafil (Viagra) analogs, In vitro Inhibition, In Vitro Leishmanicidal Activity, Incorporation of 2-Amino-2-Deoxy-D-Glucose, Indacontine 0.5-Acetone Solvate, Indole-4-ium, Indolic Imino, Indoline Alkaloid, Induced Platelet Aggregation, Influencing, Inhibit,Inhibitory Effects, Inhibitory Potential, Inula viscose, Iridoid, Iris Germanica Rhizomes, Iris soforana, Irradiation, Isobenzofuran-1(3H)-ones Phthalides), Isoflavones Irilin B, Isoflavonoids, Isolongifolen-4-one, Isomeric Derivatives, Iso-N-Formyl-5-en-honemorphine, Isoquino [1-2-b] quinazoline derivative, Isoquinoline Alkaloid, Isotamarixen, Isovallesiachotamine, Jamtine N-Oxide, Jolyna laminarioides, Juliflorine,Karachicine, Karachine, Lahoricine, Laurencia pinnatifida, Leading, Leaves of Buxus hildebrandtii, Leaves of Erthoxylum moonii, Leaves of Ervatamia coronaria, Leaves of Ferula oopoda, Leaves of Murraya paniculata, Leaves of Podophyllum hexandrum, Lectones, Leurosine, Leurosinone, Levonorgestrel, Lignans, Linear etabolite, Linkage, Linked Scan Measurements, Linn, Lipid Profile, Lipoxygenase, Lipoxygenase Activity, Lipoxygenase Enzyme, Logical Approach, Loranthol, Lowering Action of Active Principle, Macroxine, Mahanine, Malabarolide, Malarial Glycoproteins, Marine Zoanthid, Markownikov, Mass Spectral Fragmentation, Mass Spectroscopic Studies, Mass Spectroscopic Study, Medicinal Lichen, Mehranine, Mesterolone, Metabolism, Metabolites, Metal Ion-Catalyzed Reduction, Metal Salts, Metal-Ion, Methanone monohydrate 737. 18. (5R, 6S, 8S, 9R, 14R, 15R, 17R, 18S, 21S, 24R, 26S, 27R)-Chloro-16, 24-cyclo-13, 14-Secoergosta-2-ene-18,26-dioicacid-14:17,14:27-diepoxy-6,13, 20, 22-tetrahydroxy-1, 15-dioxo-ă-lactone ä-lactone methanol solvate monohydrate, Methoxycarbonyl-dihydrocleavamines, Methyl [2,4,5—trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-perhydropyran-3-yl]carbamate, Methyl Ether Analogues of Sildenafil (Viagra) Possessing, Methylacrylate, Microbial Hydroxylation, Microbial Oxidation, Microbiological Hydroxylation, Microwave, Microwave-Assisted Synthesis , Mimusops elengi, Mitragyna stipulosa, Mnonuclear oxovandadium (IV) complexes, Modification, Modified, Mongolian Medicinal Plant, Monoterpenes, Murraya paniculata, N, N'-Diphenylsuccinamide, Nahagenin,N-Alkylation, Na-Methylsecodine, N-Arylated, Natural cholinesterase, Natural Compounds, Natural Inhibitors, Naturally Occurring Spatozoate, Nb-Demethylalstophylline oxindole, N-Benzoyl-30-acetoxycycloxobuxidine-F, N-Benzylsecodine, Nb-Methylstrictamine, Neighbouring Group Participation, Nematicidal Activity, New Antibacterial Steroidal Alkaloids, New Anticholinergic Steroidal Alkaloid, New Antifungal Steroidal Lactones, New Approaches, New Arylnaphthalene Lignans Glucosides, New b-Adrenoceptor Agonist, New Benzylisoquinoline Alkaloid, New Binary Indole Alkaloid, New Biscoumarin Derivatives, New Bisindole Alkaloids, New Class of Acid Phosphatase Inhibitors, New Class of Cholinesterase Inhibitors, New Class of human recombinant nucleotide pyrophosphatase phosphodiesterase-1 inhibitors, New Class of natural cholinesterase inhibitors, New Class of Sesterterpene, New Class of Steroidal Alkaloids, New class of Urease inhibitors, New Coumarin, New Crystal-Engineering Motif, New Crystalline Cevane Alkaloid, New Cyclopeptide Alkaloids, New Diepoxy-ent-kauranoid Regosinin, New Dimeric Indoline Alkaloid, New Dinitro Derivatives, New Diterpene Isopimara-7,15-Dien-19-OIC Acid, New Diterpenoids, New Eudesmane Type Sesquiterpene, New Eudesmanolides, New Fungal Metabolites of Sclareol, New Furanoid Diterpenoidal Constituents, New Glycosides, New Indazole Alkaloid, New Isatin Derivatives, New Life to Computer Sciences, New Mavacurine Type Alkaloid, New Non-nitrogenous Triterpenoids, New Natural Dibenzocycloheptylamine Alkaloids, New Norditerpenoid, New Pharmacophores, New Piperidine Alkaloid,New Pseudoindoxyl Alkaloid, New Sesquiterpene Lactone, New Steroidal Lactones, New Tetrahydrofuranoid Steroidal Alkaloids, New Triterpene, N-Formylanonaine, N-Glycosidic, N-Formylcyclomicrobuxeine, N-Imidotryptamines, Nitric Oxide, Nitrogen Heterocycles, Nitrogenus Compounds, N-Methyltiliamosine, NMR, Norditerpene, Norethisterone, Nortropane Alkaloids, Nucleophilic, O-Acetyljervin, Oranthus grewinkii, Organosulfur Compounds, Organtin, Origin, Oxazolone, Oxidative, Oxidative Fragmentation, Oxyberberine, Pakistan Encyclopaedia Planta Medica, Papaverine Derivative, Papilicine, Papillamidine, Papraine, Parasitemia, Peganum harmala, Pentacyclic System Isomeric, Pentylenetetrazole, Peptide Alkaloids, Persicanidine B, Pharmacological Evaluation, Pharmacological Screening, Phenolic glycosides, Phenolics, Phenyl Polypropanoids, Phospholipase D Activity, Photochemical Cyclization, Photocyclization, Photolysis, Phyllanthus fraternus, Physalin H , Physalis minima, Phytochemical Diversity, Podophyllum emodi, Phytopathogens, Phytotherapy, Phytotoxic Defects, Phytotoxic Effects, Picralima Alkaloids, Picralstonine, Pinatol , Pinnatazane, Piperidines, Plant Pathogenic Fungus Botrytis cinerea, Plant Ureases, Plants and Aids, Plasmodium falciparum, Platelet Activating Factor, Polymeric Over, Possessing, Possible Catabolic Route, Potassium,Potent Immunosuppressant, Potent natural peripheral anionic-site-binding inhibitor, Potential Source, Prednisone, Pregnenolone Derivatives, Prevost Reaction, Principles and Guidelines, Problems, Production, Progress, Prolyl Endopeptidase, Promising New Free-Radical Scavengers, Prostaglandin, Protocol, Pseudaconitine, Pseudobenzylisoquinoline Alkaloid, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, p-Toluenesulfonic Acid, Pulegone, Pure Constituents, Pyrazoline Derivative, Quettamine - type Alkaloids, Quinolizidine Alkaloid, Quinolizine Alkaloids, Radical- Scavenging Screening,Rapamycin, Rapid Metal Mediated Method of Isolation, Rapid Procedure, Rat Hippocampal Pyramidal Neurons, Rat Liver, Rats Fed on Highfat diet, Reactions of Imines, Recent Discoveries, Reduction Indolic Imides, Reinvestigation,Relationships, Remarkable, Research, Reserpine Analogues, Reserpine znalogues, Respiratory Burst ,Rhazicine, Rhazidigenine - N-oxide, Rhazimanine, Rhazizine, Ritchiea capparoides var. longiedicellata, Rodents, Root Rot Infection in Cotton, Rosicine, Ruta montana, Saifine-N-methylleuconolam, Salsola foetida, Salutaridinemethine, Salvia napifolia, Sapatozoate, Sarcococca zeylanica, Sarsasapogenin, Scareolide , Scholaricine, Scientific ducation in Muslim Countries, Sclareolide, Secokara Conitine, Sequiterpene Lactone Achilin, Sequiterpenes, Sesquiterpenes, Several , Showing, Significance, Simulation Studies, Six, Solation, Solid, Snake Venom Phosphodiesterase, Soil, Solid phase, Solving, Sophazrine, Sophora alopecuroides, Spasmolytic Potential , Specific otations, Spectral Data, Spectral Generalizations, Spectroscopic Studies, Sri Lankan marine red alga, Stachydrine, StachydrineL, Stapfinine ,Stems and Roots of Caesalpinia crista, Stereochemical Aspects, Stereoselectivity, Steroidal, Steroidal Alkaloids, III, Steroidal Glycoside, Steroids, Stimulating, Stockerine, Stockeyia indica, Stricanol, Strictamine, Strictine, Structures, Subcellular, Substituted ,Successful, Succinylanthranilic Acid Ester, Suggested, Sulfono, Support, Supramolecular network, Sustained Repetitive Firing, Swertia cordata, ynthesized, Talatisamine, Tamarix hispida, Tamarix ramosissima, Taraxerol, Tautomerism, Tautomerism-Nucleophilic, Taxane Diterpenes, Taxilamine, Taxus baccata,Techniques,Terminalin A,Terpinolene, Tertiary Aromatic Amides, Testerolone, Testosterone, Tetrafluoroborate, Tetrahydroalstonine, Tetrahydrofuranoid, The Nuts and Bolts, The Role of Natural Products in Modern Medicine, Theory of memory, Thiadiazoles, Three New Steroidal Amines, Three Tyrosinase Inhibitors ,Three Withanolides, Thrombin inhibitory Constituents, Thrombin nhibitory Diterpenoids, Through, Tiliaresine, Timber of Neonauclea zeylanica, Time for 'enlightened moderation, Tocolytic Activities, Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague, Traditional Medicine, Transformations Xenobiotic, Trends in ethnopharmacology, Trianilinophosphine oxide, Triazoles, Trichothecium roseum, Triterpenoid Saponins, Triterpnoidal Alkaloids, Trosinase Inhibition Studies, Turkish, Two - Dimensional NMR Spectroscopy, Two Isofavones and Bioactivity Spectrum, Two New Aurones, Two New Cinnamic Acid Esters, Two New Ergostane-type Steroidal Lactones, Two New Isoflavanoids, Two New Leucosesterterpenes, Two New Quinones, Two New Rearranged Taxoids, Two New Triterpene Lactones, Two new Triterpenes, Two Saponins, Tyrosinaseinhibition activities, Unique, Unusual, Ursolic Acid, Usnea longissima, V - A One-Step Synthesis, Variably Substituted Chalcones, Variably Substituted Pyrazolo[4,3-d]Pyrimidin-7-ones, Varninasterol, Vasodilatory , Vinca Alkaloid, Vinca major, Vincadine, Vindoline, Vindolinine, Viral Diseases, Viruses, Voaphylline, Weak aromatic acids, Withania species, Wonderful, Xanthones, Zinc/Ethano, Zizyphus lotus, Zoanthaminone.

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Appendix A

Table 6 Collaborator Dynamics (Comprehensive)

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

1

Atta-ur-Rahman

90

9

428

9

16

131

24

23

8

28

766

766

23.23

1966-07

2

M. I. Chaudhary

57

 

252

9

3

55

10

5

5

2

398

1164

12.07

1984-07

3

K. M. Khan

5

 

12

   

25

   

1

 

43

1207

1.31

1990-05

4

B. Sener

6

 

35

1

           

42

1249

1.27

1988-05

5

S. Anjum

14

 

20

1

 

3

       

38

1287

1.15

1996-07

6

S. Pervin

1

 

18

1

 

15

       

35

1322

1.06

1987-06

7

F. Shaheen

   

27

   

3

1

     

31

1353

0.94

1994-07

8

Habib-ur-Rahman

1

 

18

 

1

3

 

3

1

 

27

1380

0.82

1985-96

9

A. Farooq

4

 

18

   

2

       

24

1404

0.73

1992-02

10

M. Parvez

2

 

17

3

 

2

       

24

1428

0.73

1997-07

11

V. U. Ahmad

2

 

6

 

4

4

 

4

 

2

22

1450

0.67

1976-04

12

S. Ahmed

1

 

17

   

2

 

2

   

22

1472

0.67

1976-91

13

S. Turkoz

1

 

21

             

22

1494

0.67

1988-91

14

Hoong-Kun Fun

10

 

10

   

1

       

21

1515

0.64

2003-06

15

S. Malik

   

19

       

1

   

20

1535

0.61

1984-07

16

A. Dar

1

 

4

   

1

     

14

20

1555

0.61

1997-06

17

M. Bashir

   

16

   

3

       

19

1574

0.58

1980-87

18

A. Khalid

3

 

13

1

 

2

       

19

1593

0.58

1998-06

19

S. G. Musharraf

1

 

17

   

1

       

19

1612

0.58

2002-07

20

K. Zaman

1

 

11

   

2

2

1

   

17

1629

0.52

1984-96

21

M. Nisa

   

15

     

1

     

16

1645

0.49

1983-89

22

A. Pervin

   

12

 

2

   

2

   

16

1661

0.49

1988-95

23

S. Hayat

   

7

   

9

       

16

1677

0.49

1999-06

24

S. A. Nawaz

   

14

   

2

       

16

1693

0.49

2003-07

25

A. Basha

       

2

12

 

1

   

15

1708

0.46

1972-98

26

A. Muzaffar

   

15

             

15

1723

0.46

1983-96

27

W. Voelter

   

10

   

5

       

15

1738

0.46

1984-05

28

I. Ali

   

14

   

1

       

15

1753

0.46

1984-06

29

M. R. Khan

4

 

10

1

           

15

1768

0.46

1997-06

30

S. Khanum

   

14

             

14

1782

0.43

1984-96

31

K.T.D. De. Selva

   

14

             

14

1796

0.43

1987-95

32

A. Ata

2

 

10

 

1

1

       

14

1810

0.43

1991-02

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

33

G. M. Maharvi

1

 

4

 

1

8

       

14

1824

0.43

2003-06

34

K. A. Alvi

   

12

       

1

   

13

1837

0.39

1985-91

35

R. A. Ali

1

 

11

   

1

       

13

1850

0.39

1991-07

36

J. Clardy

   

11

   

1

       

12

1862

0.36

1977-97

37

N. Sultana

2

 

6

   

4

       

12

1874

0.36

1980-02

38

M. M. Qureshi

   

10

       

2

   

12

1886

0.36

1987-95

39

S. S. Ali

   

10

   

2

       

12

1898

0.36

1989-95

40

Zaheer-ul-Haq

2

 

6

1

 

2

   

1

 

12

1910

0.36

2002-03

41

Zia-Ullah

   

2

   

10

       

12

1922

0.36

2002-06

42

S. Jalil

1

 

8

   

1

1

 

1

 

12

1934

0.36

2003-06

43

M. Ghazala1

   

1

   

10

       

11

1945

0.33

1976-85

44

A. A. Ansari

   

9

   

1

 

1

   

11

1956

0.33

1982-88

45

Habib Nasir

   

10

   

1

       

11

1967

0.33

1989-95

46

Z. Shah

   

10

   

1

       

11

1978

0.33

1989-95

47

N. Fatima

2

 

7

   

1

   

1

 

11

1989

0.33

1990-06

48

A. H. Gilani

2

 

6

   

1

1

   

1

11

2000

0.33

1991-05

49

M. Shamma

   

10

             

10

2010

0.3

1982-88

50

T. Fatima

   

9

   

1

       

10

2020

0.3

1983-90

51

D. Ahmad

1

 

9

             

10

2030

0.3

1988-92

52

F. Nighat

   

10

             

10

2040

0.3

1988-98

53

S. S. Sabri

   

10

             

10

2050

0.3

1990-02

54

M. Abu Zarga

   

10

             

10

2060

0.3

1990-02

55

S. Ali

5

 

4

   

1

       

10

2070

0.3

1992-06

56

D. Shahwar

2

 

8

             

10

2080

0.3

1993-03

57

F. Akhtar

   

8

2

           

10

2090

0.3

1994-01

58

A. Abbas Khan

   

10

             

10

2100

0.3

2002-06

59

N. Waheed

         

9

       

9

2109

0.27

1976-81

60

S. Firdous

   

4

   

4

 

1

   

9

2118

0.27

1976-93

61

Y. Ahmad

   

5

   

4

       

9

2127

0.27

1977-96

62

M. Alam

   

9

             

9

2136

0.27

1987-94

63

M. S. Shekhani

1

 

6

1

 

1

       

9

2145

0.27

1989-06

64

S. Naz

3

 

6

             

9

2154

0.27

1991-02

65

S. A. Jamal

   

8

 

1

         

9

2163

0.27

1991-05

66

A. Ahmad

2

 

4

   

2

   

1

 

9

2172

0.27

1997-06

67

M. T. H. Khan

   

5

   

3

   

1

 

9

2181

0.27

2003-06

68

K. P. Devkota

1

 

8

             

9

2190

0.27

2003-07

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

69

P. W. Le Quesne

3

 

4

   

1

       

8

2198

0.24

1977-88

70

K. Fatima

   

7

   

1

       

8

2206

0.24

1977-96

71

M. Sultana

   

1

   

7

       

8

2214

0.24

1982-84

72

G. A. Miana

1

 

4

2

 

1

       

8

2222

0.24

1982-96

73

N. Daulatabadi

   

6

       

1

1

 

8

2230

0.24

1983-86

74

Z. Iqbal

   

7

   

1

       

8

2238

0.24

1989-94

75

S. Zareen

   

5

   

3

       

8

2246

0.24

1990-05

76

Z. Perween

1

 

7

             

8

2254

0.24

1995-06

77

A. Nasreen

1

 

5

2

           

8

2262

0.24

1995-99

78

T. Makhmoor

1

 

6

   

1

       

8

2270

0.24

2000-05

79

A. Yasin

   

8

             

8

2278

0.24

2002-05

80

M. A. Lodhi

1

 

3

   

4

       

8

2286

0.24

2004-06

81

A. J. Freyer

   

7

             

7

2293

0.21

1982-87

82

F. N. Ngounou

   

6

   

1

       

7

2300

0.21

1990-05

83

R. A. Siddiqui

2

 

2

   

2

   

1

 

7

2307

0.21

1990-06

84

S. Qureshi

   

7

             

7

2314

0.21

1995-05

85

Z. Amtul

1

 

5

   

1

       

7

2321

0.21

1997-07

86

M. Shabbir

   

7

             

7

2328

0.21

1997-99

87

M. Yaqoob

   

7

             

7

2335

0.21

1998-06

88

W. Gul

2

 

3

2

           

7

2342

0.21

1998-99

89

A. M. Khan

   

5

   

1

   

1

 

7

2349

0.21

1999-03

90

N. Nahar

   

7

             

7

2356

0.21

2000-04

91

I. Baig

   

7

             

7

2363

0.21

2001-04

92

E. Bayer

   

2

   

5

       

7

2370

0.21

2001-06

93

S. Nasim

1

 

5

1

           

7

2377

0.21

2002- 05

94

Z. A. Siddiqui

   

4

   

3

       

7

2384

0.21

2003-07

95

R. Ranjit

   

7

             

7

2391

0.21

2004-07

96

J. Harley Mason

         

6

       

6

2397

0.18

1966-80

97

S. Farhi

   

6

             

6

2403

0.18

1983-89

98

M. A. Khan

1

 

4

   

1

       

6

2409

0.18

1984-95

99

W. S. J. Silva

   

6

             

6

2415

0.18

1987-90

100

S. A. Abbas

   

6

             

6

2421

0.18

1987-91

101

A. Nelofar

   

5

       

1

   

6

2427

0.18

1987-91

102

E. Asif

   

6

             

6

2433

0.18

1988-92

103

B. L. Sondengam

   

6

             

6

2439

0.18

1990-05

104

M. Feroz

   

5

 

1

         

6

2445

0.18

1991-95

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

105

K. H. C. Baser

1

 

5

             

6

2451

0.18

1998-02

106

M. Yousuf

1

 

4

         

1

 

6

2457

0.18

1998-06

107

Shahida Shujaat

   

4

   

1

1

     

6

2463

0.18

2000-04

108

A. Malik

   

5

   

1

       

6

2469

0.18

2000-05

109

R. J. DeLorenzo

   

6

             

6

2475

0.18

2001-01

110

S. Sombati

   

6

             

6

2481

0.18

2001-04

111

Mohsin Raza

   

6

             

6

2487

0.18

2001-04

112

A. Suria

   

6

             

6

2493

0.18

2001-04

113

I. A. Jahan

   

6

             

6

2499

0.18

2002-04

114

Y. Tsuda

1

 

5

             

6

2505

0.18

2002-04

115

Zafar S. Saify

1

 

1

   

4

       

6

2511

0.18

2002-04

116

A. A. Rahman

2

 

3

   

1

       

6

2517

0.18

2003-03

117

M. N. Sultankhodzhaev

1

 

1

1

 

1

   

2

 

6

2523

0.18

2003-05

118

S. Yousaf

1

 

5

             

6

2529

0.18

2004-05

119

M. A. Mesaik

1

 

2

   

2

   

1

 

6

2535

0.18

2004-06

120

M. N. Ghayur

2

 

3

   

1

       

6

2541

0.18

2004-06

121

T.M. Shrestha

   

6

             

6

2547

0.18

2004-07

122

L. Kenne

   

4

       

1

   

5

2552

0.15

1982-88

123

J. Fatima

   

5

             

5

2557

0.15

1983-86

124

N. M. Hasan

   

3

 

1

1

       

5

2562

0.15

1989-00

125

H. Ahmad

1

 

3

   

1

       

5

2567

0.15

1989-89

126

D. Lontsi

   

5

             

5

2572

0.15

1990-03

127

E. Dagne

2

 

3

             

5

2577

0.15

1990-95

128

T. H. Al-Tel

   

5

             

5

2582

0.15

1991-95

129

F. Noor-e-Ain

1

 

4

             

5

2587

0.15

1992-97

130

M. Ashraf

1

 

4

             

5

2592

0.15

1994-02

131

I. Orhan

   

4

1

           

5

2597

0.15

2002-04

132

M. N. Akhtar

1

 

4

             

5

2602

0.15

2002-04

133

S. Sultan

   

5

             

5

2607

0.15

2002-04

134

Atia-tul-Vakhab

   

2

1

 

1

   

1

 

5

2612

0.15

2003-05

135

M. Ahmad

   

4

   

1

       

5

2617

0.15

2003-07

136

N. Hasan

   

4

             

4

2621

0.12

1983-93

137

S. Hasan

   

3

       

1

   

4

2625

0.12

1985-00

138

Y. Badar

   

4

             

4

2629

0.12

1986-96

139

A. K. Ray

   

3

       

1

   

4

2633

0.12

1988-91

140

B. Mukherjee

   

3

       

1

   

4

2637

0.12

1988-91

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

141

G. Ahmad

   

4

             

4

2641

0.12

1988-91

142

S. K. Mitra

   

3

       

1

   

4

2645

0.12

1988-91

143

S. A. Saeed

   

4

             

4

2649

0.12

1988-95

144

G. Mukhopadhyay

   

3

       

1

   

4

2653

0.12

1989-91

145

M. K. Bhatti

   

4

             

4

2657

0.12

1989-95

146

M. Shameel

   

4

             

4

2661

0.12

1991-97

147

U. L. B. Jayasinghe

   

4

             

4

2665

0.12

1992-00

148

Khalid Aftab

   

2

     

2

     

4

2669

0.12

1993-96

149

N. Ahmad

   

4

             

4

2673

0.12

1993-97

150

O. Purev

   

4

             

4

2677

0.12

1995-06

151

A. Ulubelen

   

4

             

4

2681

0.12

1995-99

152

S. Begum

   

1

   

3

       

4

2685

0.12

1997-04

153

F. Asif

   

4

             

4

2689

0.12

1998-00

154

S. A. M. Ayatollahi

   

3

1

           

4

2693

0.12

1998-06

155

F. Demirci

1

 

2

   

1

       

4

2697

0.12

2000-02

156

Z. A. Abilov

1

 

3

             

4

2701

0.12

2001-06

157

M. Mosihuzzaman

   

4

             

4

2705

0.12

2002- 06

158

M. Z. Khan

         

4

       

4

2709

0.12

2002-04

159

Azizuddin

   

4

             

4

2713

0.12

2002-06

160

S. A. A. Shah

   

4

             

4

2717

0.12

2003-04

161

F. Feroz

   

4

             

4

2721

0.12

2004-04

162

S. Hussain

   

3

   

1

       

4

2725

0.12

2004-07

163

S. T. A. Shah

   

2

   

2

       

4

2729

0.12

2005-06

164

F. Zehra

   

2

   

1

       

3

2732

0.09

1973-84

165

N. Perveen

   

2

   

1

       

3

2735

0.09

1980-83

166

G. Blasko

   

3

             

3

2738

0.09

1982-84

167

I. Hassan

   

1

   

2

       

3

2741

0.09

1983-84

168

T. Zamir

   

3

             

3

2744

0.09

1984-85

169

H. M. Said

   

1

           

2

3

2747

0.09

1986-86

170

K. P. Guha

   

2

       

1

   

3

2750

0.09

1988-90

171

D. S. Rycroft

   

3

             

3

2753

0.09

1988-91

172

P. M. Shah

   

3

             

3

2756

0.09

1990-97

173

Y. Al Abed

   

3

             

3

2759

0.09

1990-98

174

M. A. Maqbool

2

 

1

             

3

2762

0.09

1994-97

175

M. Abid

2

 

1

             

3

2765

0.09

1994-97

176

M. Z. Iqbal

   

3

             

3

2768

0.09

1997-00

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

177

U. Ghani

1

 

1

   

1

       

3

2771

0.09

1997-97

178

S. Anwar

   

1

2

           

3

2774

0.09

1998-00

179

M. Nadeem

   

3

             

3

2777

0.09

1998-00

180

L. M. Tillekeratne

   

2

     

1

     

3

2780

0.09

1998-01

181

A. Naz

   

3

             

3

2783

0.09

1998-03

182

K. F. Khattak

   

3

             

3

2786

0.09

1998-03

183

S. Jahan

1

 

2

             

3

2789

0.09

1998-05

184

Purev O. Ndocnii

   

3

             

3

2792

0.09

2000-00

185

M. Nur-e-Alam

   

3

             

3

2795

0.09

2000-03

186

N. Alam

   

3

             

3

2798

0.09

2000-06

187

S. K. Kalauni

   

2

   

1

       

3

2801

0.09

2001-03

188

V. B. Omurkamzinova

   

3

             

3

2804

0.09

2001-04

189

S. Tahara

   

2

   

1

       

3

2807

0.09

2002-02

190

F. Noor

         

3

       

3

2810

0.09

2002-04

191

S. Rahat

         

3

       

3

2813

0.09

2002-05

192

Mudassir Asrar

1

 

2

             

3

2816

0.09

2002-06

193

S. Shahnaz.

   

3

             

3

2819

0.09

2003-03

194

F. Ayanoglu

   

2

1

           

3

2822

0.09

2003-04

195

S. Channa

1

 

2

             

3

2825

0.09

2003-06

196

S. Murad

         

2

   

1

 

3

2828

0.09

2003-06

197

C. T. Supuran

         

3

       

3

2831

0.09

2004-04

198

H. Y. Gondal

   

3

             

3

2834

0.09

2004-04

199

M. Rani

         

3

       

3

2837

0.09

2004-05

200

S. Iqbal

   

1

   

1

   

1

 

3

2840

0.09

2004-06

201

Allan B. Reitz

           

3

     

3

2843

0.09

2004-06

202

Cheryl P. Kordik

         

1

2

     

3

2846

0.09

2004-06

203

S. Khan

   

3

             

3

2849

0.09

2004-06

204

Z. Ismail

         

2

   

1

 

3

2852

0.09

2004-06

205

A. Sami

   

3

             

3

2855

0.09

2004-07

206

M. Atif

   

3

             

3

2858

0.09

2004-07

207

S. Nahar Khan

   

1

   

2

       

3

2861

0.09

2004-07

208

B. Tashkhodzhaev

1

       

1

   

1

 

3

2864

0.09

2005-05

209

C. Karalai

2

 

1

             

3

2867

0.09

2005-05

210

K. K. Turgunov

1

       

1

   

1

 

3

2870

0.09

2005-05

211

S. Chantrapromma

2

 

1

             

3

2873

0.09

2005-05

212

J. A. Beisler

         

2

       

2

2875

0.06

1966-80

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

213

M. Hafeez

   

2

             

2

2877

0.06

1980-83

214

N. Munugesan

   

2

             

2

2879

0.06

1982-84

215

S. A. Drexler

   

2

             

2

2881

0.06

1982-84

216

A. N. Mistry

   

2

             

2

2883

0.06

1983-84

217

S. Kaleem

   

2

             

2

2885

0.06

1983-84

218

K. Albert

   

2

             

2

2887

0.06

1984-86

219

M. Asif

   

2

             

2

2889

0.06

1985-86

220

K. Jahan

   

2

             

2

2891

0.06

1985-87

221

I. H. Qureshi

         

2

       

2

2893

0.06

1986-87

222

T. Begum

         

2

       

2

2895

0.06

1986-87

223

T. Rasheed

   

2

             

2

2897

0.06

1987-87

224

S. Wasti

   

2

             

2

2899

0.06

1987-88

225

M. Shaiq Ali

   

1

     

1

     

2

2901

0.06

1988-03

226

I. I. Vohra

   

2

             

2

2903

0.06

1988-88

227

S. Juma Karimini

   

2

             

2

2905

0.06

1988-88

228

T. Wehler

   

1

       

1

   

2

2907

0.06

1988-88

229

K. Wurst

   

2

             

2

2909

0.06

1988-89

230

P. Hutter

   

2

             

2

2911

0.06

1988-89

231

W. Hiller

   

2

             

2

2913

0.06

1988-89

232

S. Balasubrama-niam

   

2

             

2

2915

0.06

1988-92

233

R. Zaidi

   

1

       

1

   

2

2917

0.06

1988-93

234

D. Shehnaz

   

2

             

2

2919

0.06

1988-97

235

A. Yasmin

   

2

             

2

2921

0.06

1989-90

236

M.Y. Khan

         

2

       

2

2923

0.06

1990-91

237

G. Topc

   

2

             

2

2925

0.06

1993-95

238

M. Hasan

   

1

   

1

       

2

2927

0.06

1994-94

239

H. Echner

   

1

   

1

       

2

2929

0.06

1994-95

240

A. Ghaffar

   

2

             

2

2931

0.06

1994-97

241

S. Shamim

   

2

             

2

2933

0.06

1994-97

242

S. N. Ali

   

2

             

2

2935

0.06

1995-05

243

A. Sultana

   

2

             

2

2937

0.06

1995-95

244

G. Odontuya

   

2

             

2

2939

0.06

1995-95

245

M. S. Ajaz

   

1

 

1

         

2

2941

0.06

1995-95

246

K. Usman Ghani

           

2

     

2

2943

0.06

1995-96

247

A. Jabbar

   

2

             

2

2945

0.06

1995-97

248

S. Z. Sultani

   

2

             

2

2947

0.06

1996-02

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

249

I. Naeem

   

2

             

2

2949

0.06

1996-04

250

N. Khan

   

2

             

2

2951

0.06

1996-04

251

S. Khatoon

   

1

   

1

       

2

2953

0.06

1997-02

252

D. C. Hoessli

   

1

           

1

2

2955

0.06

1997-02

253

A. Majeed

   

2

             

2

2957

0.06

1997-97

254

M. Iqbal

1

 

1

             

2

2959

0.06

1997-97

255

K. D. Hemalal

   

2

             

2

2961

0.06

1998-98

256

A. H. Mericli

   

2

             

2

2963

0.06

1998-99

257

F. Mericli

   

2

             

2

2965

0.06

1998-99

258

G. Toker

   

2

             

2

2967

0.06

1998-99

259

H. Ozcelik

   

2

             

2

2969

0.06

1998-99

260

K. Parvez

   

1

   

1

       

2

2971

0.06

1999-00

261

A. S. Mynzhasarovich

         

2

       

2

2973

0.06

2000-00

262

G. Purevsuran

   

2

             

2

2975

0.06

2000-00

263

M. N. Alam

   

2

             

2

2977

0.06

2000-00

264

T. Badarchiin

   

2

             

2

2979

0.06

2000-00

265

E. Anis

   

2

             

2

2981

0.06

2000-01

266

G. Mustafa

   

2

             

2

2983

0.06

2000-01

267

K. A. Tabylovich

         

2

       

2

2985

0.06

2000-03

268

N. Afza

   

1

     

1

     

2

2987

0.06

2000-03

269

Pir Muhammad Khan

   

2

             

2

2989

0.06

2000-03

270

H. Bibi

   

1

   

1

       

2

2991

0.06

2000-06

271

M. B. Gewali

   

2

             

2

2993

0.06

2001-02

272

M. D. Manandhar

   

2

             

2

2995

0.06

2001-02

273

I. Anis

   

2

             

2

2997

0.06

2001-03

274

N. Sultanova

1

 

1

             

2

2999

0.06

2001-04

275

B. Tuya

   

2

             

2

3001

0.06

2001-06

276

L. A. Tapondjou

   

2

             

2

3003

0.06

2002-02

277

Z. Ahmed

   

1

   

1

       

2

3005

0.06

2002-03

278

R. B. Tareen

   

2

             

2

3007

0.06

2003-03

279

N. T. Khan

   

1

   

1

       

2

3009

0.06

2003-03

280

N. Riaz

   

2

             

2

3011

0.06

2003-05

281

S. M. Haider

         

2

       

2

3013

0.06

2004-04

282

Zahid H. Chohan

         

2

       

2

3015

0.06

2004-04

283

S. Nawaz

   

2

             

2

3017

0.06

2004-05

284

M. K. Azim

   

1

   

1

       

2

3019

0.06

2005-05

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

285

N. Ambreen

   

2

             

2

3021

0.06

2005-05

286

S. Naheed

1

         

1

     

2

3023

0.06

2005-05

287

T. H. Khan

   

2

             

2

3025

0.06

2005-05

288

Afshan Begum

   

2

             

2

3027

0.06

2005-06

289

M. U. Anwar

   

1

   

1

       

2

3029

0.06

2005-06

290

N. Butt

1

 

1

             

2

3031

0.06

2005-06

291

N. R. Abdullah

         

1

   

1

 

2

3033

0.06

2005-06

292

S. Goswami

   

2

             

2

3035

0.06

2005-06

293

Samreen

   

2

             

2

3037

0.06

2005-06

294

Shafique-ur-Rehman

   

2

             

2

3039

0.06

2005-06

295

B. Coldman

1

         

1

     

2

3041

0.06

2005-07

296

B. Springer (ed.)

1

         

1

     

2

3043

0.06

2005-07

297

M. Zeeshan

   

2

             

2

3045

0.06

2006-06

298

W. Kausar

   

1

   

1

       

2

3047

0.06

2006-06

299

E. Foresti Serantoni

     

1

           

1

3048

0.03

1972-72

300

L. Riva de Sanseverino

         

1

       

1

3049

0.03

1972-72

301

T. Burney

         

1

       

1

3050

0.03

1972-72

302

N. H. Khan

         

1

       

1

3051

0.03

1974-74

303

B. A. Solheim

         

1

       

1

3052

0.03

1977-77

304

J. L. Occolowitz

         

1

       

1

3053

0.03

1977-77

305

R. L. Garnic

         

1

       

1

3054

0.03

1977-77

306

D. Smith

             

1

   

1

3055

0.03

1983-83

307

A. Urzaua

   

1

             

1

3056

0.03

1984-84

308

T. Z. Ismail

   

1

             

1

3057

0.03

1984-84

309

G. Sariyar

   

1

             

1

3058

0.03

1985-85

310

He Cun-Heng

   

1

             

1

3059

0.03

1985-85

311

A. Q. Khan

   

1

             

1

3060

0.03

1987-87

312

Ademir F. Morel

   

1

             

1

3061

0.03

1987-87

313

Chitra K. Ratnayake

   

1

             

1

3062

0.03

1987-87

314

H. Guinaudeau

   

1

             

1

3063

0.03

1987-87

315

L. S. R. Arambewala

   

1

             

1

3064

0.03

1987-87

316

M. D. Colton

   

1

             

1

3065

0.03

1987-87

317

A. L. Gunatilaka

   

1

             

1

3066

0.03

1988-88

318

C. B. Gamlath

   

1

             

1

3067

0.03

1988-88

319

F. Amjad

   

1

             

1

3068

0.03

1988-88

320

G. Crank

   

1

             

1

3069

0.03

1988-88

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

321

H. W. M. W. Herath

   

1

             

1

3070

0.03

1988-88

322

Helen S.M. Lu

   

1

             

1

3071

0.03

1988-88

323

I. Haq

   

1

             

1

3072

0.03

1988-88

324

K. M. I. Navaratne

   

1

             

1

3073

0.03

1988-88

325

L. B. De Silva

   

1

             

1

3074

0.03

1988-88

326

L. Paskanyi

   

1

             

1

3075

0.03

1988-88

327

S. Bano

   

1

             

1

3076

0.03

1988-88

328

S. Salam

   

1

             

1

3077

0.03

1988-88

329

A. Panthong

   

1

             

1

3078

0.03

1989-89

330

A. Z. Haq

   

1

             

1

3079

0.03

1989-89

331

D. Kanjanapothi

   

1

             

1

3080

0.03

1989-89

332

D. Shaikh

   

1

             

1

3081

0.03

1989-89

333

K. Bhatti

   

1

             

1

3082

0.03

1989-89

334

T. Taesofikul

   

1

             

1

3083

0.03

1989-89

335

A. Yensew

   

1

             

1

3084

0.03

1990-90

336

R. Ali

   

1

             

1

3085

0.03

1990-90

337

S. U. Kazmi

   

1

             

1

3086

0.03

1990-90

338

A. Kazmi

         

1

       

1

3087

0.03

1991-91

339

B. H. Shah

           

1

     

1

3088

0.03

1991-91

340

F. C. Nachnai

         

1

       

1

3089

0.03

1991-91

341

M. U. Memon

         

1

       

1

3090

0.03

1991-91

342

M. U. Valhari

         

1

       

1

3091

0.03

1991-91

343

N. Molla

           

1

     

1

3092

0.03

1991-91

344

R. R. Naqvi

         

1

       

1

3093

0.03

1991-91

345

T. Parveen

   

1

             

1

3094

0.03

1991-91

346

T. Sultana

   

1

             

1

3095

0.03

1991-91

347

Z. H. Zaidi

     

1

1

3096

0.03

1991-91

348

A. Badshah

1

1

3097

0.03

1992-92

349

A. Jamal

1

1

3098

0.03

1992-92

350

F. Mahmood

1

1

3099

0.03

1992-92

351

G. P. Wannigama

1

1

3100

0.03

1992-92

352

M. Danish

1

1

3101

0.03

1992-92

353

M. Mazhar

1

1

3102

0.03

1992-92

354

Nazar-ul-Islam

1

1

3103

0.03

1992-92

355

R. U. Simjee

1

1

3104

0.03

1992-92

356

G. Snatzke

1

1

3105

0.03

1993-93

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

357

T. Hussain

1

1

3106

0.03

1993-93

358

A. Zaman

1

1

3107

0.03

1994-94

359

C. Schroder

1

1

3108

0.03

1994-94

360

E. Ehtesham ul Hawue

1

1

3109

0.03

1994-94

361

I. Mir

1

1

3110

0.03

1994-94

362

K. A. Aziz

1

1

3111

0.03

1994-94

363

M. I. Khan

1

1

3112

0.03

1994-94

364

Mujeeb-ur-Rahman

1

1

3113

0.03

1994-94

365

Rafiuddin

1

1

3114

0.03

1994-94

366

Z. S. Siddiqui

1

1

3115

0.03

1994-94

367

M. H. Kazmi

1

1

3116

0.03

1994-95

368

A. Al Aboudi

1

1

3117

0.03

1995-95

369

B. S. Siddiqui

1

1

3118

0.03

1995-95

370

C. Muni

1

1

3119

0.03

1995-95

371

Chao-Zhou Ni

1

1

3120

0.03

1995-95

372

G. Davaa Sambuu

1

1

3121

0.03

1995-95

373

Ghiasuddin

1

1

3122

0.03

1995-95

374

H. Oyun

1

1

3123

0.03

1995-95

375

M. I. Zaidi

1

1

3124

0.03

1995-95

376

M. K. Kazmi

1

1

3125

0.03

1995-95

377

M. Kartal

1

1

3126

0.03

1995-95

378

M. M. Ahmad

1

1

3127

0.03

1995-95

379

N. M. Tirmzi

1

1

3128

0.03

1995-95

380

Omm-e-Hany

1

1

3129

0.03

1995-95

381

R. Siddiqui

1

1

3130

0.03

1995-95

382

S. H. Khan

1

1

3131

0.03

1995-95

383

S. Kurucu

1

1

3132

0.03

1995-95

384

S. Sadiq Hasan

1

1

3133

0.03

1995-95

385

T. L. Maksimovna

1

1

3134

0.03

1995-95

386

U. Sonmez

1

1

3135

0.03

1995-95

387

R. A. O'Neill

1

1

3136

0.03

1996-96

388

S. I. Ahmad

1

1

3137

0.03

1996-96

389

T. Sarfaraz

1

1

3138

0.03

1996-96

390

A. A. Davidson

1

1

3139

0.03

1997-97

391

A. H. Khan1

1

1

3140

0.03

1997-97

392

A. R. Siddiqui

1

1

3141

0.03

1997-97

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

393

A. S. Ijaz

1

1

3142

0.03

1997-97

394

G. Rahman

1

1

3143

0.03

1997-97

395

Nasir-ud-Din

1

1

3144

0.03

1997-97

396

R. Ahmad

1

1

3145

0.03

1997-97

397

R. Swaleh

1

1

3146

0.03

1997-97

398

S. Ehteshamul Haque

1

1

3147

0.03

1997-97

399

S. Saied

1

1

3148

0.03

1997-97

400

A. Hoff

1

1

3149

0.03

1998-98

401

A. Rauf

1

1

3150

0.03

1998-98

402

D. Hohnholz

1

1

3151

0.03

1998-98

403

E.O. Ajaiyeoba

1

1

3152

0.03

1998-98

404

F. Jens

1

1

3153

0.03

1998-98

405

H. Becker

1

1

3154

0.03

1998-98

406

H. D. Ratnayake

1

1

3155

0.03

1998-98

407

H. Zapp

1

1

3156

0.03

1998-98

408

J. Baumgold

1

1

3157

0.03

1998-98

409

N. Sattar

1

1

3158

0.03

1998-98

410

E. Dogru

1

1

3159

0.03

1999-99

411

H. Zhang

1

1

3160

0.03

1999-99

412

K. Harvey

1

1

3161

0.03

1999-99

413

K. Varvey

1

1

3162

0.03

1999-99

414

M. Shabbir Yousaf

1

1

3163

0.03

1999-99

415

R. Thurmer

1

1

3164

0.03

1999-99

416

W. Thomson

1

1

3165

0.03

1999-99

417

Y. Wang

1

1

3166

0.03

1999-99

418

A. G. Abdulkakhimovna

1

1

3167

0.03

2000-00

419

A. L. Meli1

1

1

3168

0.03

2000-00

420

A. Weerasooriya

1

1

3169

0.03

2000-00

421

B. Demirci

1

1

3170

0.03

2000-00

422

B. M. M. Kumarihamy

1

1

3171

0.03

2000-00

423

D.A. Dmitrievich

1

1

3172

0.03

2000-00

424

Dris Touati

1

1

3173

0.03

2000-00

425

F. Toker

1

1

3174

0.03

2000-00

426

Hafiz Rub Nawaz

1

1

3175

0.03

2000-00

427

J. F. Ayafor

1

1

3176

0.03

2000-00

428

K.B. Baurzhanovich

1

1

3177

0.03

2000-00

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

429

M. Bunderya

1

1

3178

0.03

2000-00

430

N. Jahan

1

1

3179

0.03

2000-00

431

S. Y. Melsovich

1

1

3180

0.03

2000-00

432

T.K. Muboryakovich

1

1

3181

0.03

2000-00

433

Z. Oyun

1

1

3182

0.03

2000-00

434

A. S. Amarasekare

1

1

3183

0.03

2001-01

435

G. A. Premakumara

1

1

3184

0.03

2001-01

436

K. K. S. Ng

1

1

3185

0.03

2001-01

437

M. N. G. James

1

1

3186

0.03

2001-01

438

N. Ullah

1

1

3187

0.03

2001-01

439

W. D. Ratnasooriya

1

1

3188

0.03

2001-01

440

W. Schumann

1

1

3189

0.03

2001-01

441

A. Kursheed

1

1

3190

0.03

2002-02

442

A. Qazi

1

1

3191

0.03

2002-02

443

E. M. Hamed

1

1

3192

0.03

2002-02

444

H. Latif

1

1

3193

0.03

2002-02

445

K. H.C. Basaric

1

1

3194

0.03

2002-02

446

Klaus-Peter Zeller

1

1

3195

0.03

2002-02

447

M. A. Khanfar

1

1

3196

0.03

2002-02

448

M. Ovais

1

1

3197

0.03

2002-02

449

N. A. Sultanov

1

1

3198

0.03

2002-02

450

A. Arfan

1

1

3199

0.03

2003-03

451

Aziz ur Rahman

1

1

3200

0.03

2003-03

452

D. Abdul Rahman

1

1

3201

0.03

2003-03

453

E. Shaheen

1

1

3202

0.03

2003-03

454

F. R. V. Heerden

1

1

3203

0.03

2003-03

455

Hee-Juhn Park

1

1

3204

0.03

2003-03

456

I. Erdogan

1

1

3205

0.03

2003-03

457

Kyung TaeLee

1

1

3206

0.03

2003-03

458

M. A. Anwar

1

1

3207

0.03

2003-03

459

M. A. Zaidi

1

1

3208

0.03

2003-03

460

M. Mizuno

1

1

3209

0.03

2003-03

461

M. Ozguven

1

1

3210

0.03

2003-03

462

M. Saleem

1

1

3211

0.03

2003-03

463

R. B. Bagdatovna

1

1

3212

0.03

2003-03

464

S. M. Hai

1

1

3213

0.03

2003-03

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

465

Y. Mimaki

1

1

3214

0.03

2003-03

466

Y. Sashida

1

1

3215

0.03

2003-03

467

Z. Sultani

1

1

3216

0.03

2003-03

468

A. Ajaz

1

1

3217

0.03

2004-04

469

A. Ejaz

1

1

3218

0.03

2004-04

470

A. Iqbal

1

1

3219

0.03

2004-04

471

A. Nasim

1

1

3220

0.03

2004-04

472

A. R. Raza

1

1

3221

0.03

2004-04

473

D. Brezina

1

1

3222

0.03

2004-04

474

F. I. Ansari

1

1

3223

0.03

2004-04

475

G. Musharraf

1

1

3224

0.03

2004-04

476

L. Hussain

1

1

3225

0.03

2004-04

477

M. A. Abbasi

1

1

3226

0.03

2004-04

478

M. Arfan

1

1

3227

0.03

2004-04

479

M. Mahroof Tahir

1

1

3228

0.03

2004-04

480

M. Moin

1

1

3229

0.03

2004-04

481

M. N. Sultankhod

1

1

3230

0.03

2004-04

482

M. Rasheed

1

1

3231

0.03

2004-04

483

N. M. Akhtar

1

1

3232

0.03

2004-04

484

R. Supino

1

1

3233

0.03

2004-04

485

S. A. Shahzad

1

1

3234

0.03

2004-04

486

A. Hasan

1

1

3235

0.03

2005-05

487

B. M. Rode

1

1

3236

0.03

2005-05

488

B. T. Ngadjui

1

1

3237

0.03

2005-05

489

C. Pakhathirathien

1

1

3238

0.03

2005-05

490

C. Ponglimanont

1

1

3239

0.03

2005-05

491

Fadimatou

1

1

3240

0.03

2005-05

492

H. Naz

1

1

3241

0.03

2005-05

493

I. Batool

1

1

3242

0.03

2005-05

494

I. E. Muhammad

1

1

3243

0.03

2005-05

495

J. M. Alam

1

1

3244

0.03

2005-05

496

K. Chantrapromma

1

1

3245

0.03

2005-05

497

K. Yasmen

1

1

3246

0.03

2005-05

498

M. Fecker

1

1

3247

0.03

2005-05

499

M. Imran-ul-Haq

1

1

3248

0.03

2005-05

500

M. Sajid

1

1

3249

0.03

2005-05

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

501

M. Sher

1

1

3250

0.03

2005-05

502

N. Boonnak

1

1

3251

0.03

2005-05

503

N. Silvere

1

1

3252

0.03

2005-05

504

N. Sultankhodjaev

1

1

3253

0.03

2005-05

505

N. T. Diderot

1

1

3254

0.03

2005-05

506

R. J. Abdel Jalil

1

1

3255

0.03

2005-05

507

R. Srisuwan

1

1

3256

0.03

2005-05

508

S. Aijaz

1

1

3257

0.03

2005-05

509

S. Cheenpracha

1

1

3258

0.03

2005-05

510

S. Dey

1

1

3259

0.03

2005-05

511

S. F. Kimbu

1

1

3260

0.03

2005-05

512

S. G. Mascara

1

1

3261

0.03

2005-05

513

S. I. Awan

1

1

3262

0.03

2005-05

514

S. Kharim

1

1

3263

0.03

2005-05

515

S. R Ali

1

1

3264

0.03

2005-05

516

S. Umbreen

1

1

3265

0.03

2005-05

517

Simeon F. Kouam

1

1

3266

0.03

2005-05

518

T. Etienne

1

1

3267

0.03

2005-05

519

T. Yousuf

1

1

3268

0.03

2005-05

520

U. T. Teshebaeva

1

1

3269

0.03

2005-05

521

Z. Fabien

1

1

3270

0.03

2005-05

522

Z. A. Khan

1

1

3271

0.03

2005-05

523

A. A. M. Ayatollahi

1

1

3272

0.03

2006-06

524

A. Anwar

1

1

3273

0.03

2006-06

525

A. Hazra

1

1

3274

0.03

2006-06

526

A. Kulsoom

1

1

3275

0.03

2006-06

527

A. Nasib

1

1

3276

0.03

2006-06

528

B. Yeskaliyeva

1

1

3277

0.03

2006-06

529

C. Follmer

1

1

3278

0.03

2006-06

530

G. Sh. Burasheva

1

1

3279

0.03

2006-06

531

H. K. Gill

1

1

3280

0.03

2006-06

532

J. L. Eriksen

1

1

3281

0.03

2006-06

533

M. A. Agzamova

1

1

3282

0.03

2006-06

534

M. Ali

1

1

3283

0.03

2006-06

535

M. I. Isaev

1

1

3284

0.03

2006-06

536

M. Mostafa

1

1

3285

0.03

2006-06

Sr. No.

Authors

NP

NP syn

NP isol

NP x-ray

NP nmr

SY

MC

SP

AC

Misc.

F

CF

%

C. Period

537

M. Q. Fatimi

1

1

3286

0.03

2006-06

538

N. Kausar

1

1

3287

0.03

2006-06

539

R. F. Rozmahel1

1

1

3288

0.03

2006-06

540

R. P. Mamedova

1

1

3289

0.03

2006-06

541

S. A. Kazmi

1

1

3290

0.03

2006-06

542

S. D. Sokeng

1

1

3291

0.03

2006-06

543

S. Jana

1

1

3292

0.03

2006-06

544

S. K. Sadozai

1

1

3293

0.03

2006-06

545

Saifullah

1

1

3294

0.03

2006-06

546

M. Nasir

1

1

3295

0.03

2007-07

547

S. M. Khalil

1

1

3296

0.03

2007-07

548

Z. Ali

1

1

3297

0.03

2007-07

Total

312

9

2149

48

34

527

66

59

39

54

3297

Percentage

9.5

.27

65.2

1.5

1.0

16.0

2.0

1.8

1.2

1.6