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Annual volume 2010

Haroon Idrees
Ata ur Rehman
Internet Use Behaviour of the LIS Community in Pakistan (html) PDF 2010 (December)
Information and communication technology (ICT) has brought radical and revolutionary changes in all walks of human life during the last three decades. It has played a vital role in the development of a global village. Libraries are also among those organisms which have been affected by ICT and a great deal of impact has been imposed in this field. Advanced countries are naturally ahead in this area like all others; nevertheless, the developing countries are also not far too behind in the use and implementation of these technologies. Internet has not only increased and fastened the communication, but it has also changed the approach, way of thinking and behaviour of human beings. It has both positive and negative effects on the human life at large. This paper examines the Internet access, emailing and instant messaging behaviour, web surfing and usage of online resources by different type of people relevant to library and information services in Pakistan. These different people range to faculty, library practitioners, library support staff with a master’s level education and graduate students of LIS. The paper also presents a brief picture of the time spent online by these people and the online available library tools used by them. The types of websites normally visited during office hours and messengers used for official cum personal communication have also been included in this paper.
Khalid Mahmood Attitudes towards the Internet: A Survey of LIS Professionals in Pakistan (html) PDF 2010 (December)
The paper presents the results of a survey of library and information science professionals working in various institutions in Pakistan. Their access to and use of the Internet were measured. Their attitude towards Internet and relationship of the attitude with some personal and Internet use related variables were also explored. The findings reveal that the participants’ attitude was very positive towards Internet based facilities and services. They found these tools very useful in their professional and personal work. The most useful services were Web search engines and e-mail. It was found that the institution type, gender and age of the participants had no effect on the strength of their attitude towards Internet while experience, frequency, level of perceived skills and training in the use of Internet had strong relationship with the extent of participants’ attitude.
Syeda Hina Batool
Kanwal Ameen
Status of Technological Competencies: A Case Study of University Librarians (html) PDF 2010 (December)
Technological expertise is the combination of knowledge and skill needed to apply technology for efficient and effective performance. This study investigates the technological expertise of eight university librarians using interview as data collection tool. Interview questions were based on technological template (T-template) or technology evaluation list for staff. It has been used by Education, Libraries & Heritage  (ELH) Department’s ICT service in UK, California and Alberta public libraries to assess the IT competencies of their staff . The Template has been adopted and customized to meet the local requirements. It was used to measure the degree of professional technological expertise of the participants. The main categories of T-template were computer hardware, word processing, internet, troubleshooting and ILS (integrated library system) expertise. Findings show that participants were proficient enough in basic computer skills and were able to computerize their library collections. Findings also established that computerized acquisition and circulation systems were not very common in practice among professionals. Lack of advanced internet and ILS expertise is reported due to less urge in learning and exploring technology. The technological template adopted and customized in this study can be further utilized to assess the technological expertise of all the library professionals in Pakistan. Results though indicative, but could not be generalized due to its small sample.
Dr Rubina Bhatti Libraries and Education for Peace in Pakistan (html) PDF 2010 (December)
This paper explores the role of all kinds of libraries (school, college, university, public and national) in promoting education for peace. This paper investigates how libraries can play their part in peace building in Pakistani society.  The methodology is a review of the related literature and informal discussion with educationists, psychologists, sociologists, library professionals and other society members.  Extensive discussion with international participants from various countries was also conducted during the International Conference in India in February, 2010. It concluded that libraries, by organising, seminar, conferences, book displays, fairs and exhibitions can create an environment where conflict and relationships may be explored and the possibilities of resolving conflicts peacefully may be established. The literature and experts suggested that libraries can support research in order to understand the nature and origins of violence and its effects on both victim and perpetrator. New technologies as, wikis, folksonomy, Flickr, Podcasting, You-Tube, social networking sites (MySpace, Facebook), virtual worlds (Second Life), Web 2.0, and Library 2.0. may be used to show people that violence and war are learned and not an intrinsic part of human nature and to explain to the globe that Pakistan and Pakistanis are peace loving not terrorists.
Joyce Chinyere Oyadonghan Information Flow Patterns in Organizations: The Library in Focus (html) PDF 2010 (December)
The paper discusses information flow in organizations with special reference to the library of tertiary institutions. The vaccine or function of any academic institution is given a special consideration. The study employs an essential qualitative analysis approach to unravel the critical role played by information in the relationship between librarian and the clientele. In the study, the Shannon and Weaver model of communication (or information dissemination and sharing) was deployed for this purpose). In this study, we were able to establish that the free flow of information among library staff as well as between them and the clientele is necessary and should not be ignored but should be taken very seriously if the library has to succeed in its role as the soul of the academic institutions.
Audrey Barbakoff Libraries Build Autonomy: A Philosophical Perspective on the Social Role of Libraries and Librarians (html) PDF 2010 (December)
An important, overlooked moral contribution of libraries and librarians to the community is the provision of support for autonomy.  Philosophers have long considered autonomy a primary moral value, essential to living a flourishing life.  Although library scholarship has not often engaged deeply with the philosophical discourse surrounding autonomy, libraries and librarians are uniquely positioned to enact many of the methods for encouraging it.  By considering the moral significance of library services as autonomy-building activities, libraries and librarians can provide a valuable social support for their communities, individual users, and ultimately themselves. 
Devendra Kumar
M.M.A. Ansari
Sanjay Kumar Shukla
Reading Habits of Senior Secondary Students at Allahabad City, U.P., India (html) PDF 2010 (December)
This is a report on a readership survey carried out among the senior secondary students at Allahabad City, U.P. (India). The present study explores the reading habits of senior secondary students in Allahabad City. The present study demonstrates the various aspects of reading habits like the motives of study, reading materials borrowed from library, time spent for the serious reading, use reference materials, languages of newspaper that read daily, sections of newspapers read, place of reading, and to develop some suggestions for solution of the problem. Suggestions have been given to make the service more beneficial in the school libraries.
Towolawi K. Oluwakemi
J.A. Adeyemi
Acquisition and Use of Library Resources in a University of Technology: A Statistical Record Assessment (html) PDF 2010 (December)
This study examined the acquisition and use of library resources in Bells University of Technology using statistical record assessment. A descriptive survey design was used for the study. Data was obtained from the library statistics which had been compiled and collated by the staff in the readers' services department over a five year period covering 2005/2006 – 2009/10.  The data were analyzed using frequencies, bar charts, and percentages. Results showed that the total book collection  is relatively adequate for the total population of 1053 students and 262 staff members of the University and that books and journals consulted, reader's attendance in the library by all categories of users had a steady increase during the five-year period. The paper recommends that the library should acquire more books and journals in appreciable quantity and quality with the creation of the colleges of Engineering and Environmental Sciences and the need for an improved and comprehensive user education programme for returning and new students as well as members of staff. Also priority should be given to the purchase of journals (local and international) and users must be promptly informed of the presence of these journals
Dr. Atif Yousef Faculty Attitudes Toward Collaboration with Librarians (html) PDF 2010 (December)
The purpose of this study was to identify attitudes of faculty members toward collaboration with librarians working in the campus library. The study relates these attitudes to selected independent variables. A questionnaire was distributed to all faculty members in Zarka Private University. A total of 114 responses were gathered. The questionnaire included 22 attitudinal statements. The results of this study indicate that most of the respondents had positive attitudes toward collaboration with librarians. Faculty members accept shared responsibility with librarians in the three main areas of collaboration: collection development, information literacy, and library services. Although most of the respondents had generally positive attitudes toward collaboration with the librarians; there were some statistically significant differences between subgroups.
Tibor Koltay The Web 2.0 Contradiction: Commercial and Library Use (html) PDF 2010 (December)
This paper addresses the main motives of Web 2.0 that have contributed to its commercial success. Among the critical topics the question of amateurism is of pivotal interest. The second part of the paper deals with library use of Web 2.0, stressing that the concept of the Library 2.0 has to be properly understood. Last but not least, literacies expedient in the era of the Web 2.0 are identified.
Md. Maidul Islam The Use of the Library Catalogue by Undergraduates (html) PDF 2010 (December)
This study investigated the use of library catalogue in Dhaka University Library. The study employed descriptive research methods and a questionnaire to generate the data. The analysis revealed that 61.38 percent (178) of the users were aware of library catalogue, and 53.45 percent (155) had never used the catalogue. The study also showed that 71.03 percent (206) encountered difficulties in using the catalogue because of lack of proper education and, as a result, 69.31 percent (201) of the users did browsing/reading through the shelves to locate books. The analysis also revealed that 68.97 percent (200) of users indicated that proper user education was a means to easy catalogue use in the library. Recommendations were made to improve effective catalogue use, including user education, regular orientation program, and preparation of guidelines on use of the library catalogue.
Olukemi A. Fadehan, PhD
Hussaini Ali
Educational Needs of Librarians in the Digital Environment: Case Studies of Selected Academic Libraries in Lagos State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (December)
This paper reports the findings of a study on the perception of educational needs of librarians in selected academic libraries in Lagos State, Nigeria. The libraries include universities, polytechnics, and colleges of education. The objectives of this study were to identify the level of digital applications in the critical operations of the libraries; the educational needs of the librarians in the digital environment, and the librarians' perceptions of the need for digital education. The findings reveal that there was inadequate or total lack of skills and education in digital information provision by the librarians investigated. All the librarians needed digital education to operate in a digital environment. Lack of funds was a major obstacle for the acquisition and application of digital education in Nigeria. The paper recommends advocacy for digital education in libraries, restructuring of the library education curriculum, adequate funding of digital education programs, and provision of necessary infrastructure to facilitate the provision of digital information services.
Daniel CannCasciato An Essay on Cataloging (html) PDF 2010 (November)
The imminent arrival of Resource Description and Access (RDA), the proposed successor to Anglo-American Cataloging Rules (AACR), makes now an opportune time to clarify a profound misunderstanding regarding the objective of cataloging.  The objective has been widely misunderstood to be about the production of bibliographic records, or about the production of bibliographic records and their supporting authority records, or about the production of perfect bibliographic and authority records.  This essay offers a more accurate picture of the objective of cataloging, working from Cutter’s early statement of principles as a reference point in re-considering some misperceptions and actions being taken in the profession of cataloging and librarianship at large.
Sarah Elliott A Survey of Author Name Disambiguation: 2004 to 2010 (html) PDF 2010 (November)
Author name disambiguation methods continue to evolve and grow more sophisticated.  This paper surveys a variety of manual and automatic approaches that have developed between 2004 and the beginning of 2010.
Dr. Michael Lorenzen Fund Raising for Academic Libraries: What Works, What Doesn't? (html) PDF 2010 (November)
Most large academic libraries employ one or more professional fund raisers know as academic library development officers to seek external funds. This qualitative study presents what academic library development officers perceive as being successful methods of fund raising.  It also presents what these individuals believe does not work.
Gordon J. Hewitt
Rebecca Troendle Hewitt
Ability, Assistance, and Collaboration in Academic Library Assessment (html) PDF 2010 (November)
Assessment continues to grow in importance in academic libraries, yet no one has delineated what skills and resources are needed among librarians to carry out assessment activities.  This study was a first attempt to describe how library leaders view the skills and resources they need to do assessment.  Based on a survey of academic library directors, our findings show that directors rate themselves highly on conceptual skills, but are less confident on methodological skills.  Directors also rely heavily on their staff members and campus institutional research and assessment offices to help them with assessment projects.
Dr. C. Okello-Obura
Prof. J.R. Ikoja-Odongo
Electronic Information Seeking Among LIS Postgraduate Students at Makerere University, Uganda (html) PDF 2010 (November)
Without clearly understanding the users’ level of usage of resources, attitudes and the e-resources literacy levels, it is difficult to promote reading in electronic environment. Developing countries within their limited library resources need to ensure that the e-resources acquired or subscribed to are optimally used. It is on that basis that the study was designed and conducted among the postgraduate Library and Information Science (LIS) students of Makerere University, Uganda to establish the level of computer skills of its LIS postgraduate students; determine the use of electronic information resources; their attitudes towards e-resources; access; their e-resources literacy levels and propose strategies to improve on e-resources use. Survey research technique was used. The data collected using structured questionnaire were analysed using Excel Software to generate the frequencies, percentages and pie charts. Results of the study established that LIS postgraduate students have varied computer skills. Working on coursework/assignments, looking for opportunities and e-mail use top the main reasons as to why they use e-resources. Among the e-resources that the University Library subscribes to, Emerald and Blackwell-Synergy are the most accessed. The study also established that the respondents have positive attitude towards e-resources and feel that their standard of academic work would suffer without e-resources. The respondents proposed different strategies to improve on e-resources in the University. Among the different proposals suggested to promote e-resources in the University are the integration of the Phone short text message services and insistence by the LIS lecturers for students to use e-resources in coursework/assignments. The respondents however did not support the idea of introducing e-resources fees to be paid by students. The study concludes that a concerted effort is needed by both lecturers of LIS postgraduate students and university librarians to promote e-resources. Joint effort is required if optimum reading in electronic environment is to be achieved. It should not be seen as the work of the university librarians alone. The study will help to develop access to critical data that can help academic libraries make decisions regarding e-services and resources. It will also develop data-rich evidence for the library users that the academic library serves attesting to the value of the library-enabled networked services and e-resources.
Bappah Magaji Abubakar
Basri B. Hassan (PhD)
Incorporating Information Technology in Library and Information Science Curriculum in Nigeria: A Strategy for Survival in the 21st Century (html) PDF 2010 (November)
An IT revolution is occurring in almost all spheres of human endeavor. The field of Library and Information science (LIS) has also been predominated by advances in IT which has brought about dramatic changes in all ramifications. Change is now occurring in the area of education and training/curriculum, information seeking behaviour of users, as well as in the area of service delivery to clients. This paper therefore explores how IT can be incorporated into LIS curriculum in Nigeria in order to produce competent graduates that can withstand the test of time, and also function fully in the 21st century. The concept of IT is also briefly examined by the paper. Although IT development in Nigeria is moving very slowly, the paper discusses the necessity for having various types of ITs in the LIS schools necessary for survival in the 21st century LIS training and education. Also the paradigm shift in the global LIS education curriculum has been discussed. The paper also provides a brief background of LIS education in Nigeria. Though IT in LIS education curriculum has become popular in most countries, in Nigeria it is still been hindered by a number of factors which include lack of proper funding of LIS programmes, erratic supply of basic infrastructure such as electricity, as well as lack of IT facilities. Some suggestions for minimizing some of the identified problems are provided.
Akhtar Hussain
Krishna Kumar
Nishat Fatima
Deepak Kumar
Study of Information Sources and Services of the National Medical Library in India (html) PDF 2010 (November)
The study examines the use of information sources and services of the National Medical Library (NAL) in India (New Delhi). A well structured questionnaire was distributed among one library users during the academic session 2007-2008, to find out the use of information sources and services of NML.The present study demonstrates and elaborates the various aspects of use of NML such as Purpose of use, Physical facilities, Services and collections of the documents. Highlights the problem faced by the users and satisfaction level of the users. Suggestion has been given to make the services more beneficial for the academic community of the National Medical Library in India.
Chinwe M. T. Nwezeh The Use of ICT in Nigerian Universities: A Case Study of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife (html) PDF 2010 (November)
Information and communication technology facilities in libraries are those facilities that assist various libraries that provide efficient and current information services. The paper highlights the importance of internet services in university and academic environments with particular reference to Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The study showed that most academic staff and the students are aware of the resources of the Internet. E-mail is the most popular resource used by the staff and students. The staff and students used in this survey still find it difficult to make efficient use of the resources provided by information and communication technologies due to inadequate information literacy skills. It was suggested that continued information literacy program by the institution and its library  for faculty/staff and students will be of great help.

Yetunde Abosede Zaid
S.O. Popoola
Quality of Life among Rural Nigerian Women: The Role of Information (html) PDF 2010 (November)
The quality of life of people in developing countries including Nigeria is not near the expected standard.  This is especially so with women living in the rural areas whose lives are characterized by poor income, poverty, hunger, diseases as well as lack of potable water, good shelter and access to medical attention.  This is due to the fact that these women do not have access to valuable information and may not make use of available information which could help them meet the challenges of daily living. This study, therefore, investigated the extent to which information accessibility and use could improve the quality of life of rural women in Nigeria. Focus Group Discussions was used to gather data from 100 rural women from  ten local government areas in Ekiti state, Nigeria.  The choice of the state was informed for two reasons. Firstly, the state is one of those with the largest concentration of mainly rural and semi-rural towns in Nigeria. Secondly, collaborative report of the Centre for Development and Action Research and Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research shows that the World Bank once selected Ekiti State for pilot activities of its Ekiti State Community Based Poverty Reduction Agency (ESCOBPRA) and reported the state as having the highest poverty level in the Southwest Region of Nigeria. Badly affected by this state of affair are rural women living in the state. The paper shows the quality of life of the rural women living in the state, their information needs, sources of information they found accessible to use to improve their quality of life and factors militating against access and use of information. It shows ways to remedy the situation by recommending the need to recognize access to use of information as important inputs in improving the quality of life of rural women in Ekiti state, Nigeria.
W.O. Nkanu
Henry Itohowo Okon
Digital Divide: Bridging the Gap through ICT in Nigerian Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (November)
For Nigerian libraries to fully use available opportunities arising from the use of emerging digital technologies, and contend with the challenges offered by globalization in a rapidly changing information society like ours, the use of ICT must be given top priority. The widening imbalances of access to ICT has resulted in inequitable access to ICTs and other internet-related technologies associated with the provision and use of information services in Nigerian libraries. These imbalances have implication for quality information service delivery in Nigerian libraries. It is in this context that, this paper, discusses the need to bridge the gap through adequate use of ICT. Agreeably, the digital divide phenomenon pervades in every activity associated with the provision of library and information services in Nigerian libraries. The authors outlined measures needed to address the digital divide problem in Nigerian libraries.
Yemisi T. Babalola
Akhinola D. Babalola
Faith O. Okhale
Awareness and Accessibility of Environmental Information in Nigeria: Evidence from Delta State (html) PDF 2010 (November)
Environmental awareness is a pre-condition for environment-friendly behaviour and sustainable environment; proper awareness of environment related issues is therefore pertinent. This study examined awareness and accessibility of environmental information in Nigeria with specific reference to Warri Central Local Government Area of Delta state. Data were collected with a structured questionnaire from 140 respondents using the simple random sampling technique and analyzed with descriptive statistics. The results showed that many of the respondents are aware that soil erosion, oil spillage and pipeline vandalization are sources of environmental problems but they are not aware of the ecological impact of domestic activities like cooking with firewood and charcoal. Radio and television were the most available andmost accessible sources of environmental information while the library and the internet were the least. Major environmental information required by respondents included information on waste management and health. The paper recommended adequate funding and monitoring of environmental programs and policies, incorporation of environmental education into the school curriculum, provision and finding of public and  school libraries and presentation of environmental information, particularly those related to global ecological changes in the local languages through the mass media.
Elaine A. Nowick
Daryl Travnicek
Kent Eskridge
A Comparison of Term Clusters for Tokenized Words Collected from Controlled Vocabularies, User Keyword Searches, and Online Documents (html) PDF 2010 (November)
Tokenized word terms were collected from three sources: controlled vocabulary headings, user keyword searches, and html documents all dealing with issues in water quality. Distances were calculated between word pairs using the Jacquard formula. Distances from the three sources were compared using Spearman rank correlations and clusters were calculated on distances transformed for non-normality using the SAS pseudo-centroid method. Word pair distances from controlled vocabularies were more closely correlated to keyword searches than document distances were to users’ keywords. The mean distance of controlled vocabularies was also closer to that of users. Clusters produced from the three sources were most similar for word pairs with small distances.
Rose B. Okiy Globalization and ICT in Academic Libraries in Nigeria: The Way Forward (html) PDF 2010 (November)
The paper examines globalization as it relates to library services, including the benefits of globalization of library services in academic libraries and the factors militating against the implementation of ICT activities. Suggestions towards achieving a more effective ICT culture in Nigerian academic libraries are offered.
Virginia Schilling Embedding Semantic Markup in Web Pages (html) PDF 2010 (November)
The World Wide Web first revolutionized the presentation of text and data for people. The next wave of technology, the semantic web, will make data accessible to computers as well as people. Underpinning the semantic web is the Resource Description Framework (RDF). One way to make RDF-compatible data available on the web is to embed it in the X/HTML document. A small project investigates the available syntax for encoding RDF in web pages, the available descriptive vocabularies, and discusses the results of manually encoding web pages using RDFa and Dublin Core
Prof. Morayo Ibironke Atinmo
Mr Rotimi Adesina Egunjobi
A Comparative Study of Captioned Video and Face-to-Face Instruction in Library Instruction for Secondary School Students with Hearing Impairment (html) PDF 2010 (October)
This study compared the effects of captioned video instruction and face-to-face instruction on library use instruction of secondary school students with hearing impairment. This study adopted the quasi-experimental pre-test, post -test control group design. This study employed two treatment groups comprising captioned video instruction group and face to face instruction group as well as a control group. Two research instruments, Library Use Instruction Test and Library Practical Use Checklist were used as data collection tools. The study concluded that both instructional strategies are effective in giving library instructions to persons with hearing impairment
Tony I. Obaseki
Salisu Dasuki Ibrahim
Julliet N. Momoh
Scientific Research in Librarianship: A Panacea for Library Development in Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (October)
This paper critically examines the issue of research in librarianship and how the dearth of scientific research in the field affects its development in Nigeria. Problems such as lack of government support and interest in the profession, lack of research-minded librarians, etc., are responsible for the lack of scientific research in the profession. The result is the lack of popularity of the profession. Solutions for improving the adequacy of research techniques in librarianship are offered.
Alberto Salarelli On Boredom, Information Systems, and the Practice of Good Reading, Alberto Salarelli (html) PDF 2010 (October)
Boredom is one of most characteristic features of modern humans. In fact, the large amount of time available, due to the development of information systems, has made it possible to delegate various types of tasks to automatic machines. Traditionally, by boredom we mean a sort of defence mechanism used by humans against an excessive lack of stimuli which can lead to a progressive reduction in cerebral activity. Today, after the build up of systems which allow one to obtain great quantities of information from all parts of the world immediately, boredom seems to manifest itself as a symptom of “information overload”. In any case, boredom sets in when our brain undergoes an imbalance in information intake; that is, when the level of information we are confronted with and that which we can make sense out of at the same time is unequal. What can be done to counter-attack? What strategies can one use to convert moments of boredom into a time of creation and spiritual recreation? According to George Steiner, one of the solutions is the practice of “good reading”, even though environmental and psychological difficulties make life difficult for “the good reader”. The article ends with some ideas about the role that libraries can play to encourage the habit of “good reading”.
S. Thanuskodi Bibliometric Analysis of the Journal Library Philosophy and Practice from 2005-2009 (html) PDF 2010 (October)
The present study is a bibliometric analysis of articles and references in Library Philosophy and Practice from 2005 to 2009. The analysis covers the number of articles, authorship patterns, subject distribution of articles, average number of references per article, forms of documents cited, year-wise distribution of cited journals, rank list of journals, etc. Strong and weak points are discussed, as the basis for improvement and development.
Obiora Nwosu
Esoswo F. Ogbomo
The Impact of the Information Society on the Library and Information Science Profession (html) PDF 2010 (October)
This article considers the economic, political, social and ethical aspects of the Information Society, particularly as it affects developing nations. Training, governance, the role of women, and the implementation of ICTs are considered.
Daniel Emojorho, PhD The Role of Effective Communication in Enhancement of Library Services: An Overview of Delta State University Library, Abraka (html) PDF 2010 (October)
This study evaluated the effectiveness of communication in enhancement of library services at Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria. An ex-post-facto descriptive research design was adopted. A questionnaire was used to collect data, and frequency distribution and percentages were used to analyze it. The findings revealed that effective communication enhanced library services. There was a contrary view on the use of oral communication. While library staff applauded the use of oral communication in library operations, most users said it does not encourage research. The low level of ICT usage was also observed. As a result of these findings, recommendations were made.
Umunna Nnaemeka Opara, PhD Personal and Socio-Economic Determinants of Agricultural Information Use by Farmers in the Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) Zones of Imo State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (October)
This study investigated the influence of farmers’ personal and socio-economic characteristics on their use of agricultural information provided by the Imo State Agricultural Development Programme (ADP), Nigeria. An ex-post facto research design was used for the study. Stratified proportionate sampling technique was used to select a sample of 1,032 out of a total of 6,300 farmers across the existing 34 farm blocks and 63 farm cells in the three ADP zones of the state. A self-developed and structured questionnaire was used for data collection. A reliability co-efficient of 0.83 was obtained for the instrument using the Crumbach alpha. Two hypotheses were formulated to test their combined as well as their relative prediction of agricultural information use by farmers. Multiple regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results showed that the combination of the independent variables accounted for 29.58% of the variance of the dependent variable (R2 = 0.29580). The extent to which each of the twelve independent variables contributed to the prediction were: education (b = 0.271508, t=2.198; P < 0.05); marital status (b = 0.241909, t=2.189; P < 0.05); income (b = 0.329815, t=2.644; P < 0.05); preferred media (b = 0.262797, t=2.152; P < 0.05), etc. The results underscore the need for a programme aimed at improving the farmers’ socio-economic conditions for increased receptiveness of agricultural innovations.
Ramirose Ilene Attebury Perceptions of a Profession: Librarians and Stereotypes in Online Videos (html with videos embedded)

html with videos linked but not embedded

PDF 2010 (October)
In an article investigating how librarians are depicted in the mass media, Maura Seale identifies five categories into which the majority of representations fall: the old maid, the policeman, the parody, the inept librarian, and the hero/ine. Unlike prior representations of librarians in mass media, however, which have been largely controlled by non-librarians, the increased opportunities for amateur video distribution on sites like YouTube have allowed librarians themselves to decide how they are portrayed. This article considers online videos in the context of theories about stereotypes, and it discusses the effects of parody in shaping perceptions of the librarian profession. In order to compare how librarians and non-librarians are making use of online videos, 100 videos created by librarians and 100 videos created by non-librarians are analyzed. Videos are then categorized by the five stereotypes identified by Seale in addition to three more stereotypes: the sexy librarian, the psycho librarian, and the librarian as an individual with a “fun and positive” job. Results indicate that the librarians are most likely to depict members of the profession as hero/ines while non-librarians tend to fall back on negative stereotypes associated with the profession. Still, 25% of all videos make use of parody, and it is ultimately recommended that librarians increase their use of parody and humor when creating online videos in order to effectively combat negative stereotypes.
R.I. Echezona
C.F. Ugwuanyi
African University Libraries and Internet Connectivity: Challenges and the Way Forward (html) PDF 2010 (September)
African universities are indispensable in economic, social, and human development through research and academic activities. A university library is the hub of academic activities in African universities.ICT has transformed the library into a new information unit, providing electronic cataloging, online public access catalogue (OPAC), electronic acquisitions and serial control, interlibrary loan, and circulation.Internet bandwidth is the life blood of a modern university.Low bandwidth and connectivity have not allowed the African university libraries to benefit from information superhighways This paper examines initiatives and extent of connectivity among African university libraries.It discusses obstacles to connectivity and offers solutions.
Jonathan Olusola Fatokun
Mulikat O. Salaam (Mrs) Ph.D
Fredrick Olatunji Ajegbomogun
The Influence of Leadership Style on the Performance of Subordinates in Nigerian Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (September)
This paper examines the influence of leadership style on the performance of subordinates in Nigerian Libraries. The sample consisted of professional librarians and their supporting staff in Nigerian libraries. A total of 100 questionnaires were administered, with a 72 percent response rate. The result showed that there was a positive relationship between the leadership style of librarians and support staff in Nigerian libraries.
Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam
Vahideh Kashi-Nahanji
An Artistic Horizon: Content Analysis of Caricatures with Library and Information Science Themes (html) PDF 2010 (September)
This research analyzes caricatures related to Library and Information Science (LIS), to identify LIS aspects in order to recognize valid criticisms and offer recommendations. Two hundred fifty cartoons and caricatures relating to the topics "book", "library", and "LIS" were gathered and analyzed by means of content analysis. The images were categorized into eight groups for analysis.
Margaret U. Ugboma PhD Access to Agricultural Information by Fish Farmers in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (September)
This paper examines challenges of access to agricultural information by fish farmers in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. The survey research design was employed. 100 fish farmers from Bayelsa and Delta States in Nigeria, served as population for the study. The questionnaire, personal observation, and oral interview were the instruments used in data collection. The study revealed that there is availability of relevant agricultural information for fish farmers, with a corresponding difficulty in accessing such information. Factors impeding access to agricultural information include inadequate agricultural extension officers and insufficient use of media, among others. The study recommends that agricultural information be packaged to suit the end users (fish farmers) in this geographical region.
A. M. Adegbore Automation in Two Nigerian University Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (September)
This article examines the automation procedure in two Nigerian university libraries, the 'Nimbe Adedipe Library of University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (a federal university) and the Main Library of Olabisi Onabanjo University (a state university). Interview checklist and a questionnaire were used as research instruments. The interview checklist was designed to get information concerning the automation procedure in the two universities and was administered on the University Librarian (UL) of 'Nimbe Adedipe Library and the Head of the Multimedia Resources Centre of the Main Library of Olabisi Onabanjo University. A total of 200 questionnaires were administered to 100 students each from the two universities. The aim of the questionnaire is to determine the level of access of the electronic services available in the library by users.
T.A. Ogunmodede
E.N. Emeahara
The Effect of Library Use Education as a Course on Library Patronage: A Case Study of LAUTECH Library, Ogbomoso, Nigeria(html) PDF 2010 (September)
This study attempts to appraise the effect of library use education as a course of study on library patronage by the undergraduates in Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso. The essence of education, formal or informal, is the ability of the learner to put learning to practical use. Hence, the knowledge acquired must be reflected in the life of the learner. The study also attempts to reveal the relevance of library use education as a course of study to the students, the extent of use of library resources and services, the user/staff interaction and the students' assessment of the method, and content of instructional manual. Recommendations for improvement are given.
Farzana Shafique
Khalid Mahmood
Model Development as a Research Tool: An Example of PAK-NISEA (html) PDF 2010 (September)
The study consists of two parts. The first briefly highlights the research methods used in library and information science (LIS). It identifies model development as an effective research method for LIS research. It also reviews different aspects of models and their use in LIS research in Pakistan. The second part illustrates an example of a draft model entitled “PAK-NISEA” recently proposed for a PhD project. Related issues of the proposed model, i.e. rationale, objectives, research methodology, data collection process, important characteristics of PAK-NISEA, are also discussed.
William T. Caniano Academic Library Design: A Commons or an Athenaeum (html) PDF 2010 (September)
Due to declining user statistics in the latter half of the 1990s, many academic libraries began to see a need to renovate their physical spaces. At present, two academic library designs dominate the renovation discussion, the Commons and the Athenaeum. This article will attempt to review each design as to their current success and their future viability.
David C. Kupfer Chaucer, Books, and the Poetic Library PDF 2010 (September)
Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1342 – 1400) is the great medieval inventor of words for the English language, words including “library.” He uses that term to represent a distinct spatial home that is organized with skill to find knowledge from the study of texts. A bibliophile himself, Chaucer celebrates the joys and trials of reading while overlooking the library as a substantive learning haven. The location where learning transpires is always secondary to the contents of the books themselves. The library is a documented medieval bedrock to education, even wisdom, but it is little more than a shadow in Chaucer’s poetry. If he is never converted to the judicious use of the library, his fictional output captures a relevant passion for great books and underscores an important contrast between medieval and modern perceptions of the library.
Alessia Zanin-Yost Library 2.0: Blogs, Wikis, and RSS to Serve the Library (html) PDF 2010 (September)
Web 2.0 is made of written text but also images, movies, music, and sound, moving from textual information to multimedia. With Web 2.0, the user can create information, because of the availability of software that is cheap and easy to use. Wikis, Blogs and RSS are examples of how this new generation, as well as the older ones, uses these technologies to give, receive, and create information. This article offers an overview of three technologies, Blogs, Wikis, and RSS with examples of how they can be used within the scope of the library and reflects on whether it is worth it to adopt these services in the library.
Efe Francis Ejedafiru Lack of ICT Infrastructure as a Barrier to Resource Sharing in Nigerian Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (September)
The emergence of information communication technology (ICT) has revolutionized the academic library and academic world. ICT is paving way for progress in resource sharing and research. NIgerian libraries are having trouble meeting the needs of users, because of a poor economy and lack of ICT infrastructure. This article reports on a survey of ICT infrastructure in academic libraries in Nigeria and makes recommendations for improvement.
Donald O. Case A Framework for Information Policies with Examples from the United States (html) PDF 2010 (September)
This article discusses the meaning of the term "policy," along with general aspects of policies that might apply to many nations. Of particular concern is the placement of library- and information-oriented policies within a larger context. Literature on information policy is reviewed with the goal of devising a framework for discussing the national goals of policy. Examples from the United States are used to illustrate policy-making. Finally, some trends affecting policy are examined.
O.O. Onilude
O.R. Apampa
Effects of Information and Communication Technology on Research and Development Activities: The FIIRO Experience(html) PDF 2010 (August)
This paper reports on a study which assessed the effects of information and communication technology (ICT) on research and development activities at the Federal Institute of Industrial Research, Oshodi (FIIRO). The research focused on the use of computers, application software, and the Internet by all cadres of staff at the Institute. A thematic analysis highlighted the current state of ICT applications, level of literacy, and problems and challenges encountered in the application and use of ICTs. The study revealed a need to train members of staff in ICT. Infrastructure such as power supply and Internet connectivity need to be improved.
Amanze O. Unagha
Samuel K. Ibenne
Rebranding Nigeria through Strategic Library Services (html) PDF 2010 (August)
The paper focuses on the participatory role of the library in the Rebranding Nigeria Project (RNP). The image of Nigeria has been damaged internally and externally, and needs urgent attention, hence the rebranding campaign. For the RNP to be sustained, it needs the collaborative efforts of organizations and governments. The paper identifies these collaborative efforts, and discusses strategic library services aimed at sustaining the RNP for generations to come. It concludes that libraries are established to serve as an instrument for national development.
Dillip K. Swain Global Adoption of Electronic Theses and Dissertations (html) PDF 2010 (August)
Electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) are being adopted by more and more universities. As a primary source of information, theses and dissertations are particularly useful to researchers, but most languish in obscurity in university libraries and archives. The best way to make use of theses and dissertations is through electronic publication and online access. This paper looks at the status of use and adoption of ETDs in various different parts of the world, describes the history and development of ETDs, key issues governing ETD projects, potential merits of ETDs for effective teaching and research, and ETD initiatives in India.
Heather Phillips The Great Library of Alexandria? (html) PDF 2010 (August)
Though it was Alexandria's Pharos lighthouse that was counted among the Seven Wonders of the World, Ancient Alexandria was a city in which wonders abounded. The city featured wide boulevards laid out in a grid, and buildings constructed of granite and marble. Some say that Alexander himself had a hand in planning this great city. One of the most notable wonders of the city was the Great Library of Alexandria (hereinafter Great Library or Library), an institution which has assumed legendary proportions in the mythos of western civilization. However, institutions which assume mythological proportions are often obscured by the very legends they generate. While the Great Library's cultural and intellectual achievements resonate to this day, many do not and cannot separate the true nature and history of the Great Library from the fog of legend that surrounds it. Was the Great Library a library in the modern professional sense of the word, or perhaps it was a kind of proto-library containing a large collection of texts? In order to explore these questions and to bring clarity to the topic of the Great Library, this paper will examine the founding and history of the Great Library and illustrate its purpose and philosophy. Finally this paper will then analyze the Great Library according to established library criteria. Section I will provide an overview of the founding, intellectual achievements, and fall of the Great Library. Section II will review the characteristics of the Great Library according to modern professional criteria.
Daniel Emojorho ICT and Collection Management in Public Libraries: A Survey of South-South Zone of Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (August)
The effect of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Nigerian public libraries was explored with a survey. The findings show that ICT improves public library services, but most libraries have not been automated and a considerable number of staff and users are not ICT-literate.
Dr Anthonia Nwabueze
Isaac Echezonam Anyira
Oghenetega Ivwighreghweta
Oghenovo Kelvin Onoriode
The Role and Responsibility of the Library in Consolidating Research in Nigerian Private Universities: A Case Study of Western Delta University, Oghara, Delta State (html) PDF 2010 (August)
This paper examines the role of Nigerian private university libraries in supporting research. The case study approach was used for the study and a questionnaire was used to collect data from 120 respondents. Data were analyzed using percentage and graphical analysis. The major findings are that: research impacts positively on community development, research output impacts the recognition and ranking of universities, the library impacts positively on research, and library ICT impacts on the quality of research. It was recommended that the university budgeting authority allocate at least 10 percent of its annual budget to the library as recommended by the National Universities Commission. A state-of-emergency should be declared on library Internet connectivity and computerization projects. Researchers should put the library to effective use, and concentrate their research on topics that can be applied to solve problems. University authorities should make research grants available to researchers carrying out investigation in the university's areas of interest.
Jean-Mark Sens “Not I” Said the Pig: Who Defends Intellectual Freedom for Librarians? (html) PDF 2010 (August)
Although librarians have traditionally defended intellectual freedom, the American Library Association (ALA) tends to treat it as a local management issue. As librarianship has become increasingly technical defense of intellectual freedom has diminished. Censorship generates self-censorship and demonstrates a subservient relation to authority detrimental to collection development. Using instances from his professional life, the author argues that censorship infantilizes patrons, discourages critical thinking, and is counterproductive to institutions of higher learning.
Joel M. Burkholder Redefining Sources as Social Acts: Genre Theory in Information Literacy Instruction (html) PDF 2010 (August)
Long before the emergence of the World Wide Web, librarians had a long tradition of collecting and classifying physical materials. Influenced by these activities, information literacy instruction has defined and taught sources as objects of similar content and/or format. Because of their ability to organize information for easy retrieval, such definitions are helpful from a practical standpoint. Unfortunately, they do little to account for a source's role as a communicative act shared within and between communities. To expand our definition we must look to Genre Theory. Genre Theory examines how groups develop language—genres--to respond to recurrent, rhetorical situations. Seen as purposeful choices to aid in the completion of specific tasks, it is possible to comprehend the meaning of certain forms and why they are chosen. The theory also illustrates how these choices serve ideological purposes by establishing expectations in the readers of the genre. Implications for teaching a generic theory of sources are also discussed.
R.I. Echezona, PhD Supervision of Special Collections in Federal and State University Libraries in Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (August)
This study assessed the supervisory styles in special collections in federal and state university libraries in Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was adopted with purposive sampling to obtain a sample of 178 librarians and library officers in 12 federal and state university libraries in Nigeria. A questionnaire was used in the collection of data. Mean scores and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. The findings showed that approaches to supervision include routine checks of subordinates, periodic evaluation of stock, regular meeting with staff, reprimanding of erring staff, and a liberal supervisory style.
C.O. Ajidahun Theft of Law Books in Nigerian University Law Libraries: An Investigative Study (html) PDF 2010 (August)
This article investigates the theft of law books in the Nigerian university law libraries. A total of 15 libraries were used as research subjects. Data was gathered using a questionnaire. Result show that virtually all the libraries had experienced the loss of law books. Reference books in law are the main target. The cost implications of the thefts are examined. Possible causes of the theft of law books are also reviewed and suggestions that might reduce the rate of theft are provided.
Mojtaba Sookhtanlo
Hamid Movahed Mohammadi
Ahmad Rezvanfar
A Comparative Study of the Information-Seeking Behavior of Bachelor of Science and Master of Science Agricultural Extension and Education Students (html) PDF 2010 (July)
This study compares information-seeking behavior of Bachelor of Science and Master of Science students in the fields of agricultural extension and education. The authors surveyed Iranian students in departments of agricultural extension and education at four universities in Tehran, Shiraz, Mollasani, and Kermanshah. This study focused on three aspects: (1) comparison of amounts of information-seeking behavior between Bachelor of Science and Master of Science agricultural extension and education students; (2) comparison of information-seeking behavior varieties in Bachelor of Science and Master of Science agricultural extension and education students; (3) Comparison of amounts of available information resources at four universities and its effectiveness on students' information-seeking behavior; and (4) comparison of research and educational outputs in Bachelor of Science and Master of Science students. Scale free technique, division by mean method, principal components analysis technique, Delphi method, t-test, correlation and regression tools were used for data analysis. This study revealed that Bachelor of Science students' information-seeking behavior is for improving educational output, but Master of Science students' information-seeking behavior is for promoting research output. Among varieties of Internet searching skills, library searching skills, and awareness of library information-seeking methods with students' information-seeking behavior, there are not significant differences between two groups of students.
Yushiana Mansoor
Manir Abdullahi Kamba
Information Acceptance and ICT Resistance: Promoting the Role of Information in Rural Community Development (html) PDF 2010 (July)
Rural community development is a major issue for developing countries. Much attention has been given Information and Communication Technology (ICT) projects to connect rural communities with the global network. However, ICT resistance is a deterring factor in addressing the digital divide in developing countries. It is postulated that reversing the resistance to to ICT can be strategizedthrough "information acceptance." ICT can be accepted by rural communities by creating demand for information. The paper calls for the refocusing on the role of information in rural community development and ICT as a tool for change agent. Initiatives for rural community development must emphasize the importance of information in rural communities.
Dr. P. V. Konnur
S.Rajani
Dr. M. Madhusudhan
Academic Library Websites in Bangalore City, India: An Evaluative Study (html) PDF 2010 (July)
This study evaluates the content and quality of academic library websites. An evaluation checklist is used as a tool for evaluation of academic library websites. The checklist is divided into five main parts followed by Rating Table. The quantitative pointing system (ten point scale) and five point rating scales are used to evaluate and rank the websites. The study reveals that very few (16 percent) websites provide information about the date of last updating. Similarly very few (20 percent) websites provide links to other web reference sites and a moderate number (40 percent) have feedback forms for comments. On the other side, a good number of websites (76 percent) are efficient in loading images, icons, and graphics, and a large number (80 percent) have incorporated a web OPAC. The study is limited to the evaluation of websites of five academic libraries located in Bangalore, India.
Nelson Edewor
Ufuoma Omosor
Analysis of Bibliographic References by Textbook Authors in Nigerian Polytechnics (html) PDF 2010 (July)
The study analyzed references listed by textbook authors from Nigerian polytechnics. The educational qualifications, subject background, and institutional affiliations of authors and publishers of textbooks were examined. Documentary research design was adopted for this study. A total of 102 books were examined using the availability sampling technique. Data gathered were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study revealed that a significant majority of the textbooks were filled with citation errors. Findings revealed that a majority of the textbooks used the American Psychological association (APA) format of referencing. Further analysis revealed that a significant number of textbooks had no references at all. It was discovered that books by authors with lower qualifications are the most involved in the different types of citation errors. The study also revealed that few textbooks cited electronic information. The paper recommends that serious attention be given to bibliographical references by organizing workshops and seminars for authors.
Chinwe M.T. Nwezeh Information and Communication Technologies for Educational Development: The Case of Cybercafés at Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (July)
This study examines the use of Cybercafés/Internet resources and the evaluation of their usefulness. About eight Cybercafés located in the university community were used in this study. Questionnaires, interviews with the Cybercafé owners, staff and users as well as personal observations made during inspection of these cafés were used in this study. The data were analysed according to the background of the Internet users. The richness and high speed, accuracy, and authority were used by users to judge the quality of the Internet. Information such as the establishment of the café's facilities, membership and the future of the Cybercafés were also looked into. Finally, one can clearly see that the dominating impact of digital technology has crossed the Rubicon of controversy. The result of the survey shows that forty percent of the users learnt to use the Internet by self instruction, thirty five percent learnt from colleagues or friends. Those in the sciences use the Internet the most, the channel mostly used in obtaining information is the search engines. A large number of students, faculties and researchers make use of the Internet in obtaining information. Many of those of those users make use of the Cybercafés in the university community.
Bola C. Atulomah Awareness of Library 2.0 and Participating in the Global Discussion among Librarians in Southwest Nigeria Universities (html) PDF 2010 (July)
Library 2.0 may be well-established for librarians in developed countries but is newer in developing countries. This pilot study explores the awareness of Library 2.0 among academic librarians in selected universities in Southwest Nigeria. This was a cross-sectional study which used a structured self- administered questionnaire to obtain information on awareness of library 2.0, perceived support, and willingness to participate in the ongoing global discussion among 31 participants randomly selected from a total of 33 universities owned by federal and state governments and private organizations with a total of about 200 qualified academic librarians. A majority (80.6 percent) hold a master degree in librarianship and bearly half have at least 10 years of relevant working experience. Awareness of the concept was generally very low with a mean of 3.9 (SD=1.94) on a 12-point scale and a mean positive attitudinal disposition of 10.39 (SD=4.26) on an 18-point scale, a fairly high perceived support (mean=14.23; SD=2.86) for Library 2.0 on an 18-point scale. No participants had attended any workshop or seminar on Library 2.0.This pilot study demonstrates an urgent need to reposition these professionals into the stream of contemporary events in the ongoing library 2.0 global discussion.
Hussaini Ali
J.E. Owoeye
Stella N.I. Anasi
Resource Sharing among Law Libraries: An Imperative for Legal Research and the Administration of Justice in Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (July)
The paper examines resource sharing among libraries and it benefirts for legal research and administration of justice in Nigeria.Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is a critical requirement resource sharing. The use of Z39.50 as an aid to resource sharing is discussed.Categories of resource sharing and the benefits to be derived from each category by the cooperating libraries are also highlighted. Factors that hinder effective resource sharing are identified and analyzed. Recommendations are given for the initiation and promotion of resource sharing among law libraries in Nigeria.
Promise Ifeoma Ilo
Goodluck I Ifijeh
Impact of the Internet on Final Year Students' Research: A Case Study of Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (July)
The 21st century is characterized by advancements in information and communication technology (ICT), including the Internet. Final year students of Covenant University implore the use of the Internet in writing their projects. This paper examines the extent of accessibility and use of the Internet by these students and the impact the Internet has on their projects. A questionnaire was used for data collection. A total of 150 questionaires were distributed to students from each of the three colleges in the university. The results show that all respondents used the Internet for their project work. Nearly all indicated that the Internet has an impact on their projects, especially in the areas of quality of work, speed, time economy, and recency of materials. Recommendations for improvement include provision of wireless Internet access points and training and retraining of students to acquire computer and Internet search skills.
Samuel O. Ogunniyi
Micheal Jato
Survey of Staff and Organization of Private Secondary School Libraries in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo State (html) PDF 2010 (July)
The teacher-librarian and organization of private secondary school libraries in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo State was the focus of the study. A structured questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Copies of questionnaires were administered to staff of six school libraries surveyed. The study revealed that none of the staff were professionally qualified, which resulted in poor and haphazard organization of the resources in all the schools surveyed. Recommendations were made to improve library services, including provision of relevant materials, inclusion of library hours in the school time table, and professional staff employed to staff the school libraries.
Chijioke F. Ugwuanyi
Jonas U. Ezema
Challenges of Students' Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) in Library and Information Science in the ICT Environment (html) PDF 2010 (July)
The ICT revolution has permeated every profession and all areas of human endeavour. Professions such as law, medicine, engineering, and library and information science are adjusting to the ICT environment through re-tooling, retraining, and curriculum revision. The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of ICT on the student industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) of library and information science students. It traces the historical development of the scheme, the ICT development trends in LIS, and the challenges this development brings to SIWES. Strategies to absorb this shock created by ICT are offered.
Dr. N. Zafrunnisha
Prof. V. Pulla Reddy
Citations in Psychology PhD Theses: An Obsolescence Study (html) PDF 2010 (July)
An obsolescence study is one of the main areas of bibliometrics in library and information science. The study attempts to discover the obsolescence rate of psychology literature cited in the 141 doctoral theses awarded by the S.V. University Tirupati, Osmania University, Hyderabad, and Andhra University, Visakhapattanam, from 1963-2005. Half-life of journal citations in psychology was found to be 14 years and 19 years for book citations.
Stella E. Igun Working Experience and Librarians' Knowledge of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Nigerian University Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (July)
This paper discuses the influence of librarians' years of working experience and sources of acquisition of ICTs' knowledge and skills. The study is based on 169 librarians working in thirteen university libraries in the universities of six states located in the South-South zone of Nigeria. The purpose of the paper is to find out if years of working experience has an effect on librarians' sources/means of acquisition of ICT knowledge and skills. The questionnaires used were answered by two categories of librarians. Those with longer years of experience – 16 years and above and those with fewer years of working experience. It was concluded that librarians with fewer years of working experience explore means of acquiring ICTs knowledge and skills more than librarians with more years of working experience. It was recommended that librarians with longer years of working experience develop more interest in sources through which they can acquire ICT knowledge and skills.
Dr. K. G. Pillai Sudhier
V. Dileep Kumar
Scientometric Study of Doctoral Dissertations in Biochemistry in the University of Kerala, India (html) PDF 2010 (June)
Biochemistry is the most fascinating subject as it deals with the chemical language of life. The ultimate goal of biochemistry is to describe the phenomena that distinguish living from non-living in the language of chemistry and physics. Researchers in biochemistry use specific techniques native to biochemistry, but increasingly combine these with techniques and ideas from genetics, molecular biology and biophysics. In India at present around 75,000 students are enrolled in research and nearly 11,000 are awarded PhDs every year, of which 50 percent are from science and technology disciplines. Theses and dissertations reflect the scholarly communication process. Scientometrics and citation characteristics of dissertations like, the subject fields of dissertations, the number of citations and their distribution by type of source, years, and by number of authors etc., have been studied with a view to identify the basic features of the scholarly communication process in different fields of study. The purpose of the present study is to determine the bibliometric characteristics of the biochemistry research in the university of Kerala, India including subject distribution, bibliographic forms of cited documents, most cited journals, collaboration in authorship, etc. A total of 168 doctoral dissertations awarded between 1966 and 2007 at the Department of Biochemistry of University of Kerala were used as source.
Dr. R.E. Ozioko
Dr. A.U. Nwabueze
Justification for Reform in Library and Information Science Education in Nigerian Universities (html) PDF 2010 (June)
With the advent of ICT and new ways of creating, storing, organizing, packaging, and providing information, the role of library and information science education has changed. Library schools in universities in Nigeria must undergo systematic and strategic reform. This paper attempts to establish what reforms are required and how they can be implemented. It identifies the role of the Nigerian Library Association, the National Universities Commission (NUC), and other stakeholders, and suggests strategies for sustainable reform.
Robert Orotomah Ovowoh
Basil Enemute Iwhiwhu
Preserving Information-Bearing Material in Higher Education Institutions in Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (June)
This research investigates the preservation and conservation of information-bearing materials in libraries in Nigeria. A survey drew its population from the staff of Delta State University (DELSU) Library, Abraka and Petroleum Training Institute (PTI) Library, Effurun. The results show that information-bearing materials are at high risk of deterioration. There is no written preservation and conservation policy, no security policy, no personnel adequately trained in conservation, and lack of conservation facilities and equipment.
Friday B. Batubo
Beleudaara Nelly Digitemie-Batubo (Mrs.)
Role of Libraries in Conflict Resolution: The Niger Delta Case (html) PDF 2010 (June)
Conflict is prevalent everywhere and in every facet of life the world over, in many different countries. The Niger Delta case is no exception. This paper attempts to define conflict and conflict resolution, trace the origin of conflicts in the region and the efforts made so far to ameliorate the situation. Emphasis is placed on dialogue rather than violence. It goes further to a role for the library in conflict resolution, particularly in the area of creating awareness and sensitizing users and professionals alike.
Olusola Bamidele Bamigboye
Reuben Abiodun Ojo
Perception of the Internet as an Enabler of Scholarship among Postgraduate Students of the University of Ibadan, Oyo State Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (June)
This paper investigates postgraduate students' perceptions of the Internet as an enabler of scholarship.The specific objectives of the study are: to ascertain the perception held by the postgraduate students on the Internet usage as an enabler of scholarship, and to determine what interventions are necessary to facilitate postgraduate students' adoption of the Internet as a tool for learning and research. The subjects of study are the postgraduate students of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. A random sample of 100 students was selected with representation from each faculty of the university. A questionnaire instrument with a 12-item scale was designed and administered. Data analysis was done using the chi-square statistical method. The results show that majority of the postgraduate students have positive perceptions of the Internet as an enabler of information sourcing for learning and research. However some of these students have low self-efficacy in Internet use for information sourcing.
Kolawole Akinjide Aramide
Omolara M. Bolarinwa
Availability and Use of Audiovisual and Electronic Resources by Distance Learning Students in Nigerian Universities: a Case Study of National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN), Ibadan Study Centre (html) PDF 2010 (June)
This study investigated the availability and use of audiovisual and electronic resources by distance learning students at the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN). A questionnaire was administered tothe distance learning students selected across the various departments of the NOUN. The findings revealed that even though NOUN made provision for audiovisual and electronic resources for students' use, a majority of the audiovisual and electronic resources are available through personal provision by the students.The study also revealed regular use of audiovisual and electronic resources by the distance learning students. Constraints on use include poor power supply, poor infrastructure, lack of adequate skill, and high cost of access.
Posigha Bassil Ebiwolate The Use of the Library Catalogue by Undergraduate Students in Niger Delta University Library (html) PDF 2010 (June)
This study investigated the use of library catalogue in Niger Delta University library. The study employed descriptive research method and questionnaire as a research instrument to generate the data. The analysis revealed that 168 (51 percent) of the users were not aware of library catalogue, and 160 (54 percent) had never used the catalogue. The study also showed that 209 (71.7 percent) encountered difficulties in using the catalogue because of lack of proper education and, as a result, 202 (68.7 percent) of the users resolved to used browsing/reading through the shelves method to locate books. The analysis also revealed that 202 (68.7 percent) of users indicated that proper user education was a means to easy catalogue use in the library. Recommendations were made to improve effective catalogue use, including user education, regular orientation programme, and preparation of guidelines on use of the library catalogue.
Rajendra Kumbhar Developing Micro-level Info-products through an Entrepreneurship and Partnership Approach: A Conceptual Framework (html) PDF 2010 (June)
The paper presents a conceptual framework for developing micro-level info-products by LIS professionals. It defines micro-level info-products and explains the rationality for developing such products. Various steps to be taken in developing info-products are elaborated. The advantages of adopting entrepreneurship and partnership approaches are also discussed.
Dr. P. Srinivasulu
Dr. V. Pulla Reddy
A Survey of Medical College Libraries in Andhra Pradesh, India (html) PDF 2010 (June)
Data was collected from 22 selected medical college libraries and 526 undergraduate and postgraduate medical students, using a survey. The article presents a list of findings and recommendations based on them to improve the services of medical college libraries in Andhra Pradesh.
Chinwe M.T. Nweze Theses, Projects, and Africana Materials Management in Nigerian Academic Libraries: The Case of Hezekiah Oluwasanmi Library (html) PDF 2010 (June)
This is a survey of the procurement, organization and use of unpublished projects, theses, and Africana mateials in Hezekiah Oluwasanmi Library, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The Africana section conserves knowledge, preserves cultural heritage, provides information, and supports education and research. This paper the location, mode of processing, circulation, and terms of availability of these materials. Recommendations are made on how to manage Africana materials in academic libraries where they constitute a vital component of collections.
T. Prabakaran
Dr. P. Ravichandran
M.G. Sathiyamurthy
Dr. K. Vijayakumar
Information Access Patterns of Faculty in Arts and Sciences Colleges in Chidambaram (html) PDF 2010 (June)
The term “user study” focuses on information use patterns, information needs, and information-seeking behaviour. Information- seeking behaviour and information access patterns are areas of active interest among librarians and information scientists. This article reports on a study of the information requirements, usefulness of library resources and services, and problems encountered by faculty members of two arts and science colleges, Government Arts & Science College and Sri Raghavendra Arts & Science College, Chidambaram.
Stella N.I. Anasi Curbing Youth Restiveness in Nigeria:The Role of Information and Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (June)
Young people are vital to the future of any nation. Thirty-four percent of the people of Nigeria are between 10 and 24 years old. Poverty, unemployment, lack of infrastructure, and other factors have aggravated the problem of youth restiveness, lawlessness, and violence. Information in general and libraries in particular can help young people become productive and educated adult citizens. This article describes the problems of youth restiveness in Nigeria and makes recommendations on the role of information and libraries in its alleviation.
Isaac Anyira
Oghenovo K. Onoriode
Dr. Anthonia Nwabueze
The Role of Libraries in the Preservation and Accessibility of Indigenous Knowledge in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (June)
This paper examines the role of libraries in the preservation and accessibility of the indigenous knowledge in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. The survey method was used for the study and data were collected with the questionnaire from 82 respondents drawn from six libraries in the region. Niger Delta people use indigenous knowledge to improve agricultural production, acquire education and basic skills, conserve their natural environment, and resolve conflicts. Libraries in the Niger Delta region do not manage indigenous knowledge resources effectively. To preserve and make indigenous knowledge accessible, libraries should collaborate with indigenous people to record indigenous knowledge, store it, and make it available through television and radio broadcast, the Internet, exhibits, or mobile library services.
A.A. Maidabino The Availability, Organization, and Use of Archival Records: A Study of Public Archives Agencies in the Northwestern States of Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (June)
The development of modern technology, including the invention of paper, ink, and modern communication, led to the emergence of modern days archives. This study examines the availability of archival records in five public archives agencies in the Northwestern states of Nigeria. It also explores how archivists and records managers have taken intellectual control of the archival records. The patterns of use or services provided to users of archival records were also examined and reported in this study. The study uses a questionnaire to collect data from the staff of the five public archival agencies. The data collected reveals the availability of five public archival agencies. Access to or use of the records in these public archival agencies is provided through different archival services including search room services, information services, exhibition services, and many others.
Munira Nasreen Ansari
Bushra Adeeb Zuberi
Use of Electronic Resources among Academics at the University of Karachi (html) PDF 2010 (June)
A sample of seventy faculty from the University of Karachi Faculty of Arts were surveyed. The study explores the University of Karachi's facilities for using electronic resources. Some departments have fully-equipped computer labs, while some have a few computers. A few departments also provide computers to individual academics in their offices. An Internet connection is available to 92.9 percent of the departments. A majority of the academics have computer skills that facilitate the use of electronic resources, although a majority have little knowledge of electronic resources, which is not a positive aspect of the findings. Most use both electronic and printed resources, or only printed sources. Electronic resources are used for research and for preparation of lectures. Lack of knowledge and lack of facilities are the main reasons for not using electronic resources. Nearly all respondents are satisfied or quite satisfied with available resources.
Dr. M. Masoom Raza
Sarwat Fatima
Ashok Kumar Upadhyay
Information Seeking Behaviour of Researchers in Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Lucknow (html) PDF 2010 (June)
This study is based on Information-Seeking Behaviour of researchers of Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Lucknow. In this study, the method of collection of data, analysis, interpretation, findings are presented in a systematic manner. The primary data is collected through a questionnaire of 54 researchers of Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Lucknow. This study reveals the frequency of visit to the library, purpose of visiting the library, types of services, sources used to locate to the documents, behaviour of staff and user satisfaction, journal subscription, Internet facility etc. On the basis of data interpretation certain findings are given.
Dr. Rubina Bhatti Internet Use among Faculty Members in the Changing Higher Education Environment at the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan (html) PDF 2010 (May)
This study identifies patterns of Internet use by faculty members at the Islamia University of Bahawalpur. It investigates purposes for use, Internet resources used, places of use, and the problems faced while using the Internet. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from the faculty members from Faculty of Arts, Sciences, Education, and Islamic Learning. The questionnaires were sent to 150 faculty members and 100 participants responded with a response rate of 66 percent. Research results show that Internet use among faculty is much higher than expected. A large majority have been using the Internet for teaching, research, and professional development, generally at home, at work, and in computer labs. Problems include the expense of resources, lack of awareness of material, lack of training, and lack of facilities and equipment.
Innocent Tuhumwire
Dr. C. Okello-Obura
Assessment of Legal Information Needs and Access Problems of Lawyers in Uganda (html) PDF 2010 (May)
Access to the right kind of legal information is imperative for efficient and effective performance in any judicial process. This study investigated the legal information needs and problems faced by lawyers (as main consumers of legal information) in accessing legal information. The study used a survey design in which a structured questionnaire was used to elicit the required data. It was carried out in Kampala, the capital city of Uganda. The study found that law reference; laws of other countries; law reports; update of court rules and judge cases constitute the most needed legal information of lawyers and attorneys in Uganda. While problems faced in accessing legal information include: inadequate information materials; limited law libraries; out dated information materials and limited time to search for the required legal information. The study concludes that to make lawyers succeed in their judicial processes, more serious and proactive ways of accessing legal information are required. Hence, recommended among others the need for legal information providers to be proactive; legal information providers to network or form consortium to ease legal information acquisition; integration of ICTs in information provision and if possible, phone text message service be dovetailed.
Dr Mayank Trivedi Digital Libraries: Functionality, Usability, and Accessibility (html) PDF 2010 (May)
Emerging technology for digital libraries (DL) can drastically improve the management of resources of libraries. The advantages of having a DL are now well understood by librarians, technologists,and others. Several factors play a major role in digitization of materials for a DL. This paper discusses the transformation of a library from traditional to automated to digital.
Dr Mayank Trivedi Blogging for Libraries and Librarians (html) PDF 2010 (May)
Blogs are the most popular personal publishing platform on the Internet. They evolved from “What's New” pages. Blogs contain frequently-updated posts with the most recent entry at the top. This article describes the use of blogs for marketing and information-sharing by librarians.
Obuh Alex Ozoemelem Web Affinity: A Study of Undergraduate Students in Nigerian Universities (html) PDF 2010 (May)
The study focused on undergraduates in Nigerian universities. Three hundred students, 100 each from the three universities, were sampled using simple random sampling methods. The analysis of the data reveals a low level of ICT skill and web experience among the students. Nevertheless, there is a high level of Web use that cuts across genders. E-mail, research, and e-payments were the major reasons for Web use.
Bappah Magaji Abubakar Availability and Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Six Nigerian University Library Schools (html) PDF 2010 (May)
The study investigated the availability and use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in six university -based library schools in Nigeria. Survey research methodology was adopted, and two sets of questionnaires were administered to the directors and 65 academic staff of the six library schools. Findings indicate that all six schools studied have a fair number of IT applications for education and training of students but that more is needed.
Md. Zahid Hossain Shoeb
M. Abdus Sobhan
Authentication and Authorization: Security Issues for Institutional Digital Repositories (html) PDF 2010 (May)
Information sharing, dissemination, digital libraries, and repositories are not new concepts. Open Access Initiatives make digital information more accessible to users. Access management is an important issue which illustrates the process of providing controlled, secure access to online resources which involves both authentication and authorization. Online security is one of the key services for the network infrastructure of digital repositories. Confidentiality and integrity of information cannot be ensured without a proper access management mechanism. This paper reviews available informatin on user authentications and authorization, and the authentication of digital materials is illustrated.
Dr. Chetan Sharma
Rajender Kumar
Status of Textile Engineering College Libraries in Haryana, India (html) PDF 2010 (May)
The purpose of the study is to estimate the performance of the textile engineering institute libraries of Haryana, India, and determine what collections and services are provided. A survey was conducted through a questionnaire circulated among the librarians of textile engineering institutes. The paper discusses the collection and worth of various services rendered by these libraries.
Kiran Sharma
Dhruv Sharma
A Systems Approach to Book Search in a Library (html) PDF 2010 (May)
A librarian and a systems engineer present four heuristics that can improve the techniques used in libraries to search for lost material. Examples of the role of serendipity in user behavior and information-seeking, as well as the classification of interdisciplinary works, are presented.
Dr. K.P. Singh
Ms Easther Moirangthem
Information Use and Information Seeking Behaviour of Visually Impaired People in Delhi Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (May)
The purpose of this paper is to study the various library services and information sources provided to the visually impaired people in different Braille Libraries and Talking Book Libraries in Delhi and also explore the information needs and information-seeking behavior of this special group of people. For this study, literature survey and review of literature related to the study were made to have a better understanding of the problem and examine the findings of earlier relevant studies. Semi-structured interview was used as a data collection tool to collect the relevant data from the subjects under study. An interview was also conducted with the librarians and professional staffs to study the various information sources available in the libraries. Various library and information services are being provided in the libraries under study. The visually impaired people depend on information sources such as Braille, Audio Books in the form of Cassettes, DAISY Books which are also known as Digital Talking Book and electronic texts. These are important sources of information but their use differ from person to person according to the availability and affordability. Much needs to be done to improve user satisfaction of this special group of people and fulfill their information needs.
Francisca Okoroma Retrospective Conversion in Two Nigerian University Libraries: A Comparative Study of Kenneth Dike Library and Obafemi Awolowo University Library (html) PDF 2010 (May)
This study focused on the retrospective conversion experience of two Nigerian university libraries, comparing the experiences of University of Ibadan (UI) library card catalogue and Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU) library, in terms of processes, approaches, financial/material, and human implications, as well as the problems and solutions, and evaluating effectiveness and efficiency of the OPAC system. The survey method was used to collect data. There were two questionnaires used in the study. One directed to the librarians and cataloguers. The second was directed to the library's users. The study found out that Kenneth Dike made use of shared RECON and data input manually, while Obafemi Awolowo University library used vendors/consultants and adopted both data entry manually and resource database. The study also revealed that the RECON process took reasonable amount of time, involved skilled manpower, and moderate cost. The study diagnosed some constraints inhibiting the two libraries RECON, including lack of funds, poor maintenance culture, lack of skilled staff, and infrastructural problems. Finally, the study showed that both UI and OAU libraries had made tremendous progress in RECON, with their OPAC systems were working effectively and efficiently.
Prof. Preeti Mahajan School Libraries in India: Present-day Scenario (html PDF 2010 (May)
While emphasizing the need and importance of the school libraries, the paper traces the changing scenario in which school librarians provide information to their users. The collaborative role of the government, school authorities, librarians, and teachers is stressed for the implementation of efficient school library services in India.
S. Thanuskodi
K.S. Kalyani
Information Support Systems for Small- Scale Industries in Salem District: With Special Reference to Tapioca Processing Industries (html) PDF 2010 (May)
Information resource management supports information management, which is managing the ownership, content, quality, and use of information.The research reported on in this article aimed to know how information systems are supported for small scale industries, represented here by the tapioca industry. The sample selected for the study is 155. The results of the analysis of data collected using a questionnaire found that a majority of respondents received information frequently.
Stella E. Igun Difficulties and Motivation of Postgraduate Students in Selected Nigerian Universities (html) PDF 2010 (May)
A total of two hundred questionnaires were sent to selected postgraduate schools in Nigeria. There was a 78 percent response rate. Questions inquired about difficulties encountered during the study period and motivational indices based on Maslow's theory of need were applied. The answers given were computed using percentages. Nigerian postgraduate students were found to be unmotivated and facing difficulties in their studies. The Nigerian postgraduate schools need immediate overhauling and updating to the international standard of e-study environment.
Professor Dr. Ahmed Bakeri Abubakar
Yahya Ibrahim Harande
A Snapshot of Information-Seeking Behavior Literature in Health Sciences: a Bibliometric Approach (html) PDF 2010 (May)
This study is a snapshot on the literature of information-seeking behavior in the discipline of health sciences during the years 2000-2007. A total of 801 papers were identified in Medline through the PubMed database. Bibliometric analysis was conducted to explore growth of the literature, authorship patterns, and Bradford distribution of the literature and language of dispersion of the literature. The findings indicate that there is a rapid growth of information-seeking behavior in health sciences from 2004 onward. On the language of dispersion of the literature, English was found to be dominant with score of 56 percent, followed by French with 23 percent. Bradford's distribution was used and found to be applicable to this literature despite the fact that the shape of the graph does not depict the “S” shape. The study was concentrated on two domains, nursing, with 505 papers, and psychoanalysis, with 296. Multi-author papers were scattered in both domains,constituting 66.9 percent.
Muhammad Ajmal Khan
Dr. Khalid Mahmood
A Study of the Usefulness of Pakistan Library Automation Group's (PakLAG) Services (html) PDF 2010 (May)
The paper presents the results of a survey on the usefulness of the services offered by Pakistan Library Automation Group (PakLAG). A questionnaire was distributed to participants (n=207), who included LIS practitioners, faculty, and students. Most respondents found PakLAG services very useful for their work. They praised the PakLAG's efforts to help the library community in using ICTs and gave many suggestions to improve services.
Muhammad Safdar
Dr. Khalid Mahmood
Saima Qutab
Internet Use Behavior and Attitude of College Students: a Survey of Leadership Colleges' Network (html) PDF 2010 (May)
This article reports on a survey on Internet use behavior and attitude of college students. Data were collected using a questionnaire developed after a related literature review. A total of 800 students from four campuses of Leadership College's network were chosen for the survey. Demographics (sex, age, educational level) and reasons for Internet use, availability of computer and Internet at home, training in Internet use, most-used search engines and email services, as well as attitudes of students were analyzed. Students acknowledge the worth of the Internet for learning and sharing.
Posigha Bassil Ebiwolate Nigeria Public Library Service to Rural Areas: Libraries in Niger Delta States (html) PDF 2010 (May)
The l ibrary and its services are fundamental to the socioeconomic and educational development of a nation. In the Niger Delta, a majority of the people live in rural areas and engage in fishing and farming. Library services can improve their level of literacy and education and and enhance their ability to use information relevant to their daily lives. Barriers to library service in the rural areas of the Niger Delta are poor infrastructure, inadequate funding, and inadequate staffing. Recommendations are made to improve the situation.
Rabia Iffat
Lalitha K. Sami
Understanding the Deep Web (html) PDF 2010 (May)
The article discusses the concept of Deep Web and differentiates between Deep and Surface Web. It also provides the tools and tips for searching the Deep Web.
Akobundu Dike Ugah Outsourcing for Effective Resource Management in Nigerian University Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (May)
Current economic conditions have caused many university libraries to look again at the option of outsourcing some library services. This article discusses the pros and cons of outsourcing and proposes library services that are most easily outsourced.
Sneha Tripathi
Dr. V.K. Mishra
Retrospective Conversion of Ancient Knowledge, Issues and Challenges: A Case Study of Central Library, Banaras Hindu University, India (html) PDF 2010 (May)
The paper outlines the efforts of Sayaji Rao Gaekwad Library, which belongs to Asia 's largest university system, Banaras Hindu University (BHU), to make their rich collection of manuscripts available to the world of scholars. It also includes an elaboration of the National Mission for Manuscripts of India and the affiliation of Central Library, BHU with it. A detailed account of the Central Library, BHU as Manuscript Conservation Centre is provided. The issues and future targets for the library pertaining to preservation of manuscripts are described. The paper is first to report the gradual evolution of Central Library, BHU as an essential part of the National Mission for Manuscripts, a National initiative by Ministry of Culture, Government of India.
David S. Nolen Reforming or Rejecting the Reference Desk: Conflict and Continuity in the Concept of Reference (html) PDF 2010 (May)
This paper contends that the schism between pro- and anti-reference desk librarians is not a true dichotomy. By examining the published literature on the topic, this paper asserts that the two sides actually agree that human-mediation is fundamental to references services, although the articles do examine varying methods for the delivery of reference services. While some emphasize the need to incorporate a more computer-mediated model of reference, most do not truly reject human-mediation as necessary. Those that do fail to provide a satisfactory alternative in the current social and technological context.
Mercy A. Ijirigho Use of Reproductive Health Information on Contraception among Female Undergraduates of University of Ibadan (html) PDF 2010 (May)
Survey and focus group research on a sample of female undergraduates at the University of Ibadan sought information on their use of information on contraception. Results showed that female undergraduates receive information on contraception regularly through the broadcast media and friends; however, they have only partial knowledge, because of twelve method of contraception, they are generally familiar with only three, particularly condoms. A majority have a positive perception of contraception and feel that they should be exposed to information on the adoption of contraception and that it should be discussed openly since such information is quite necessary, although they also believe that it can lead to promiscuity. Despite the support for contraception, a majority of respondents are not in favor of pre-marital sex, knowing that it is possible to become pregnant despite having knowledge of contraception.
S. Thanuskodi
V. Venkatalakshmi
The Growth and Development of Research on Ecology in India: A Bibliometric Study (html) PDF 2010 (May)
In academic and scientific work, publication is the chief means of communicating research, a primary means of recognition and reward, and a central social process in any academic or research institution. Therefore, it is through publication the scientists receive professional recognition and esteem as promotion, advancement, and funding for future research. This study analyzes the performance of scientists in the field of ecology, working in various institutions in India, in terms of growth rate, areas of research concentration, author productivity, and authorship pattern.
J.U. Igbeka
Christopher O. Ola
Use of Newspapers by Nigerian University Students: The Case of Delta State University, Anwai Campus (html) PDF 2010 (May)
Newspapers remain an important research source, as well as a means of recreation and a source of current news. A study of newspaper use by students in the Faculty of Managment Science and the Faculty of Agriculture at Delta State University, Anwai Campus, used a questionnaire and records of newspaper requests in the library to discover student preferences and their reasons for preferring particular titles. The results show a high rate of use, and a general preference for information in their disciplines and unbiased reporting.
Joginder Singh
Syed Mohd. Shahid
Changing Needs of Library and Information Science Curricula in India (html) PDF 2010 (May)
The history of LIS curricula in India and efforts to reform, modernize, and standardize are discussed. The changing world of information technology and the needs of employers should drive the standardization and updating of LIS curricula. Recommendations include a national accrediting body to articulate norms for LIS education.
Mohammad Hanief Bhat Open Access Repositories: A Review (html) PDF 2010 (May)
This article reviews recent literature on open access (OA) repositories and explores issues such as author attitudes, publisher participation, government and university initiatives, and barriers to OA.
Chinwe V. Anunobi
Benson E. Edoka
Use of ICT Facilities for Serials Functions in Southern Nigeria Federal University Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (April)
The research was conducted in southern Nigeria federal university libraries to identify the extent of ICT use for serials functions. A questionnaire was distributed to staff from the 11 federal university libraries in southern Nigeria. The results reveal that serials functions are still predominately manual, with ICT being more prominent in the serials public services and preservation functions; public services activities involving the use of ICT are mainly access to and retrieval of serials and article titles. It is recommended that university libraries should make a decision on whether to equip serials units with ICT facilities or have a systems unit where ICT-related operations will be carried out, including serials. University libraries should solicit aid from donor agencies for ICT hardware and software for serials functions.
Innocent Tuhumwire
Dr. C. Okello-Obura
Sources and Means of Access to Legal Information by Lawyers in Uganda (html) PDF 2010 (April)
Any meaningful design of information system for a user group must take into account the need to establish the sources of information and channels/means to access. This paper reports on the study instituted to determine the sources of legal information and means used to access legal information by lawyers in Uganda and propose strategic interventions. The study used survey research design with structured questionnaire to elicit the required data. The results indicate that sources outside legal literature, acts of parliament, law textbooks and judgments constitute the main sources of legal information. While constitutional, human rights, law reference and gender related needs constitute the difficult legal information to access. Highly used channels/means to access legal information include visiting law libraries, telephones and using research assistants. It concludes that concerted efforts are required by the Government of Uganda and law librarians to address issues of legal information provision to lawyers in Uganda. This is because the growth in law has led to changes in the legal publishing industry. It is recommended that provision of literature from outside law should be integrated into the legal information provision strategies. Law librarians should be proactive and mobile technologies integrated in the legal information service delivery among others.
Dr. B.U. Kannappanavar
Dr. H. M. Chidananda Swamy
User Perception of Library and Information Services in Agricultural Science Universities in South India: An Evaluative Study (html) PDF 2010 (April)
The paper explores library and information services in agricultural science university libraries in south India. A structured questionnaire collected user information on user perceptions. The University of Agricultural Sciences Library, Bangalore and the University of Agricultural Sciences Library, Dharwad ranked first and second in user satisfaction. A majority of the post graduate students (77.25 percent) and research scholars (72.04 percent) reported that their recommendation are not considered in procuring the information resources, but most faculty (78.12 percent) state that their recommendation are taken into consideration. A majority of users found the existing print collection adequate, but that electronic sources are inadequate.
Isaac Oluwadare Busayo Post-UME Screening Examination in Nigerian Universities: The University of Education, Ikere- Ekiti (Tunedik) Experience (html) PDF 2010 (April)
The Post-UME screening examination conducted by the University of Education, Ikere-Ekiti (TUNEDIK), particularly in essay writing, exposed inadequacies in most of the candidates. A total of 500 candidates were randomly selected for this study from five departments of the three foundation faculties of education, science and information technology and arts, social and management sciences. Forty percent scored 200 marks and above in JAMB, 125 candidates (25 percent) scored 190-199, also 125 candidates (25 percent) again scored 180-189 and 50 candidates (10 percent) scored 170-179 in JAMB. Ironically, only 87 out of the 200 candidates (43.5 percent), who scored 200 and above in JAMB, passed the Post-UME essay while the remaining 113 candidates (56.5 percent) scored below 40 percent. Without screening, candidates who scored 200 marks and above in JAMB would have been automatically admitted on merit, whereas many of those candidates in the score ranges of 190-199 and 180-189 did better in the Post-UME essay.
Dr. Michael Onuchukwu Okoye The Use of Impact Factor in the Appraisal of Academic Librarians in Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (April)
This study explores the degree to which academic librarians in Nigeria are committed to accepting the use of impact factor for assessing their academic performance. Fifty copies of a questionnaire were distributed and 41 returned. Descriptive statistics using means and percentages were used to generate data. A majority of the respondents disagreed that impact factor had wider acceptance than any alternative. More than half did not agree that many Nigerian scholars are reluctant to publish in international journals. Lapses in the provision of facilities which should facilitate high quality research are highlighted. It has become compelling on Nigerian universities to provide current state of the art facilities for research in their libraries. This is the first study to determine the degree of acceptance of impact factor as a parameter for appraising academic librarians in Nigeria. It also challenges librarians to publish in impact factor-ranked journals in order to acquire international recognition.
A.O. Simisaye
M.O. Quadri
Developing a Reading Habit in Children: Lagos State Library Board Summer Reading Programme Experience (html) PDF 2010 (April)
The paper discusses importance of reading in education and total development of children. The public library system has a crucial role to play in stimulating reading interest in Nigerian children, by organizing activities that will encourage children to read and use the library. It relates the experience of Lagos State Library Board in organizing summer reading programmes in the most cosmopolitan state in Nigeria. Successes, benefits, and challenges faced in this effort are highlighted and recommendations offered.
Moses A. Adeniji
Anne Omale
Teaching Reading Comprehension in Selected Primary Schools in Oyo State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (April)
The ability to read is one determiner of students' success or failure. The skill acquired in reading can promote the acquisition of language skills like listening, speaking, and writing. Some primary school pupils find it difficult to read and understand despite the fact that reading is indispensable. A questionnaire was administered to teachers of English language in five primary schools in the Ibadan northeast local government of Oyo state. The results show strong views on the role of teachers, parents, and government in the important matter of reading comprehension and literacy among primary school pupils.
Caroline Zentner-Raasch Digital Images, Management and Metadata: The Long Tail, or the Order of Order? (html) PDF 2010 (April)
This article examines the intersection points of metadata, digital images, digitization management, the long tail, and the order of order. The range of resources and information on the Internet and the World Wide Web has changed forever the landscape of information access and retrieval. This article asks why the digitization of images is a complex issue, and how metadata is related to the digitization of images.
Nelson Edewor Staff Users and Overdue Fines in Nigerian Polytechnic Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (April)
This study investigates the attitudes of staff users toward the payment of overdue fines in Nigerian Polytechnic libraries. A survey was applied to staff users of the libraries of the Delta State Polytechnic Oghara-Otefe, and Delta State Polytechnic. A total of 87 staff participated in the study. A questionnaire and oral interview were used in data collection. Findings reveal that staff users rarely pay overdue fines and would like the system discontinued. The study affirmed the fact that fines are a means of generating funds for the library and a measure to compel users to return books on time. The unwillingness of staff to pay fines and of circulation staff to collect from staff users are challenges in enforcing payment of fines. The study makes recommendations to help libraries collect fines from staff users.
Basil Enemute Iwhiwhu
Josiah Oghenero Ruteyan
Aroghene Eghwubare
Mobile Phones for Library Services: Prospects for Delta State University Library, Abraka (html) PDF 2010 (April)
A survey of staff and students at Delta State University, Abraka showed that nearly all staff and students have a personal mobile phone, but that GSM technology has not been implemented in the library. Staff and students see potential for GSM use in library services, although there are problams with infrastructure, cost, and service interruption. Recommendations are made for improving the situation and implementing GSM.
S. Machendranath
Dr. V.T. Kamble
Information Use among Working Women in the Associated Cement Company (ACC) Wadi, Gulbarga: A Survey (html) PDF 2010 (March)
This article provides insight into the information use, needs, and information-seeking behavior of the working women of ACC Ltd. Wadi, Gulbarga District, Karnataka, India. Data collected through a structured questionnaire from 100 working women are analysed. The majority of the working women have stressed the need for an adequate and varied reading material.
Dr. Esharenana E. Adomi
Dr. Emperor Kpangban
Application of ICTs in Nigerian Secondary Schools (html) PDF 2010 (March)
This paper examines ICT applications in Nigerian secondary schools. It reveals that ICTs should be adopted in Nigerian schools to improve the educational system and help the students receive a solid education, enabling them to live successfully. Though some efforts have been made to ensure the integration of ICTs in the system, the level of ICT adoption and use is low, due to poor policy/project implementation strategies, and limited/poor information infrastructure. Recommendations for improvement of ICT applications are set forth.
Abraham Tabor Etebu ICT Availability in Niger Delta University Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (March)
This study investigated availability of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in two libraries at Niger Delta University, the main library and the health sciences library. The study found that the university has an array of ICT facilities, but that automation in the libraries has not advanced, and the library has no web presence on the university website.
Aderonke O. Adeyemi ICT Facilities: Ergonomic Effects on Academic Library Staff (html) PDF 2010 (March)
ICT has fundamentally affected the operations of library and information services. Working long hours on a computer system may result in pain or other physical symptoms. A close-ended questionnaire was used to elicit information from respondents at two university libraries, the University of Lagos (Unilag) and Covenant University (CU). The study revealed tension, stress, headaches, and pain in wrist, forearm, elbow, neck or back. Good ergonomic assessment and remedial design could ensure library staff efficiency and increased productivity.
E. Ademola Adekanye Insurance Coverage in Nigerian Academic Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (March)
The study examines insurance coverage of library materials in Nigerian universities. The size of the collection, disasters experienced in the library, safety measures, and contingency plans were examined. The study found that more than 80 percent of the libraries used for the study had no insurance coverage. A larger percentage of the respondents did not have a written security policy. The study recommends comprehensive insurance coverage for university libraries.
Promise Ifeoma Ilo
Aderonke Adeyemi
HIV/AIDS Information Awareness among Market Women: A Study of Olofimuyin Market, Sango-Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (March)
Despite the efforts to check the spread of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria, deaths and new infections are recorded daily. The government has formed the National Action Committee on AIDS (NACA), the State Action Committee on AIDS (SACA), and the Local Action Committee on AIDS (LACA), to create awareness through rural extension services. This paper examines the extent to which these services are provided in Olofinmuyin market, Sango Ota. Questionnaires and interview questions were used for data collection. The Iya-loja (market mother) was interviewed. The results show that the women get much of their information at home during weekends, from hospital, and church. A total of 154 (90 percent) respondents indicated that there is a lack of HIV/AIDS programs in the market. Recommendations include rural market extension services and the need to repackage information in the form of pictures, films, and drama. People with HIV/AIDS should be protected from stigmatization so that they can freely declare their status.
Srinivasa Rao
Dr. B.K. Choudhury
Influence of Factors in Provision of Networked Services: An Empirical Study in India (html) PDF 2010 (March)
This paper briefly explores the relationship of factors in tje provision of Networked Services (NS) at National Institute of Technology (NIT) libraries in India. The factors such as Library Automation (LA), Network Infrastructure (NI), Computer Infrastructure (CI), Electronic Resources (ER), and Manpower (MA) are compared to Networked Services (NS) offered by the NIT libraries. A questionnaire was the data collection instrument. The sample size was twenty, due to the limited in number of NITs in India. A paired t-test was used to analyze the data. The survey finds that the CI, LA, and NI facilities have a statistically significant relationship with NS.
Tony I. Obaseki Automated Indexing: The Key to Information Retrieval in the 21st Century (html) PDF 2010 (March)
This paper looks at the concept of indexing and its crucial importance in library science and library services. It examines basic methods of automatic indexing and discusses advantages and barriers to this method. Recommendations for training of LIS professionals and changes to LIS curricula are made.
Nosheen Warraich MLIS Curriculum at Punjab University: Perception and Reflections (html) PDF 2010 (March)
This study explores the history of curriculum revision in the department of LIS University of the Punjab (PU) Lahore. It focuses on the perceptions of PU alumni about the MLIS curricula. It investigates their satisfaction with curriculum, learning, faculty, instructional methods, instructional facilities, etc., through a questionnaire survey. The sample of 40 professionals who were graduates of three academic years (from 2005-2007) was selected. The findings reveal that 78 percent were up to 50 perrcent satisfied with the LIS curricula. Graduates will have to develop market-oriented skills, by improving communication skills, problem-solving, knowledge of IT, presentation skills, and proficiency in English.
Tinuade O. Adewale
N.A. Ajayi
Student Librarian Work Study Programmes in Academic Libraries: An Appraisal (html) PDF 2010 (March)
This study explores whether the student work study programme of Hezekiah Oluwasanmi Library of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife Nigeria programme has lived up to the purpose of its establishment. Existing circulation statistical records and interview were used to elicit information. The results of the appraisal reveal that there are challenges and prospects; and that the programme has complemented staff shortages, assisted indigent students, and contributed to academic excellence of the participating students. It is therefore recommended that more funds should be allocated to the programme and more students should be employed.
B.O. Omotayo Access, Use, and Attitudes of Academics toward Electronic Journals: A Case Study of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife (html) PDF 2010 (March)
The paper surveys the use of electronic journals by academics at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. It considers the attitude, purpose, frequency of use, and problems encountered. The data represent responses from two hundred and forty-five academic staff. The results reveal a high percentage of use for literature search and professional development. Use is affected by problems associated with basic infrastructures prevalent in the developing countries. The academics see a bright future for electronic journals without predicting the extinction of print journals.The paper suggests that the university administration provide better basic infrastructures to encourage the use of electronic journals, while the university library should subscribe to more online journals.
S.S. Umar
I.O. Shaib
D.N. Aituisi
N.A. Yakubu
O. Bada
The Effect of Social Factors on Students' Academic Performance in Nigerian Tertiary Institutions (html) PDF 2010 (March)
Students' academic performance is influenced by social factors. These factors include romantic relationships, student cults, membership in clubs and organizations, and sports. Sampling via mid-point square approach was used to compare social variables with the students' CGPA. Both the f-test at 0.05 level of significance and regression indicate that romantic relationships and student cults have a significant effect on academic performance, while club or organization activity and excessive sporting is not significant.
Margeret U. Ugboma Provision and Use of Legal Information among Civil Rights Groups in the Oil Producing Communities of Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (March)
The study investigates the provision and use of legal information among civil rights groups in oil producing communities of Nigeria. The survey research design was employed for this study. Data was gathered by questionnaire from 127 active civil rights group members spread across ten oil producing communities in three major oil producing states of Nigeria – Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers. The data obtained were analyzed using simple percentages. Findings revealed that majority of the civil rights groups members are youths with low educational background. Findings further revealed that lack of funds, lack of legal knowledge, hoarding of information, and inability to understand legal information impede access to legal information among civil rights groups. This paper concludes that provision and use of legal information provision are imperative. Recommendations are offered to improve the situation.
Moses A. Adeniji
Olalekan A. Adekunjo
The Role and Impact of Non-Academics Staff Union (NASU) in Two Nigerian Universities (html) PDF 2010 (March)
Universities in Nigeria operate with people performing certain specialised complementary roles to make the system work. Workers e belong to one of several workers' associations (trade unions). Despite the apparently congenial industrial relations within the two university systems, dissatisfaction and disharmony have often emerged and developed from unsatisfied demands or unchecked exhibitions of managerial prerogative amongst the three existing unions, resulting in conflict and eventually leading to the disruption of academic activities. The study seeks empirical information about the impact of trade unions on university education in Nigeria. This is with a view to highlighting the problems and strengthening the relationship between labour and management in order to ensure that there is an atmosphere conducive to improved productivity.
M.O. Salaam
A.M. Adegbore
Internet Access and Use by Students of Private Universities in Ogun State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (March)
Private university students are a unique population in Nigeria. The organization and administration of these institutions, the mode of admission, and facilities in place account for the uniqueness of their students compared with their counterparts in government institutions. Students in private institutions are provided with facilities that will enhance their academic performance, which includes hostel accommodation, sporting activities, a well-equipped library, information and communication technology (Internet access), and others. Payments for such facilities are always included in tuition fees. It is the aim of this research to determine the level of accessibility and use of Internet services in these universities.
Mark Aaron Polger
Karen Okamoto
"Can't Anyone Be a Teacher Anyway? ": Student Perceptions of Academic Librarians as Teachers (html) PDF 2010 (March)
The study explores student perceptions of the academic librarian as teachers. A questionnaire was distributed to 500 students at two City University of New York colleges. Convenience and snowball sampling were employed to reach as many respondents as possible. Questionnaires were administered following a library instruction class and in the campus cafeteria. Contrary to results from previous studies, many respondents consider librarians to be teachers.
Gboyega Adio
Dr. S. O. Popoola
Demographic Variables and Self-efficacy as Factors Influencing Career Commitment of Librarians in Federal University Libraries in Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (February)
This research examines the influence demographic variables and self-efficacy have on career commitment of librarians in federal university libraries in Nigeria. The standardized self-efficacy scale developed by Schwarzer and Jerusalem (1993) and revalidated in 2007 with a reliability coefficient of 0.81 was used for data collection. The outcome of the research showed that demographic variables and self-efficacy had significant influence on career commitment of librarians working in federal university libraries in Nigeria (F (9; 352) = 11.058, p < 0.05). The study revealed that demographic variables and self-efficacy accounted for 20 percent (adj R 2 = 0.2000) in variability of career commitment of the respondents.
Abass Atiku Maidabino
Prof. Dr. Zainab Awang Ngah
Collection Security Issues in Malaysian Academic Libraries: An Exploratory Survey (html) PDF 2010 (February)
The collection is the library's most valuable asset and it needs to be protected from security breaches. Collection security is an important issue for academic libraries.This study explores the major collection security issues related to library collections in Malaysian university libraries. The study reveals the measures adopted by the Malaysian libraries to ensure effective collections security governance. The findings indicate that main breaches of collection security are book theft, damage, mutilation, or defacement; books attacked by insects or worms; and non-return of borrowed materials. The measures used to reduce and address security breaches include electronic security system; manual security approaches such as checking identity cards before access to the collections.
Fredrick Olatunji Ajegbomogun Exploiting Computer Facilities for Internal Income Generation: A Comparison of Two Nigerian Libraries (html) PDF 2010 (February)
The study focused on the exploitation of computer facilities for internal income generation in Nigerian academic libraries. It is a comparative study of Hezekiah Oluwasanmi Library, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife and Kenneth Dike Library, University of Ibadan. Questionnaires and interviews were used to obtain data from the head of libraries and librarians who were directly involved in the section where internal income are generated.The performances of the two libraries in this regard are compared and recommendations were made on how to generate money internally through various services, since library is persistently facing economic problems in carrying out their services
Florence Adeola Omoba
Beatrice Ayodeji Fabunmi
Evaluation of References in Dissertations and Theses against the Holdings in a University Library (html) PDF 2010 (February)
The evaluation of university library collections must include quantitative as well as qualitative measures. This research seeks to demonstrate a relationship between quantitative and qualitative evaluation of Kenneth Dike Library collection in the sciences. It is hypothesised that, as a result of this relationship, the larger the collection, the more likely it is that it can support PhD research in the sciences.
Stian Håklev Community Libraries in Indonesia: a Survey of Government-Supported and Independent Reading Gardens (html) PDF 2010 (February)
Reading gardens (taman bacaan) are a unique form of community libraries that have sprouted up in Indonesia since the year 2001. They represent the culmination of more than a century of development of both private and government-led efforts to bring books to people. This article surveys the current situation of community libraries in Indonesia, using statistics from the government, as well as a survey conducted among community libraries in the greater Jakarta area. It shows how independent community libraries and government community libraries are different, lists examples of typical activities that independent community libraries run, discuss the future government policies, and also assesses some of the criticisms that have been raised about the community library model.
L.F. Osinulu
O.I. Amusa
Information Technology, Quality Assurance, and Academic Library Management (html) PDF 2010 (February)
This article focuses on the roles of Information Technology and quality assurance in effective and efficient library services in Nigerian academic libraries. Issues relating to IT and quality assurance in academic libraries are discussed and recommendations offered on how quality assurance can be implemented in academic libraries.
Devendra Kumar Faculty Use of Internet Services at a University of Agriculture and Technology (html) PDF 2010 (February)
The study analyzed the use of Internet services by faculty members of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India. Sixty structured questionnaires were distributed among faculty members of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology. Faculty gave information on Internet usage, sources of information about websites, favorite search engines, problems faced by users, satisfaction with the Internet for research purposes, and facilities infrastructure available in the libraries.
Esoswo Francisca Ogbomo Publication Output of Librarians in Tertiary Institutions: A Case Study of Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (February)
The requirement to do research and publication to gain promotion and tenure is growing Nigerian academic libraries. This study surveys the literature on this topic and reports on a survey of librarians at one institution, including their research output, educational background, attendance at conferences, and barriers to doing research. Lack of education and training and lack of time were the primary factors having a negative effect on research output.
Nelson Edewor Access to Health Information by People Living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (February)
This study is a survey of access to health information by people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Nigeria. A questionnaire was used to collect data from 120 respondents. The data obtained were analysed using simple percentages. The study reveals that libraries are not used as sources of health information by PLWHA. The study recommends that libraries should repackage information for PLWHA, educate users, and organise awareness/outreach services in collaboration with NGOs on the subject of HIV/AIDS.
Md. Anwarul Islam
Dr. Muhammad Mezbah-ul-Islam
Community Information Services through Public Libraries in Bangladesh: Problems and Proposals (html) PDF 2010 (February)
Information is a key element for decision making and development. People need information to make the best use of the resources and solve problems. In Bangladesh, most people (80 percent) live in villages and Community Information Service (CIS) facilities remain low. Different organizations provide information services but these services are not always made in accordance with ommunity needs. This article discusses initiatives taken in Bangladesh and explores how public libraries can play a key role in developing CIS.
Kanwal Ameen The Culture of Collection Evaluation in Pakistan (html) PDF 2010 (February)
This article aims to bring into light the prevailing evaluation culture in university libraries of Pakistan with specific reference to physical collections. Using survey method, an attempt has been made to explore the status and practices of collection evaluation in university libraries of Pakistan. The study finds out that despite all the insistence for making systematic evaluation at international level, this practice is not common in Pakistan. In majority of the cases, only some informal, unplanned and old-fashioned methods are being used to get feedback. Finally, the study suggests that libraries need to introduce the culture of evaluation in a formal manner to get users' input and meet clients' needs in an active manner. It recommends that library schools and associations should make serious efforts to introduce professionals with whys and hows of collection evaluation process. It is assumed that the study presents some value to understand evaluation culture in other South-Asian countries which almost have similar conditions. The suggestions may be helpful for them also to foster this culture.
Kehinde Abayomi Owolabi
Mutair Afolabi Jimoh
Sylvester Chinedu Okpeh
Information Seeking Behaviour of Polytechnic Students: The Case of Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana Nigeria (html) PDF 2010 (February)
This study investigated the information-seeking behaviors of polytechnic students. Five hundred students were randomly selected and a questionnaire was used to gathering data. The findings revealed that academic information is the major reason why students seek information and the library is the major source of information.
Dr. Rubina Bhatti An Evaluation of User-Education Programmes in the University Libraries of Pakistan (html) PDF 2010 (February)
The purpose of this study was to explore and critically examine the present state of affairs regarding the provision of library user education by the university libraries of Pakistan. The study collected data by means of questionnaire, personal observation, and informal discussion with senior library staff members. Literature and Internet sources were also consulted with a purpose to explore the related studies in the field. The study indicates the need for Pakistani university libraries to improve their professional standards and to take a more active role in formulating a proper policy and aims and objectives on educating the users. Teaching the users about library structure, location and layout, resources and services is of great value. Particular importance must be given to this, to enable users to make effective and efficient use of library for independent study and research. This purpose can be achieved by developing the orientation programmes, basic bibliographic instruction and advanced bibliographic instruction based on the demands of categories of users. Various factors were found to be the contributors for inhibiting the successful execution of a quality user education programme as: lack of proper policy by the authorities, lack of assessment of library users' educational and information needs, inadequate in-service training for library staff, poor response from the students and teachers, and insufficient budget for acquiring audio-visual aids. This study has practical implications for the mangers of university libraries, librarians and information specialists for developing constructive instructional programmes. It can be useful for improving the value and meaningfulness of such projects in other kind of libraries as well. Not many studies on the user education programme have been conducted in Pakistan. This research is of the perception of students, teachers and librarians about such programmes. The key points that emerge that user education has a key role for making the users true information literate. It shows that Pakistani university libraries still has a long way to go for improving their instructional programme with purpose to bring the harmony between the teaching-learning programme of the university and library services.
B.F. Akindojutimi
Mrs. T.O. Adewale
Mrs. B.O. Omotayo
Effects of Federal Government Interventions on Collection Development in Nigerian Universities (html) PDF 2010 (January)
The paper evaluates the success of programmes of the Federal Government of Nigeria in improving funding of university libraries. The World Bank loan, 10 percent direct allocation, and the Education Trust Fund (ETF) interventions were found to be beneficial to library acquisitions. Interventions like the Petroleum Trust Fund (PTF) and National Universities Commission (NUC) central book purchase scheme as beneficial. Prudent management of funds at Hezekiah Oluwasanmi library has been of help since the stoppage of direct allocation from NUC. It is recommended that the government should involve end users of intervention programmes in planning and execution of future programmes.
Shankar Reddy Use of Information Sources by Research Scholars: A Case Study of Gulbarga University (html) PDF 2010 (January)
User studies help build need-based and balanced collections. A questionnaire was used to collect data about use of information sources by research scholars of Gulbarga University of Karnataka State. A majority of the research scholars visit the library daily, and most indicated that they visit to use the Internet. Most found the collection inadequate to meet their information needs.
Abraham Tabor Etebu Communication in the Library for Effective Administration (html) PDF 2010 (January)
Good communication is essential for a library to function effectively. It fosters an open management style, which encourages communication of ideas as a tool for effective administration. This article describes the importance of communication in the library, problems of library communication, and offers solutions to identified communication problems.

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