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Annual volume 2009

Dr. Rubina Bhatti Information Needs and Information-Seeking Behaviour of Faculty Members at the Islamia University of Bahawalpur (html) PDF November 2009
This study evaluates the educational and information needs and information-seeking behaviour of the faculty members of the Islamia University of Bahawalpur. Questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were used with one hundred faculty members. One hundred fifty questionnaires were distributed and 100 returned. The data showed that most faculty (76%) consider the Internet the most useful source of information, along with books, journals, and informal channels. The teachers from Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities, and Islamic Learning also want up-to-date resources relevant to their fields via a digital library. Teachers complained about the insufficient provision of computers in the library. The demand for more advanced services was also expressed.
Hikaru Nakano Creating a Positive Learning Environment with a Guest Speaker (html) PDF November 2009
Librarians and teaching faculty can collaborate to create a good learning environment for students. Organizing events with outside speakers can bring lasting benefits to students, faculty, and the community. This article highlights the need for advance preparation when organizing an event. Librarians must clearly define objectives to maximize participation and ensure that events are linked to courses. When real-world events are linked to students' academic experience, they are more actively engaged and can be more involved in their studies. Through administrative contributions, librarians can facilitate such events.
Mercy A. Ijirigho Faculty Expectations of Libraries: A Comparative Study of Covenant University and the University of Lagos (html) PDF November 2009
This study assessed the quality of library services rendered, identified faculty expectations of librarians, and ascertained the disparity in user expectations between private and public universities. Three hundred questionnaires were administered to respondents from Covenant University and the University of Lagos, and two hundred and forty were completed. The study revealed that the quality of services currently rendered is higher in the private university than in the public university.
Rebecca McElrath Library Leaders: Yes, Please Apply (html) PDF November 2009
Studies show that strong leaders are needed for the future's strong libraries and other organizations. Employees working at all levels of the organization, not just the titled leaders, will be making decisions that affect the library's mission and future. Employees working at all levels of an organization, therefore, will need to develop the leadership skills to make these decisions. Even without formal leadership training opportunities, a person can begin their personal leadership training. The purpose of this article is to provide historical background on leadership, identify skills and characteristics of leaders, and to provide practical tips for gaining leadership skills regardless of job title or position.
Dr. Chetan Sharma Information Technology and Online Resources in Dental College Libraries of Haryana (html) PDF November 2009
Information technology (IT) plays an essential role in academic libraries. The presence of quality IT resources affects the status of the library. The present study describes the availability of IT infrastructure and online resources in dental college libraries of Haryana State, India, and highlights the causes, problems, and solutions in application IT.
Stephen E. Bales Tracing the Archetypal Academic Librarian (html) PDF November 2009
This paper analyzes the available evidence to develop a model of the archetypal academic librarian. It compares three periods to do so: (1) pre-Alexandrian Mesopotamian information institutions, focusing on the seventh century BCE Library of Assurbanipal (considered by many scholars to be the first universal or national library), (2) the Great Library of Alexandria (hereafter referred to as “the Library”), and (3) the twenty-first century American academic library. While the basic functions of the librarian have remained constant over thousands of years, one critical element, however, is missing as an integral element of modern academic librarianship, the creation of new theoretical knowledge through scholarship on the part of the librarians.
Haroon Idrees
Khalid Mahmood
Devising a Classification Scheme for Islam: Opinions of LIS and Islamic Studies Scholars (html) PDF November 2009
Libraries use classification systems to arrange library materials in a logical order and provide users better access. Formal structured classification systems have been developed for this purpose. Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), Charles Ammi Cutter's Expansive Classification (EC), The Subject Classification (SC) of James Duff Brown, Library of Congress Classification (LCC), Universal Decimal Classification (UDC), Henry E. Bliss's Bibliographic Classification (BC), and S. R. Ranganathan's Colon Classification (CC) are internationally known standard library classification systems. All these systems lack proper placement and coverage of materials being published on topics relevant to Islam. Islam is an area of extensive publication activity. Therefore, libraries with rich collections on Islam face the problem of classification. In response of this problem, different libraries have adopted different types of practices and systems. This trend has created problems of access and retrieval for the users of these collections. This study was conducted to address this problem. Scholars in library and information science and scholars in Islamic studies were selected as participants. Their opinions on potential solutions of the problem along with ways to coordination among stakeholders have been analysed.
Erin Wilson Metadata for Plant Seeds: Taxonomy, Standards, Issues, and Impact (html) PDF November 2009
A growing awareness of the importance of biodiversity has brought international attention to seed collecting, saving, and information sharing. Scientists are continually learning more about seeds at the most basic biological level, and this new knowledge is raising questions about the taxonomic systems scientists have used since the 1700s. Contemporary seed metadata is a complex and diverse area for study.This begins by looking at the taxonomic systems employed by botanists and discussing current trends and issues in that area of seed metadata. The most prominent seed metadata standards are examined. Third, the emerging field of bioinformatics is addressed, and the impact of biodiversity impact on seed metadata is explored by looking at the major seed collecting and saving organizations and projects.
Kelli R. Paquette Essential Writing Tools for Building a Scholarly Foundation in Higher Education (html) PDF November 2009
The art of writing for publication is an intimidating concept for many beginning, tenure-track professors. This article is written to outline the essential writing tools for building a successful scholarly foundation in higher education. Writing ideas, such as identifying a topic and getting started, understanding the traits of high-quality writing, collaborating with colleagues, reviewing the literature and journals, and revising and resubmitting, are discussed. Just as knowledgeable contractors understand how tools work and can use the appropriate ones for various building tasks; scholarly writers must understand the required tools for high-quality intellectual writing and use those tools on a daily basis to add important, scholarly written material to their professional fields of study.
J.A. Bolarinwa
D. Y. Olorunfemi
Organizational Communication for Organizational Climate and Quality Service in Academic Libraries (html) PDF November 2009
Librarians spend most of their time engaging in some form of communication. This paper article highlights practical approaches, suggestions, and explanations of effective communication in academic libraries. It suggests ways of improving the academic library services through appropriate communication techniques.
Felicia Yusuf Management of Change in Cataloguing: A Survey of Practices in Covenant University and University of Lagos, Nigeria (html) PDF November 2009
This study examined the management of change in cataloguing practices in Covenant University and University of Lagos , Nigeria. Thirty-five respondents who were current cataloguers and those who had worked as cataloguers were purposively sampled for the study. A descriptive survey method using a self-constructed questionnaire was used. Results showed that there have been major changes in cataloguing practices among cataloguers in these institutions over the years (online cataloguing, cataloguing of internet & electronic files, copy-cataloguing, different metadata structures, introduction of OPAC etc). Other major findings revealed by the study include: the involvement of non-professionals in cataloguing practices, there is little or no form of resource-sharing among cataloguers in the two libraries. The study concluded that cataloguing practices have witnessed radical transformations over the years as a result of the introduction of ICT. It recommended funding the libraries through corporate social responsibility initiatives as a departure from total dependence on government funding. Also, libraries should ensure that their bibliographical records are visible on the web. This forms the basis for the crystallization of true virtual library.
Samson Oyeniyi Akande Knowledge, Perception, and Attitudes of Library Personnel towards Preservation of Information Resources in Nigerian Federal University Libraries (html) PDF November 2009
This paper investigated the relationship among preservation knowledge, perception and attitude of library personnel towards preservation of information resources in Nigerian federal university libraries. Simple random sampling technique was used to select twenty university libraries from the twenty four federal university libraries in Nigeria. All the 660 library personnel in the selected libraries constituted the study sample. Data was collected by a questionnaire administered on the 660 personnel out of which 510 copies were returned. The response rate was 77.3%. The study found that knowledge and perception of library personnel about preservation of information resources correlate significantly with their attitude towards preservation. The study also established that a significant relationship exists between age of library personnel and their perception of preservation. The study concludes that knowledge and perception of preservation of information resources jointly influence attitude towards preservation of information resources. It is therefore recommended that the library management should improve the attitude of the personnel through training and development.

Abraham Tabor Etebu Information for Rural Communities: A Solution for Sustainable Development in the Niger Delta (html) PDF November 2009
Information provision for sustainable development in Africa 's rural communities is of great importance to government and their ministries. Rural communities are used to oral communication, which includes storytelling, meetings, messages through town criers, and others. Western methods of information provision, including libraries, museums, and so on, are alien to rural communities who are mainly illiterate. The Bayelsa State Government has chosen to use town criers to get information to rural communities and rural dwellers, although there are broadcast media in the state.
Obuh Alex Ozoemelem Use of Electronic Resources by Postgraduate Students of the Department of Library and Information Science Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria (html) PDF November 2009
The population for the study was 78 postgraduate Masters and PhD students of the Department of Library and Information Science, Delta State University, Abraka. Due to the small population the entire population was used as the sample. The analysis of the data collected revealed that there is a low level of skill in the use of ICT among the selected respondents; the Internet via Cybercafé is the most used medium in sourcing electronic materials; respondents exhibit a very low experience in sourcing electronic materials; there is a high level of electronic resource usage regardless of gender difference by respondents. In other words gender gap in electronic resource usage is quite negligible and that Issues like large mass of irrelevant information, the need to filter the results from search, download delay, failure to find information, inadequate/lack of search skills, high cost of access, power outages, inaccessibility of some electronic resources, difficulties in navigating through electronic resources and so on are problems encountered when using electronic resources by respondents.
Wole Michael Olatokun
Olayinka Makinde
Citation Analysis of Doctoral Works Submitted to the Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Nigeria (html) PDF November 2009

The objective of this study was to carry out a citation analysis of doctoral theses submitted to the department of Animal science, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, with a view to finding possible relationships between citing, cited articles and authors (doctoral students). The research design used was the descriptive survey with the research elements for the study being the theses submitted for the award of doctoral degrees during the period 2000-2007. Frequency and percentage distributions (presented in charts, tables, and graphs) and measures of central tendency were used to analyse data. Findings showed that journals, books and conference papers ranked the first three, journals were the most utilized reference materials in the doctoral theses. Journal of Animal Science, Journal of Nutrition, Poultry Science, and Animal Feed Science and Technology journals were the most utilized journals being among the first five journals. Also, conference papers were the most recent materials while book was the oldest cited material and Animal Biochemistry and Nutrition was the most researched in the PhD theses. Findings also showed that all animal science disciplines cite journals extensively but citations were highest in the animal nutrition and biochemistry sub-field. Also, zero citation was recorded to web resources in the sub-field of monogastric nutrition, animal products and meat science and poultry nutrition. Other reference materials display a reasonable level of variability in their citation patterns. Findings from this study could serve as a user study with implications for both collection development and user services design in libraries. This study also has serious implications on calling for the construction of citation indexes that will be web based at different levels especially institutional level being narrowed down to departmental level to ease citation practices of students, the academia and researchers. Future studies could focus on ascertaining the implications of collection of reference materials to project and article referencing, instruction in classes and outreach.

Beatrice Priestly Hiring the Reference Librarian: An Examination of Duty Equivalents (html) PDF November 2009
The purpose of this study is to provide an examination of reference librarian duty equivalents in other careers, to provide a calculation of the weighted worth in wages culminating in a recommended hiring salary. The study proposes other job titles whose duties relate to portions of the reference librarian’s day, providing a calculated view of the duties’ weighted worth after close examination of the US Government Bureau of Labor Statistics web site at www.bls.gov and their presentation of wage earnings data collected May 2006 and then posted to their web site April 2007.
Charity K. Martin
Charlene Maxey-Harris
Jolie Ogg Graybill
Elizabeth K. Rodacker-Borgens
Closing the Gap: Investigating the Search Skills of International and US Students: An Exploratory Study (html) PDF October 2009
Academic librarians are increasingly concerned about students' information literacy. International students, especially those who learned English as a second language, often struggle to use the library more than their American counterparts. Although the population of international students is on the rise, research on international students' ability to search library resources is limited.Previous studies have indicated that there are significant differences between the library skills of international students and those of US students. This exploratory study examined the ability of undergraduate and graduate international students to identify books, journals, and journal articles and compared it to a small control group of US students. This research design was patterned after Zoe and DiMartino's research on end-user international students in the 1990s. In the 90s, considerable time was spent teaching students how to search for information in end-user databases. Using tracking software in this study allowed analysis of how students acquired their answers and comparison of the results of international and US students. This study, though limited in number and scope, revealed international students use the library more frequently but still may need library instruction on the basics of library skills, such as finding a book on the shelf to identifying parts of a journal citation. Technology is closing the gap between undergraduate and graduate international and US students. Not only are international students coming from their countries using computers and libraries in their countries, the improvements in database user interface has reduced the need to understand library terminology which helps all students to navigate and achieve their research needs. In addition, the increasing use of technology in libraries and the willingness of international students to devote more time and energy to library research is helping to rapidly close the gap between international students and US students in using the library.
Robert K. Flatley
Krista Prock
E-Resource Collection Development: A Survey of Current Practices in Academic Libraries PDF October 2009
The extent of e-resources available for libraries to purchase is overwhelming.  This survey examined how libraries are managing their e-collections.  The authors looked at how collection development decisions are made; the role of librarians, administrators, faculty, students, and consortia; and what criteria are being used.  The authors finish with suggestions for best practices.
Israel Yańez Metadata: Implications for Academic Libraries PDF October 2009
Academic libraries will do well to embrace metadata and the project possibilities it brings. Digital initiatives, particularly in the form of institutional repositories, help raise the profile of the academic library across campus and in the community. Metadata librarians, with an understanding of both metadata schemes and traditional cataloging, play a significant role in an academic library’s digital initiatives.  Metadata librarians in academic libraries are a prime example of the 21st century librarian. This paper surveys the literature available on metadata and its implications for academic libraries.  Definitions of metadata are offered.  Metadata schemes are presented, including the scheme most prominently in use among academic libraries: Dublin Core.  The paper examines the types of metadata projects prevalent in academic libraries, and the types of collections for which metadata is used.  Implications beyond the technical aspects of metadata include organizational changes, and changes in roles and responsibilities necessary to implement projects involving the use and adoption of metadata.  Also, implications for the skills set required of aspiring cataloging and metadata librarians are explored.  Finally, this paper looks at the importance of undertaking metadata projects and the benefits for academic libraries in pursuing digital initiatives.
David Woolwine The Patriot Act and Early ALA Action: Habermas, Strauss, or Derrida? (html) PDF October 2009
In the wake of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks the United States Congress passed special security and anti-terrorism legislation which included the USA Patriot Act. In response to the passage of the Act in 2001 two Councils of the American Library Association (ALA) passed resolutions reaffirming the basic principles of that organization. This article is an account of how two early ALA Council resolutions CD 19.1 (Midwinter 2002) and CD 20.1. (Midwinter 2003) were drafted and brought to Council. It is also a reflection upon the nature of political and social discourse and the fixing of meaning. It asks whether the deliberations of the ALA support Habermas's (1983, 1989) notions of an undistorted speech situation as that which should, or can, be an ideal for public deliberations, or Leo Strauss's (1952) views on the strategic use of silence, ambiguity and contradiction as necessary for important forms of dialogue and for political functioning or Derrida's (1976) assertion of infinitely delayed meaning. Transcripts of the ALA Council Midwinter discussions of CD19.1 (American Library Association 2002) and of CD20.1 (American Library Association 2003) were requested from the ALA and reviewed. Also reviewed were minutes of the 2002 and 2003 Midwinter meeting of the Committee on Legislation (ALA Committee on Legislation 2002, ALA Committee on Legislation 2003) and minutes of the 2003 meeting of the Intellectual Freedom Committee (ALA Intellectual Freedom Committee 2003). Individuals identified as speaking at these deliberations were contacted from November 2003 to January 2004 and asked to respond to a questionnaire. The respondents, although small in number, provided a rich supply of information on which to base the following account.
Andrew P. Carlin Segmented Professions: Further Considerations of Theory and Practice in LIS and Librarianship (html) PDF October 2009
How relevant are theories of information to practical library work? Using sociology and the philosophy of social sciences, this essay discusses how theoretical work defines an area of knowledge in relation to other fields, the identification of researchable phenomena, and how phenomena are established as its own subject matter. Theorizing is a generic activity, highlighting connections between theory and practice, profession and field. While proposing that theorizing is important, this paper explores the nature of theorizing in LIS, and suggests that its cognitivistic foundations impede theory development. Information is a linkage between theory and practice, and this paper argues that assessing the forms and coherence of theories consolidates the profession/field nexus. This paper revisits the "segmentation thesis" (Bucher and Strauss, 1961) to characterize the relationship between Library & Information Studies (LIS) and librarianship.
Tukur Abba
Professor Emmanuel M K Dawha
Assessment of Personnel Training Needs in the Ibrahim Babangida Library, Federal University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria (html) PDF July 2009
This study assessed the personnel training needs in Ibrahim Babangida Library, Federal University of Technology, Yola (IBL, FUTY). The study was guided by four objectives. The objectives assessed the on-the-job training needs, informal and formal educational training needs of personnel in the library. Survey research was used for the study. The population of the study is 40 IBL, FUTY personnel, which also constitute the sample size. Questionnaire was used as data collection instrument. The data gathered were analyzed using frequency counts and percentage displayed in tables. Some of the results revealed that on-the-job training programme is needed by an average of (81.2%) respondents, while informal and formal education training are need by (80% and 40%) of the personnel respectively. Funding was found to be the major factor inhibiting against personnel training needs. Based on some of these findings, it was recommended among others that: on-the-job training, informal and formal educational training programmes be provided to enable the personnel acquire the needed skills and knowledge.
Yahya Ibrahim Harande Information for Industry in Nigeria (html) PDF July 2009
The importance of information to manufacturing industries is explored in this research. Survey research was carried out on 20 manufacturing industries in two states of Nigeria. Two hundred and fifty 250 questionnaires were distributed. The findings indicate that 95 percent of the employees rely heavily on their colleagues and information generated internally for their daily information needs. Formal library services such as current awareness, reference, and SDI services are offered in these industries, but employees rarely use these services.
Helen Komolafe-Opadeji Health Information Management Skills and ICT Staff Training Needs in a Nigerian Tertiary Medical Library (html) PDF July 2009
The adoption of information and communication technology has increased the quantity of information passing through the library, and health librarians must be well-versed in knowledge management and dissemination. The study found that the training of participating library staff was inadequate, although training in information technology driven would allow them to provide knowledge management service.
Adebayo, Oyeronke Reading Habits of Secondary School Teachers: A Study of Selected Secondary Schools in Ado-Odo Ota Local Government Area (html) PDF July 2009
This study examines the reading habits of secondary school teachers in Ado–Odo Local Government Area. The study revealed that a majority of the teachers concentrate on reading textbooks and have no fixed time for reading. The study recommends that teachers develop a love of reading in order to be versatile. It also recommends that stakeholders collaborate to revitalize school libraries to attain sustainable education.
Professor Dr. Ahmad Bakeri Abu Bakar Virtual Reference Service in the Muslim World: Opportunities and Challenges (html) PDF July 2009
This study examines the changes in the way reference services are offered to users of public libraries in selected countries of the Muslim world. Electronic reference service is being adopted in many countries. It is useful to know whether such practices are being adopted by public libraries in the Muslim world.A survey of public library websites in selected countries was conducted, using a maturity scale of 0 to 5. The study revealed that not a single public library had a score of 5, which was assigned to libraries that offer virtual reference service in real time and 24/7. Only the public libraries in Egypt, Malaysia , and Saudi Arabia scored 4, which was assigned to libraries that have a web form designed solely for reference service. There is some indication that a country's rate of adoption of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) may influence the adoption of virtual reference service.
Emem Paul Udofia, PhD Individualized Learning in Universal Basic Education: Implications for the Librarian as Counselor (html) PDF July 2009
The role of the school librarian has changed dramatically from that of a guardian of books to that of teacher, counselor, and provider of access to the Internet and other electronic sources. In a time when every individual needs to apt, adequate, and appropriate information, the role of the school librarian becomes multiple and critical. This paper discusses strategies with which the school librarian can act as counselor, particularizing the individual child's special needs and promoting the development of self esteem. These include using bibliotherapy, project work methods, personalized resource selection, and use of biography, as well as electronic methods.
Monday Obaidjevwe Ogbomo Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Local Government Administration: The Case of Oshimili North Local Government Area of Delta State (html) PDF July 2009
The use of ICT in government has set the stage for greater transparency and the possibility for greater citizen participation. ICTs such as Internet, GSM system, computer, and online tools for effective information and communication service delivery should be made available in the local government area. This study surveyed a sample of 200 respondent of Akwukwu-Igbo and Ibusa in Oshimili North local government area. The results of the study confirm previous findings about e-government and the role of ICT in development. Those surveyed pointed out problems of ICT in local government, including power supply, illiteracy/ICTs illiteracy, lack of ICT skills, the high cost of ICTs, and lack of facilities such as cybercafés.
M P Satija
Dr. Sarbrinder Kaur
Consortia and Cooperative Collection Development in the Libraries of Technological Institutes of North India (html) PDF July 2009
This article assesses the state of cooperative collection development among a group of technological institute libraries in India. Resource sharing requires shared values and vision, as well as funding and commitment by stakeholders. Vital and well-run consortia are an important source of help for librarians.Consortial subscriptions are a common form of resource sharing. INDEST- AICTE and UGC-INFONET are open-ended consortia that have brought about a revolution in resource sharing.
Dr. Bhaskar Mukherjee Scholarly Communication: A Journey from Print to Web (html) PDF July 2009
The history of scholarly communication is traced, with emphasis on the rise of electronic journals and models of open access publishing.
Rupesh Kumar A. E-Learning 2.0: Learning Redefined (html) PDF June 2009
The conventional e-learning approach emphasizes a learning system more than a learning environment. While traditional e-learning systems continue to be significant, there is a new set of services emerging, embracing the philosophy of Web 2.0. Known as e-learning 2.0, it aims to create a personalized learning environment. E-learning 2.0 combines the use of discrete but complementary tools and web services to support the creation of ad-hoc learning communities. This paper discusses the influence of Web 2.0 on e-learning and introduces e-learning 2.0 and its features
Muhammad Sajid Mirza
Dr. Khalid Mahmood
Web-based Services in University Libraries: A Pakistani Perspective (html) PDF June 2009
This study is a content analysis of websites of 56 General University Libraries (GULs) of Pakistan. Content included existence of library website, hyperlink on university home page, type (static or dynamic) of library website, and six categories of library and information services. The six categories included general information, web OPAC, reference service, collection, circulation, and document delivery service/Inter Library Loan. Results indicate that web-based services in GULs of Pakistan are in their infancy. LIS professionals must recognize the significance of web-based library services and take initiative provide web services to library users. Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (HEC), LIS educators, and professional associations should provide training opportunities to librarians to develop required skills.
S. Thanuskodi Information-Seeking Behavior of Law Faculty at Central Law College, Salem (html) PDF June 2009
This study is identifies the information channels used by the Central Law College, Salem faculty members, including preferred information sources, methods of information access, and library use pattern. A questionnaire was distributed to 64 law faculty members and a return rate of 87.5 percent. Books were ranked as most important for teaching and research, followed by law reports and statutes. Respondents preferred to consult their personal collections before resorting to other sources. On the whole, respondents perceived the Central Law College library collections, services, and facilities as adequate for their information needs.
Bulu Maharana
Swarupanjali Biswal
N. K. Sahu
Use of Information and Communication Technology by Medical students: A Survey of VSS Medical College, Burla, India (html) PDF June 2009
A survey determined the use of information and communication technology (ICT) by medical students of VSS Medical College, Burla, a premiere medical college in the State of Orissa, India. It examines students' knowledge of electronic resources, access to computers, and use of electronic resources. A structured questionnaire had a response rate of 128 (70%) out of a random sample of 150 students. The survey revealed that the medical students are eager to use ICT tools for their study. More than three-quarters believe that ICT should be included in the undergraduate Syllabus and nearly all desire a computer lab.
Dr. Ahmad Bakeri Abu Bakar Partnership between Librarians and Faculty at a Malaysian University Library (html) PDF June 2009
This study examines the changes in the way the information services are delivered to faculty. One of the delivery methods for faculty adopted by most academic libraries in Malaysia is a liaison programme. In this programme, a reference librarian is appointed as a liaison librarian to one or more teaching departments. Online resources have made faculty less reliant on the partnership of a liaison programme for help with teaching and research, while electronic communication, such as email, has the potential to make the partnership more lasting and effective. The study reveals that liaison librarians must upgrade their competencies to perform up to the level demanded by faculty. They must also promote library services, collaborate, and maintain good rapport with faculty.
A. M. Chandra
Suhana Ghosh
Sangita Barman
Dhruba Prosad 
Ergonomic Issues in Academic Libraries in Kolkata, West Bengal: A Pilot Study (html) PDF June 2009
This study assessed ergonomic issues including shelving, storage capacity, environmental conditions (illumination level, sound level, temperature, relative humidity), and fire safety. The study was conducted on nine departmental libraries of a prominent academic institution in Calcutta. Results indicate that current shelving uses nearly all available space. The illumination levels of different sections of all the libraries were much lower than that of the recommended standard illumination level. Noise level, temperature, and humidity of all the libraries were more or less on par with the recommended values. The fire safety assessment showed insufficient fire protection in all libraries.
S. Parameshwar
D. B. Patil
Use of the Internet by Faculty and Research Scholars at Gulbarga University Library (html) PDF June 2009
This study investigates the use of Internet resources by faculty and research scholars, including purposes for use, impact on teaching and research, Internet resources and services uses, and the problems faced while using the Internet. A questionnaire collected data from faculty members and research scholars in Gulbarga University. A total of 305 (112+193) were distributed, and 214 were returned. Findings included that a majority of the users have been using the Internet for two to four years. Slow speed, downloading problems, and lack of training are the major problems. Gulbarga University must improve its information and communication technology, including email access, orientation, and training programmes in the use of Internet resources and facilities in library. 
S. Thanuskodi The Environment of Higher Education Libraries in India (html) PDF June 2009
This article explores the Indian higher education environment in relation to academic libraries. India has significant advantages in the 21st century knowledge environment. It has a large higher education sector, the third largest in the world in student numbers, after China and the United States. The library is the chief instrument for accumulating and using our intellectual heritage. Formal education can be conducted effectively and efficiently only with well-equipped libraries. Today, libraries are connected to a vast ocean of Internet-based services. Electronic resources are developing rapidly. Academic libraries must support teaching, research, and other academic programmes. The situation in academic libraries in India is the same as that of academic libraries the world over; however, Indian libraries must provide maximum information with limited resources.
Fadekemi Omobola Oyewusi
Samuel Adeolu Oyeboade
An Empirical Study of Accessibility and Use of Library Resources by Undergraduates in a Nigerian State University of Technology (html) PDF June 2009
This study investigated the accessibility and use of library resources by undergraduate students of Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Ogbomoso, Nigeria. A total of 600 respondents were chosen and a questionnaire with 21 close ended questions was distributed. The questionnaires had a response rate of 65 percent. The results indicated that students do not have adequate access to electronic resources in the library. The sources of information used by LAUTECH undergraduates indicated that 297 (75.6%) of the undergraduate students searched for information in books and journals while 79 (20.1%) searched for information through the internet. Respondents viewed the library as a place to borrow books and read lecture notes.
M. Doraswamy The Relationship of Academic Role and Information Use by Engineering Faculty (html) PDF June 2009
This study looks at teaching and research and their relationship to information use by members of engineering faculty. Four research hypotheses tested the proposed dimensions of information use. The matched pairs Wilcoxon signed ranks test was employed to test the hypotheses as a directional one tailed test at the 0.05 level of significance. Data was collected through a questionnaire method. Results showed that the role accounts for a significant proportion of frequency of information use. Of the six hypotheses tested, four hypotheses were supported by the data collected, and two hypotheses could not be supported. Results also showed that of the six significant findings, two printed forms were scored higher in the teaching role and four printed forms were scored higher in the research role.
Mirza Muhammad Naseer
Dr. Khalid Mahmood
LIS Research in Pakistan: An Analysis of Pakistan Library and Information Science Journal 1998-2007 (html) PDF June 2009
This article reports the results of an analysis of literature published in Pakistan Library andInformation Science Journal (PLISJ) during 1998-2007. Various characteristics of literature were analyzed to observe prevailing trends in Library and Information Science (LIS) research in Pakistan. Analysis includes subject covered in articles published in PLISJ; geographic distribution of authors; country of origin of authors; collaboration among authors; contributions to literature on the basis of gender; type of research; language of the article and publication output of PLISJ. Results of the study are compared to previous studies and some recommendations are given for the advancement of LIS research in Pakistan.
D. T. Ademodi
E. O. Adepoju
Computer Skill among Librarians in Academic Libraries in Ondo and Ekiti States, Nigeria (html) PDF June 2009
A survey looked at the computer skills and competence of librarians in academic libraries in Ondo and Ekiti states, Nigeria. Results revealed no automation of library automation and most computers found in the libraries used for administrative duties and Internet browsing. Recommendations are made to improve librarians' computer skill competence.
Dr. E.L. Adebayo Quality Assurance and the Implication for the Management of University Libraries in Nigeria (html) PDF June 2009
Peer group assessment is one means of measuring the quality library services. Library standards for the 21st century are pointed out. Areas of weakness in service provision in Nigerian libraries are explored. These include funding, ICT, and staffing. The implications of the weaknesses for library managers are discussed.
Abiola Abioye Searchers' Perception of Access Regulations in Nigerian National Archives (html) PDF June 2009
Access is a fundamental issue in archives administration and information management. This study investigated the perception of searchers to access regulations in National Archives of Nigeria. A descriptive survey was adopted for the study with questionnaire and interview as the research instruments. One hundred copies of the questionnaire were administered on searchers who were students of tertiary institutions, scholars, legal practitioners, litigants, government officials and politicians, and seventy-two copies were returned and analyzed. Interviews were also conducted with some of the searchers who were randomly selected. The study revealed that searchers, with varying level of education, used records in the National Archives of Nigeria for research, informational, litigation and administrative purposes. They were familiar with the access regulations of the institution some of which they considered repugnant and a hindrance to research work and, therefore, due for review. Based on the findings, the study recommended a review of some of the regulations to improve access and to eliminate incessant conflicts between the staff of the institution and its patrons.
Yahya Ibrahim Harande Information Services for Rural Community Development in Nigeria (html) PDF June 2009
Rural information service is important in the development of a nation, especially in developing countries such as Nigeria where the rural communities constitute a greater percentage of thepopulation.The paper examines information services rendered to the rural communities in Nigeria. Recommendations are made, including the role of ICTs, Renewable Energy Sources, and Solar Energy Facility.
Akobundu Dike Ugah Strategies for Preservation and Increased Access to Newspapers in Nigerian University Libraries (html) PDF June 2009
Newspapers are still the most iconic outlet for news and other types of written communication. Newspapers record, print, and publish stories of events that are of importance to society at any given time. They are authoritative and credible records of the significant issues and events as and when they occurred. Nigerian university libraries should initiate strategies for preservation and increased access to Nigerian newspapers through appropriate planning, microfilming, digitization, abstracting and indexing through the and use of skilled labor. In terms of cooperation and collaboration, Scandia and Farmington Plans should be adopted and adapted. The International Coalition on Newspapers project should also be adopted and adapted to National Coalition on Nigerian Newspapers project.
Christopher D. Springer Avoiding a Tragedy: Information Literacy and the Tragedy of the Digital Commons (html) PDF June 2009
Librarians have long recognized that access to the digital commons has the remarkable potential to neutralize factors that divide the rich and the poor. While access to the digital commons is free, the financial costs of the equipment and the lack of training in the use of the equipment is an obstacle to many people using this unique resource. The disparity in the allocation of this training and equipment is often referred to as the Digital Divide. Librarians continue to work diligently to bridge this divide by providing access to computers and conducting classes in the use of computer technology. By doing so, librarians continue to open access to the digital commons among the poor and technologically challenged that would not have been possible otherwise. While access to the digital commons is burgeoning, it is not without significant problems. Greco and Floridi (2004) have recently pointed out that unchecked growth in Internet access will cause a significant reduction in the quality of the digital commons. As more users gain access to the digital commons there is more competition for bandwidth which contributes to frustratingly slow connection speeds, and finding the information one wants is rendered more difficult because of the proliferation of information added by members of the commons. This difficulty puts librarians in a problematic situation: We are forced to either let the market decide who has the equipment and training necessary to gain access to the digital commons, or we remain a constant factor in the qualitative destruction of this valuable resource.
Mohammad Hanief Bhat Effect of Peer Review on Citations in the Open Access Environment (html) PDF June 2009
The study measures the effect of peer review on the research impact of publications. The citation analysis of publication output of Information Research, an open access journal in information science, which publishes working papers side by side with refereed articles is carried out using the Scopus database. It is found that peer review process increases the research impact of articles considerably.
Virginia Connell Getting to Know the Neighbors: Library Support for Study Abroad Programs (html) PDF June 2009
As more students travel to learn more about global languages, cultures, and markets, colleges and universities will be increasingly invested in the quality of what they learn. Academic libraries can be important and creative partners to the departments who send students abroad. Librarians can help both faculty and students prepare for their trip by acquiring and promoting scholarly resources devoted to descriptions of the destination country's political history, cultural influence, and economic standing. While students are away from campus, libraries can function as a virtual resource of reliable information, point-of-need instruction, and research reinforcement for assigned readings and writing. When students return to their home campus, the library can provide resources that will allow them to put their travels into the larger context of their further education and their future careers. By working in collaborative relationships with faculty, librarians can contribute to the ultimate success of the increasing emphasis on global issues on American campuses, and, in doing so, help newer generations of students “finish” their education.
Julianne Buchsbaum Academic Libraries and the Remaking of the Canon: Implications for Collection Development Librarians (html) PDF June 2009
An issue of central importance for academic librarians of the future will be how to perform successful collection development in a time of narrow budgets and a rapidly expanding universe of information. For librarians in the humanities, in particular, the issue of how to decide what to collect is even more fraught with tensions in a multicultural era in which conventional standards used to evaluate materials have been radically contested and in which the very existence of the canon, or any type of core collection, has been called into question. It will be important to the local culture of the college or university and the broader society as a whole for librarians to become more aware of their part in the process of canon-formation and the social construction of knowledge and for us to take into consideration the difficulty of balancing the needs of present and future scholars. This paper looks at how the canon has been problematized by postmodern critics, how this will affect collection development decisions, what librarians can do to address some of these issues and, finally, how electronic resources and hypertext are changing the role of the collection development librarian of the future.
Yahaya Aliyu
Tukur Abba
Analytical Study of Master of Library Science Dissertations at the University of Maiduguri, Nigeria (html) PDF May 2009
The study analysed 39 Master of Library Science dissertations accepted by the School of Postgraduate Studies, University of Maiduguri, between 1996 and 2008 academic sessions. The analysis focused on productivity of dissertation by academic year, subject area, and type of library, geographical area covered and gender of the students that presented the dissertations. The analysis revealed that the 2006 academic year recorded the highest productivity of dissertations with 9, representing 23 percent. Information science, academic libraries, and Borno State as a geographical area were common topics in the dissertations presented during the years covered by the study.
Dr. V. Gopakumar
Dr. A. Baradol
Assuring Quality in Distance Education for Library and Information Science: The Role of the Library (html) PDF May 2009
The concept of distance education and its use in Library and Information Science (LIS) education are presented. The importance of providing library and information services for LIS distance learners to enhance quality is discussed. The paper points out that web based information services can be used to extend library and information services to distance learners. Options and resources available are discussed in detail. A way of re-engineering of library and information services is highlighted.
Devendra Kumar Information Needs of Faculty Members and Research Scholars of Chaudhary Charan Singh University: A Case Study (html) PDF May 2009
This paper analyzes the information needs and use pattern among faculty members and research scholars of Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut's university campus and six district colleges: Meerut, Bulandshahar, Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur, Baghpat, and Ghaziabad. A structured questionnaire was distributed among 425 faculty members and research scholars, of whom 200 (47.05%) responded. The study examines the purpose of visits to the library, use of different types of information sources, current literature in the field of interest, and difficulties faced in accessing information. The paper examines the preference for information sources and their use. Statistical analysis was done by applying simple percentage and Chi-square Test.
Pamela N. Martin Societal Transformation and Reference Services in the Academic Library: Theoretical Foundations for Re-envisioning Reference (html) PDF May 2009
This paper draws on theories of societal transformation, specifically the information society and postmodernism, to pinpoint challenges and offer concrete advice for re-envisioning reference services in the academic library, including traditional reference work and formal library instruction. Rather than acting as experts to whom all patrons should defer, reference librarians should serve as helpful guides and fellow explorers of the information universe.
Judith O'Dell Libraries and the Future of Search (html) PDF May 2009
Libraries have traditionally created records classifying and describing sources of information which are then organized into a system used to retrieve or locate those sources. Google, in contrast, is focused on creating a search engine that in theory would alter or eliminate the need to organize records. Are these strategies in direct competition or are they leading to some mutual system? Is Google's approach a realistic expectation given the technological, business, social, political, and legal trends of today? Assuming the creation of this or a similar capability, what will it mean for the future of searching in libraries? Will it negate the need to continue organizing or classifying records and replace it with a system that instead, essentially catalogs and classifies the user? This article looks at these issues and tries to determine what we can expect for the future of search.
Mohammad Zerehsaz
Tania Azadi
Fatemeh Pazouki
The Role of the Iranian Library and Information Science Association in the Informal Education of Librarians (html) PDF Special Issue, April 2009
This article reports on a survey of librarians on their view of the role of the Iranian Library and Information Science Association in informal education of librarians. The survey uses a descriptive-analytical approach with categorized sampling of two groups of members in Tehran and Khorasan. The results show that the association is successful in holding informal training programs for librarians. The T test indicates no significant difference between librarians in Tehran and in Khorasan except in two factors. The difference is shown in positive effect on job evaluation, and suitability of scheduled dates, date of monthly seminars, and level of education. The F test shows no significant difference between member categories except in three factors. The difference is in the suitability of subjects, the number of librarians attending, and the factor of history of the association.
Razieh Zahedi Small Group Teaching in Library and Information Science (html) PDF Special Issue, April 2009
Educational systems must recognize and develop students' potential. The educational environment is very influential in doing this. Small group teaching provides such an environment. In this method, students are divided into groups where they discuss ideas, communicate opinions, and solve problems. Types of small group teaching include seminars, problem solving classes, and tutorials. Small group teaching helps develop intellectual skills such as reasoning and problem solving, critical thinking and other communicative skills, such as listening, asking, and answering. The current paper is a review article that includes the concept of small group teaching and its characteristics. The role, place, and influential effects on library and information sciences (LIS) are defined. The potential of this kind of education to benefit LIS students is discussed.
Atefeh Noorizadeh Ghasri
Mozhdeh Dehghani
Chat Reference: Training and Competencies for Librarians (html) PDF Special Issue, April 2009
Chat reference is an increasingly popular service. This article introduces chat reference as a new concept that is not extensively used in libraries in Iran, and discusses the knowledge and competencies that librarians must use in the process. Training courses in chat reference that have been used are noted and suggestions are made for including chat reference training in LIS curricula.
Akram Fathian Dastgerdi Librarians' Education in the Age of Knowledge: Consideration of Skills, Methods, and Tools (html) PDF Special Issue, April 2009
The demands of a knowledge-based society require librarians to have new skills. This article analyzes the necessary skills and means of acquiring them. Librarians need skills in knowledge management, information science, use of information and communication technologies, the ability to facilitate and support of electronic learning and sharing of information with other organizations. Methods of learning both inside and outside the organization are considered, including in-service training, workshops, web-based learning, and visits to other libraries.
Faezeh Sadat Tabatabaee Amiree
Bentolhodah Khabbazan
Third Wave Changes: The Role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the Creation of a Definition of Librarianship (html) PDF Special Issue, April 2009
A scientific revolution began in the 1950s, bringing what have been called “third wave changes.” Science and information technology brought innovations and inventions with increasing speed. One of the fields affected by information technology is education, with resulting changes for librarianship. This article discusses methods of digital education and its application in librarianship.
Fatemeh Malekabadizadeh
Farhad Shokraneh
Akram Hosseini
The Role of Library and Information Science Education in National Development (html) PDF Special Issue, April 2009
Rapid expansion of knowledge and new technology have had an effect on national development. Development is influenced by factors such as culture, economy, and education. Libraries are important indicators of growth and development. They provide scientific services, fulfill social needs, and help individuals flourish. Librarians and library and information science (LIS) programs must recognize the need to change in order to strengthen development. This study discusses changing LIS curricula and the necessity of curricular changes in this field in Iran as a key factor in national development. The study provides some guidelines for these objectives.
Rahman Ebrahimi The Effect of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) on Teaching Library and Information Science (html) PDF Special Issue, April 2009
The entrance of computers and IT systems into the field of librarianship has had a profound impact. Changes in practice call for a change in theory and teaching. LIS programs in Iran have not changed to account for IT and ICT. This article is a review of the literature and an outline of strategies for educational programs.
Preeti Mahajan Information-Seeking Behavior: A Study of Panjab University, India (html) PDF March 2009
Information-seeking behavior differs among user groups. Academic libraries must understand the information needs of faculty and students in order to address those needs. This study explores the information-seeking behavior of undergraduates, postgraduate students, and researchers in sciences, social sciences, and humanities at the Panjab University, Chandigarh, India. This study examines the kinds of academic information needed by respondents, which resources they prefer, whether they are satisfied with the library collections, and the general pattern of information-seeking, with special reference to the influence of course of study. The descriptive survey method was used and data was gathered via questionnaire from 250 users. Respondents were also asked for their opinions and suggestions during an interview.
Dr. Sadanand Bansode
N.B. Dahibhate
Kishore Ingale
RSS Applications in Libraries and Information Centres (html) PDF March 2009
RSS feeds can be used to aggregate and disseminate a great deal of web content efficiently. Libraries are making use of RSS feeds and creating them for a number of library services. The use of RSS can create efficiencies in managing information and communicating with library users.
Dr. Fatoş Subaşıoğlu
Erkan Özdemir
A Student Profile of Information and Records Management Departments in Turkey (html) PDF March 2009
Using information well is a significant part of daily life. In an environment that depends on information, university Information and Record Management (IRM) Departments have an important role in the education of professionals. This paper contributes to efforts to depict the profile of future information professionals and, in the light of information gathered this way, to help rearrange relevant curricula, provide environments conducive to students learning needs, and plan for the future.
M.O. Salaam
F. N. Onifade
Academic Status and the Doctoral Degree Requirement for Promotion of Librarians in Nigerian University Libraries (html) PDF March 2009
Librarians in federal universities in Nigeria have had academic status since 1993. They have a research and publication requirement for promotion, and are prominent in the professional literature. While the terminal degree remains the master's in library and information science, it is increasingly common for a doctorate to be required for librarian promotion in Nigerian universities. One problem with this requirement is the small number of doctoral programs in library science that are available. A survey of academic librarians was conducted. A questionnaire sought information on whether or not Nigerian university libraries have introduced the PhD as a requirement for the promotion of academic librarians and to discover reaction of academic librarians to the issue. Less than 30 percent of respondents said that a doctorate was required for promotion in their institution. Only one-third felt that it should be compulsory. Recommendations are made for helping librarians acquire a PhD if it becomes a requirement.
Nosheen Fatima Warraich
Muzammil Tahira
HEC National Digital Library: Challenges and Opportunities for LIS Professionals in Pakistan (html) PDF March 2009
Challenges and opportunities presented by the HEC National Digital Library programme (NDLP) are presented. The case of the University of the Punjab represents the major challenges faced by LIS professionals in the use and awareness of this programme. The study is based on the interviews with library professionals working in the Punjab University Library, relevant issues as described in local literature, and researchers' observations and experiences. A diagnostic-cum-prescriptive approach is used in discussing and making conclusions.
Alireza Isfandyari Moghaddam Databases: From Paper-based to Web-based (html) PDF March 2009
Organizing and retrieving information in traditional databases with a limited amount of information is relatively straightforward, but the power of the Internet creates positive change as well as challenges. This article describes the nature and use of web-based databases (WBDBs), including their purpose, definition, functions, search capabilities and maintenance.
Peter Fernandez Online Social Networking Sites and Privacy: Revisiting Ethical Considerations for a New Generation of Technology (html) PDF March 2009
Libraries in the US have a different ethical obligation regarding privacy than do the companies behind the most popular social networking websites. By maintaining a presence on social networking sites, libraries risk legitimizing companies whose primary goal is profit, and whose profit is based on the free flow of information about their customers. This article outlines a model for thinking about these two seemingly contradictory perspectives on privacy. Despite legitimate concerns over privacy, social networking sites are not entirely incompatible with the mission of most libraries. Responsible appropriation of this technology however, requires a nuanced understanding of both libraries commitment to privacy, as well as the nature of the companies that run these websites.
Thomas Ivie Recruitment and Retention of Personnel Directing Rural Libraries: A Review of Literature in Preparation of a Study for Idaho (html) PDF February 2009
“There is an assumption that the public library is predominantly an urban institution, and while that depends on how the words ‘urban' and ‘rural' are defined” (Sager, p. 5), the statistics reveal that the majority of public libraries tend to exist in towns or population centers of under 25,000 (Vavrek, May 1983, p. 966). Whether or not one agrees with the projection that “…most public libraries, even the smallest, will be led by professional managers” (Kirwin, p. 7), the library and information science profession needs to increase its knowledge about those among its ranks who manage the majority of the nation's public libraries. One of the major problems facing rural public libraries is the recruitment and retention of directors. However, a major barrier to the tracking of trends in the management of rural library and information services is the paucity of data. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to provide a review of literature and research that can relate in some way to the recruitment and retention of public library directors.
Abdulwahab Olanrewaju Issa
Amusan Blessing
Umma Dauda Daura
Effects of Information Literacy Skills on the Use of E-Library Resources among Students of the University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria (html) PDF February 2009
This study investigated the effects of information literacy skills on the use of e-library resources among students of the University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. A survey was used to collect data from 72 students, and interviews were conducted with some library staff. The study reveals that although a majority (61.11%) claimed awareness of the availability of e-resources, only 25 (34.72%) make use of them.The study recommends that the university adopt information literacy standards and being teaching information literacy.
Daniel Emojorho
Dr. K. I. N. Nwalo
Availability and Use of ICTs in Collection Management in University and Special Libraries in the Niger-Delta Region, Nigeria (html) PDF February 2009
This study investigated the availability and use of ICTs in collection management in university and special libraries in the Niger-Delta region, Nigeria. The study uses an ex post facto descriptive design, with a questionnaire to collect data from users, library staff, and heads of libraries. From the target population of 27,730, the researcher sampled 845 subjects through simple random sampling technique. Descriptive statistics were used for the research questions while chi-square statistic was employed to test the research hypotheses in the study. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. There was a significant difference in the availability of ICTs, ICT facilities, application, and funding between university and special libraries.
Queenette Udoh-Ilomechine Patterns of In-Service Training for Special Libraries: A Pilot Study (html) PDF February 2009
Training is essential for every organization. It is important for motivation and productivity. The Petroleum Training Institute has undertaken a number of training efforts. This study is a pilot project using a small population at one institution to assess the types of training programs available and the impact of training on the employees, the purpose and benefit of training to both staff and management of the Petroleum Training Institute. This pilot study gathered data using the survey method and employing a questionnaire. The Petroleum Training Institute library has 26 employees. This study is a census of the entire population. The results showed an awareness of training opportunities and widespread participation, particularly in short courses and workshops.
C. Amalahu
O.O.E. Oluwasina
O.A. Laoye
Higher Education and Information Literacy: A Case Study of Tai Solarin University of Education (html) PDF February 2009
This study explores students' use of information and communication technology (ICT) for research and the reason for choosing ICT as a tool. A questionnaire was distributed at a university of education, using a stratified sampling method to select respondents. The library and the e-learning centre were covered. The results revealed a high use of electronic media. Respondents prefer the Internet over the library. Problems include slow server speed, lack of computer knowledge, inadequate number of computers, noise from staff and students in the library, and an inadequate library collection.
Muhammad Rafiq
Dr. Kanwal Ameen
Information Seeking Behavior and User Satisfaction of University Instructors: A Case Study (html) PDF February 2009
This study investigatesinformation-seeking behavior and satisfaction level of teachers of National Textile University, Pakistan. A questionnaire collected data on preferred types of information sources and formats, methods for getting information, and level of user satisfaction of library services. The findings reveal that books, communication with colleagues and friends within NTU, journal articles, and communication with colleagues and friends in industry were the most preferred information sources. Both electronic/digital and printed formats were equally preferred by the respondents. The use of Internet and email is widespread. A majority of respondents prefer to visit the library themselves to get the required information. Respondents were generally satisfied with the quality of NTU library services, but they recommended increasing the collection to meet subject specific as well as leisure needs.
Okoro C. Chukwu Alive and Well: Revisiting Sable's "Death of Book Selection" (html) PDF February 2009
This paper revisits a debate on the role of book selection that began in the 1960s, and articles by Lawrence Thompson and Arnold Sable that reflect the two sides of the debate. The state of libraries in Africa and other developing countries due to inadequate funding argues in favor of Thompson's book selection dogma, that uses careful selection to balance the needs of users with limits on funds and space.
Lily Oluebube Ezeala Effectiveness of Library Resources in the Libraries of Agricultural Research Institutes in Nigeria (html) PDF February 2009
This study used surveyed 340 researchers from all the 14 agricultural research institutes in Nigeria. The response rate was 73.5%. The research objective was assess the effectiveness of agricultural research institute libraries. The study revealed that library resources and services are inadequate, largely due to underfunding by parent institutions.
Farzana Shafique Marketing Research as a Tool for Finding Library Users' Needs and Demands: Application of Three Party Theory (html) PDF January 2009
Libraries are under pressure to justify their existence and funding through customer- or market-oriented services. This requires a shift from product or service orientation to customer or need orientation. This paper explores users' needs and their opinion about an LIS departmental library, using the “Three Party Theory” of LIS marketing. Students, library service provider, and administrators were included in data collection. Suggestions for new library services are included, based on the results of the survey, focus groups, and interviews.
Ogie Rosnold Omoba
Florence Adeola Omoba
Copyright Law: Influence on the Use of Information Resources in Nigeria (html) PDF January 2009
The study examines copyright law as an influence on the use of information resources in Nigeria. A questionnaire was administered to authors, publishers, librarians and other allied users. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics. Information resources are available, accessible, and are in frequent use. Authors/creators are protected by copyright law which ensures benefits or royalties. The study reveals the need for cooperation between the Nigerian Copyright Commission and law enforcement agencies to enforce copyright law
Doreen Yemisi Olorunfemi Family Work Conflict, Information Use, and Social Competence: A Case Study of the Married Postgraduate Students in the Faculty Of Education, University of Ibadan, Nigeria (html) PDF January 2009
This study examines family-work conflict, information use,and social competence of the married postgraduate students in the Faculty of Education, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. The study used a questionnaire to collect data from a random sample of 500 student. Data were analysed using T-test, simple correlation, and multiple regression. Findings reveal a significant correlation between information use and social competence of the married students with {r = 0. 05}. No significant correlation exists between information use and family-work conflict with {r =0.05}. A significant multiple correlation exists between information use, family-work conflict, and social competence with {r = 0.2644; P < 0.05}.
David C. Kupfer The Merchant of Venice: Schools, Libraries, and Censors (html) PDF January 2009
For nearly a century, teaching Shakespeare'sThe Merchant of Venice in schools has been questioned, because of perceived religious prejudice. Defenders of Shakespeare are encouraged to fight censorship with a constitutional right to read. Definers of literature are left out when a defense of the play is required. Both potential censor and concerned parent could better observe reasons to protect the play through explanations of its merits presented alongside legal discourse. The school librarian will defend controversial classics more effectively if legal and literary judgments are used together to answer the wrath of the censors.
S. Chiemeke
O. B. Longe
F.A. Longe
I.O. Shaib
Research Outputs from Nigerian Tertiary Institutions: An Empirical Appraisal (html) PDF January 2009
Research output published in reputable journals remains one of the the main criteria for ranking institutions across the world. Research findings contribute meaningfully to improved products, services, human life, and productivity. Anyanwu and Iloeje (1996) observe a gradual decline in research output from the Nigerian higher education sector from the late 1980s to the present. This paper is an empirical study using journals randomly selected from African Journals Online (AJOL). The data were analysed using Cochran's Test and T-test for comparative pair treatments. Findings reveal that there is no significant decline in research output and effectiveness from Nigerian universities, but Nigerian polytechnics were found to have a lower research output.

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