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Library Philosophy and Practice 2008

ISSN 1522-0222

An Analysis of Books Used by Computer Science and Engineering Students at Siddhartha Engineering College

Dr. M. Doraswamy
Librarian
Siddhartha Engineering College
Vijayawada - 520 007 Andhra Pradesh, India

 

Introduction

In developing countries like India , circulation and loan of documents from a library collection is a vital medium for the dissemination of information and knowledge. Circulation of books for home reading maximizes the use of library resources, and helps meet user needs for research, publication, and instructional activities. Circulation data is one way of assessing a library. Since circulation of printed material remains important in Indian, it is appropriate to analyze circulation as a way of guiding the acquisition of books. The growth of information in terms of quality and quantity, the many subjects of interest to users, increasing costs, and limited fiscal resources force librarians to use data for making rational decisions. The present investigation uses circulation records to study the books borrowed from the college library of Siddhartha Engineering College by computer science and engineering students.

V R Siddhartha Engineering College (VRSEC) is the first private engineering college in the state of Andhra Pradesh, established in 1977, sponsored by Siddhartha Academy of General and Technical Education, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India. The college has eight undergraduate and four postgraduate courses in engineering and computer science. The college library has 56,500 volumes, 150 national and international journals, DELNET and APSONET databases, Internet and Intranet facilities.

Objectives

The following are the objectives of the present study:

  • To find the number of books used by final-year computer science and engineering students
  • To determine the authorship patterns, range of publication dates, and countries of publication of circulated books
  • To prepare a ranked list of most frequently used books
  • To prepare a ranked list of publishers

Hypotheses

The following hypotheses have been formulated for testing

  • Most books used have a single author and are in the field of computer science or engineering.
  • Female students use more books than male students.
  • All students prefer the newest books.
  • Students use Indian publications more than those from other countries

Scope and limitation

The present study examines books borrowed by final-year computer science and engineering students of Siddhartha Engineering College Library, Vijayawada during 2004-2005. It is also limited to borrowed books. Data pertaining to the use of textbooks and reference books within the library is excluded from the study.

Methodology

Undergraduate students in eight areas of engineering and postgraduate students in four areas, as well as teaching and non teaching staff, have access to the library. The investigator selected only final-year undergraduate students of computer science and engineering for this study. The total sample consists of 132 final-year computer science and engineering students, and used the borrowing data of 100 students, based on the entries in their personal borrowing books. Out of these 100 students, 65 are male and 35 are female.

Analysis

Table 1. Books used by gender
Gender Number of Students Number of books borrowed Percentage Average
Male 65 1442 78.24 22
Female 35 401 21.76 12
Total 100 1843 100.00 18

Most books (78.24%) were borrowed by male students, with the remaining books (21.76%) borrowed by female students. An average of 18 books was borrowed per student per year.

Table 2. Distribution by number of books used
S.No Number of books Students
    Number Percentage
1 1 - 5 22 22.00
2 6 - 10 17 17.00
3 11 - 15 21 21.00
4 16 - 20 10 10.00
5 21 - 25 7 7.00
6 26 - 30 6 6.00
7 31 - 35 5 5.00
8 36 - 40 3 3.00
9 41 and above 9 9.00
  Total 100 100.00

Seventy percent of students have used twenty or fewer books.

Table 3. Distribution of books by number of authors
S.No Author Books
    Number Percentage
1 Single 1251 67.88
2 Double 422 22.90
3 Three 39 2.12
4 More than three 131 7.10
  Total 1843 100.00

A large majority of the books used by computer science and engineering students were written by a single author.

Table 4. Distribution of books by year of publication
.
S.No Year Books
   Number Percentage
1 Below 1975 13 0.71
2 1976 - 1980 14 0.76
3 1981 - 1985 29 1.57
4 1986 - 1990 89 4.83
5 1991 - 1995 182 9.87
6 1996 - 2000 535 29.03
7 2001 - 2005 981 53.23
  Total 1843 100.00

More than half the books used were published between 2001 and 2005, and nearly 80 percent during the most recent ten years.

Table 5. Distribution of books by country of publication
S.No Country Books Cumulative
   Number Percentage Number Percentage
1 India 1436 77.92 1436 77.92
2 U.S.A 195 10.58 1631 88.50
3 U.K 111 6.07 1742 94.52
4 Singapore 34 1.84 1776 96.36
5 Japan 26 1.41 1802 97.77
6 Russia 21 1.14 1823 98.91
7 New Zealand 9 0.49 1832 99.40
8 Australia 5 0.27 1837 99.67
9 Netherlands 4 0.22 1841 99.89
10 Germany 2 0.11 1843 100.00

More than three quarters of the books used were published in India.

Table 6. Distribution of books by type of publisher
S.No Publisher Books
    Number Percentage
1 Indian 1436 77.92
2 Foreign 407 22.08
  Total 1843 100.00

Going along with the results displayed in the previous table, Table 6 shows that more than three quarters of the books used were published by Indian publishing companies.

Table 7. Distribution of books by ranked list of publishers
S.Number Name of the Publisher Rank Used Cumulative
      Number % Number %
1 Pearson Education Asia 01 429 23.28 429 23.28
2 Prentice Hall of India Private Limited 02 267 14.49 696 37.77
3 Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited 03 242 13.13 938 50.90
4 Mc Graw Hill International Book Company 04 177 9.60 1115 60.50
5 BPB Publications 05 78 4.23 1193 64.73
6 Narosa Publishing House 06 68 3.69 1261 68.42
7 John Wiley and Sons Incorporation 07 58 3.15 1319 71.57
8 Galgotia Publications Private Limited 08 45 2.44 1364 74.01
9 Vikas Publishing House 09 42 2.28 1406 76.29
10 Shorff Publishers and Distributors Private Limited 10 38 2.06 1444 78.35
11 Penguin Books 11 29 1.57 1473 79.92
12 Techmedia 12 25 1.36 1498 81.28
13 Sun Microsystems 13 25 1.36 1523 82.64
14 Wiley Eastern/New Age International Private Limited Publishers 14 23 1.25 1546 83.89
15 Macmillan Publishing Company 15 13 0.71 1559 84.60
16 SciTech Publication ( India ) Private Limited 15 13 0.71 1572 85.31
17 Envisec 16 12 0.65 1584 85.96
18 Harpper Collins Publishers 16 12 0.65 1596 86.61
19 Dhanpat Rai 17 11 0.60 1607 87.21
20 IDG Books World Wide 17 11 0.60 1618 87.81
21 Cambridge University Press 18 10 0.54 1628 88.35
22 Khanna Publishers 19 9 0.49 1637 88.84
23 Wrox Press Limited 20 8 0.43 1645 89.27
24 S.Chand and Company Limited 20 8 0.43 1653 89.70
25 Arrow Publications 20 8 0.43 1661 90.13
26 LMC 21 7 0.38 1668 90.51
27 Prentice Hall International 21 7 0.38 1675 90.89
28 St. Martin 21 7 0.38 1682 91.27
29 Pan 22 6 0.33 1688 91.60
30 Bantam 23 5 0.27 1693 91.87
31 Kidarnath and Badarnath 23 5 0.27 1698 92.14
32 Oxford University Press 23 5 0.27 1703 92.41
38 6 publishers 4 each 24 24 1.30 1727 93.71
50 12 publishers 3 each 25 36 1.95 1763 95.66
59 9 publishers 2 each 26 18 0.98 1781 96.64
121 62 publishers 1 each 27 62 3.36 1843 100.00

Most books that were used were from Pearson Education Asia, followed by Prentice Hall of India (14.49%), Tata McGraw Hill (13.13%), McGraw Hill International (9.60%), and BPB Publications (4.23%)

Table 8. Ranked List of Most Frequently Used Books
S.Number Title Rank Used Cumulative
      Number % Number %
1 Principles of compiler design/A.V. Aho and J.D. Ullman 01 58 3.15 58 3.15
2 Computer networks/A.S. Tanenbaum 02 49 2.66 107 5.81
3 Software engineering: A practitioner's approach/R.S. Pressman 03 41 2.22 148 8.03
4 Object oriented systems development/Ali Bahrami 04 36 1.95 184 9.98
5 Operating systems concepts/ A. Silberschatz 05 31 1.68 215 11.66
6 Distributed systems: Principles and paradigms/A.S. Tanenbaum 06 29 1.57 244 13.23
7 Internet world wide web: How to program/H.M. Deitel 07 26 1.41 270 14.64
8 Visual basic 6: The complete reference/Noel Jerke 08 24 1.30 294 15.94
9 Principles of distributed database systems/ T.M. Ozsu and P. Valduriez 09 23 1.25 317 17.19
10 Fundamentals of database systems/R. Elmasri and S.B. Navathe 10 19 1.03 336 18.22
11 Database system concepts/A. Silberschatz, H.F. Korth and S. Sudarshan 10 19 1.03 355 19.25
12 Compilers principles techniques and tools/Alfred V. Aho 11 18 0.98 373 20.23
13 An embedded software primer/David E. Simon 12 17 0.92 390 21.15
14 Advanced computer architecture: Parallelism, Scalability, Programmability/ Kai Hwang 13 16 0.87 406 22.02
15 Java programming languages/ Ken Arnold and James Gosling 13 16 0.87 422 22.89
16 C how to program: introducing C++ and JAVA/ H.M. Deitel and P.J. Deitel 14 14 0.76 436 23.65
17 HTML black book/Steven Hozner 14 14 0.76 450 24.41
18 Data communication, computer networks and open systems/Fred Halsall 15 13 0.71 463 25.12
19 Embedded systems design: A unified hardware/software introduction/F. Vahid 15 13 0.71 476 25.83
20 Modern operating systems/ A.S. Tanenbaum 15 13 0.71 489 26.54
21 Concepts of programming languages/R.W. Sebesta 16 12 0.65 501 27.19
22 Database management systems/ Alexis Leon and Mathews Leon 16 12 0.65 513 27.84
23 Microsoft visual basic 6: Design, Specification and Objects/B.S. Hollis 16 12 0.65 525 28.49
24 Object oriented programming using C++/B. Chandra 16 12 0.65 537 29.14
25 Artificial intelligence/ Elaine Rich and Kerin Knight 17 11 0.60 548 29.74
26 C++ how to program/ Deitel and Deitel 17 11 0.60 559 30.34
27 Let us C++/Yashwant Kanetkar 17 11 0.60 570 30.94
28 Microprocessor architecture programming and applications with the 8085/8080 A//Rames S. Gaonkar 17 11 0.60 581 31.54
29 C programming FAQ's frequently asked questions/ Steve Summit 18 10 0.54 591 32.08
30 Data and computer communications/William Stallings 18 10 0.54 601 32.62
31 Placement and personality development/ KVSG Murali Krishna 18 10 0.54 611 33.16
32 Data structures using C and C++/ Y. Langsam 19 9 0.49 620 33.65
33 Java technology for structured programmers/Sun Microsystems 19 9 0.49 629 34.14
34 Programming with visual basic 6.0/ Mohammed Azam 19 9 0.49 638 34.63
35 An introduction to database systems/C.J. Date 20 8 0.43 646 35.06
36 Database systems concepts/A. Silberschatz 20 8 0.43 654 35.49
37 Internet working with TCP/IP Vol.1: Principles, Protocols, and Architecture/Douglas E.Comer 20 8 0.43 662 35.92
38 Object oriented analysis and design/Grady Booch 20 8 0.43 670 36.35
39 Operating systems design and implementation/A.S. Tanenbaum 20 8 0.43 678 36.78
40 Operations research/S.D. Sarma 20 8 0.43 686 37.21
41 System software: An introduction to system programming/Leland L. Beck 20 8 0.43 694 37.64
42 COM/DCOM primer plus/Chris Corry 21 7 0.38 701 38.02
43 Computer graphics: A programming approach/S. Harington 21 7 0.38 708 38.40
44 Computer system architecture/M. Morris Mano 21 7 0.38 715 38.78
45 Data communications and networking/B. A. Forouzan 21 7 0.38 722 39.16
46 Data structures and algorithm analysis in C/Mark Allen Weiss 21 7 0.38 729 39.54
47 Mastering C++/K.R. Venugopal 21 7 0.38 736 39.92
48 Programming with C++/D. Ravichandran 21 7 0.38 743 40.30
49 Teach yourself Microsoft visual basic.net 2003 in 21 days/Steven Holzmer 21 7 0.38 750 40.68
50 The C++ programming languages/B. Stroustrup 21 7 0.38 757 41.06
51 Data ware housing in the real world/Sam Anahory 22 6 0.33 763 41.39
52 Exploring C/Yashawant Kanetkar 22 6 0.33 769 41.72
53 Modern power system analysis/I.J. Nagarath 22 6 0.33 775 42.05
54 Power electronics/P.S. Bimbhra 22 6 0.33 781 42.38
55 The C programming languages/Brian W. Kernigham 22 6 0.33 787 42.71
56 The java FAQ/J. Kanerva 22 6 0.33 793 43.04
78 22 books 5 each 23 110 5.97 903 49.01
115 37 books 4 each 24 148 8.03 1051 57.04
160 45 books 3 each 25 135 7.33 1186 64.37
276 116 books 2 each 26 232 12.59 1418 76.96
701 425 books 1 each 27 425 23.06 1843 100.00

701 titles and 1,843 volumes were used during the year.Principles of Compiler Design, by Alfred V. Aho and Jeffery D. Ullman was used by more students than any other. The top five titles account for 11.55 percent of total borrowing and the 50 titles listed in the table account for 40.68 percent.

Conclusions and Recommendations

There are some conclusions that can be drawn from this data, which could be used to guide acquisition of new material. Students used an average of 18 books during their final year of study. Males used more than females on average (22 vs. 12). Most books had a single author and were published during the ten years preceding the study. In addition, most books were published in India, with Pearson Education Asia being the leading publisher.

Suggestions for Further Research

Studies of a similar nature could be carried out on the use of books by other departments of the college, and at other college Libraries in India. This would add authenticity and a basis for comparative analysis before drawing generalizations and conclusions for optimal use of library resources. Studies could also be undertaken on the use of books by faculty members of this and other college libraries in India.

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