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Annual volume 2008

Muhammad Tahir
Khalid Mahmood
Farzana Shafique

Information Needs and Information-Seeking Behavior of Arts and Humanities Teachers: A Survey of the University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan (html)

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December 2008
This study explores the information needs and information-seeking behavior of humanities faculty members of the University of the Punjab, Lahore . It investigates the methods and sources used to acquire information, the importance of various information resources for their teaching and research activities, their preferred formats, the purpose of their information-seeking and problems faced. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted to get a response from the targeted population which consisted of 90 teaching and research staff of humanities departments. The response rate was 69 percent. The study reveals that most of the humanities faculty members rely heavily upon books and experts in their subject fields for teaching and research activities. Print was the preferred format and m eeting personally for face-to-face discussions was the most frequently used channel of communication. The lack of availability of required material was the number one problem in information-seeking process. The findings of this study will be useful for library professionals to understand the information needs and information-seeking behavior of humanists.

Abiodun O. Odunewu

Clement O. Omagbemi

The University Library, Information Provision, and Use by Policymakers in Olabisi Onabanjo University (OOU), Nigeria (html)

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December 2008

Availability and timely access to information is indispensable in policy formulation and implementation. It is often believed that a library is as good as its patronage. This study is an attempt to relate the level of patronage of Olabisi Onabanjo University Library by its policymakers to its information delivery capability. A questionnaire was used to gather data, with 102 copies administered at the senate level and 18 copies administered at the Governing Council level. A total of 89 copies were returned, representing an 80 percent response rate. The study reveals inadequate patronage of the library by policymakers.

The study concludes that the non-use of the library by a high percentage of these policymakers is inimical to the university library's development plans and information delivery capability as they will always find it difficult to adequately understand the library's challenges. The study recommends a more conducive reading environment, creation of better awareness of library services, better public relations, and marketing strategies to generate goodwill from target users.

Manir Abdullahi Kamba

The Changing Role of Researchers in Nigeria : The Internet as an Alternative Future to Modernity (html)

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December 2008

Researchers in Nigeria have traditionally depended on conventional libraries, and information centers, where they can physically access their needed information. Their main source of information has been traditional sources such as books, journals, and newspapers. The Internet has simplified the research process. The paper further examines how the Internet has become a tool for academic research, and also a publisher that Nigerian academics and researchers should maximally use. The paper focuses on the role played by the Internet in academic research and highlights opportunities and challenges it presents. It explores the status of Internet connectivity in Nigeria and examines the role of the Internet as a medium for academic communication, collaboration, interaction, and electronic publishing. It discusses the contribution of the Internet to the development of education and research in Nigeria . The paper concludes that, if the medium is used properly, it will break down the barrier of dependency on traditional resources, and the information gap which exists.

Dr. Chetan Sharma

Library Visits and Consultation: A Case Study of Universities in Northwestern India (html)

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December 2008
Libraries have always been houses of knowledge for their organizations, and they play an important role in research and scholarship. The present study evaluates the use of university libraries of Northwestern India by teachers and research scholars and assesses their satisfaction.
Dr. Augonus Nnamdi Uhegbu

Globalization and National Information Policy in Nigeria (html)

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December 2008
The paper focuses on the need for a national information policy in Nigeria in the face of globalization. The paper is not anti-globalization, but believes that although globalization facilitates global access to information and its generating media, it also has the potential of exposing Nigerians to obscene information materials, and of dumping unwholesome, improperly packaged and substandard information resources in the country. The conceptual explanation of both globalization and information policy is discussed. Also discussed is Nigeria 's contemporary information environment, which this paper sees as highly risky, volatile and uncoordinated. The paper argues that with national information policy, globalization will no longer pose a threat to the nation's library and information sector, because information policy will ensure proper information management, resources packaging, acquisition of the right library and information media, proper organization of the nation's library and information sector, development of library and information infrastructure and active interlibrary cooperation.
Oluwole Ejiwoye Rasaki

A Comparative Study of Credit Earning Information Literacy Skills Courses of Three African Universities (html)

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December 2008
Information literacy skills are enabling skills that help students and individuals to identify, locate, evaluate, organize, effectively create, use and communicate information to address issues and problems. The skills include computer skills, technology skills and library literacy. The study examines credit earning Information literacy programmes of three African Universities, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Lagos State University, Lagos (both in Nigeria) and the University of Botswana (Botswana). The study revealed that the information literacy skills programmes of the three universities are deficient in one aspect or the other. While the two Nigerian universities: Federal University of Technology, Akure and Lagos State University, Lagos on the one hand are deficient in computer and technology literacy, University of Botswana on the other hand prioritized computer and information technology literacy but is deficient in library literacy. The study recommends that the, Federal university of Technology ,Akure and Lagos State University should review their curricula to include computer and information technology skills while University of Botswana should reflect library literacy skills in its curriculum. This will empower and equip students with the necessary skills for independent and life long learning.
Rafiq Ahmad Rather
Fayaz Ahmad Lone
Gulam Jeelani Shah

Overlap in Web Search Results: A Study of Five Search Engines (html)

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December 2008
This paper presents the results of an empirical investigation that measured the degree of overlap between the results retrieved through Google, Altavista, Hotbot, Scirus, and Bioweb using twenty queries in biotechnology. Among the selected search engines, Hotbot had the most overlap (followed by Google) with other search engines except Bioweb. Compound and complex queries produced more overlap than simple queries.
Dr. Syamalamba Rani

Minority Degree College Libraries in Andhra Pradesh: A Study with Special Reference to NAAC Standards (html)

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December 2008
This study reviews the development of college education and library management at Degree Colleges of the minority-communities in India and Andhra Pradesh. A survey included physical conditions, administrative procedures, human resources management and workforce availability, the quality and variety of services offered, verified whether NAAC library standards are being followed, and studied the extent of computer use or phases of computerization; availability of systems, and type of software being used.
Benki S.H. Womboh, Ph.D
Tukur Abba

The State of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Nigerian University Libraries: The Experience of Ibrahim Babangida Library, Federal University of Technology, Yola (html)

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December 2008
This paper gives an overview of the state of the ICT in Nigerian university libraries and traces the development and management of ICT facilities in the Federal University of Technology of Technology Yola library. Some problems militating against proper functioning of such facilities are highlighted and suggestion for possible solutions proffered.

A. I. M. Jakaria Rahman
Momena Khatun
Dr. Muhammad Mezbah-ul-Islam

Library Education in Bangladesh: Strengths, Problems, and Suggestions (html)

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December 2008
This article examines the historical development and current trends of library education system in Bangladesh, identifies educational institutions involved, and determines the strength of current library education system. Problems in the existing system are identified, and suggestions and recommendations for improvement are made.
R. V. Chikate
Dr. S. K. Patil

Citation Analysis of Theses in Library and Information Science Submitted to University of Pune: A Pilot Study (html)

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December 2008
This is a bibliometric study that used 27 LIS dissertations with a total of 6,257 citations. Most citations are from periodicals (42.2%), mostly from US and Indian journals. Nearly half of the citations recorded are from journal articles: 2,639 (42.2%) Nearly three quarters of the journal articles were from LIS journals, with the remainder from 33 other subject areas.College and Research Libraries is the most cited journal, followed byScientometrics.Most of the citations are from 55 journals out of the total number.
Christopher Nkiko
Felicia O. Yusuf

Library and Information Support for New Partnership for Africa 's Development (NEPAD) (html)

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December 2008
New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) was created in October 2001 as an way of helping Africa extricate itself from the malaise of underdevelopment and exclusion in a globalizing world. Its major objectives include: eradication of poverty, promotion of accelerated growth and sustainable development, halting the marginalization of Africa in the globalizing process, and the empowerment of women. The paper examines preconditions for its success and the specific roles expected of libraries and information centres. Such roles include; popularizing the initiative, providing continental information database, human development, eradication of diseases and poverty through information, information brokerage and environmental scanning, partnering with multinational firms and extra African state, standardization of local journals, providing research support to NEPAD, ensuring Internet connectivity in African libraries, showcasing indigenous knowledge and media campaign in promoting library and information professions by library associations in Africa.
Monday Obaidjevwe Ogbomo
Esoswo Francisca Ogbomo

Importance of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Making a Heathy Information Society: A Case Study of Ethiope East Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria(html)

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December 2008
ICTs are crucially important for sustainable development in developing countries. For the past two decades, most developed countries have witnessed significant changes that can be traced to ICTs. These changes have been observed in economics, education, communication, and travel. Many initiatives have been taken at the international level to support Africa's efforts to develop a communication infrastructure and. This study uses a survey that employed a two-part questionnaire that collected data on the personal characteristics of the respondents and their use of ICTs. A sample of 120 respondents was used. The respondents were drawn from the Ethiope East local government area of Delta state. Data was analyzed using frequency counts and simple percentages. The study found widespread use of mobile phones and computers among the respondents, but much less use of other ICTs such as the Internet. The reasons for this are exploired.
Osagie Oseghale

Faculty Opinion as Collection Evaluation Method: a Case Study of Redeemer's University Library (html)

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December 2008
Library users judge the quality of a collection by the extent to which it can meet their teaching, learning, and research requirements. University faculty must have a library collection that meets their curricular and accreditation needs. A questionnaire was used to collect data from 70 academic staff who participated in the study. Findings revealed that most respondents find useful material in the library occasionally, but that the collection needs to be strengthened in particular subject areas and in print serials. Faculty judgments about the library might become even more critical in an environment where they do not have any means of expressing their opinion. The study recommends that collection development librarians should consider, in consultation with teaching faculty colleagues, what the library can and should provide, and how this balance will relate to teaching, learning, and research needs of users.
‘Niran Adetoro

Acquisition and Use of Library Resources in the Transition from a College to a University: A Statistical Record Assessment (html)

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December 2008
The study is an assessment of the acquisition and use of library resources at Tai Solarin College of Education (TASCE), which has now been upgraded to Tai Solarin University of Education (TASUED). Using a descriptive survey approach, data were obtained from the college library's statistical records for the years 2000-2005. Data were analyzed using frequency and percentages. The study found that a low rate of acquisition during the period under study, while user visits, loans, and books and journals consulted increased steadily. The study recommends a prioritized and proactive acquisition policy for books and journals, improved user education, and current awareness service for students and staff.
Mehmood ul Ajaz Wani
Sumeer Gul

Growth and Development of Scholarly Literature: An Analysis of SCOPUS (html)

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November 2008
Researchers require access to a variety of information sources, in order to stay current with developments in their own and related fields, to work collaboratively with others, to critically evaluate and examine the work of others, and to contribute to teaching. This study is assesses the SCOPUS database bibliometrically to explore the growth of scholarly literature.
Akobundu Dike Ugah
Victoria Okafor

Faculty Use of a Cybercafé for Internet Access (html)

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November 2008
The University has a cybercafé that provides Internet services to the members of the university community and their neighbors. This study analyzed the use of the Internet facilities by faculty members. Of the 224 copies of the questionnaire distributed, 120 were completed and returned. Result showed that more than half of the respondents acquired their Internet skills through self study/instruction and more than one-third ) rated their Internet skill as average. One fifthuse the Internet daily, while only 10 percent spend 10-20 hours per week on the Internet. Only 30 percent use the Internet facilities on campus and research is the major reason for using the Internet. The use of the Internet has decreased the use of traditional library and increased dependence on the Internet and the electronic library.
Adetoun A. Oyelude
C. O. Ola

Budgeting for Library Technical Services in an Electronic Age (html)

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October 2008
Library budgets have serious implications for the smooth operation of services. In an electronic age, technical services become more relevant and it is essential to budget for personnel, equipment, supplies, and maintenance. A large number of academic, research, and public libraries in Nigeria were surveyed, and virtually none had a technical services budget. In light of those results, the need for budgeting in libraries and budgeting techniques in technical services are examined. The decentralization and democratization of fiscal management are recommended.

Ahmed Mohammed

The Development of Academic Journals in Institutions of Higher Learning in Kano State, Nigeria(html)

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October 2008
Academic journals are one of the primary media through which new knowledge is disseminated. This article reports on research that studied the academic journals in fifteen institutions of higher learning in the Kano state of Nigeria. The study revealed that five of the institutions produce academic journals, and that a total of 37 academic journals exist in institutions studied, including both active and ceased titles. The study further identifies problems associated with journals and measures to address the problems.
Dr. Rajeev Manhas

Use of the Internet and Electronic Resources for Dental Science Information: A Case Study (html)

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September 2008
A study was undertaken to assess dentists' attitude towards the Internet and electronic resources. A questionnaire was distributed among the dental teachers and students of ten dental colleges and hospitals of Punjab State of India to find out the use of Internet services and electronic resources. The colleges under study are affiliated to Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Faridkot, India. The responses were gathered from 171 dental teachers and students (75 teachers, 96 students). The findings of the survey include that a majority of the dental teachers and students (73.7%) under study have their own personal computers or laptops; A majority of the respondents (70.8%) access the Internet from the college or workplace, while 19.3% also access from home; and, 42.6% of the respondents use the Internet and electronic resources for finding health/dental sciences information, followed by patient care with 26.5% responses.
Daniel S. Dotson
Joshua B. Garris

Counting More Than the Gate: Developing Building Use Statistics to Create Better Facilities for Today's Academic Library Users (html)

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September 2008
What areas and types of seating do users of academic libraries use? These authors contend that using sampling methods to conduct building-wide surveys can provide better data for more substantial analysis of user trends in order to more accurately respond to patron needs.
Nazli Alkan

The Importance and Influence of Philosophical Thinking for Librarians (html)

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September 2008
This paper explores the importance and influence of the adoption of philosophical thinking by today's librarians and to encourage them in such thinking. The principal findings of the paper include the following: that the librarian's philosophical thinking is a process through which something is systematically and critically questioned in the framework of the library, the librarian and the profession of librarianship; related meanings, values and purposes are identified; and a meaningful judgement is reached. Although there are some librarians today who are engaged in intellectual activity and seek answers to ‘whys', there is still need to draw the attention of most librarians to philosophical thinking.
Prof. Benson E. Edoka
Dr. Chinwe V. Anunobi

Serials Processing Activities in Southern Nigerian University Libraries (html)

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September 2008
A survey was conducted in the thirteen federal university libraries in southern Nigeria to determine serials processing activities and the problems which hinder effective serials processing. A questionnaire was distributed to 65 purposively selected serials staff from the libraries.Forty-eight (82.75%) of the returned questionnaires were found usable. The average of 50% and 2.5 were taken as positive bench-mark for dichotomous and Likert point scale items on the instrument respectively. The result shows that serials processing activities in southern Nigerian federal universities libraries includecollation, stamping, recording, cataloguing, classification, and stock taking.Processing activities differ significantly among the libraries in the South East, South West, and South-South geopolitical zones of the country. Serial units in the South West zone university libraries are more developed. Effective serials processing in southern Nigeria federal university libraries are hindered by variables relating to processing tools and nature of serials.
Sadanand Y. Bansode
Miss. Shamin Periera

A Survey of Library Automation in College Libraries in Goa State, India (html)

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September 2008
The paper highlights the present status of library automation in the college libraries of Goa State, India. It highlights the use of NEWGENLIB software (Consortium version) by college libraries, and discusses barriers to library automation.
Dr Mayank Trivedi
Dr Anuradha Joshi

Computer and Internet Use by Health Care Professionals in a Rural Medical College in India (html)

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August 2008
A study was conducted at Pramukhswami Medical College in Karamsad, India, to assess the use of computers and the Internet by health care professionals, in order to gain more information about information-seeking behavior. Results of a questionnaire that was completed by 194 respondents frequent Internet use by nearly all. Respondents use the Internet most often to seek teaching and patient care information. While most respondents reported adequate or good computer skills, few had formal training. It is recommended that the library take advantage of the opportunity to provide an information literacy program and further information about useful web sources.
Ying Zhong
Aaron Hegde

Applying Game Theory in Libraries: Review and Preview (html)

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August 2008
The paradigm of game theory and its application have aroused increasing interest among researchers in multidisciplinary settings. An information society involves more opportunities and uncertainties; therefore, game theory is expected more often than ever to provide insights into different types of issues of decision-making in economics, management, political science, psychology, and philosophy. A library and its administration, as an important market player in an information society, should have a better understanding about the nature of games and strategies as well. This article starts with a brief introduction to game theory, reviews selected literature, and emphasizes the application of game theory on a variety of subjects. The paper also suggests the potential areas in which libraries could benefit from adopting this approach.
James G. Rhoades, Jr.
Arianne Hartsell

Marketing First Impressions: Academic Libraries Creating Partnerships and Connections at New Student Orientations (html)

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August 2008
Academic libraries look for successful marketing strategies to promote positive perceptions among students. To do this, librarians need to find venues and partnerships outside the library. Florida State University Libraries discovered that participating in new student orientation networking sessions creates opportunities to generate lasting first impressions among incoming freshmen and their families. After analyzing three years of successive student and family evaluations, which measured presentation rankings and attendance, the library was able to determine the utility and effectiveness of participating in the orientation program. Related literature and an analysis of the evaluations both indicate that universities and students benefit when libraries participate in new student orientations.
Queenette Udoh-Ilomechine

The Significance of School Libraries in the Educational Development of Students: the Case of Novena University Staff School, Kwale, Delta State, Nigeria (html)

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August 2008
School libraries have an important role in encouraging reading and discovery among students and in augmenting teaching. They do these things with strong collections, instruction and orientation, and providing a physical environment that is conducive to learning. This article reports on a study of secondary school students in Nigeria. Students were surveyed on their use of the school library and their views on collections and services. The results showed widespread dissatisfaction with the collections and a lack of instruction and other services.

S. Dhanavandan
Dr. S. Mohammed Esmail
Dr. V. Mani

A Study of the Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Tools by Librarians (html)

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August 2008
The world is undergoing a transition from a paper to a digital economy. It is essential for libraries in countries in the developing world to take part in this changing scene. Developing countries are being encouraged to invest in their national information infrastructure so that they can participate in knowledge-based development. Advances have brought many changes in libraries. Information and communication technology (ICT) has provided libraries with new opportunities to improve their resources and services. This study looks at the use of ICT tools by a population of library professionals in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, exploring the use of various tools, cross-tabulated by gender and age, and compiling a list of uses for these tools in professional settings. 175 questionnaires were distributed among the library professionals in Tamil Nadu. 170 responses (97%) were received. All respondents are using some kind of ICT tool.
Mahdi Mohammadi
Alireza Isfandyari Moghaddam
Mehri Ezadi Yeganeh

Students' Perception of the Impact of User Education on the Use of Reference Resources: An Iranian Experience (html)

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August 2008
This research examines students' familiarity with reference resources as well as the necessity of providing user education based on students' point of view. A sample of 351 students were given a questionnaire of 22 questions. Findings show that students find user education necessary and beneficial, and that students would like to see expert and professional librarians in the reference department.
Kanwal Ameen

Issues of Book Acquisition in University Libraries: A Case Study of Pakistan (html)

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July 2008
This mixed methods study used a survey and interviews to explore acquisitions issues in university libraries in Pakistan. The study found that most respondents were still relying on local sources of material and that the emergence of a digital paradigm had not yet had a pervasive effect. While some libraries are purchasing online, most libraries are still having problems acquiring relevant material quickly, especially from foreign sources.
Sarah Naper
Stephanie Wiegand

“Books of the Hour”and “Books of All Time”: Booklists in the Evolving Library (html)

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July 2008
Booklists provide a means of connecting readers with books that best meet their needs. The authors provide an overview of types of booklists and of the relationship between readers and booklists, as well as identifying uses of booklists for librarians. These include use as a collection development tool, for weeding assistance, and to promote library materials. The role of booklists in the interactive environment of Web 2.0 is explored. The article concludes with a discussion of possible concerns that arise from reliance on booklists.
Chuma Opara Nnadozie
Chizoba Doris Nnadozie

The Information Needs of Faculty Members in a Nigerian Private University: A Self-Study (html)

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July 2008
Nigeria has had private universities only since 1999. This study seeks information on the information needs of faculty in one of those institutions. A questionnaire was used to collect data from 56 randomly-sampled respondents. The findings show that most (53.6%) depend on library books and other publications to support teaching and research. Journals were the most used documentary sources. A lack of current and relevant materials was identified as the primary impediment to information retrieval.
Akobundu Dike Ugah

Motivation and Productivity in the Library (html)

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July 2008
Motivation remains an important topic in the literature of organizational management. The author discusses a number of theories of motivation and their application in libraries. Included are content theories such as those of Maslow and Herzberg, and process theories such as Equity and Expectancy.
Helen O. Komolafe-Opadeji

Promoting Public Awareness of HIV/AIDS in Africa: Follow-Up to a Pilot Study (html)

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July 2008
This is a follow-up to a study that looked at reporting on HIV/AIDS in Nigeria in the print media. The pilot study looked at the years 1990-1996 in two major newspapers. The follow-up study looked at 2000-2006 and showed a significantly higher frequency of reporting on the disease. A second part of the study surveyed a small group of senior librarians on their role in disseminating information about HIV/AIDS. Librarians can play a strong role by partnering with government, other organizations and agencies, and with researchers to be both advocates and educators.
K. Agyen-Gyasi

User Education at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) Library: Prospects and Challenges (html)

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June 2008
This paper examines user education programmes at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) library in Kumasi, Ghana. It focuses on the challenges that the library faces in organizing effective user education for new users in an era of increased student numbers, and discusses how users are introduced to the various resources and services , highlighting existing inadequacies. Appropriate recommendations are made to enhance the programme and reduce the stress on librarians carrying out this important responsibility.
Riccardo Ridi

Hypertextual Library Manifesto Version 1.0 (html)

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June 2008
Translation by Juliana Mazzocchi with the collaboration of Maria Stella Sagaria and Riccardo Ridi. The Italian version was published as Manifesto per la biblioteca ipertestuale. Versione 1.0,Bibliotime X (2007), n. 3,http://www2.spbo.unibo.it/bibliotime/num-x-3/ridi.htm.This manifesto is a bridge between two texts: TheDigital Libraries Manifesto, written by AIB Study group on digital libraries (inAIB-WEB since December 2005 athttp://www.aib.it/aib/cg/gbdigd05a-e.htm3),and the author's bookLa biblioteca come ipertesto (The library as hypertext, published by Editrice Bibliografica in October 2007, contents and abstract available athttp://www.bibliografica.it/catalogo/ridi-ipertesto.htm). It presents the 25 Theses and the 5 Laws of the hypertextual library.
M. Madhusudhan
Reetu Verma

The Creation of a Multimedia Orientation to the Department of Library and Information Science, University of Delhi: A Systems Analysis (html)

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May 2008
Student orientation programs in university departments play a vital role in communication between the department and its students. This article is an outcome of the study made for designing the multimedia orientation of the Department of Library and Information Science (DLIS), University of Delhi. Multimedia orientation programmes can inform new and visitigin students and external visitors about the department, faculty, teaching methods, research, library facilities and infrastructure provided by the department in an more efficient and interactive way.
Akobundu Dike Ugah

Availability and Accessibility of Information Sources and the Use of Library Services at Michael Okpara University of Agriculture (html)

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May 2008
Using the case study method, the author investigated the availability and accessibility of information sources and the use of library services in the university library, Michael University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria. The population was made up of 1,000 registered library users, with a random sample of 200. A response rate of 168 was recorded. The study revealed that information sources in the library are not readily available nor easily accessible and concludes that the independent variables of availability and accessibility have influence on, and a significant relationship with, the use of library services.
Chinwe V. Anunobi
Ifeyinwa B. Okoye

The Role of Academic Libraries in Universal Access to Print and Electronic Resources in the Developing Countries (html)

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May 2008
The paper discusses the place of academic libraries in developing countries as access points to print and electronic resources. The changing role of academic libraries resulting from the digital technology allows libraries to participate in universal access. A conceptual model of print/electronic resource access for academic libraries in developing countries is presented and emerging issues for academic libraries in developing countries are discussed.
Peter Kraus

Information Literacy for German Language and Literature at the Graduate Level: New Approaches and Models (html)

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May 2008
The hiring of several new faculty members in the German Language and Literature Section of the Modern Languages department at the University of Utah resulted in an increased demand for library instruction and technical support. A library subject specialist and a faculty member in German collaborated to teach graduate students about important electronic and print resources in German language and literature.
Monday Obaidjevwe Ogbomo
Esoswo Francisca Ogbomo

Availability and Accessibility of ICTs in the Rural Communities of Delta State, Nigeria(html)

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May 2008
A study of 128 people in the rural areas of Delta State, Nigeria, showed that only a relatively small number have access to computers, telephones, and radio, while virtually none have Internet access. Since Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are vital for development, the authors recommend aggressive government action to remedy this situation through the creation of infrastructure and educational efforts.
C.I. Ugwu

The Effect of Personal Characteristics on the Use of Information Sources by Social Science Researchers at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka (html)

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April 2008
A study of the effect of some personal characteristics on the use of information sources by social science researchers was conducted at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Forty lecturers were surveyed using a questionnaire. Three hypotheses were evaluated through the analysis of variance and F-statistic. Multiple comparison of item means as well as group means was conducted using Scheffé's test. The results show that position and education are good predictors of information use while professional experience has little power in explaining variations in information source use. The findings of the study support the notion that information source use is a result of complex set of interactions among variables. The examination of the interaction of some of the variables such as education, position, and experience provides insight in understanding the factors that influence the use of information sources.
Ima-M. P. Usoro

Organization as a Management Variable: A Survey of Nigerian University Libraries in the South South Zone (html)

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April 2008
This research examined the influence of the management variable of organizing on availability of information sources in the four Federal University Libraries in the south-south zone of Nigeria. The sample consisted of all academic librarians in the university libraries under study. One null hypothesis was formulated and tested. The instrument used to collect data for this study was a validated questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using percentages, chi-square, and contingency correlation co-efficient. The result revealed that the management variable of organizing influenced availability of information sources in the university libraries since the calculated chi-square was greater than the critical chi-square.
M. Doraswamy

An Analysis of Books Used by Computer Science and Engineering Students at Siddhartha Engineering College Library (html)

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April 2008
This paper investigates books borrowed by final-year students of computer science and engineering at Velagapudi Ramakrishan Siddhartha Engineering College Library during 2004–05. The analysis shows the number of books used, authorship patterns, age of collection, country-wide distribution of books used, type of publisher, ranked list of publishers, and ranked list of most frequently-used titles. Conclusions are derived from each point of analysis.
S. O. Popoola

The Use of Information Sources and Services and Its Effect on the Research Output of Social Scientists in Nigerian Universities (html)

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April 2008
This article investigates the effects of the use of information sources and services on the research output of social scientists in the Nigerian federal government-owned universities. Simple cluster sampling with equal allocation method was used for sample selection. A self-developed questionnaire with a reliability coefficient (α = 0.78) was used for data gathering on 315 social scientists, of which 281 responded. The study found no significant difference between male and female use of information sources in social science research. The mean number of journals read on a regular basis by the respondents is seven. They occasionally use electronic information services in support of their research activities. There are significant main effects of the use of information sources and services on the research output of the respondents. It is recommended that the respondents should endeavour to use electronic information services; their institutional libraries should acquire current information materials in support of research and teaching; and both information sources and services be used in their teaching and research.
Sumeer Gul
Samina Khan

Growth and Development of Oriental Libraries in India (html)

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April 2008
India is a vast repository of different cultures, both because it was invaded by a number of foreign countries and peoples, and because of its contacts with people from the East. The languages from those Eastern countries are part of Indian literature. The literature in those Eastern languages created India 's Oriental libraries. This article traces the history of those libraries, which contain the literature pertaining to Oriental studies and languages. "Oriental" in this context refers to the ancient Near East, including India, Persia (Iran), and ancient Arabia, among other places, and the languages and literatures of those places and peoples.
David C. Kupfer

Should the American Canon Be Discussed in a Public Library? The Selection of Classic American Authors in One Book Reading Projects (html)

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April 2008

This report considers four issues; the validity of an American canon; whether public libraries have a mandate to support it; whether the canon is supported in national One Book clubs; and the implications of support. A measurable appreciation of our literary heritage is found by comparing bestsellers with classics in One Book projects for adult discussion. In this program, supervised by the Library of Congress Center for the Book, libraries have selected venerated American authors three times as frequently as those with the greatest current sales. In the 21st century, patrons will continue to find a stimulating non-traditional study of the national canon through group reading.

Eileen McElrath

Free Websites of Value for Humanities Students and Faculty Researchers (html)

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April 2008
Studies show that faculty members, particularly those in social sciences, arts, and humanities, question the accuracy, reliability and sufficiency of web resources for research. Undergraduate students, on the other hand, report that the web provides them information that they use to complete assignments. The purpose of this study is to find free web sites of value for humanities researchers and librarians. The study uses a content analysis of the annotated lists of librarian-evaluated free websites published inReference & User Services Quarterlyfrom 1999 to 2005 to determine the ones of value for humanities researchers. Findings to date include approximately 20 websites of value for humanities researchers.
Elaine Peterson

Parallel Systems: The Coexistence of Subject Cataloging and Folksonomy (html)

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April 2008
Catalogers have always had to balance adherence to cataloging rules and authority files with creating cataloging that is current and relevant to users. That dilemma has been complicated in new ways because of user demands in the world of Web 2.0. Standardized cataloging is crucial for communication between computer systems, but patrons now have an expectation of social interaction on the Internet, as evidenced by the popularity of folksonomy. After a description of traditional subject cataloging and folksonomy, this article discusses several institutions where subject cataloging is still used, but where patron interaction is also encouraged. User-generated tags can coexist with controlled vocabulary such as subject headings.
Enemute Basil Iwhiwhu

Information Repackaging and Library Services: A Challenge to Information Professionals in Nigeria (html)

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April 2008
This study examines information packaging and re-packaging in library services. The survey research design was used for the study with a questionnaire as instrument for data collection. Forty professional staff available in academic and research libraries were surveyed. The study reveals that while the concept of information repackaging is not new, a majority of library staff are not adequately informed about it. Libraries in Nigeria can take a marketing approach to consider the potential for products and services. Repackaging information could increase user satisfaction, be a source of revenue, and help libraries achieve their goals.
Saroj Das
P.J. Pathak

Facilitating Scientific Research with Library Services: A Case Study of the IPR Library (html)

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April 2008
Research libraries have always played an important role in scientific developments. The Institute for Plasma Physics (IPR) and its library exemplify that important relationship. This paper describes the role played by the IPR library in the organizational research process.
Uduak U. Enang

The Use of International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD) and the Quality of Books Published in Nigeria (html)

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March 2008
This study sought to determine the extent to which Nigerian publishers use the International Standard Bibliographic Descriptions (ISBD) in Nigerian published books. Publishers and documentary evidence were used for the study. Two hundred and fifty publishers and one thousand books were used as sample for the study. The instruments used for the study were a standardized checklist of the book and a questionnaire. One null hypothesis was formulated and tested. The data collected were analysed using percentages and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). The study found out that use of ISBD significantly influences quality book publishing and affects the process of retrieving information easily. The study concluded that lack of essential ISBD elements by Nigerian publishers creates problems for cataloguers, documentalists, and library users, and has a significant relationship to the quality of book publishing.
Dr. M. Madhusudhan

Marketing of Library and Information Services and Products in University Libraries: A Case Study of Goa University Library(html)

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March 2008
Indian universities are facing issues such as budget cuts, increased publication costs, and money devaluation,and coping with ever-increasing information requirements of readers. There is an urgent need for the libraries and information centers to provide better library and information services. Libraries and librarians in Indian universities are forced to adopt marketing tools to become more competent and alert. This paper describes the marketing of library services and products with particular reference to Goa University Library. There is discussion of marketing concepts, on the investigation of potential markets, planning, targeted services to accurate market segments, and identification of competitive advantages.
Krishna Kumar
Akhtar Hussain
Neetu Singh

A Survey of Collection Development Practices in Technical Institutes in Ghaziabad, Utter Pradesh, India (html)

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March 2008
This study surveyed the collections of the technical Institute libraries. The vast majority of collections are English language material (93.33%), followed by Hindi (16.67%). Most of the institutions in the population do not have substantial library collections in any format. The libraries of the technical institutes in the population serve faculty, research scholars, graduate students, and undergraduates. The budget for library materials is variable in the population. Some have no special library allocation. Most of the institutions devote their budget to the purchase of science and engineering material. Two-thirds of the institutions in the population offer the B. Tech. degree to undergraduates, while 80 percent offer the MCA at the graduate level. Eighty percent of respondents stated that their institutions were fully computerized. More than half the institutions are part of Delnet.
Anthonia E. Omehia
Boma B. Obi
Henry Itohowo Okon

Student Characteristics and Use of Library Services in the University of Uyo (html)

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March 2008
The study investigated students' characteristics and their use of library services in the University of Uyo. Students' academic discipline, year of study, and socio-economic status were considered. The results of a structured questionnaire, returned by 528 students (81%) were subjected to t-test analysis, ANOVA, and multiple classification analysis (MCA) at 0.05 alpha level of significance. The findings revealed that students' academic discipline with 59%, year of study with 51%, and socio-economic status with 64% affected their use of library services.
Karl Bridges

Librarians and the Attention Economy (html)

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March 2008
With the advent of Web 2.0, libraries began not only developing innovative technology, but also new economic paradigms for library services. The present economic situation for libraries is unsustainable. Libraries, as a practical matter, cannot pay attention to everything, to every node, to every leaf on the tree of knowledge. Through creation of multiple points of interaction with users the result is an increase in the level of attention paid by the user compared to the static nature of Web 1.0 technologies which were mostly passive in regards to the users.Web 2.0 also represents an attempt to deal with the issue of scarcity of library resources by making the users partners with the librarians in the creation and development of content.
Michael A. Weber
Robert K. Flatley

What Do Students Want?: A Focus Group Study of Students at a Mid-Sized Public University(html)

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March 2008
Presents the findings of a focus group study to determine how students find information and what role they see the library playing on campus. Results indicated that relied heavily on the Internet for their information needs but felt the played a vital role.
Megan Fitzgibbons

Implications of Hypertext Theory for the Reading , Organization, and Retrieval of Information (html)

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March 2008
Hypertext, the creation of links within or among texts in a digital environment, is the basis on which documents are transmitted electronically. This paper explores implications of hypertext theory for how users read, seek, and understand information. Hypertext does not necessarily change reading cognition, but its nodal structure affects readers' interactions with texts on a conceptual level. From a broader perspective, hypertext applications create and organize networks of literature that can be retrieved on a multiplicity of levels. Hypertext and its connecting properties allow 1) information seekers to accomplish their tasks in a digital environment, and 2) information professionals to fulfill long-held goals for organizing and disseminating information.
Mohan Ramaswamy
Tara Baillargeon
Charlene N. Simser

Making E-Reference Books Findable (html)

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March 2008
The Internet has significantly changed the ways in which information is provided, particularly in libraries. Libraries are buying increasing numbers of electronic reference (e-Reference) materials which are buried in the catalog or on web pages, not to be easily found by the user. Unlike print reference books, e-Reference books are not found on libraries’ reference shelves and, therefore, are underused. Libraries face the dilemma of how to make e-Reference books more accessible to patrons. Kansas State University Libraries are addressing this challenge by using the powerful metadata behind OPAC records to create browsable e-Reference lists. These lists are also published as RSS feeds which can be pushed to users. This article describes the low tech approach used by subject librarians and catalogers to make e-Reference books more accessible to patrons.
Modupe A. Akewukereke
Samuel Olukayode Ibitoye

Application of Johari Window Theory to Understanding Librarian's Changing Roles as Information Providers (html)

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March 2008
The Johari Window is a tool for improving organizational communication. It contains four quadrants, which represent how individuals are known to themselves and others. Using this tool can reveal more about librarians' self-image and can lead to stronger organizations and better service.
S. Sivaraj
Dr. S. Mohammed Esmail
Dr. M. Kanakaraj

Bridging the Information Divide among Engineering College Libraries in Tamil Nadu, India: A Network Design (html)

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March 2008
The pattern of engineering education and research is changing in response to new methods, techniques, and applications of technology. Engineering colleges are in constant need of information about developments in science and technology.

In today's environment , it is impossible for any library to stand alone. No library can singlehandedly obtain all the material that is needed or requested. Engineering libraries must share resources and organize cooperative services. Advances in information technology offer methods of networking and resource sharing among the geographically dispersed and remotely located library and information centres.

This paper discusses ways that engineering colleges can share resources in the networked information environment, as well as proposing a network design called Tamil Nadu Engineering College Libraries Network (TECLIBNET).

Kristina Jung

Self-Creation and Communal-Creation: A Philosophy of Reference Service (html)

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March 2008
Academic library reference service is vital to students. In the academic setting, reference service is closely tied to library instruction. Library instruction provides learning tools for the search for information. The academic library reinforces this idea by providing different channels for reference service, including the collection, the librarian, and instruction. Reference service can also be a part of open-ended semiosis for both the individual and the community. The academic library fosters relationships that create meaning through both self-creation and communal-creation.
Zahid Ashraf Wani

Development of Public Libraries in India (html)

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March 2008
This paper is an overview of public library development in India from ancient times to the present day. It describes initiatives undertaken by private foundations and by local, state, and central government, and details the particular characteristics of Indian society and their relationship to library and information systems.
Stephanie Willen Brown

The Reference Interview: Theories and Practice (html)

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February 2008
The reference librarian's task is to translate the patron's question into one that can be answered with the library's resources. The first element of that task is to know what the patron wants; the second is to know what resources the library has and how to use them. Reference librarians must learn continuously throughout their careers, both because new resources become available, but also because patrons present questions requiring new resources. This article will focus on how to determine what kind of information the patron needs through the reference interview.
Maziar Amirhosseini

Dialectic Schemes in Thesaurus Creation (html)

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February 2008
This article looks at the logical relationships between the categories that have led to the development of the thesaurus, including the historical origins of thesaurus construction. The research uses the dialectical, logical relationships of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis. Each step in the dialectic of thesaurus creation includes subjective and objective thought as part of the thesis and antithesis, resolved by the more absolute thinking of the synthesis.
Ahmed Mohammed

An Assessment of the Impact of Book Aid International (BAI) on the Development of Libraries in Kano State, Nigeria (html)

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February 2008
This study looks at the impact of Book Aid International (BAI) on the development of libraries in Kano State, Nigeria. The study population is eighteen libraries that are benefiting from the BAI program. A questionnaire was used to obtain data. The respondents strongly believe that BAI is beneficial, and that it has improved library collections and services. Recommendations for programme donors and the beneficiaries are included.
Amanze Onyebochi Unagha

Implementing Universal Basic Education (UBE) through the Strategic Provision of School Library Services (html)

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February 2008
This paper examines the ways school libraries can provide services for the successful implementation of Universal Basic Education (UBE) in Nigeria. After tracing the origin and objectives of UBE, it discusses the concept of school libraries and their role in education. Library services are crucial to the success of UBE in Nigeria. They include library space in all schools, extension services, adequate and relevant information sources, recreational reading material, library work and study rooms, and resource-sharing between school libraries and public libraries.

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