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Annual volume 2011

A.I. M. Jakaria Rahman
Momena Khatun
Dr. Muhammad Mezbah-ul-Islam
Education for Information Professionals in Bangladesh: A
Case Study of the University of Dhaka
PDF 2011 (December)
The objective of this study was to analysis the library education syllabuses of bachelor program of the University of Dhaka. The study was based on meticulous literature search, not only of published materials but also of official documents, archival reports, computation of secondary information and treatment of some primary data and documents available. Conversation and informal interviews with leading library educators, eminent educators, and scholars interested in libraries and working library professionals were carried out. It was found that this level has received very little attention though library needs dynamic personality with proper education to assure its ultimate goal. The Department has never conducted any survey to determine the needs of the country's libraries and information centers for the qualification of personnel required to staff such institutions as well as development of the syllabuses as per true need. The study identifies and determines the strength, finds out the problems and suggests some measures for forthcoming syllabuses as well as improving the quality of library education for the benefits of future information professionals.
Shakeel Ahmad Khan
Dr. Rubina Bhatti
Aqeel Ahmad Khan
Use of ICT by Students: A Survey of Faculty of Education at IUB PDF 2011 (December)
This study aimed to identify the usage and impact of information and communication technologies ICT on the learning process of students of faculty of education. An attempt was made to measure the use of internet by respondents for different purposes. A questionnaire was developed and distributed among the 200 students for collecting data and 164 filled in responses received giving 82 percent response rate. Result demonstrates that majority of the respondents were aged 20 to 25 (95.7 %). Majority reported that they utilize ICT at their departmental computer lab. They were found quite confident in different computer applications. They accepted that ICT has great impact on their learning process. It was found that majority of the respondents use internet daily and mostly for education purpose. The study also explored the respondent’s online information retrieval skills, their knowledge of advance searching, use of different search engines, databases and amount of time they spend in different online activities. The study discovers the problems faced by the respondents in accessing information communication technologies and online searching. Recommendations are included for maximum utilisation of ICT for study purpose and improving searching skills of the students and to eradicate their problems in accessing e-resources and online searching.
Janet Onomeh Ubogu
Rose B. Okiy, PhD
Sources of Funds in Academic Libraries in Delta State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (December)
The purpose of the study was to find out the main sources of funding for academic libraries in Delta State. The population of the study consisted of 10 respondents (representing all the heads of the 10 academic libraries in Delta State). Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The collected data were analysed with simple percentage and frequency counts. Findings revealed that government grant was the main source of fund for the libraries; that government is not funding them adequately; most of the librarians had no idea of the yearly subvention allocated to their libraries, and that not all the institution’s management release financial allocation meant for libraries regularly. Apart from government grants, other non-governmental agencies, internals and external should be involved in the funding of academic libraries.
Obidike Nnenna A. (Mrs.)
Idoko Nkechi A. (Mrs.)
The Library as an Effective Tool for Understanding the Health Status of Rural Communities in Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (December)
This paper illustrates how the Library can function or serve as an effective tool for understanding the health status of rural communities in Nigeria. For a better understanding of the term-Health status, the paper pointed out some of the parameters or indices which a librarian in partnership with community health workers, ought to consider when assessing the health status of a community. Some media used for storage and retrieval of health information as well as the various ways through which the library can make impact on health information issues were also discussed. Finally, the paper stated the need for the ministry of health, at both the state and federal levels, to partner with community libraries in our rural communities for adequate health information of the rural populace, in other to enable the health system agencies measure or assess the health status of their area population.
Mercy U. Nwegbu
Cyril C. Eze
Brendan E. Asogwa
Globalization of Cultural Heritage: Issues, Impacts, and Inevitable Challenges for Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (December)
Information technologies are increasingly changing the speed and formats with which cultural elements are distributed. The purpose of this paper therefore, is to examine some of the emerging issues, impacts, and inevitable challenges posed by globalization of Nigerian cultural heritage and make some recommendations. A review of literature on current issues on culture, globalization, and digitization was conducted and this revealed much about the new concepts, issues, and modern techniques on cultural heritage management to the authors. The paper finds colonialism, multiculturalism, weak cultural policy in Nigeria, and environmentalism, as some of the emerging issues. The paper saw the positive impacts of globalization to include; integration of Nigeria’s diverse cultures, speedy access to cultural information; digitalization, preservation, and commercialization of cultures. It has some corrosive impacts of Nigerian traditional religion, families, languages, and library operations. The challenges or the practical implications are that Nigerian governments, library and information science professionals, and cultural institutions must reposition their stand if they are not going to be by-passed in the global cultural information superhighway. This study contributes to other researches conducted in the past on culture, artefacts, cultural heritage, and cultural globalization in Africa. Its originality rests on the application of information technologies in cultural intercourse dissemination and internationalization.
Dr. B.U. Kannappanavar
Mr. Jayaprakash
Dr. M M Bachalapur
Content Analysis of Engineering College Library Websites (html) PDF 2011 (December)
Websites can be used to broadcast the activities of an institution for the public in general and students in particular. Every institution has its college website and giving maximum information that are available in the college. Library and Information centre is the strong backbone to the college for academic support. Library and Information Centre is providing many good services to the users. To create awareness to the users libraries have furnished the information in their college websites. In this paper an attempt has been made to analyse the contents of the websites of engineering college libraries in Tumkur district.
C. Chinna Balu
Dr. V. Pulla Reddy
A Survey of Engineering College Libraries in Sri Venkateswara University Area, Andhra Pradesh, India (html) PDF 2011 (December)
This study surveyed 29 engineering colleges in the Sri Venkateswara University area and used a questionnaire to examine the condition of the libraries. The users of these engineering college libraries are undergraduate students, postgraduate students, research scholars and faculty members. There are 10,560 undergraduate students, 460 postgraduate students, 175 research scholars and 2,465 faculty members in these 29 engineering colleges. In total, there are 13,660 users in these libraries. The questionnaire elicited views on use of the library, working hours, library collection, book collection, periodical collection, library services, circulation service, reference service, reprographic service, Internet facility, physical facilities, and library staff. This questionnaire was distributed to 1,853 users of engineering college libraries.
Akporhonor Blessings Amina Management of Records in University Libraries in the South-South Zone of Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (December)
The study investigated the management of records in university libraries in the south-south zone of Nigeria. The population consists of 83 librarians of the federal and state university libraries in the south-south Zone of Nigeria, which also constitute the sample. The questionnaire was used as research instrument for data collection. Eighty-three questionnaires were administered, and 77 questionnaires were retrieved from the respondents. Findings revealed that federal university libraries created more records than state university libraries, federal university libraries use more of steel shelves as storage facilities than state university libraries, federal university libraries maintained more than state university libraries. It was recommended that adequate filing and storage facilities should be provided for records management. Also adequate retention and disposal should be done. In-house training should be encouraged in federal and state university libraries.
Sunil TyagiScientists’ Perception of Use of Electronic Information Resources: A Case Study of Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine (PLIM) (html)
PDF 2011 (December)
The study sought to determine how scientists of Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine (PLIM) use Electronic Information Resources, whether print or electronic are used more, and whether there is a pattern among types of users. The aim of this study was to examine the scientists’ perception of information resource use patterns, access to types of sources and to scientific libraries, and use of particular information technologies. The problem has been studied based on the information available in the open literature and a survey conducted. A questionnaire was distributed among the Scientists of Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine (PLIM) to collect desired data. A total of 30 questionnaires were distributed to the selected sample for the current year; 25 valid samples were collected and analyzed. The result showed a growing interest in online journals. The survey showed that a majority of respondents thought that the library possessed useful online journals and databases for the scientific community. Awareness among the users about the availability of online journals was found to be highly satisfactory. Online journals were mostly used for research.
Prof. I.V. Malhan Challenges and Problems of Library and Information Education in India: An Emerging Knowledge Society and Developing Nation of Asia (html) PDF 2011 (December)
So long as the information environment remains fluid, library and information science (LIS) education programs will remain in a state of flux demanding constant change and adaptation to new developments and technologies. However, there was no time in history like today when library and information educators can offer flexible and diversified education and training programs that can suit the knowledge management needs of different sectors of economy and tailor it to any requirement of imparting specific need based skills and competencies. Standardization, evolution, and continuous improvement of library and information courses in Asia Pacific region is essential through collaborative efforts but some area of study suitable to the situations and needs of a country can however be included to such courses while implementing the programs at the national level. India is becoming the knowledge capital of the world and more than 300 Multinational Corporations have already set up their R&D facilities here. On the other hand, millions of people have no easy means to access relevant information of their concern and interest. The problem is not as much of information availabity as information accessibility and information diffusion and hence knowledge gaps do exist among organizations and individuals. According to World Bank report entitled Unleashing India’ Innovation, “the output of the economy could increase five- fold if all enterprises could achieve national best practices based on knowledge already in use in India.” The problem in India is not as much a information transforming to cutting edge knowledge assets as the information accessibility for transforming people to look at and act on opportunities that exist in various sectors of her growing economy. Scanning the complex Indian information scenario, advances in ICTs and newly emerging knowledge management tools, this paper portrays the challenges and problems of LIS education in India. Results: Discusses that current LIS education models in India focus on the functionality of document procurement, document organization, document supply, database development and the Internet search assistance. The new knowledge resource based models are looking for information professionals who can quickly provide problem solving information indicating useful new ideas. Such models focus on unabated supply of refined, reliable need based information for continuous learning and preparing and motivating thinking minds for most appropriately and competitively doing the assigned jobs. Several libraries around the globe are metamorphosing to learning resource centers and a number of new ideas such as game playing; problem solving and collateral information search are being tested in library environments to make them a place for just in time joyful learning. Concludes that LIS programs must match contemporary information systems, take advantage of global technological developments, but conform to local situations. Greater level of collaboration is also required among the library schools and other stakeholders for having state of the art LIS programs in place. The paper suggests that library schools in the Asia pacific region should collaborate to identify skills and competencies and build curricula that not only match dynamics of the knowledge society but also create excellent opportunities and better placements for their graduates
Farzana Shafique
Sarwat Mukhtar
A Private Library with Valuable Intellectual and Cultural Heritage: A Case of Masood Jhandeer Research Library (html) PDF 2011 (December)
This study aimed to explore the status of intellectual and cultural heritage at Jhandeer Library of Mailsi, Punjab. To achieve the objectives of the study the data were acquired about collection, acquisition, technical processes, environment, methods of preservation and conservation and other facilities of the library. Different data collection methods were used for the study such as interviews and document analysis. Recommendations have been furnished for strengthening the library’s intellectual and cultural heritage. The library is one of the greatest libraries in private sector which has the large and precious collection of manuscripts and rare books in Pakistan. It contains one hundred and twenty thousand books in Urdu, English, Punjabi and Saraiki on all important topics. It has more than one thousand copies of the Holy Quran written in different calligraphic designs. It has two thousand hand-written books on religion. Of these rare books, some are antique while others are gold written. Different portions of the library are arranged harmoniously. It is exclusively a reference library. It also provides a free hostel facility to the readers and research scholars. It has special arrangements for the preservation of rare material.
Dr. Y. Srinivasa Rao Correlation among Library Facilities: An Analytical Study (html) PDF 2011 (December)
Libraries are a central part of the academic system. They are imperatively empowered and enriched by their facilities. These facilities help the users (faculty, students and researcher) not only to loan physically available resources but also help them to browse and search catalogues, access databases and avail services simultaneously. Provision of multiple library facilities and their correlation can have a strong impact on institutional outcomes. Therefore, this study has been conducted with an aim to determine the correlation among the facilities such as Library Automation (LA), Network Infrastructure (NI), Computer Infrastructure (CI), Electronic Resources (ER), and Manpower (MA) and Networked Services (NS) of various National Institute of Technology (NIT) libraries in India that can be exploited in practice. A methodology used for collecting data was questionnaire. The strength of relationship among the library facilities is measured strongly or moderately or weakly using a statistical technique called ‘Pearson Correlation Coefficient’. The scope of this study was confined only to 20 NIT libraries across the country concerning the library facilities such as LA, NI, CC, ER, MA and NS. From the findings the empirical evidences indicate that LA has a strong (87%) correlation with NS. Rest of the pairs such as LA-CI (71%), LA-ER (56%), LA-MA (62%); CI- ER (68%), CI-MA (63%), CI-NS (63%); ER-MA (51%), ER-NS (67%); MA-NS (64%) have moderate correlation among them excluding NI at 5% significance level. The study concludes that the facilities among NIT libraries are positively and linearly correlated with each other except NI. In spite of functional and administration differences, majority of the NIT libraries are at developmental stage in implementing all facilities. Moreover, many libraries have strong hold on library automation and services facilities at their end.
Dr. Rubina Bhatti
Mrs. Mahe Bushra Asghar
Mrs. Sarwat Mukhtar
Tariq M. Chohan
Internet Use by Social Scientists at the Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan: A Survey (html) PDF 2011 (November)
This paper aims to assess the use of Internet by social scientist in BZ University, Multan. It studies the pattern of internet usage, purpose, sources, online services utilisation, and problems encountered. Convenient places and timings for internet consultation and use of search engines are also analysed. The study used a survey questionnaire (expert-reviewed and pilot-tested). It was applied to 70 social scientist from the Faculty of Social Sciences. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics: frequency counts and percentages. A vast majority use intenet for for teaching (57%), resaerch (31%) for doing Mphil and PhD (34%). 25% social sciectists consult internet for guiding research studnets and 17% for writing a resaerch paper for a journal or conference. Databases, e-journals, online indexing and abstracting services are used by 35%, 34%and 28% respectively. E-mail service is being utilised by a large majority (85%) followed by WWW (78%). Social scientists use academically-oriented mailing lists, Listservs, and News group 38%, 32% and 47% respectively. 28% respondents spend 10-8 hours a week, followed by 6-4 hours by 25%. 34% use their university main library whereas 31% prefer home for inter usage, Goggle is widely used search engine by social scientists (68%) followed by yahoo 55%. An interesting picture is portrayed regarding the benefits of internet perceived by social scientists and sources of learning use of internet. 38% pointed out that lack of knowledge and training about internet information retrieving techniques is a major problem. Lack of awareness, expensive subscription, English language material, slow speed and lack of time are the other problems mentioned by the respondents. The findings of the study has practical implications for the library staff in IT section in BZU Multan to improve their Library’s homepage. More computers need to be provided in the main library and departmental libraries with internet facilities.
O. Olajide
F.A. Fabunmi
Lecturers' Perception of the Adequacy of Resources and Services of University of Ado-Ekiti Library (html) PDF 2011 (November)
The study surveyed the lecturers’ perception of the adequacy of resources and services of university of Ado- Ekiti library, Nigeria. The main purpose of the study is to identify various resources and services available in the university library and level of satisfaction with lecturers. The research design used for this study is the descriptive research design of the survey type and instruments used were interview and structured questionnaire administered to lecturers in the university. One hundred copies of questionnaire were distributed to the lecturers of the university. A total of 82 filled questionnaires were retrieved from the institution and this was used for the analysis, representing response rate of (82%). The results of the study revealed that lecturers were not satisfied with most of their library resources and services. Recommendations like provision of ICT resources that could facilitate consortium among the libraries of the same aims and objectives, alternative to the problem of erratic power supply, etc. were proffered for increase patronage and effective utilization of the university library resources and services by lecturers for their information needs.
Isaac Oluwadare Busayo The School Library As a Foundational Step To Childrens' Effective Reading Habits (html) PDF 2011 (November)
This study looks at the import of school library as the “nest” where the foundation of childrens’ reading habit can be laid/ formed.Mothers, on the other hand, can be said to be the first teacher to their baby.Baby starts to learn and comprehend things as soon as he or she is born. Parents are always teaching their kids through talking nice things to them. They read stories and sing poems for them- hug them with lot of affection and love. Teaching starts from the first day when the kid is born. Reading is just another skill that needs more effort both from the parents as well as their kids, because they spend more hours together at home.The main key to become a good reader is an exposure to the reading habit very early in the kid’s life. It is also a factor of an early exposure to the wonderful world of languages. The more the kids get an exposure to quality language, the better will be his or her ability to become a good reader.Thus, parents, teachers, librarians, government, school libraries, and the mass media are stalkholders who have specific roles to play as herewith recommended, to aid reading right from the nursery/primary level of education.
Gabriel Olatunde Onifade
Fehintola Nike Onifade
Staffing Patterns of State Colleges of Education Libraries in Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (November)
This study examines the staffing pattern of state colleges of Education libraries in Nigeria. Out of 39 copies of questionnaires sent out to the College Librarians, 20 copies were returned and were used for this analysis. The study reveals that out of 190 staff employed by the state colleges of education libraries, 91 (47.9%) were professionals while 99 (52.1%) were sub-professionals. 63 (69.2%) of the librarians were male while 28 (30.8%) were female. Only 1 college library is operating below the required number of staff recommended by National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE). It is also discovered that 43 (47%) librarians are first degree holders, while 46 (51%) librarians have master’s degree and 2(2.2%) librarians are PhD degree holder. However, the study also shows that the ratio of librarians to the volume of collections and population served by these libraries is quite inadequate. Recommendations were also made to improve on the staffing situation in order to provide quality services.
Oshiotse Andrew Okwilagwe A Model for Adoption and Application of ISBD in Book Publishing in Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (November)
This study highlights the convergence of professional interests and objectives of the librarians and the publishers for information creation, dissemination and use. The study revealed that the publishers and the librarians have a common zeal to creating easy access to information resources for the “right of individuals to learn”. The convergence is in the domain of International Standard Book Description (ISBD) created by the librarians and used by the publishers. It is symbiotic; mutually satisfying and professionally edifying for the librarians and the publishers for the benefit of mankind. There is, however, a problem of adoption and application of ISBD by Nigerian publishers arising from ignorance and lack of awareness of the existence and relevance of ISBD to the publishing business. An advocacy model designed for the propagation of adoption and use of ISBD in Nigeria is presented in this study. It is christened ISBD Adoption and Application Model (ISBD-AAM). It encompasses the entire scenario and the roles of both the librarians and the publishers in the realm of universal availability of publications. It is expected that the adoption and application of ISBD-AAM would not only enhance quality book publishing, profitable marketing of books nationally and internationally by Nigerian publishers but would assist in the provision of easy access to books through the professional activities of the librarians.
Jide Owoeye Information Communication Techonology (ICT) Use as a Predictor of Lawyers' Productivity (html) PDF 2011 (November)
The study examined the availability and use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) as predictors of lawyers’ productivity in Lagos State, Nigeria. The study adopted survey research using purposive sampling technique which produced a total of number 615 lawyers in 40 law firms surveyed. Data for the study was collected with the use of a well structured questionnaire, which were administered on 805 lawyers out of whom 615 representing 76.4% were returned and analyzed for the study. Findings showed that lawyers in the various laws firms have access to some ICT facilities especially desktops, laptops (PCs), telephones, the Internet. Other ICT facilities were not available due to inadequate funding, poor infrastructure, management problems, etc. The study recommended that more ICT facilities should be procured in order to increase and speed up administration of justice in Lagos state, Nigeria. Lawyers should be encouraged to imbibe the spirit of change through training and retraining programmes in ICT skills.
Muzammil Tahira
Rose Alinda Alias
Kanwal Ameen
Seeking Online Information Sources among Science Faculties of Developing Countries (html) PDF 2011 (November)
This study reports the trends and practices of seeking online information sources of Science faculties of a university of developing country. The focus was to explore their trends and practices of accessing and using online sources in both modes, i.e. Open Access (OA) and Subscribed Access (SA) to meet their academic and research information. Quantitative design of research, based on a self-completion structured questionnaire survey was used. Surveyed population consisted of whole full time S&T teachers working in the 25 institutions/colleges/departments of all four S&T faculties viz. Sciences, Life Science, Engineering & Technology and Pharmacy. Total response rate was 71% (156 out of 220 existed members). Frequency measure, descriptive statistics (mean (µ) and further, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used to analyze, interpret and draw conclusions. The survey results report valuable information regarding the digital access culture of this community. Though these are not considered extremely important and nor, are fully exploiting. Yet both modes are playing important and complementing role in meeting the e-scholarly needs of this community. It also discloses that there is no significant difference exists regarding the importance, use of both modes and adequacy level of subscribed sources among faculties. Comparative analyses show no significant difference between the importance and use of these both modes in meeting the e-information. This study is the first account of the utilization of available online modes by Science faculties of university.
Nnenna A. Obidike Rural Farmers' Problems Accessing Agricultural Information: A Case Study of Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (November)
The least expensive input for improved rural agricultural development is adequate access to knowledge and information in areas of new agricultural technologies, early warning systems (drought, pests, diseases etc), improved seedlings, fertilizer, credit, market prices etc. The present study examines the constraints which hinder rural farmers in Nsukka local government area of Enugu state, Nigeria from accessing agricultural information for improved crop production and better animal husbandry practice. Random sampling technique was used to select five villages in Nsukka Local Government Area (LGA), and a total of 100 farmers were sampled. Instruments used for data collection for this study were questionnaire and scheduled interview. Collected data were analyzed statistically. Lack of access roads for regular visits of extension officers, poor public relation of some extension staff, poor radio and television signals, none availability of power supply in most Nsukka villages, lack of funds to purchase newsletters, leaflets on agricultural information; illiteracy and inability of radio and television stations in Enugu State to broadcast agricultural information programmes in native Nsukka dialect stand out as the major impediments to Nsukka rural farmers’ respondents in their bid to have access to agricultural information. The study recommends that mitigating the identified constraints , would require the effort of both the state (Enugu State) and Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) in working towards the development of telecommunications infrastructure in all the rural communities in Nigeria (e.g. Nsukka rural communities) so as to enable the rural farmers have uninterrupted access to agricultural information for optimal productivity.
A.A. Salman
O.I. Amusa
Business Planning, Information Preference, and Information Use as Factors in Banking Operations in Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (November)
This study employed a survey to investigate the impact of business planning and information preference and use as predicting the performance of banks in Nigeria. A questionnaire was administered to 300 managers in 24 banks operating in Nigeria. The managers at bank headquarters and major branches were used for the study. Analysis of data collected revealed that planning and provision of relevant information sources on banks and banking are crucial to good performances of banks in Nigeria. The study also identified the information source preferences of the bankers, which are information sources in electronic format. The study recommends the need for managers to take proper planning of their business activities into consideration along with provision of efficient information systems to enhance their operations and productivity.
Dr. G. Buchandiran An Exploratory Study of Indian Science and Technology Publication Output (html) PDF 2011 (November)
The study provides the empirical data and results derived from the extraction and analysis of India’s performance in science as viewed from the publication profile reflected in the international database Expand Science Citation Index(SCI). The papers extracted from SCI database are analysed for the subject orientation, institutional Productivity, citation impact of such productivity and the relative change in the observed period. The data and results presented in the study serve as an instrument in identifying the scientific research carried out in India. It is acknowledged that a refined assessment depends on comparing the scientific input and output where the publications serve as a part of the output.
Pallab Pradhan
Rajesh Chandrakar
Indian LIS Literature in International Journals with Specific Reference to SSCI Database: A Bibliometric Study (html) PDF 2011 (November)
The Social Science Citation Index in Web of Science indexes 80 International LIS electronic journals published worldwide. The present study shows a quantitative view of the growth of Indian scholarly literature in the field of Library and Information Science versus the world as a whole and their publishing trend by analyzing the different aspects like authors, sources, references, and countries etc. for the period 2000-2009. The data used in this study were collected with utmost cautions from ISI-Web of Science and analyzed quantitatively in order to get an overview of the literature growth per year, authorship pattern, and other related bibliometric phenomenon. Here, the authors have taken the data of published articles while leaving others such as bibliographical-item, book reviews, correction, editorial material, letter, proceedings paper, review, meeting-abstracts, correction, news item etc. There were a total of 228 articles published in International LIS e-journals during 2000-2009 contributed by 300 authors among which 246 were Indian authors. During the span of 10 years, it was found that only 10 Indian authors have contributed more than 5 articles each. Almost all articles were written by more than one author where average number of authors per article is 2.04 %. Most of the papers received few citations on an average of 3.02. The overall study clearly provides an idea about the productivity of Indian authors and their international contribution to the LIS research.
Seema Vasishta
Dr. Navjyoti
Trends in the Use of E-journals: A Case Study of PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh (html) PDF 2011 (November)
In this paper an attempt has been made to analyze changing trends in scholarly communication with respect to emerging e-journals. Nearly 93 responses of a questionnaire survey have been analyzed and presented herewith to elicit the opinions and reactions of the users about e-journals. Besides studying the use of e-journals, the paper also examines the satisfaction of users with respect to the facilities provided for accessing e-journals. Finds out that a majority of the users are aware of the facility of e-journals being provided by the library under study but a good number of them are only partially satisfied with this facility. Concludes that library should undertake regular awareness programs about e-journals so as to increase their optimum use.
Norshila Shaifuddin
Masitah Ahmad
Wan Nor Haliza
Wan Mokhtar
Rural Youth's Perceptions of Information Sources and Rural Library Services (html) PDF 2011 (November)
The research conducted with the purpose to obtain insight into how rural youths discover, select and use of information sources and their perceptions on rural library services. This type of research is descriptive in nature. This study was conducted a convenience sampling technique. The study population consisted of rural youth from Kuala Selangor areas. The research was accomplished by questionnaire survey methodology. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to create, clean and analyze the data set. Descriptive statistics were generated to summarize all major variables selected from the data set. Frequency distribution on all variables on the questionnaire was done to get the overall picture of how the respondent’s responded to each question on the survey instrument. Two major outcomes are revealed as a result of the research. The first is the information needs of rural youth that can be useful for information providers to plan information services for rural youth. The second is a rural youth’s perception on rural library services. It shows rural youths have a strong interest on information that relates to their needs, mainly information about continuing education, computer and internet technologies. Other information regarded as important were career information and health information. This information needs have been included for several reasons: ‘to make an important decision’, ‘to gain new knowledge’ and ‘for doing day to day work’. They spent at least one hour a week for active information seeking. The results discover some problems that rural youths encountered while searching the information. Such problems are lack of money, have no information center and lack of computer facilities. In regard to the rural library services, rural youths seem to not satisfy with the most of library infrastructures. These infrastructures consist of library collection, Internet services, library staff and program activities. They suggest three possible solutions to improve the library services. These are increasing promotional activities, providing a variety of sources and placing knowledgeable staffs in the library. The research makes contribution to rural library practice. Practically, there are implications for rural library planning: implication for rural library services and infrastructures, and implication for rural library administrators and staff in providing those services to the rural youth. The study concludes with recommendations for future research in the hope that further insights to other geographical areas of the country to determine the similarities and dissimilarities. Other recommendations for further study should regard to the roles and responsibilities of rural libraries in meeting rural youths’ needs and accessing the perceptions of all rural populations, those not included in the present student such as children, housewife, and senior citizens.
Anthony Agena Igbashal
Jacob F. Tsegba
Bibliographic Control of Publications: The Impact on African Countries (html) PDF 2011 (November)
Reactivation of bibliographic control activities in Africa has become pertinent, inevitable and urgent to awaken Africa from bibliographic slumber. The authors have examined some historical developmental facts about bibliographic control activities on African Continent. But these were not without problems which were considered , examined and discussed. They include lukewarm attitudes towards embracing ICT, publishers non-compliance with depository laws, lack of suitable software for library automation, weak legal deposit laws and poor funding of ICT projects amongst others. Lastly, they suggested some ways for enhancing bibliographic control activities that will place Africa on bibliographical global information superhighway.
Julie E. Ilogho The Rising Population of Aliterates in Nigerian Schools: Role of School Libraries (html) PDF 2011 (November)
This paper examines aliteracy and the factors responsible for its spread among those who can read especially young people in school. Decline in reading among young people in the society has been blamed on several factors some of which include lack of reading materials, poverty, and lack of reading skills. Research in recent times discovered that lack of reading could result from factors such as lack of interest, motivation, attitude toward reading and others like sports, music, arts, and very recently ICT technologies like internet surfing, computer games, DVD films etc. The paper also highlighted possible consequences of aliteracy as it affects individuals and society. The library can play a role in the fight against aliteracy in schools, especially school libraries through campaigns and reading promotion programmes backed by school authorities.
Mohammad Nazim
Dr. Bhaskar Mukherjee
Status of Institutional Repositories in Asian Countries: A Quantitative Study (html) PDF 2011 (November)
With the increasing use of information and communication technologies and availability of open sources software packages most of the institutions are maintaining institutional repository or archive to collect, preserve, and make accessible the intellectual output created by the scholarly communities of that institutions. There are more than 1800 Institutional Repositories (IRs) world wide of which more than 50% are in USA, UK, Germany and Spain. There has been relatively little systematic examination of the actual state of deployment of IRs in Asian countries. The sole purpose of this study is to identify the present status of IRs in the countries of Asia. The factual data of each individual repository was collected from various Directories of IRs by using survey method. Data is analyzed in terms of quantity of IRs increased during last five years, country-wise IRs and number of objects, types of materials archived, subject coverage, software used, language of interface of IRs, host domains, and policy of IRs. The results of the study suggest healthy growth in terms of quantity of IRs increase in Asian countries; however, the development is more prevalent in a few countries. The subject analysis of the IRs indicates that the institutes in the field of sciences and technology are more interested to create IRs than social sciences, arts and humanities. Currently the IRs mostly housed traditional (print-oriented) scholarly publications and grey literature, using DSpace software and most of these materials were of English language. However, the policy of content inclusion, submission and preservation is yet to be well defined in IRs.
Brendan Eze Asogwa Digitization of Archival Collections In Africa For Scholarly Communication: Issues, Strategies, and Challenges (html) PDF 2011 (November)
The purpose of this paper is to discuss approaches to digitization of archival collections by examining the principles, benefits, strategies, and critical challenges involved in digitization of archives and records in Africa. It sees reduction in tears and wears in over-handling of the physical materials, high demand for the records, raising of the profile and prestige of archival institutions in Africa as some of the justifications for digitizing and archiving government documents. A review of literature on current issues in archives, electronic records, and digitization was conducted which revealed much about the new concepts, issues, and modern techniques in archival management to the author. Planning, developing digitization policies, respect of the intellectual property rights, are some of the strategies for embarking on digitization project; while constant changes in computer hardware and software, poor archival legislation, and low human capital development in Africa constitute the greatest bottlenecks for digitization initiatives in Africa. Due to technological obsolescence, archivists in Africa must be conscious of the dangers inherent in emulation, migration and refreshing as the best alternative to maintain the longevity, sustainability, and accessibility of digitized archives in the electronic environment.This paper provides useful information that educates and challenges analogue archivists, librarians, curators, historians, researchers, civil servants/government officials, legislator, and educators in Africa on issues and challenges posed by e-government and electronic records in the management of archives and records.
Anthony Agena Igbashal
Jessica Aheman Agoh
Universal Bibliographic Control of Publications in Nigeria: The Journey So Far (html) PDF 2011 (November)
The authors considered the earliest efforts and progress made by some bibliographers on bibliographic control in Nigeria. Then, they reviewed some research works carried out on bibliographic control on Nigerian publications and noted the decline in interest on this topic in the past three decades or so. After postulating some food for thought in respect of the 1950 legal deposit laws enacted by the colonial masters and some amendments up to 1973, they suggested some strategies on how to revive bibliographic control activities in Nigeria.
Dr. Rais Ahmed Samdani
Dr. Rubina Bhatti
Doctoral Research in Library and Information Science by Pakistani Professionals: An Analysis (html) PDF 2011 (November)
The purpose of this study is to outline the doctoral level research activities by Pakistani professionals in the field of library and information science from Pakistani and foreign universities since the commencement of library education in Pakistan to date. The researchers conducted a comprehensive review of related literature. The multi-disciplinary approach was used, questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were used in the study together with personal communication with faculty members in all library schools. The study endeavors to provide information about PhD research conducted by Pakistani LIS professionals from any university of the world including Pakistan, statistics from 1947 to 2010 are given. It traces the origin and growth of doctoral programmes in LIS in Pakistan. The study also portrays number of doctoral theses, chronology wise, decade wise, university wise and subject wise The study reveals that 28 doctoral degrees have been awarded so for to Pakistani professionals in the field of library and information science. Among them 19 doctoral degree awarded to Pakistani professionals by the foreign universities and only 9 doctoral degrees awarded from Pakistani universities. Their topics of PhD research are included. The findings pointed out that the situation of doctoral research in LIS in Pakistan is quite unsatisfactory as during the last 63 years (1947 – 2010), only 9 PhD degrees was awarded by the Pakistani universities. The study can be useful for students, researchers, faculty and librarians for understanding the growth of LIS research at PhD level. Steps should be taken by the policy makers, library schools and Higher Education Commission to improve the current situation. Advanced facilities and grants should be given to researchers in Pakistan and HEC should provide more scholarships to LIS professionals for promoting research. Very few studies on this topic have been conducted in Pakistan. The key points that emerge research play an imperative role for the growth of a profession, so for this profession to thrive, serious steps must be taken at all levels.
Ajay Kumar
S. N. Singh
Akhilesh K.S. Yadav
An Investigation of Use of Information Sources by Social Scientists (html) PDF 2011 (October)
This study is based on data collected through questionnaires given to social scientists of Mizoram University, a central university in India. Goals of the research were to investigate the use of formal and informal sources of information by social scientists; to discover the degree to which they make use of various types of information; methods used to communicate, and availability of information sources and services in Mizoram University.
Dr. C. Okello-Obura
Dr. James Matovu
SMEs and Business Information Provision Strategies: Analytical Perspective (html) PDF 2011 (October)
The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of business information provision mechanism for SMEs with a view of highlighting aspects critical in any business information provision modalities. It makes a reflection on SMEs as information user groups, highlights notable challenges faced in the business information chain and gives an account of the ICTs impact on business information provision to SMEs. To inform decision making regarding appropriate business provision, some aspects from three countries are highlighted. The guiding principles for developing effective business development services are outlined. The article concludes by a call for the adoption of serious information provision strategies and makes useful recommendations for business information providers, academicians and policy makers. The provision of business information to the SMEs is crucial. However, this must be based on a clear understanding of the basic ingredients crucial for any meaningful design to take place. This review highlights important issues that business information providers should take into consideration. It provides a platform for business information providers and policy makers, academicians in LIS profession to rethink best practices to curtail challenges in business information provision to SMEs.
Gulam Rasul
Ashok Kumar Sahu
Use of IT and Its Impact on Service Quality in an Academic Library (html) PDF 2011 (October)
The present research assess the impact of Information Technology (IT) on services quality as perceived by library users of IIMT, and to understand the status of IT supported resources, facilities & services in IIMT Library. The research was carried out among the students and faculty members of the IIMT. The result of the study observed gaps in customer’s perception of quality of library resources and services against their expectations. The study identifies some features that could influence customer’s expectations and their perceptions of services quality. This Study may help those libraries, who are seriously interested to develop user satisfaction by provide better service to the users. It also suggests some recommendations about increasing the user satisfaction in the library services with application of IT.
Saima Qutab
Farzana Shafique
Job Descriptions of Government Librarians in Pakistan (html) PDF 2011 (October)
Libraries all over the world are facing diversified service challenges posed by a mix of traditional information seekers and Google generation’s call of technology features. These multi-facet demands and kinds of users’ community have increased the list of responsibilities and skills required by the librarians. Selection of right person for the right job is the greatest challenge for library administration. This includes two main elements; nature of job descriptions defined or advertised by the administration and the availability of required human resources in the market. Only the right mix of these two essentials can ensure the selection of appropriate personnel for the delivery of high quality services to the diversified user community. Specific job description is not well practiced in Pakistan especially in the government sector, which mostly results in the hiring of inappropriate personnel in the government libraries. No such study has been conducted to-date to find out the status of librarians’ job descriptions advertised by the government hiring agencies. Keeping this need in view, this study aims at reviewing the current library job descriptions in government sector; their strengths and weaknesses; characterized skills and qualifications needed by specific type of libraries in IT era. An analysis of 212 job ads published in selected newspapers and list-serves over a period of three years (2007 to 2010) was conducted to understand the current market trends. Personal interviews were also conducted for better understanding of the phenomena under study. Findings of the study can be directly useful for the government employers and library employees in Pakistan, students for career selection, LIS educationists for curriculum revision and researchers for further research. The study will also assist the government officials in inducting the right persons for challenging jobs in the libraries.
Chimezie Patrick Uzuebgu
Nnamdi Emmanuel Onyekweodiri
The Professional Visibility of the Nigerian Library Association: A Report of Survey Findings (html) PDF 2011 (October)
This paper investigated the professional visibility of Nigerian library association (NLA). The descriptive survey method was adopted for this study. Data collected and analyzed was based on 200 non-librarians in Abia state and 25 librarians who are registered members of NLA in the Abia state chapter. 68.5% of the non-librarians whose knowledge of NLA was explored have not heard or know of NLA, while 76% of the librarians, whose opinions were gathered, agreed that NLA is not visible in Nigeria. The paper concludes that NLA, like other professional associations in Nigeria, should find a perceptible niche in the Nigerian community.
Sunil Tyagi Use of Information Resources and Services at Delhi Public Library (DPL): A Survey (html) PDF 2011 (October)
This research sought to determine the use of Information Resources and Services at Delhi Public Library, Delhi. A well structured 120 questionnaires were distributed among DPL users during the academic session 2010-11 to find out the use Information Resources and Services at Delhi Public Library. The questionnaires were checked and out of 109 filled questionnaires returned 105 (96.33%) were found fit for analysis and out of which 04(03.67%) were considered unusable. The present study demonstrates and elaborates the various aspect of use of information resources and services, physical facilities available and collection of DPL. Identifies the levels of use of various services provided. Highlights problem faced by the users and satisfaction level of users with central library collection. Suggestions have been given to make the service more beneficial for the academic community of the mentioned library.
Helen Komolafe-Opadeji A Ten-Year Descriptive Review of Book Acquisitions Trends, Challenges, and Current Issues in a Nigerian Medical School Library (html) PDF 2011 (October)
Inadequate funding has made collection development probably the most difficult and frustrating aspect of Nigerian university librarianship. The paper is a ten-year descriptive analysis of book acquisitions in Nigeria’s premiere medical library, considering trends, issues and challenges. The study reviewed book acquisition statistics reported in the library’s annual reports between 1999-2008. The comparative ten-year book acquisitions review, led to findings such as: irregular book collections due to inadequate funding, non-active acquisitions policy, dependence on uncensored gifts and donations irrespective of their ages. Doable recommendations as regards financial and acquisitions challenges are, commercialization of some library services, soliciting current book donations from friends of the library, repackaging topical (health) information for and library consultancy services.
K.S. Sivakumaren
Dr. V. Geetha,
B. Jeyaprakas
ICT Facilities in University Libraries: A Study (html) PDF 2011 (October)
This paper examines ICT infrastructure available in university libraries. A majority of the libraries surveyed have automated library activities. The survey results also reveal the software and other technologies implemented in the libraries. A majority of the libraries have not introduced new services such as a digital library, e-learning service, and digitization.
Abdulwahab Olanrewaju Issa, PhD
Agun Emmanuel Ayodele
Usman Abubakar
Mulikat Bola Aliyu
Application of Information Technology to Library Services at the Federal University of Technology, Akure Library, Ondo State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (October)
It has been observed that the application of Information Technology to services delivery in tertiary institutions’ libraries in Nigeria is scanty thereby making its effects restricted. This study is therefore, geared towards investigating the effects of Information Technology applications on library services and use at the Federal University of Technology Akure if these facilities are available and put into effective use. In order to successfully carry out this study, a survey research method was adopted using questionnaire and interview as the major instruments for data collection. This was complemented by personal observation. Descriptive statistical method was used for data presentation, analysis and interpretation. This employed the use of tables and the description of the findings as highlighted in the tables. It was revealed at the end of the study that a very limited number of IT facilities exist in the tertiary institutions’ libraries in Akure thereby limiting its impact. It lessens the works of the staff, the library’s online journals supplement the available journals in the library, and makes research easier for the users. Recommendations are also given to ameliorate the present situation. Some of these include the provision of adequate fund for the procurement and maintenance of Information Technology facilities, provision of constant power supply, and meeting the training needs of both staff and users of these libraries.
Chinwe Nwogo Ezeani, PhD
Ifeanyi J Ezema
Digitizing Institutional Research Output of University of Nigeria, Nsukka (html) PDF 2011 (October)
This paper is an examination of the digital preservation of the University of Nigeria’s institutional based research outputs. After an initial fitful start the digitization initiative of the University of Nigeria Nsukka (U.N.N) has fully taken off. This paper seeks to bring out the major issues and challenges of the work through the first hand experience of members involved in the initiative. Six research questions guided the study. A twenty item questionnaire was distributed to the respondents who comprised of the total population of both librarians and the technical staff mainly from the university’s department of Management and Information Systems (MIS) directly involved in the project. The results of the findings show that librarians in the project are yet to fully possess the whole gamut of the skills needed for the job, particularly skills dealing with book marking, rasterization of the scanned documents and troubleshooting the equipment for the project. The paper recommends more training for library staff, procurement of more state-of-the equipment, inclusion of digitization skills in the Library and Information Science curriculum, the continued synergy between the library and MIS in terms of resource sharing and technical support even though the project will be domiciled in the library. The paper advocates that since digitization encourages the development of local contents and the sharing of digital resources among libraries within the country and beyond that Nigerian Libraries should adopt this initiative for the preservation of their institutions heritage resources.
M. Hossam Haider Chowdhury
Md. Nazim Uddin, PhD
Hasina Afroz
Md. Abdul Hayee Sameni
Building Institutional Repositories in Bangladesh Using Dspace: A New Paradigm of Scholarly Communication (html) PDF 2011 (October)
Institutional Repository (IR) and Digital Library (DL), are relatively new concepts in Bangladesh. IR may be considered as the first step of open access to research output. Library professionals in Bangladesh understand and realize the benefits of open access, yet open access initiatives have been very few at higher learning institutions. The Government of Bangladesh also issued the Right to Information (RTI) Act 2009 in the Bangladesh Gazette on 6 April 2009, encouraging open access. However, there are many challenges, difficulties, resources constraints, and other limitations in establishing IR and DL. Despite these difficulties, some research organizations and institutions, such as the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) and BRAC University (BU) have taken initiatives to build IR and DL using DSpace software. In this article, an attempt has been taken to describe the current status of IR and DL in Bangladesh. The two above-mentioned institutions already started their project and have made significant progress in building the IR. To provide a detailed analysis of the literature on IR and digital resources, many webliographic sources, institutional librarians, and organizations were consulted. Then the situation analysis of institutional repositories, their documentary sources, workshop experience, and direct observations in understanding the current status has been performed. This paper shares the experience of ICDDR,B and BU as well as opinion of other institutions with regards to establishment of IR and DL in Bangladesh using open source soft ware DSpace. Researchers are also encouraged to get free online access to research outcomes. The open access movement and IR could contribute significantly to economic growth of the respective country by providing access to scholarly materials without the economic barriers that currently exist in scholarly publishing.
Olusola Bamidele Bamigboye
Idayat Odunola Agboola
Availability and Accessibility of Internet Facilities in Nigerian University Libraries: A Case Study of Two Federal Universities in South West Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (October)
This study examines the availability and accessibility of Internet facilities in two Nigerian university libraries, the University of Ibadan and the University of Lagos. Three hundred copies of a questionnaire were administered to randomly-selected respondents, of which 280 (93.3%) were returned and found usable. The results showed that there is adequate Internet connectivity in the two libraries. Staff and students access the Internet with ease in their offices, hostels, and faculty libraries, and the two libraries render effective and timely services to users. The study recommends that government and university management should increase funding to universities and their libraries and universities should partner with Non-governmental organizations  (NGOs) through Public Private Partnership  (PPP) to provide virtual libraries. Universities and their libraries enjoy a constant power supply.
Dr. R. Balasubramani
C. Murugan
Mapping of Tapioca (Sago) Research in India: A Scientometric Analysis (html) PDF 2011 (October)
This study has been carried out to analyze the research field of Sago in terms of publication output as per science citation index database between 1978 and 2010. A quantitative analysis on the countries and organizations that contribute in the field of Sago is presented. The data shows increase in the basic research activity in this research field. During 1973- 2010, a total of 447 papers were published by the scientists in the field of sago. The average number of citation per year is 11.76%.The highest number of papers was published in 2008. There were 26 countries involved in research in this field. India is the top producing country. The most productive author is Moorthy SN. The most productive Journal is starch-starke. The parameters include growth of publication, country wise, distribution of publication and authorship.
A.J. Aina
J.I. Ogungbeni
J.A. Adigun
T.C. Ogundipe
Poor Reading Habits Among Nigerians: The Role of Libraries (html) PDF 2011 (October)
Reading stimulates imagination, encourages quick learning, and expands horizons. It encourages imagination and curiosity. Reading enhances acquisition of skills for handling complex ideas or issues. Present and future generations in Nigeria are at risk of going straight from an oral to a digital culture, skipping over the writing and reading culture in the process. The library has the responsibility of making information available in different formats to encourage reading culture among students. This paper examines the poor reading habits among present day Nigerians, especially children and youth. It also considers the important role of the library in inculcating permanent literacy through reading and suggests what concerned stakeholders could do to promote reading culture in Nigeria.
Idayat Odunola Agboola
Olusola Bamidele Bamigboye
Students' Level of Study and User of Library Resources in Nigerian Universities: A Comparative Study (html) PDF 2011 (October)
This study examined the level of study of students and use of library resources in three Nigerian Universities. The study sample population comprises 1300 students in the three universities. Only one research question were posed. The instrument used for data collection in this study was questionnaire. The major findings of the study revealed that use of library resources increase as the level of students increases at University of Ibadan (U.I) and University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (UNAAB) while only year three students used more library resources at Olabisi Onabanjo University (OOU) as compared to the two other Universities. The study recommends that awareness be made to students on library use and a guideline on library use be made available to them so that the resources can be used to the maximum.
Farzana Shafique
Use of Web 2.0 and Its Implications for Libraries: Perceptions of Information Professionals in Pakistan (html) PDF 2011 (September)
The purpose of this study is to assess the use of Web 2.0 applications among information professionals in Pakistan and their perceptions about the potential use of Web 2.0 applications for designing and delivering library services. Triangular method of research has been used for this study. It is based on primary data gathered through an online survey. An online questionnaire was designed and the link was e-mailed on the three professional discussion groups/LISTSERVS (i.e. PakLAG, LibCoop and LibrarianWelfare). Initially a pilot survey was also conducted to test the validity of the tool. During the specified time more than 100 library professionals participated in this survey. For in-depth understanding of information professionals' point of view in this regard, semi-structured interviews of a purposive sample were also conducted. The study found that the use of Web 2.0 applications is increasing among the information professionals of Pakistan day by day though their perceptions about many Web 2.0 applications were not very clear. It was stressed by the respondents that extensive training opportunities are needed for the better utilization of Web 2.0 applications in libraries. Findings and recommendations of the study can assist information professionals in designing and delivering Web 2.0 application based information services which will add value to their existing library services. It will also provide a base for further studies on the topic. There is a wide gap in the literature in exploration of Web 2.0 technologies and their current and potential usage in the libraries of Pakistan. This study is one of the initial studies on this topic in Pakistan and thus it is equally valuable for practitioners, academicians and researchers as well.
Ajayi Taiwo Abosede
Ogunyemi Oluwole Ibikunle
Determinants of Library Use Among Students of Agriculture: A Case Study of Lagos State Polytechnic (html) PDF 2011 (September)
The study looked at the factors that affect agricultural students’ use of the library. Simple random sampling  was used to select 145 students. The data were analyzed using the probit model. Age was found to have a negative effect on the use of the library by students. Alternative to library have negative significant effect while library use with friend, availability of relevant materials and hours spent in the library have significant positive effect on the library use. Positive Library staff response to students encourages students’ use of the library while the location of the library does not have negative effect on library use. It was then suggested library staff should periodically evaluate itself to encourage its response to students needs and the Polytechnic authority should ensure availability of relevant text books and materials in the library as few students have access to personal e-library and internet connection as library alternatives.
O.O. Adeagbo Influence of Locus of Control and Computer Skills on the Use of Internet Resources by Undergraduate Students in Nigerian Universities (html) PDF 2011 (September)
The study examined the influence computer skills and locus of control on the utilization of Internet resources by undergraduate students in Nigerian universities. Data were collected through the use of questionnaire. A study sample of 201 students randomly selected from a federal, a state and a private university in Osun State were used for the study. The resulting data were analysed using percentages, tables, Pearson Correlation and t-test analysis at 0.05 level of significance. The result indicated that 98.5% of the undergraduate students use Internet resources. 71.6% use them mostly for educational or academic activities. The general level of computer skills possessed by the students also varies.15.4% possess very good computer skills, 40.3% have good computer skills and 32.8% have average computer skills. The findings revealed that the level of computer skills possessed by the student influence their use of Internet resources. The result also shows that internal locus of control is more prevalent among undergraduate students in Nigerian universities. Internality or externality was found to have no significant influence on the use of Internet resources.
Keren Barner The Library is a Growing Organism: Ranganathan's Fifth Law of Library Science and the Academic Library in the Digital Era (html) PDF 2011 (September)
This article seeks to explore some possible creative options all aimed for finding unique ways for the academic library to grow in the digital era. The paper use terms and ideas derived from Darwin's theory of evolution but based first and foremost on the philosophical infrastructure phrased by Ranganathan (1931) at his fifth law for library science: the library is a growing organism because those classical theories can give strength and real support to the academic library institution to innovate with a solid framework instead of random actions here and there. It is a conceptual paper based on literature review and field experience as an academic librarian The paper will focus, through three paths: impart information literacy, digital collection development and new contributions to the body of knowledge through repositories and/or co-publishing of electronic journals in order to demonstrate the usability of creativity and innovativeness grounded in Ranganathan's is fifth law for library science: the library is a growing organism. Implementation this spirit might assist coping better disintermediation, making the academic library organism to expend and flourish. All that can't be done without a deeper acquaintance of the library with its consumers and vice versa. The originality of this article lies in its use of classical theories to deal with the challenges presented by the current environment.
Moses Oladele Adeoye
S.O. Popoola
Teaching Effectiveness, Availability, Accessibility, and Use of Library and Information Resources Among Teaching Staff of Schools of Nursing in Osun and Oyo State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (September)
This study investigated the influence of availability, accessibility and use of library information resources on the teaching effectiveness of the teaching staff of schools of Nursing in Osun and Oyo States of Nigeria. The population used was the entire teaching staff of the eight (8) schools of Nursing in Osun and Oyo States. The research instruments used were questionnaires and observation. One hundred and fifty eight (158) questionnaires were distributed one hundred and forty seven (147) were returned giving a response rate of 93.04%. The findings of this research show that teaching effectiveness has significant positive correlation with educational qualification, availability, accessibility and use of library information resources. It was also revealed that library information resources availability, accessibility and use when taken together significantly determine the teaching effectiveness of the respondents. The researcher recommends adequate provision of current library information resources, budgetary allocation to the library, employment of professional librarian inclusion of librarian in accreditation team of NMCN and provision of information communication Technology in the library.
Alia Arshad
Dr. Kanwal Ameen
Reality versus Expectations: A Survey of University of the Punjab's Libraries Using SERVQUAL (html) PDF 2011 (September)
The purpose of this study was to determine the user's priority expectations and their perceptions of quality services of university libraries. Survey method was used to assess user's perceptions and expectations. A revised version of SERVQUAL was used to determine user's perceived and expected service levels along seven point Likert scale. A sample of 390 respondents was chosen and selected using stratified random sampling through proportional allocation. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS. The results of the study revealed that respondent's priority expectations are related to knowledgeable and competent staff, library staff’s ability to develop confidence in their users, convenient library timings, attractive physical appearance of library building and materials. On the other hand, respondents perceived only libraries' opening and closing timings high. This study is particularly significant for librarians and university administrators to assess user's perceptions and expectations of quality library services. They can improve library services according to user's expectations and review their service policies.
D. Aram Donabedian
John Carey
Pirates and Librarians: Big Media, Technology, and the Role of Liberal Education (html) PDF 2011 (September)
The widespread appearance of computers in libraries during the early 1990s elicited a debate among those who welcomed new technologies and those who perceived such changes as a threat to the traditional role of academic libraries and the values of liberal education.  At the same time, increasing consolidation of major media channels—including sources of scholarly communication—has allowed a small number of corporations to control distribution and access to the materials libraries offer, through tools such as licensing fees, copyright restrictions, and digital rights management.  In response to these barriers, librarians and educators have embraced open access publishing and Creative Commons licensing as viable alternatives.  Some go further in their struggle to separate content from its proprietors, through channels such as torrent sites that undermine conventional notions of ownership.  This paper will argue that restricting information and denying access to resources without addressing the systemic failure of affordable access weakens critical thinking and threatens the mission of liberal education.  By pursuing new models for scholarly communication and resource sharing, libraries can both reassert control over their collections and help support the mission of liberal education..
Professor Ahmed Bakeri Abu Bakar
Adam Gambo Saleh
A Survey of Information Resources Required by Ulama to Perform Their Work Roles: A Case Study of Borno State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (September)
Information behavior studies within the professional context has came a long way as a major area of study in library and information science as can be seen from the interest it generated as indicated by the large number of researches conducted, especially in the last decade. Despite the influential roles Muslim clerics (Ulama) has been playing and will continue to play especially in the Muslim world, it has been neglected in terms of its information requirement. This study surveys the resources mostly consulted by the Ulama in relation to the role to which the information is used. Five major information resources and four main roles have been identified. The study recommends the development of a comprehensive Islamic database and a suitable IRS that will not only incorporate search terms familiar to the Ulama, but also comply with Islamic search pattern.
Theresa Putkey Using SKOS to Express Faceted Classification on the Semantic Web (html) PDF 2011 (September)
This paper looks at Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) to investigate how faceted classifications can be expressed in RDF and shared on the Semantic Web. This paper first restates a definition of faceted classification, shares a faceted taxonomy, restates the definition of the Semantic Web and RDF, then looks into the SKOS standard and the PoolParty software to build a faceted taxonomy in an SKOS compliant format. This paper then discusses the research approach.
V.O. Ekwelem
V.N. Okafor
S.C. Ukwoma
Preservation of Cultural Heritage: The Strategic Role of the Library and Information Science Professionals in South East Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (September)
One of the primary problems confronting library profession today is lack of commitment by the available human resources, particularly, in the areas of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and preservation of resources on cultural heritage. The exploitation of knowledge as warranted by the increasing technological interventions are adding new dimension to education and thus making training an essential ingredient to most human development endeavours. This paper seeks to look at the various forms of professional training received by library and information science professionals, the available resources on cultural heritage in libraries and information centres, methods of their preservation and the problems confronting these institutions in their provision of access to and preservation of these cultural heritages. Structured questionnaire was designed and administered to 66 library and information science professionals in the sampled institutions. The findings revealed that formal education, seminars, workshops, on-the-job training and job rotations are the major forms of training. Artifacts, images from books, songs and photographic slides were the major cultural heritage available in the institutions studied. The major constraints to ease of access and effective preservation of the heritage identified by the study were cost of digitization, inadequate infrastructural facilities and trained manpower. Based on the highlighted findings and problems, some recommendations were made.
B.M. Gupta Mapping of Indian Science and Technology Output in a National and Global Context, 1997-2007 (html) PDF 2011 (September)
The study examines India’s performance in S&T based on country publication share in various subjects in the national context and in the global context. It also compares similarities of Indian research profile with top other 19 top productive countries, particularly with China, South Korea, and Brazil. The study uses 11 years publications data in science and technology on India and other top 19 productive countries, drawn from Scopus database covering the period 1997 to 2007. The findings of the study should be of special significance to the planners & policy-makers.
Sofi Zahoor Ahmad A Survey of Senior Secondary School Libraries in Jammu and Kashmir, India (html) PDF 2011 (September)
This paper presents the findings of a study carried out as part of a PhD thesis aimed to explore the present status of/and problems faced by senior secondary school libraries in the state of Jammu and Kashmir-India. A questionnaire survey was conducted and 201 senior secondary schools participated in the study using a stratified random sampling technique. A 100percent response rate was ensured through visits to each school under sample over a period of two years (2009 & 2010). The results showed that school libraries lacked on all fronts. They face problems like lack of manpower, poor physical facilities, unorganized and inadequate collections, and lack of proper organization and retrieval tools, zero services and absence of standards and guidelines for regulating their functioning.  The study was restricted to 10 administrative districts only. From a total of 832 senior secondary schools, a sample of 201 (24 percent) was randomly selected to make the study manageable owing to the financial and time limitations. The study provides important data on major aspects of libraries in senior secondary schools in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The insight could in turn yield initiatives on various aspects of school library research and at the same time help the administrators to devise policies for ameliorating their functioning. The study proposes the need for improvement of overall physical infrastructure, appointment of professional staff, formulation of appropriate collection development policies, need for an open and extended access, and introduction of innovative user education programmes in libraries. It also highlights the need for formulation and revision of local and national school library standards and guidelines. The paper highlights the importance of/and contribution of school libraries in secondary education and proposes steps that can be taken to improve the situation as revealed in the study.
Prof. C. Sasikala
V. Dhanraju
Assessment of Information Literacy Skills among Science Students of Andhra University (html) PDF 2011 (September)
Information literacy (IL) plays a prominent role in the knowledge based society; especially effective use of IT based services and collaborative learning in the various levels of the educational system. This paper presents the findings of a survey on the level of information skills among the students of higher education. The scope of the study covers various aspects like awareness about the use of library resources, both print and electronic; knowledge about various sources of information including Internet; familiarity with and use of information communication technologies and copyright and fair use of information, etc.
Dr. Constant Okello-Obura Records and Archives Legal and Policy Frameworks in Uganda (html) PDF 2011 (September)
Records and archival materials are the indispensable foundation of the accountability process in any democratic society. Without reliable and authentic documentary evidence underpinning all essential accountability processes, government, civil society and the private sector cannot ensure transparency, guarantee accountability or allow for the exercising of good governance (Schenkelaars and Ahmad 2004). However, the management of these records and archives cannot be practically achieved without proper legislative backings. As noted by Chibambo (2003), a good records management framework consists of information-related laws, policies and programmes, records management standards and practices, and the necessary qualified human resources to implement and manage the systems. Unfortunately, many countries in developing countries have either weak laws or inactive legislative provisions to promote good records, information and archives management. Secondly, not much effort have been made to engage legal and policy makers on the need and value of functional legal and policy provisions for records and archives management. This study based on literature review makes analysis of the existing legal and policy frameworks that support the management of records and archives in Uganda. The weaknesses in the legal and policy frameworks are highlighted. The paper concludes by proposing viable legislative provisions that will help generate debates among LIS professionals, government and legislators especially in developing countries and Uganda in particular.
T.A. Ogunmodede
Gboyega Adio
O.A. Odunola
Library Use Education as a Correlate of Use of Library Resources in a Nigerian University (html) PDF 2011 (September)
The study focused on the effective of library education as a correlate to the use of library resources in a Nigerian university. The hallmark of education is the ability of the recipient of it to put whatever they have learnt into practice. Students in Nigerian tertiary institutions are introduced to the use of library to quicken their efforts in getting and using the library resources at the quickest possible time. The study also attempts to know the extent of the use of library resources and services. The relevance of library use education to the under study population are also investigated. The results of the findings revealed that much has not been achieved on the use of library resources and services and the use of Information Technology (IT) tools in the library. Urgent improvements are necessary in the areas investigated in order that the aim and objective of the library use education could be fully achieved, as suggestions for its improvements are also given.
Nwabuisi T. Imo
Uche H. Igbo
The Challenges of Software Use in Nigerian University Libraries: Review of Experiences from 1990-2009 (html) PDF 2011 (September)
This work examined the challenges faced by Nigerian university libraries in implementing software regimes in their automation/computerization projects. The study argued that Nigerian university libraries have had a long history of attempts at automating/computerizing their operations, but most have not made appreciable efforts. The major problem has been that of selecting the appropriate software to drive these projects. The specific objectives of this study include: to identify the types of software available in these libraries, to identify the extent of use of the available software, to identify the problems associated with software use in these libraries and to suggest the strategies for sustaining software use in libraries. The descriptive survey research method was adopted for this study. The population consisted of the federal university libraries in the southwest geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The result showed that there was no uniformity in the type of software used in these libraries. Also it was found out that the libraries have each used more than one software in their automation projects. The challenges these libraries have had to overcome to implement a sustainable software regime include, lack of proper planning and evaluation of software before acquisition to lack of knowledge of how to evaluate the software. To overcome the challenges the following strategies were suggested. Study and evaluation of the software before purchase, regular seminar/workshops on software maintenance and collaborating with ICT experts and bodies to identify quality software. A number of recommendations were made to remedy the situation.
Akobundu Dike Ugah PhD
George Chilaka
Size and Quality of Information Sources and the Use of Library Services in the Libraries in the Universities in the Southeast of Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (September)
The study investigated the relationship between the size and quality of information sources and the use of library services in the university libraries in the southeast of Nigeria. Two objectives, two research questions and two hypotheses guided this study. The population for this study was made up of 12,500 registered users out of which a sample of 2000 was taken using proportionate sampling technique. Data were collected using the questionnaire and were analyzed through the use of frequency tabulation and percentages .The hypotheses were tested using statistical method of Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) analysis and Multiple Regression. Analysis was done with the use of computer programme of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS)version10.0 The hypotheses testing were conducted at 0.05 level of significance (p<0.05) for rejection or retention. The size and quality of information sources therefore have significant relationship with the use of library services in the university libraries in the southeast Nigeria. Recommended adequate funding to acquire adequate size and good quality information sources as well as the provision of ICT and Internet facilities to encourage the use of library services.
Olaronke Fagbola
Comfort Uzoigwe
Veronica Olufunmilola Ajegbomogun
Libraries Driving Access to Knowledge in the 21st Century in Developing Countries: An Overview (html) PDF 2011 (August)
Libraries are critical contributors to knowledge generation and management. The paper discusses the advances in computing and telecommunication technology which have turned the world into a global village. It highlights the role of the library in knowledge management, delivery, and dissemination, and asserts that library is indeed the home of knowledge. The paper further maintains that the role of the library as a repository and provider of knowledge has been accentuated as fully developed virtual and digital libraries appear to render limitless services. Finally, some of the challenges that hinder libraries from achieving the role of driving access to knowledge in the 21st century are mentioned and remedies suggested.
Isaac Echezonam Anyira One Among the Twelve: How Library Professionals Constitute a Serious Challenge to the Provision of Library Services in the 21st Century (html) PDF 2011 (August)
This paper explores the librarian-based factors that pose serious challenges to the delivery of library services in the 21st century. It is not just funding, but also the librarian that hinders the 21st century library. Factors include inflation of costs, embezzlement, bribery, misappropriation of funds, lack of relevant skills, fear, bias, dogmatism, and ageism. Librarians should develop themselves by seeking ICT training; take full advantage of training and development, and take advantage of the knowledge and education offered by conferences and workshops; ICT skill should be accorded priority in recruiting and retaining librarians; the LIS curriculum should include 21st century advancements, to avoid churning out fresh librarians with obsolete skills; Librarians should handle library finances conscientiously without defrauding the library.
Stephanie M. Mathson Engaging Readers, Engaging Texts: An Exploration of How Librarians Can Use Reader Response Theory to Better Serve Our Patrons (html) PDF 2011 (August)
Literary theorist Wolfgang Iser describes reading as a creative process in and of itself, which adds layers of meaning and understanding to a text. However, little attention is paid to this theory in most Library and Information Science Programs. Because librarians understand the relationships that can exist between readers and books and how strongly books can impact readers’ lives, we should have a deeper understand of what reader response (or reception) theory is. There are a number of ways that we can apply reader response theory to the work we do, including providing readers’ advisory services, developing collections, reviewing books and other materials, sponsoring community reading programs, and leading book discussion groups. However, further research is still needed to investigate the long term impact of incorporating reader response theory into collection development and other professional responsibilities.
Musa Dauda Bassi
Dr. Emmanuel Camble
Gender Differences in Use of Electronic Resources in University Libraries of Adamawa State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (August)
The study investigated gender difference in attitudes of students towards the use of electronic resources in university libraries of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Gender issue has become a widely discussed phenomenon in higher education sector. How has gender affected the use of electronic information resources among students since this format of resources has become commonly available in university libraries? It is against this background that the researchers investigated how gender difference has affected the attitudes of students towards the use of these resources. The objectives of the study were to determine the types of e-resources, use of e-resources, purpose of using e-resources, how students acquire their search skills, and whether there is significant difference between male and female students’ attitudes towards the use of e-resources in the university libraries under study. Survey research was used. The target population was 5,269 students and a sample of 1,053 out of which 724 responded to the questionnaire which comprises of 496 male students and 228 female students that were used for the study. Descriptive and inferential statistics (t-test) was used for the analysis of data collected. The major findings revealed that the resources are used mainly for research and assignments. Students acquire theirs search skills through friends and colleagues and library instructions. There exists statistical difference between male and female students’ attitudes towards the use of e-resources. The mean value of 23.5302 for male students is greater than that of female 21.4693 Recommendations made include: sustaining the acquisition of e-resources, periodic training of students and female students should develop positive attitudes towards the use of e-resources to enhance their academic pursuits.
Mohammadamin Erfanmanesh Use of Multidimensional Library Anxiety Scale on Education and Psychology Students in Iran (html) PDF 2011 (August)
This study was conducted to investigate different aspects of library anxiety using a modified version of Multidimensional Library Anxiety Scale (Van Kampen, 2003). Participants were 123 M.A. students in the field of education and psychology at Shiraz University in Iran. The results indicated that 18% of students experience high levels of library anxiety. The result of ANOVA indicated that there is a significant correlation in all aspects of the library anxiety among students of different majors. Library and Information Science students were experienced the lowest level of library anxiety in most of aspects. Moreover, the significant difference between each major and all other majors was measured. T-tests showed that male students, in general, encounter higher levels of anxiety than females. Also it was found that the students of the second semester have experienced most amount of library anxiety. Implications of the findings are discussed. Implications of the findings are discussed.
Lindsey Wagner METS: A Survey of Recent Literature and Applications, Lindsey Wagner (html) PDF 2011 (August)
METS is a standard which is used to preserve and transmit digital objects and their metadata. This paper surveys the literature about METS and describes the standard itself, as well as the history and different issues involving the standard.
Akhtar Hussain
Uzma Muzeeb
Nishat Fatima
A User Survey of Five Women's College Libraries in South Campus, University of Delhi, India (html) PDF 2011 (August)
This study examines the user survey of five women’s college libraries in south campus, University of Delhi. A well structure questionnaire was used for collecting opinions of the library users about uses of documents collections and services. Out of 500 users, only 425questionnaires were selected for analysis of data from the respondents. The present study demonstrates and elaborates the various aspects of library collections uses within the available resources, frequency and purposes of visit, adequacy of library hours, use of library services & collections, ways of document searching, infrastructure facilities, and users satisfaction with the overall function of the library. Conclusion of the study has given at the end of the article.
Bruno I. Igbeneghu
S. O. Popoola
Influence of Locus of Control and Job Satisfaction on Organizational Commitment: A Study of Medical Records Personnel in University Teaching Hospitals in Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (August)
The study examines the influence of work locus of control and job satisfaction on organizational commitment of medical records personnel in university teaching hospitals in Nigeria. The research design was the ex-post- facto. A total of 359 medical records personnel from federal and state university teaching hospitals in Nigeria participated in the study. The instrument for data collection was the questionnaire. The results of the study reveal that organizational commitment has a significant inverse relationship with work locus of control (r = -.131, P < 0.05), but has a significant positive relationship with job satisfaction (r = . 340, P < 0.05).The study also revealed that a combination of work locus of control and job satisfaction have significant influence on the organizational commitment of medical records personnel in university teaching hospitals in Nigeria. (F = 24.900, df = 2; 356, P < 0.05). A combination of work locus of control and job satisfaction have significant influence on the organizational commitment of medical records personnel in university teaching hospitals in Nigeria.

Donald Beagle Revisiting Academic Library Design: A Response to William T. Caniano's "Academic Library Design: A Commons or an Athenaeum" (html) PDF 2011 (August)
This article responds to William T. Caniano's recent article in Library Philosophy and Practice criticizing the Commons model as causing a "labization" of the library, where a focus on high gate count creates noise problems inimical to the traditional scholarly ideal of the library. Caniano further asserts that increased use of laptops and mobile devices in the future will drive down demand for desktops, thus drastically reducing gate count and causing our Commons to become deserted. Lastly, Caniano advocates replacing it with what he calls the "Athenaeum" model. This article describes a number of sections of the Commons literature not mentioned by Caniano, and examines several counter-examples that support a broader and deeper description of the Commons than he provides, as well as a richer context for its implementation and assessment than his article acknowledges.
Yushiana Mansor
Norhiyah Mohd Nor
Use of the School Resource Centre among Malaysian High School Teachers (html) PDF 2011 (August)
This study investigates the pattern of School Resource Centre (SRC) use among teachers from selected high schools in Malaysia. Survey methodology was used and questionnaire was the only instrument used to gather relevant information for the study. The findings of the study indicated that the level of SRC usage among teachers is still low. While only a small number of teachers really used SRC services for their teaching-learning purposes. In general, the study seems to suggest that there was an overall lack of interest in the use of SRC by teachers. The findings further revealed the factors that might have contributed to this low utilisation (i.e. limited awareness about the importance and role SRC play in supporting and complementing the school curriculum or the materials available in SRC are not in support of the curriculum, lack of training, promotion, and implementation of information literacy programmes for teachers and students). The paper concludes with recommendations to encourage the teachers to frequent the use of SRC in order to improve their teaching-learning methods.
Uloma Doris Onuoha
Adedamola Adesola Awoniyi
Comparative Analysis of Students' Information Seeking Behaviour in Adventist Universities: A Survey of Babcock and Solusi Universities (html) PDF 2011 (August)
This study examined the information seeking behaviour of undergraduate students in two Seventh - day Adventist institutions. The population was made up of 4,741 students from three faculties registered during the first semester of 2009/2010 academic session. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select 474 students who took part in the study. A questionnaire adapted from Patitungkho and Deshpande (2005) was used for data collection. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square. Findings reveal that most of the respondents from Babcock University sought information mainly to update knowledge, while majority of the respondents from Solusi University did so for class assignment. Findings also revealed that students from both universities hardly make use of library catalogue or consult librarians/ library staff while seeking information. Based on the findings, the study recommends amongst others, that the universities libraries embark on use of library training skill for students, to ensure that they have the required knowledge that would enable them make maximum use of library resources. Librarians / library staff should also make efforts to reach out to students; this would not only draw the students closer but encourage them to seek their help
Dr Sunil Kumar Satpathy
Rabindra K. Maharana
ICT Skills of LIS Professionals in Engineering Institutions of Orissa, India: A Case Study (html) PDF 2011 (August)
The purpose of the paper is to study the ICT skills of LIS professionals working in various engineering institutes of Orissa (India) to examine their exposure to ICT tools and services. It also attempts to evaluate the use of these skills by professionals in libraries. Moreover, it intends to elicit the barriers in acquiring the ICT skills by the LIS professionals. The paper examines the ICT skills of LIS professionals working in engineering institutes of Orissa (India) through structured questionnaires. Statistical methods such as percentage, Weighted arithmetic mean, ranking method etc are used for data analysis. The LIS professionals are computer literate and they have acquired considerable basic skills in ICT such as library automation, web based services, digital libraries, institutional repositories etc. However the study reveals that the ICT skills acquired by the professionals are not fully used in their libraries. The paper highlights the necessity and benefits of ICT skills of LIS professionals for managing the modern engineering institute libraries of Orissa. The paper focuses the ICT skills of LIS professionals with some constructive outcomes for effective generalization.
Debra J. Pearson
Nancy J. Busch
Redesigning Nebraska's Libraries Technical Services: Creating a Climate for Change (html) PDF 2011 (August)
This article explains the purpose and methodology of physically re-arranging a large work area used for the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL) Libraries Technical Services operations. The article also provides information and experience on utilizing Project Management for working through the process of relocation of staff, furniture and equipment. The authors also discuss the management theory that provided a framework for the Libraries administrative staff to investigate the future of the department. Changing formats, new technologies, staff reductions, and dwindling materials budgets were factors considered and integrated into the project. Finally, evaluation and follow up on the project provides insight into the success of the Project Management model and indicates that while the project began as a way to re-allocate space, it became an example of how Technical Services needs to continuously re-invent itself based on current budgetary and technological realities.
S. Thanuskodi Use of ICT among Faculty Members of Self Financing Engineering Colleges in the Changing Higher Education Environment (html) PDF 2011 (August)
In recent years, the Internet has emerged as a powerful educational and information tool. With the increasing impact of information technology on higher education, all those concerned with higher education today are attempting to grasp how information technology could help in modernizing the process of teaching, research, and learning. In this context, Internet has emerged as a formidable social and cultural institution of global proportions facilitating access to a wealth of information on the web for the academic society to support their academic and research activities. The study is aimed at analyzing the Internet use and its impact among the faculty members of self financing engineering colleges of Salem district. The growing Internet and emerging network technologies have been revolutionizing society by making information available to the people in a new way. Use of Internet is increasing day by day as it is time saving, more informative and less expensive. Results of the present study show that 2-3 hours of access to Internet is quite common among the civil and mechanical engineering faculties. Study reveals that civil engineering faculty respondents take the first position with respect to their overall purpose of gathering e-resources, mechanical engineering faculty respondents the second, electrical engineering faculty the third, computer science engineering faculty the fourth and chemical engineering faculty the last.
Dr. Rabinarayan Mishra Information Use Patterns by Scientists: A Case Study of
NEIST, Jorhat, North East India
PDF 2011 (July)
Information has pragmatic value for scientists for research and development. In the changing industrial climate in the North Eastern Region of India, institutes like North East Institute of Science and Technology (NEIST) play a significant role. NEIST is an R&D institute and a reservoir of technologies that have added to the rural development of the region. Working scientists spend one third of their time searching for information and the cost of this search represents one fifth of all the money allocated to science. Socio-economic development and technological progress depend on the effective use of the information generated in science and technology through R&D. This paper discusses information needs, use patterns, and constraints faced by the scientists of NEIST, Jorhat, including suggestions to solve problems.
Fahimeh Babalhavaeji
Mitra Ghiasi
Analysis of LIS Research Articles 1997-2007: Critical Thinking, Gender, and Education (html) PDF 2011 (July)
This article reports on research into the quality of critical thinking factors in research articles of Iranian researchers in library and information science (LIS) over a period of 10 years (1997-2007). The research method includes content analysis, a checklist built on Facion's critical thinking factors, and the international test of Paul and Elder. The collected data are analyzed by using descriptive, analytical, and deductive methods. The research population includes 138 research articles examined based on systematic stratified random sampling selected out of 521 articles. The findings indicate that the presence of critical thinking factors in researched articles was higher than average (mean=2.97) and there was a significant difference between authors' gender and these factors in favor of females (mean for females=80.29 ; mean for males=62.57). There was not significant difference between authors' education level and these elements.
Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam
Mohammad-Karim Saberi
The Life and Death of URLs: The Case of Journal of the Medical Library Association (html) PDF 2011 (July)
This research aims to examine URL decay of articles published in Journal of the Medical Library Association (JMLA). To do this, at first, we extracted all issues of JMLA from 2002 to 2008 and calculated number of all Web citations (URLs). Afterwards, we checked decay or availability of individual cited URLs. Results of these tests were then compiled and analyzed to examine reasons for failure as well as to obtain the half-life value of Web citations in JMLA. The study revealed that 76% of articles have Web citations and each article on average uses 5 URLs. From 1049 cited URLs, 31% had error messages. Most of errors were related to message "404 Not Found". Also, the average half-life for cited Internet resources is estimated to be 7 years.
Nwabuisi T. Imo
Uche H. Igbo
Providing Access to Knowledge in Africa: The Need for Capacity Building in Classification, Indexing, and Abstracting Skills (html) PDF 2011 (July)
The realities of the present era of globalization and information and communication technologies (ICT) culminating to the African Virtual Library and information Network (AVLIN) have made it expedient that African information professionals should be able to develop, showcase and make accessible African indigenous information to the knowledge world. This literature- based opinion paper has tried to identify with the view of the conference organizers that “Major digital initiatives involving African content are currently being undertaken by non-African organizatiosn without widely accepted protocols and agreement” and therefore, argues that there is a serious need for a theoretical and policy framework necessary to provide a basis for systematic training of library and Information science professionals to place African knowledge in a pedestal that will make it accessible to the world of knowledge. It was found out that the library schools in most African Universities are ill-equipped to train professionals to handle information in the new digital era. This is exacerbated by the fact that professional associations are not doing enough to re-tool the existing workforce for the task ahead. The paper recommends that much emphasis should be placed on the training of cataloguers and indexers in African research institutions and universities to be able to organize African knowledge and produce information surrogates that will help researchers locate them on the Internet.
Georgina Uchey Oyedum Physical Facilities as Determinants of Undergraduate Students' Use of Federal University Libraries in Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (July)
Adequate physical facilities such as furniture and lighting systems are essential for any meaningful academic work to be achieved in a university library. This paper assesses the adequacy and level of physical facilities in federal university libraries in Nigeria to determine the extent to which they affect undergraduate students' use of the university libraries. The study population was 1,453 undergraduates from across Arts, Education, Engineeing, Law, Science, and Social Science faculties in the selected universities and the survey research method was used for the study. The main instrument used for the data collection was a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentage tabulation were used in analyzing the data. Results revealed that the reading chairs and tables in Nigerian university libraries are comfortable for reading purposes, though, they are inadequate in number. The result equally revealed that the lighting systems of the university libraries are not bright enough for reading. To enhance the use of the university libraries by the undergraduate students, majority of the respondents indicated the need to improve the number of the reading chairs and tables available in Nigerian university libraries as well as provision of bright lighting systems in the university libraries.
Nkiru J. Otubelu E-Learning through Digital Libraries: The Case of National Open University of Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (July)
The Information Gateway is the online library of the National Open University of Nigeria. It is a gateway to a wide range of online information resources, each of which provides tools that help navigate the contents. This paper appraises the status and importance of online resources available in the Information Gateway and the enabling technology for the effective functioning of the National Virtual Library.The paper also appraises the online services in the e-library and makes recommendations for enhanced service delivery and use of the online resources to boost e-learning in Nigeria.
Alex Ozoemelem Obuh
Ihuoma Sandra Babatope
Student Citation Behaviour in Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (July)
This study seeks to ascertain undergraduate students' citation behaviour in two departments in Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria. It assesses the types and formats of resources preferred and their reasons for preferring a particular format /type.
S. Thanuskodi Bibliometric Analysis of the Indian Journal of Chemistry (html) PDF 2011 (July)
The present study deals with bibliometric analysis of articles and references provided at the end of each article contributed in Indian Journal of Chemistry from 2005-2009. The analysis cover mainly the number of articles, authorship pattern, forms of document cited, etc. All the studies point towards the merit and weakness of the journal which will be helpful for its further development. This study showed that most of the contributions are India. The authorship pattern of the articles published during the period of study. Maximum number of articles were contributed by two authors. This study also showed that majority of the contributors preferred journals as the source of information which occupied the top position. All the studies point towards the merits and weakness of the journal which will be helpful for its further development.
R.I. Echezona, PhD
V.N. Okafor, PhD
S.C. Ukwoma
Information Sources Used by Postgraduate Students in Library and Information Science: A Citation Analysis of Dissertations (html) PDF 2011 (July)
This paper is a citation analyses that assesses references of theses submitted to the Department of Library and Information Science at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka from 1997 to 2007 The results revealed that journals are cited more than other information resources, and online resources cited were very rarely from 1997-2005, but increased from 2006 and 2007. College and Research Libraries is the most cited journal. The major subject area covered in their research is library management/administration; user studies, information communication technology, and collection development while bibliometrics, preservation, special and public libraries were less commonly researched.
Saeed Ullah Jan
Dr. Rafia A Sheikh
Automation of University Libraries: A Comparative Analysis of Islamabad and Khyber Pukhtoon Khwa, Pakistan (html) PDF 2011 (July)
This study depicts the status of automation in public sector university libraries of Islamabad and Khyber Pukhtoon Khwa, Pakistan with a comparative analysis. The areas covered in this paper are: available library services and resources, digital library infrastructure, status of library automation in university libraries of Islamabad and Khyber Pukhtoon Khwa and means and ways for their improvement.
Dr. R.K. Bhatt Relevance of Ranganathan's Laws of Library Science in Library Marketing (html) PDF 2011 (July)
Marketing for libraries has become an important topic in libraries in India. Philip Kotler is credited with creating the philosophy of marketing management. When we study the marketing process and marketing management, we find that many of the tasks in the process have already been advocated by Dr. S.R. Ranganathan, the father of library science in India, in his book Five Laws of Library Science. This study examines how the five laws can be used in marketing LIS products and services.
Mina Akhbari Azad
Dr. Zahra Abazari
A Survey of Children's and Young Adult Books in Iran: 2000-2008 (html) PDF 2011 (July)
This paper presents a study of children's and young adult books in Iran from 2000-2008. The books were published for the first time in Iran, in the Persian language.
Sylvester Ozioma Anie The Impact of Gender on the Use of the Digital Library at the University of Ibadan (html) PDF 2011 (July)
Digital libraries have the potential to offer unprecedented resources to enhance effective use of library services and resources. This paper addresses gender as a factor in digital library use, how digital library resources are located, and factors inhibiting effective use of the digital library. The paper uses a descriptive survey to explore gender in the use of digital libraries.
Erueterio Josephine Onohwakpor, PhD Workshop on Gender and Leadership (html) PDF 2011 (July)
This is a report on the training workshop on gender and leadership for women in the Academic Staff Union of Nigerian Universities (ASUU), in collaboration with BAOBAB for Women's Human Rights. It was held at Grendhill Hotel, Abuja, 14th-18thApril, 2010.
Nosheen Warraich
Kanwal Ameen
LIS Professionals' Staffing Patterns: Pakistani Public Sector Universities (html) PDF 2011 (July)
Competent staff in university libraries are essential for the delivery of quality services and research productivity. This study explores the staffing patterns of LIS professionals in the university libraries (ULs). It also investigates the level of satisfaction of library directors with the available professional staff. A questionnaire survey was conducted in 20 public sector ULs of the Punjab province. The findings reveal that most libraries (79%) are understaffed (including unfilled vacancies) and library directors are not satisfied with the number of available staff. All libraries used print advertisements to publicize job vacancies.
David C. Tyler Patron-Driven Purchase on Demand Programs for Printed Books and Similar Materials: A Chronological Review and Summary of Findings (html) PDF 2011 (June)
There has been a flurry of interest in patron-driven acquisitions in the library literature of late, but there has also been some suggestion that libraries are hesitant to incorporate patron-driven acquisitions into their collection development models. This article reviews the findings of the several case studies in the literature in the hopes that this will aid librarians who are still considering whether or not to implement a purchase on demand program for books and similar materials requested by patrons.
Felicia Yusuf Effective Communication for Reference Service Delivery in Academic Libraries (html) PDF 2011 (June)
The paper examines the role of communication in effective reference services. Specific objectives include examining the effect of communication on reference services, discovering the duties of reference librarians, determining the impact of interpersonal communication on reference services, and identifying barriers to effective communication. Inferiority complex, stereotypes, etiquette and decorum, boundaries in relationships, low level of education, and frustration due to poor working condition were identified as some of the barriers that impede effective communication in reference services. The paper concludes by charging reference librarians to build strong capacity in the area of communication to enable them understand and meet the information needs of their patrons.
S. Thanuskodi
K. Ravi
Use of Internet by the Social Science Faculty of Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, India (html) PDF 2011 (June)
In the IT era, academic libraries and information centers have radically changed the information environment in higher education institution with the introduction of electronic resources. This paper examines the use of the Internet by the members of Social Science Faculty of Annamalai University. The results indicate that the use of Internet services by the faculty members is associated with an increase in the number of research papers and with improvement in the quality of research and teaching.
Nathan Hosburgh Librarian Faculty Status: What Does It Mean in Academia? (html) PDF 2011 (June)
Although much has been written over the years about whether or not professional academic librarians should have faculty status, there has been far less in the literature concerning the ambiguity of faculty status. In this paper, faculty status is defined according to the American College and Research Libraries' "Standards for faculty status for college and university librarians". Various studies and situations are examined in order to cover the spectrum of faculty status that exists in academic libraries in the United States, however this is not meant to be conclusive, but point out that there is no definition consistently applied. Faculty status is more of a continuum for librarians rather than a dichotomy, a matter of degree rather than a simple yes or no. Ramifications for the different "flavors" of faculty status are discussed as well as for non-faculty professional statuses, when appropriate. This paper is intended to assist new academic librarians in making appropriate choices in their careers as professionals as well as clarify the definition of faculty status for the profession at large.
Shafiq Ur Rehman
Farzana Shafique
Dr. Khalid Mahmood
A Survey of User Perception and Satisfaction with Reference Services in University Libraries of Punjab (html) PDF 2011 (June)
User satisfaction and maximum use of library services and resources have become important topic for libraries. Many libraries, especially university libraries, are focusing on evaluation of user needs and satisfaction. User surveys can provide better understanding of user perception of service quality. Providing high quality reference service is not easy, and it needs regular feedback and assessment. In Pakistan, very few studies are conducted on the status of reference services, and there is no data available on user satisfaction with reference services of university libraries. The purpose of this survey is to get the broad understanding of user perception of and satisfaction with reference services. The survey is limited to all public sector university libraries (N=10) of the Punjab province (Pakistan) having a reasonable collection, staff, and separate reference section, as well as a reference librarian.
Joshua Finnell Records Management Theory's Dilemma: What is a Record? (html) PDF 2011 (June)
A familiar dialogue is taking place in the professional literature of records and information management. Since the early 1990s, the theoretical foundation of a records management theory has been constructed on convergence (Pemberton & Nugent, 1995; Walters, 1995; Zawiyah M Yusof & Robert W Chell, 2002). While certain concepts are shared across disciplines, arguably the most foundational definition is the most divergent: a record. Each discipline (Archival Science, Library Science, Computer Science) defines the term record in its own way. Records managers at all levels have difficulty espousing a universal definition of the term, while claiming sole responsibility for the authority, organization, authenticity, and sustainability of records.
Dr. Shailendra Kumar
Mr. Projes Roy
Prof. M. P. Satija
Database Searching in Central University Libraries in India (html) PDF 2011 (June)
Database searching practice in central university libraries in India was the focus of this study. Eight central university libraries were selected on the basis of their bandwidth use ranking and grouping. Seven universities have been member of University Grants Commission-Infonet Consortia. Databases are available in seven of the eight university libraries are: ACS, AIP, APS, Annual Review, BWP, CUP, IOP, ISID, JCCC, JSTOR, OUP, RSC, SIAM, Springerlink, and Taylor & Francis. There are 77 databases total in these eight universities. Only Project Muse is common to all the universities, and 69 databases are subscribed by single universities. Some universities provide databases linked through federated search. About fifty retrieval features of these databases were studied.
Janet Bishop Copyright Across the Cohort: A Qualitative Evaluation of the Dissemination of Intellectual Property Information on ARL Websites (html) PDF 2011 (June)
Over thirty years of legislation since the Copyright Revision Act of 1976 has redefined how academic library professionals view their responsibilities regarding copyright oversight of their print and digital collections, as well as how they have disseminated intellectual property information to their constituencies. This article presents a qualitative evaluation of how copyright information is disseminated on twenty ARL websites—including how sampled sites communicate copyright leadership roles on campus and webpage "best examples". Sampled websites were also searched separately by the author and an undergraduate student to gauge how easily accessible the information was to a "novice user" and "experienced user". A comprehensive literature review is included in the article.
Jayadev Kadli
B.D. Kumbar
Faculty Information-Seeking Behaviour in the Changing ICT Environment: A Study of Commerce Colleges in Mumbai (html) PDF 2011 (June)
Changing technologies have brought a more sophisticated and higher speed of communication. Academic libraries are responding to this change in the learning and research environment. It changes in the behaviour of library users. Libraries are adding new electronic information resources and bringing services for the benefit of users. Developments in ICT have made drastic changes in the way the information collected, stored, and distributed by libraries and accessed by users. Information-seeking behavior is expressed in various forms, from reading printed material to research and experimentation. Scholars, students, and faculty actively seek current information from the media available in libraries. This article studies characteristics of information-seeking behaviour of faculty of commerce colleges in Mumbai.
Mark Aaron Polger Student Preferences in Library Website Vocabulary (html) PDF 2011 (June)
This study explores student preferences to library website vocabulary and compares the data with what librarians report on their library's website. Two questionnaires were distributed in the fall of 2009 to students (N=300) and librarians (N=527). Students were asked to identify the terms they prefer from a larger list of library website vocabulary. Librarians were asked to report the terms that were used on their library's website. Twenty-seven terms were selected for both the student and librarian questionnaires. The 27 terms were culled from library literature, library instruction classes, and reference desk interactions. Of the 300 students, 54% were freshmen, 16.3% sophomore, 10% junior, and 15.3% senior. Librarians from all types of libraries in Canada and the United States responded to the questionnaire. The data suggests that, for some terms, there is a significant difference in what students prefer and what librarians report on their library's website. The author suggests that librarians create focus groups to determine student preferences, especially on top-level pages of the library website.
Iwu Juliana James Effective Motivation of Paraprofessional Staff in Academic Libraries in Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (June)
The paper examined the factors that affect paraprofessional staff motivation and performance in academic libraries. It underlines the importance of well-motivated staff in ensuring a continuously maximized performance. The literature review comprises relevant papers which discuss how motivation is used to modify behavior of staff to improve performance. It explores Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and its application to the category of staff under study. Training and development of paraprofessional staff were some of the benefits highlighted.
Muhammad Aqil
Parvez Ahmad
Use of the Internet by Research Scholars and
Post-Graduate Students of the Science Faculty of Aligarh Muslim
PDF 2011 (June)
This paper studies the Internet as an information source for research scholars and PG students of the Science faculty, Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), India. A structured questionnaire is distributed to the research scholars and the PG students of Science Faculty, AMU. The study shows Internet-based information sources are more useful than print sources. This study also indicates the Internet is most satisfactory source of information. There are many related studies on the use of Internet but this study is the first of its kind within the specific user community and specific geographical area.
Natalia Taylor Bowdoin Open Access, African Scholarly Publishing, and Cultural Rights: An Exploratory Usage and Accessibility Study (html) PDF 2011 (May)
The Open Access (OA) Movement has been praised by proponents as a way to reverse the unsustainability of traditional scholarly publishing economic models and to aid in the equalization of the flow of information between industrialized and less industrialized nations. The OA Movement is thus also seen as a means of helping achieve both Articles 19 and 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) which jointly articulate the basic human rights to seek, receive and impart information, to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts, and to share in scientific advancement. Historically however, library and information development in much of colonial Sub-Saharan Africa was influenced by hegemonic structures that did not promote these ideals. This exploratory study uses data gathered during a forty day period to compare the OA journal usage of researchers in African countries with that of researchers in Latin American and Caribbean countries. Indexing and abstracting of African scholarly journals is also a key necessity if a more even flow of information from Southern to Northern countries is to be achieved and if the journals themselves are to be truly accessible to other scholars. Therefore, the study also examines the accessibility of indexing and abstracting coverage of African scholarly OA journals and compares the data with that of non-OA journals from the continent. I examine the relationship between current African OA usage and content production and the cultural rights expressed in Article 27 of the UDHR. The study data suggests that, in contrast to Latin American and Caribbean countries, African researchers are being less active consumers and more passive contributors to the OA model. OA is thus not yet contributing significantly to the reversal of North to South information flows in the African context nor is it yet making a significant impact on achieving the rights guaranteed in Articles 19 and 27 of the UDHR. The results also indicate that African OA publications are more accessible in the abstracting and indexing services than non-OA African publications, so an increased shift from non-OA to OA publications in African scholarly publishing may contribute to improving information flow reversal in the future.
Dorcas Ejemeh Krubu
Kingsley Efe Osawaru
The Impact of Information And Communication Technology
(ICT) in Nigerian University Libraries
PDF 2011 (May)
Computing technology, communication technology, and mass storage technology are some of the areas of continuous development that reshape the way libraries access, retrieve, store, manipulate, and disseminate information to users. ICT has impacted on every sphere of academic library activity especially in the form of the library collection development strategies, library building and consortia. ICT presents an opportunity to provide value-added information services and access to a wide variety of digital based information resources to their clients. Furthermore, academic libraries are also using modern ICTs to automate their core functions, implement efficient and effective library cooperation and resource sharing networks, implement management information systems, develop institutional repositories of digital local contents, and digital libraries: and initiate ICT based capacity building programmes for library users. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has brought unprecedented changes and transformation to academic library and information services, conventional LIS such as OPAC, user services, reference service, bibliographic services, current awareness services, document delivery, interlibrary loan, audio visual services, and customer relations can be provided more efficiently and effectively using ICT, as they offer convenient time, place, cost effectiveness, faster and most-up-to-date dissemination and end users involvement in the library and information services process. The impact of ICT characterized on information services by changes in format, content and method of production, and delivery of information products. Emergence of the Internet as the largest repository of information and knowledge, changed role of library and information science professionals from intermediary to facilitator, new tools for dissemination of information and shift from physical to virtual services environment and extinction of some conventional information services and emergence of new and innovational web based. Considering the enormous benefits that are experienced in the impact of ICT in Nigerian university libraries, the Nigerian academic libraries still experience some obstacles or hindrances in the effective and efficient use of the ICT resources in the library.
Alice M. Okore Demographic and Socio-Economic Attributes as Determinants of Information and Communication Technology Use for Scholarly Communication in Nigerian Universities (html) PDF 2011 (May)
This paper seeks to determine the influence demographic / socio-economic attributes ( rank, years of experience and gender) have on information and communication technology use for scholarly communication. One research question and two hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted ex-post facto research design and utilized a questionnaire to generate data. Data was analyzed using mean, chi-square and analysis of variance. Findings revealed, among others, a positive relationship between years of experience and level of ICT use (P=.03 < 0.05). Rank and gender had no significant influence on ICT use for scholarly communication. The paper recommends training and retraining of senior academics in the use of ICT so as to make them compete favourably with the middle and junior academics. Further investigation should be carried out to find other factors that are responsible for rank not having any significant influence on ICT use for scholarly communication. Gender should not constitute any impediment to appointment of female academics to leadership positions that are technologically biased.
L.A. Ogunsola The Next Step in Librarianship: Is The Traditional Library Dead? (html) PDF 2011 (May)
This article provides a history of libraries from their founding in the ancient world through the later half of the 20th century, when both technological and political forces radically reshaped library development. According to Encyclopedia Britannica Online 2007, the paper identifies the series of technological developments with which both librarians and traditional libraries have had to contend. The impression that the global technological revolution now taking place has "murdered" traditional libraries as well as the librarians working in them was critically assessed. It was later concluded that both digital and traditional libraries will co-exist side by side and they will complement each other in the educational, economical and social development of the country concerned.
Airen Adetimirin
Godwin Omogbhe
Library Habits of Distance Learning Students of the University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (May)
Libraries library play an important role for students in their academic programme, Distance Learning students in University of Ibadan were studied to investigate their library habits and factors affecting use of libraries. Purposive sampling technique was adopted for this study to select 100 library registered distance learners from Faculties of Education and Social Sciences. Questionnaire, interview and observation were the instruments employed for the study. Findings revealed that 67.9% of the respondents from Education and 62.5% from Social Sciences had access to available library resources, while 36(46.2%) from Education and 8(50%) Social Sciences used the library twice in a week when they were in session. The major library habits were searching for materials through the shelf, catalogue and using the libraries alone. Respondents from Education and Social Sciences (80.7% and 93.7%) respectively searched through the shelf, The major factors affecting their use of the library were inadequate reading materials 77% from Education; 62.5% from social Sciences) and their inability to borrow library materials. The maximum use of the library can only be obtained when these students are allowed to borrow library materials and given library use instructions as their full time counterpart.
Dr. Munra Nasreen Ansari Information Requirements of Pakistani Media Practitioners: A Comparative Study(html) PDF 2011 (May)
The study is conducted to compare the information requirements of Media Practitioners (MPs) working in field, on Desk and working on both field and desk. These practitioners are belong to three mass media houses i.e radio, television and newspaper. Data was collected through questionnaire by 185 MPs. Results reveal nature of work of field practitioners, Desk Practitioners and Practitioners working on both field and desk is an important factor in development of information need.
Dr. K.R. Mulla Use of Electronic Resources by Faculty Members in HKBK College of Engineering: A Survey (html) PDF 2011 (May)
This paper evaluates the use of library at the HKBK College of Engineering (HKBKCE) in Bangalore (Karnataka). A survey of 60 faculty members was conducted through a questionnaire. The analysis of the collected data covers the use of electronic resources and how the electronic resources are improving the academic carrier of the faculty and also what are the problems that are faced in using the electronic resources. Concludes that the main intention of the usage of electronic resources have been the academic interest of the users.
J.M. Gwang The Provision of Information Services to Nigerians: Meeting the Challenges of 21st Century (html) PDF 2011 (May)
This paper discusses the provision of library and information services to Nigerians in the twenty first century and how to overcome the challenges associated with it. The particular issues addressed include: classification of the information user communities, planning considerations, challenges, and consequently the way forward. It concludes that the provision of library and information services to Nigerians is a critical requirement for Nigeria's development, and the numerous challenges identified are surmountable through the strategies enumerated in which proactive approaches by the library and information professionals themselves are the most crucial.
Isaac Echezonam Anyira The Anatomy of Library Users in the 21st Century (html) PDF 2011 (May)
This paper argued that skills have become a major determining factor in the accessibility and use of 21st century library. Everybody needs information whether skilled or not and as such, users profile should be considered along that line. The paper revealed that without ICT skills, it is not possible to make effective use of the library except a third party is involved. It was recommended that librarians must acquire ICT skills in order to satisfy their user. The library users also must undergo self-sponsored basic ICT training to acquire skills; the collections of the library must reflect the needs of the users. Use of advanced search technology was recommended for skilled library (ICT) users. Libraries should put adequate security measures in place to deny unauthorized users access to their collections.
Dr. Fatemeh Nooshinfard
Soraya Ziaei
Academic Library Websites as Marketing Tools (html) PDF 2011 (May)
This paper discusses the fundamentals of library marketing. Definitions, importance, role, and factors that influence marketing are presented. The marketing function of academic library websites is highlighted.
Sylvester O. Anie Impact of Information Computer Technology on Primary Health Care Services to Rural Communities in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (May)
This is the empirical study of 4 communities under survey in Niger-Delta. This article examines the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on primary health care services to rural communities in Niger Delta. Questionnaire, interview and personal observation methods were employed to elicit information on the impact of ICT on primary health care services in rural communities in Niger Delta. The study reveals the personal characteristics of the respondents. The findings also reveal that rural dwellers need to be encouraged by providing them with relevant information and communication technology gadgets in order to enhance effective retrieval and dissemination of information on primary health care services. It is therefore, concluded that the establishment of internet facilities and provision of ICT materials and adequate drugs to rural communities should be the priority of the State and Federal Governments in order to promote computer literacy, adult education and greater awareness of the Primary Health Care (PHC)services in Niger Delta.
C. Murugan
Dr. R Balasubramani
Information Seeking Behavior of Tapioca (Cassava) Growers in Salem District (html) PDF 2011 (April)
This paper is an outcome of the research study conducted by the authors on information seeking behavior of tapioca growers in Salem District, Tamilnadu, India. Data were collected by using structured questionnaire and analyzed by using chi-squire test. This study discusses the findings of various strategies and procedures adopted by the tapioca growers in meeting their information requirements. The survey result shows that tapioca growers have expressed great dependence in meeting their information requirements on their mass media sources.
Akobundu D. Ugah
Uche Arua
Expectancy Theory, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, and Cataloguing Departments (html) PDF 2011 (April)
This paper discusses Expectancy Theory, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, and how they can be used to motivate the library staff with special focus on the cataloguing staff or those working in the cataloging Department of Libraries.
S. Thanuskodi Internet Use by Researchers: A Study of Annamalai University, Annamalainagar (html) PDF 2011 (April)
In the IT era, academic libraries and information center have radically changed the information environment higher education institution started subscribing to Electronic resource to meet the users expectation the paper discussed on impact of internet on the Annamalai University Library. The main aim of this survey was to understand more about research scholar usage of electronic resources and technology, their experience with technology and their aptitudes and expectation about technology resources and identify areas for improvement of services.
L.A. Ogunsola Libraries as Tools for Capacity Building in Developing Countries (html) PDF 2011 (April)
This paper discusses the concept of capacity in relation to capacity building and economic development. The critical issues involved in capacity building for development are identified, and recommendations made. The roles and importance of librarians and libraries in capacity building and economic development are also discussed. Developing countries must give attention to building capacity, especially in the areas of policy analysis, development, and educational management.
Faizul Nisha
Naushad Ali
The Application and Use of Library Intranet Services at the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (html) PDF 2011 (April)
The paper provides an overall picture of the use of intranet services in IIT, Delhi. Major purposes of the study were to explore the degree of use of existing intranet services, to evaluate services available throughthe intranet, identify the problems which are being faced by users and make suggestion for improving service. Questionnaire, interview, and observational methods were used for data collection, and 400 valid samples were collected. The study found that electronic journals and abstracting services are most often used by IIT, Delhi users. The reasons for using the intranet include: ease of use, flexibility and versatility, increasing efficiency, etc. The analysis of data collected covers frequency of intranet usage, purpose of using intranet, availability of intranet services, search behaviour of the users, types of databases used, problems faced by users while using intranet, infrastructure facility available, and satisfaction level of users. Lack of guidance and limited access terminals are major problems that discourage some users from accessing the intranet.

B.O. Sathivel Murugan
Dr. S. Allysornam
Information Needs and Information-Seeking Behaviour of Allopathic Medical Practitioners in Tirppur District in Tamilnadu, India (html) PDF 2011 (April)
The present study is based on the information needs and seeking behaviour of allopathic medical practitioners (general /specialists) in Trippur district, Tamilnadu, India. Research design was preplanned and systematic method of data collection, analysis and interpretation was presented. Survey method was adopted for collection of primary data and pre-tested questionnaire was tool of data collection. Dependent and independent variables are used for data analysis and results are shown.
Shakeel Ahmad Khan
Dr. Rubina Bhatti
Ghalib Khan
Information-Seeking Behavior of Law Practitioners: A Survey of Bahawalpur City (html) PDF 2011 (April)
This article is an attempt to investigate the information needs and seeking behavior of law practitioners at District Bar Association Session Court Bahawalpur. Purposely, it seeks to ascertain the type of information required by the lawyers to meet their specific information needs; their information seeking habits; different information sources used by them and the impact of ICT on their information seeking behavior. Data were collected with the help of questionnaire and analyzed through SPSS software version 14. It was noted that almost all the lawyers always seek information for case preparation. It was found that they acquire information from their District Bar Library; senior lawyers and personal collection. In case of urgent need of information they use law digest, personal collection and PLJ. They mentioned that English is their preferred language and print material is their preferred format. The results of the study showed that only three respondents admitted that ICT has completely changed their information seeking habits. However, they admittedthe fact that ICT has mad information seeking process easier. Frequency of internet usage by lawyers was gloomy. Only 11 respondents out of 54 reported that they use internet and admitted that their online information retrieval skill is poor. They pointed out the need of computer training and internet service for the lawyer's community. They also demanded that decided cases/judgments and court hearing should be on lined.

Yacob Haliso, PhD Factors Affecting Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) Use by Academic Librarians in Southwestern Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (April)
The use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) improves service provision of librarians. In spite of this, it is observed that librarians in Nigeria do not maximally utilize the ICTs. Consequently, the communities of scholars complain of the poor information services provision by librarians. It is in the light of this that this study investigated factors that may be responsible for the poor utilization of the ICTs in the Southwestern Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive research design. A total enumerative sampling technique was used. The finding indicated that lack of organizational commitment towards ICT acquisition constituted the highest barrier towards ICT use while, lack of ICT strategy, erratic power supply and lack of fund significantly affected ICT use. The study recommends that library and university administrators work hand in hand to ensure the ultimate utilization of ICTs in their respective academic libraries.
Chinwe Nwogo Ezeani PhD Network Literacy Skills of Academic Librarians for Effective Services Delivery: The Case of University of Nigeria Library System (html) PDF 2011 (April)
The main purpose of this study is to examine the Network Literacy Skills of Academic Librarians in the University of Nigeria, library system. This research is based on primary data. The survey design was used for this study and the area of the study was the University of Nigeria, library system which comprises the Nnamdi Azikiwe Library Nsukka; The Enugu Campus library and the Medical library both at Enugu. A structured questionnaire containing the five research questions posed for the study was used in eliciting data from the all the academic librarians that comprised the sample. Data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Librarians in the Nnamdi Azikiwe library system are in tune with the traditional surfing skills of sending e-mails; downloading information from the Internet, and often use the Internet on a daily and weekly basis. A vast majority use many browsers such as Google Chrome; Moxilla Firefox to surf the web even though the Internet explorer was adjudged the browser of choice by the respondents. However, a limited number can surf the 'deep' web as only few can use web 2.0 tools effectively for scholarly communication and for the effective delivery of professional duties. Library 2.0 a user-centred approach of information delivery was also explored and findings revealed that Selective Dissemination of Information(SDI) and Current Awareness (CA) methods were also used online for effective delivery of information to library patrons. Library Consultancy to the various faculties was a method commonly used as a feedback technique. Network literacy is one of the very important skills needed by librarians for the effective discharge of their duties. It is usually referred to as the 21st century core enabling skill for librarians .Knowledge of this skill will help librarians to be knowledgeable in globally recognizing and serving networked information and services. Librarians also need to be knowledgeable in different subject fields to be able to match patrons with desired information. To achieve this, librarians need to deploy the use of emerging tools such as web 2.0 and library 2.0 for effective services delivery.This paper is an original work that fills a gap in literature in a relatively under-researched area of librarianship. The paper is of value to library practitioners and researchers in Nigeria and beyond while the Library and Information Science department can use the results of this study to improve their curriculum.
Steven Deineh
Julie Middlemas
Patricia Morrison
A New Service Model for the Reference Desk: The Student Research Center(html) PDF 2011 (April)
There is no doubt that reference services are changing and that the reference desk needs to change also, in response. In this article, Julie Middlemas argues that the foundations of the reference interaction remain the same regardless of this shift: that a successful reference interview and the need to save the time of the reader/researcher remain the primary functions of that interaction. Steven Deineh then puts forth his case for student-centered reference, which offers the service of intensive collaborative research working with students behind the reference desk. Students will learn hands-on because, although millennials and others of the digital generation have a perceived comprehensive understanding of technology, there is much they do not understand nor use to full advantage. And millennials learn by doing. Finally, Patty Morrison argues that “information up-sell” needs to be part of every reference desk encounter, whether the student is merely asking for directions or has a more in-depth research need. Why this promotion? Simply because, as Steven points out, there is only a perceived knowledge of technology. In sum, this article recommends the following as a new reference service model: conduct an effective and comprehensive reference interview and invite the student behind the desk for an empowering, hands-on, in-depth research experience when appropriate. For those scenarios when it is not appropriate, up-sell or promote what the library has to uniquely offer students that Google cannot.

Bola C. Atulomah Perceived Records Management Practice And Decision
Making Among University Administrators In Nigeria
PDF 2011 (April)
Information is needed to develop, deliver and assess the effectiveness of organizational policies, make informed choices between alternative courses of action, provide the basis for openness and accountability, protect individual rights and enforce legal obligations. The general disposition of people, and especially office personnel, to have little regard for records has contributed to the poor state of records today in all of the nation’s institutions of higher learning. The aim of this study was to investigate perceived record management practices and administrative decision-making among University administrators in Nigeria and to make appropriate recommendations to strengthen efficiency and effectiveness in the university sector. The study was an ex post facto in which the researcher used a semi-structured questionnaire to obtain information about perceived records management and administrative decision making from 795 senate members enrolled by stratified random sampling of universities within Nigeria.The results showed that respondents were federal universities 521 (65.5%), State 224 (28-2%) and Private 50(6.3%). The median age of respondents was 41-50years and 543(68-3%) males and 226(28.4%) females. Regarding awareness of Record management practice, 133(16.7%) respondents reported not being aware of any organized system of records management programme. Further, respondents’ perceived records management practice and their decision –making process showed a significant relationship with a correlation coefficient (r) of 0.840 (p<0.0001). Testing for variations in records management (F=147.3; p<0.0001), and administrative decision-making process (F= 142.91; p<0.0001) among respondents in the categories of universities surveyed revealed that a significant difference thus exist suggesting that they perceive and processed their records differently for decision-making. The findings in this study suggest that respondents sampled from the three categories of universities demonstrated perceived records management practice to be contingent in administrative decision-making process. Recommendations made includes; the establishment of a comprehensive functional Records Management Programme in all Nigerian universities and a university Archive, also that the National University Commission (NUC) should make as a matter of policy the establishment of a functional Records Management Programme and University Archives as a benchmark for accreditation
O.I. Amusa
A.O. Iyoro
Appraisal of Classification Schemes and Their Effectiveness in Organizing Law Collections in Nigerian Law Faculties (html) PDF 2011 (April)
Law is a discipline that relies heavily on library services. This reliance has made Law Libraries indispensable to the provision of effective and efficient legal services and studies. An efficient and responsive law library services is achievable through well organized collections of legal information sources This discourse focus on Classification Schemes and their respective suitability for organizing Law Collections in Nigerian Law Faculties. Three schemes, Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), Library of Congress (LC) and Elizabeth Moys (Moys) were examined and appraised in relation to law collections. This discourse concludes by offering the benefits of Classification to Law Collections.
J. I. Adeyomoye An Assessment of the Impact of Nigerian Book Foundation (NBF) on the Development of Library Collections in Private University Libraries in South-West Geo-political Zone of Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (April)
The study looks at the impact of Nigerian Book Foundation (NBF) on the development of library collections in private universities in South West Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria. It is designed to create awareness among university librarians about the existence of Nigerian Book Foundation (NBF) and the enormous benefits that they can derive from being in close contact with the Foundation and other donor agencies (Local or International) who readily assist academic libraries particularly in developing countries in their collection development efforts. A good number of the respondents strongly believe that the Foundation is beneficial and that it has improved their library collections. It recommends the establishment of more local, state or national donor agencies to enhance book distribution in the system and encourage the provision and production of local literature.
Wilson. O. Edegbo Curriculum Development in Library and Information Science Education in Nigerian Universities: Issues and Prospects (html) PDF 2011 (April)
This paper examines the curricula of library and information science education in Nigeria with a view of determining its present state of content of its courses offered and how it affects the present graduates produced in the universities with respect to the labour market for librarians in this age of computerisation / digitisation. The curricula of three universities as well as National Universities Commission (NUC) minimum standards for university library and information science schools provided the needed data. The result shows that there are ICT courses in the curricula but not covering some courses taught and the personnel are not readily available for the proper implementation of the good curricula developed.

Olugbenga Ademodi Reference Service in Academic Libraries: Accommodation of International Students (html) PDF 2011 (April)
This paper examines reference service in academic libraries, especially as it relates to international students.  This group of students may experience hardship when faced with a new cultural and educational environment which is most times different from what they are used to. After a discussion of the planning process, the Association for College and Research Libraries (ACRL) standards, and the relationship of assessment to the standards, the article will investigate the nature, objectives, and value of reference service in academic libraries along with the special problems associated with reference service for international students.  Assessment practices and the particular difficulties associated with assessment will then be explored. 
Tukur Abba
Musa Dauda Bassi
Citation Analysis of Authorship and Articles Characterization in Technology and Development: A Journal of Scientific and Technological Research (html) PDF 2011 (April)

The study examined citation analysis of authors and articles characterization in the Technology and Development: a Journal of scientific and technological research, Federal University of Technology Yola. It focused on number of articles in each volume, references cited, levels of authors’ collaborations, subjects covered, authors’ institutional affiliations and geographical location of the authors. The study revealed that a total of 96 articles were published in the five volumes (1991-1995), a total of 1421 references were cited from different sources of information. Single authored articles ranked highest followed by two authors articles. Majority of the authors are from universities 148(92.50%). The natural sciences received the highest coverage 46 (47.42%). The journal had received a wider spread geographically but, prominently from Yola 50 (31.65%). It is recommended that the management of the journal should also work towards its initial frequency of publication to remain current and strengthen its spread to cover wider international contributors for exchange of knowledge and ideas.

Dr.Joginder Singh Burman
M. Sheela
Citation Analysis of Dissertations of Law submitted to University of Delhi, Delhi (html) PDF 2011 (March)
A total of 3,052 citations were analyzed appended from 33 dissertations submitted by LLM students of University of Delhi, Delhi in 2006.It was found that 25.52% citations were from the journal articles and EPW with 7.19% citations was the most used journal.69.78% citations were from the subject of Law and 79.84% contributions were produced under single author-ship.41% periodicals were cited from USA.Half-life of periodical literature was 11 years.
Ifijeh Goodluck Israel Assessing Faculty Use of University Library Collection and Services in Nigeria: A Case of Covenant University, Ota (html) PDF 2011 (March)
The well administered university library directs its activities towards the fulfillment of these objectives. One of such activities is the acquisition and organization of information resources. The university library exists in an academic context and its role is subsumed in developing a highly visible collection that is well organized and serves as academic support for teaching, learning and research by faculty and students. Considering the role library plays in the university therefore, its collections have to be broad in terms of quantity and quality for faculty to appreciate its essence and use especially in teaching and research (Weber and Flatley, 2008).These resources include both book and non book materials..The importance of the library is further underscored by the need for faculty to be abreast with current trend in their areas of research. In view of the above, this paper evaluates the use of the library’s collection and services by the faculty of Covenant University.
Grace Eseohe Ebunuwele
Japheth Yaya
Dorcas Ejemeh Krubu
User Delinquency in Nigerian Academic Libraries: An Empirical Perspective (html) PDF 2011 (March)
One of the greatest challenges facing libraries all over the world is how to effectively curb the menace of user delinquency. The academic libraries in the university community in Nigeria cannot be isolated from this problem. Consequently, this study examined the issue of user delinquency in Nigeria using three selected universities in Edo State as case study. The universities were Ambrose Alli University, Benson Idahosa University and University of Benin. A survey research design was adopted and the Questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection in addition to interview and observation methods. 350 copies of the Questionnaire were administered to both staff and students of the universities sampled for the study. 298 copies of the Questionnaire were successfully retrieved giving a response rate of 85.14%5. The data collected from respondents were analyzed based on the five research questions designed for this study using simple tables and percentages. However, it was revealed through the data collected from the study that user delinquency includes: stealing of library books, hiding books from other users and mutilating pages of library books. In view of the foregoing, the researchers amongst others recommend installation of security systems in the library; putting expensive or popular titles on reserve for short term loans; engaging staff to glance over the reading rooms and daily shelving and shelf reading of library materials.
Dillip K Swain Library Philosophy and Practice, 2004-2009: A Scientometric Appraisal (html) PDF 2011 (March)
Bibliometric study on single journal is a promising area of research in the field of Library and Information Science. In this type of study data is collected from a single journal covering a particular period and vividly analyzed from different directions to find out authorship pattern, bibliographical forms of citations, chronological distributions of citations and publication half life, core authors, core journals, and journal impact factor. The findings from such studies provide some interesting and useful facts to researchers, authors, and editors regarding various crucial aspects of scholarly communication of the source journal. The present study selects Library Philosophy and Practice (LPP) as the source journal. LPP is a reputed peer reviewed international electronic journal that publishes original research articles in the field of Library and Information Science. As per its editorial objectives, it primarily includes, in its scope, explorations of current, past and emerging theories of librarianship and library practice, as well as reports of successful, innovative, or experimental library procedures, methods, or projects in all areas of librarianship. The contents of this journal are indexed in Library Information Science & Technology Abstracts (LISTA), DOAJ, Library Literature & Information Science, and Scopus. This study attempts to evaluate various unexplored facets of the publishing trends of LPP in the course of its publication phase from 2004 to 2009.
Dr.S.Mohammed Esmail
Dr. M.Nagarajan
Information Communication Technology (ICT) Infrastructure Facilities in Self-Financing Engineering College Libraries in Tamil Nadu (html) PDF 2011 (March)
The present study aims at analysing the use and availability of Information Communication Technology infrastructure facilities in self-financing engineering college libraries in Tamil Nadu. The role of engineering colleges in the technical manpower development is quite significant. They need rapid Information Communication Technology infrastructure and in this context, there is a need for adequate development of electronic resources. This study traces out the nature of electronic resources, library automation level, computerized library services, electronic access points, type of digital libraries, network and topology of network, internet and intranet services, and so on with reference to the selected institutions.
Oyinlola Oluwagbemiga Ayobami Corruption Eradication in Nigeria: An Appraisal (html) PDF 2011 (March)
The global increase in the cases of corruption is as a result of social disorganization has been perceived to be perverted deviation from the norms of a given society in the execution of developmental programmes or social duty where respective societies have striven to eradicate or reduce to the minimum level. Various people from different levels of life exhibit corruption. This paper shall examine the growing cases of corruption in Nigeria, causes of corruption, the effect of corruption in Nation building, it will also examine the role been played by various law enforcement agencies in solving these pandemic situation. The will finally, examine possible solution and with a moral song towards the reduction of corruption menace in our contemporary society
Abayomi Ebenezer Adesoye
Oyintola Isiaka Amusa
Investigating the Information Needs of Sandwich and Part-Time Students of Two Public Universities in Ogun State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (March)
This study investigated the information needs and impediments to access to information among the sandwich and part-time students of two public universities in Ogun State, Nigeria. The two universities are Olabisi Onabanjo University (OOU) and Tai Solarin University of Education (TASUED). Questionnaire was used to gather data from 5117 respondents out of 5575 students sampled. The study identified that both male and female sexes pursue part-time/sandwich courses due to one reason or another. Their courses of stud cut across Arts, Education, Social Sciences, Sciences, and applied sciences; and their information needs relate majorly to their studies, and other socio-economic issues. Information format preference of the students is both print and non-print. However, their institution libraries fall short of meeting their information needs due to some problems prominent among which are inadequate library facilities, and inadequate ICT and library use skill. The study recommended that the universities should recognize the right of their students to access right information in the desired formats; provision of practical oriented ICT and library use skill; subscription to electronic resources for the use of staff and students and; review of the students study packs.
Abdol Hamid Moarrefzadeh Current Status of University Libraries in Iran: Their Development, Organization, and Services (html) PDF 2011 (March)
Throughout history, libraries and books have played an integral part in people's cultural, political, and social development. Libraries earlier tended to serve an archival function. The role of the library and librarian was to store and provide access to materials, mostly books. The common view of libraries earlier was that they were storehouses of knowledge of civilization. However, a modern library, although still serving the archival function, also has an active, and assertive role in providing information to users. We live in a world in which increasing specialization is essential. Library could be a principal operator in promoting the intercommunication among the specialists. In this democratic age, all the people need a steady and balanced supply of reading material for their advancement of knowledge. University library has to satisfy the needs of the graduates, post-graduates as well as the requirements of the research scholars, and the much more complex and exacting demands of mature scholars and teachers.
Adam Gambo Saleh Educators' Perspective on Library Education in Nigeria

PDF 2011 (March)
A look at the history of Library Education in Nigeria showed that right from inception it has been characterized by one problem or the other. The first two Library Schools in Ibadan and Zaria were established on different professional and philosophical orientations. The inability of the Leadership to monitor and harmonize this variation led to the proliferation of various programs in different kinds of Institutions across the Country. This development led to questions being raised on the issue of professional qualification, curriculum content, facilities and the faculty. This study attempted to provide answers to these questions from the perspective of library Educators. A questionnaire was administered on 25 faculty members randomly selected from five Universities offering the Bachelor of Library Science program. Analysis of the data revealed the varied nature of the curriculum contents and the poor state of information resources and facilities, coupled with inadequate senior faculty members in Nigerian Library Schools. It is however hoped that a conscious and deliberate policy from bodies such as Librarians Registration Council of Nigeria (LRCN), Nigeria Library Association (NLA), National Universities Commission (NUC), and Education Trust Fund (ETF) will change the course of Library Education for the better in Nigeria.
Manzoor Ahmad Khan Anjum
Dr. Munir Ahmad
Scientometric Portrait of Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman PDF 2011 (March)
The study presents an analysis of 766 publications; 94 books, 59 chapters in books, 598 research papers and 15 patents contributed by Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman in which 83 (10.83 %) are single-authored while 683 (89.17 %) co-authored published from 1966 to June 2007 in various domains as: Natural Products (90), Natural Products-syn (9), Natural Products-nmr (14) Natural Products-isol (423), Natural Products-x-ray (9), Synthesis (132), Medicinal Chemistry (24), Spectroscopy (27), Analytical Chemistry (8) and Miscellaneous (30). The study shows that with total 3214 collaborativeships as many as 547 authors collaborated with Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman of which     M. I. Chaudhary (398) is the most prolific collaborator and the maximum number of co-authors at one time is twenty-one. The highest number of publications in a year is 67 contributed in 2005. Two-authored productivity is the highest by contributing 137 publications while in case of number of authorships (672) six-authored productivity is at the top. His productivity coefficient .69 is a clear indication of his higher productivity period just after 50 percentile age of his research career under consideration. He used 113 channels of communication {local 23 (20.35 %) and foreign 90 (79.64 %)} to disseminate the results of his research. Phytochemistry (93) is at the top of the list followed by Elsevier Science Publishers & Journal of Natural Products each (56). The number of publications published locally is 106 (13.84 %) and 660 (86.16 %) from abroad. Publication density and concentration is 6.72 and 7.89respectively while average number of publications per year is 18.24. The scattering of 766 publications over 113 channels of communication follow Bradford’s Law. Among the most prolific keywords in titles are: Alkaloids, Synthesis, Isolation, Steroidal Alkaloid, Natural Products, Bioactive Natural Products, Stereoselective Synthesis, Medicinal Plants, Triterpenoid, Harmaline, 13C-NMR, Synthetic Studies, Chemical Constituents, Buxus papillosa, Rhazya stricta and Diterpenoid.
Isaac Echezonam Anyira
Dr. Anthonia Nwabueze
Issues In Citing Internet Resources: What Nigerian Authors, Librarians, and Information Seekers Must Abide In (html) PDF 2011 (March)
This paper examined the issues in citing internet resources using APA style. It was discovered that without citation, there may be no other means of obtaining clarification or additional information about a write up. It was therefore recommended that sources used as evidence in writing a piece of information should be clearly cited and referenced accordingly; only works cited in-text should be included in the reference list; there is also the urgent need for writers and information users on the internet to acquire the basic skills necessary for citing internet resources in line with acceptable styles or formats.
Lily Oluebube Ezeala
Eunice Olufunmilola Yusuff
User Satisfaction with Library Resources and Services in Nigerian Agricultural Research Institutes (html) PDF 2011 (March)
The research objective is to discover the user satisfaction with library resources and services in Nigerian Agricultural Research Institutes (NARIs) In conducting this study, the survey research design was adopted with User Satisfaction with Library Resources and Services Questionnaire (USLRSQ) and structured interview as major instruments for data collection. The questionnaire was administered on 340 researchers from the entire 14 agricultural research institute in Nigeria. The overall response rate was 73.5%. The research data were analysed using frequency counts and percentages. The study revealed that research library materials are obsolete. The study concluded that agricultural research institute libraries in Nigeria are not satisfying the users. This is largely due to gross under-funding of the libraries by the parent institutions. Measures recommended to improve the effectiveness of the research libraries include increased funding and prompt release of all approved funds to the libraries, the provision of Internet access in the library and periodic evaluation of the research libraries' effectiveness by user approach.
Fayaz Ahmad Lone Reading Habits of Rural and Urban College Students in the 21st Century (html) PDF 2011 (March)

Reading has been the object of empirical and theoretical investigations since the distant past and has been studied from every possible angle by researchers from different subjects such as psychology, sociology, education, media studies, and library and information science. The present study investigates the reading habits of rural and urban college students of Kashmir Valley. The sample was selected through statistical sampling formula and stratified random sampling technique was used to select students. A questionnaire was used as a data collection tool. The results reveal that a majority of the students has a positive attitude towards reading. Urban students show this attitude more than rural students. The urban students spend more time on reading than their rural counterparts. The urban students read more English and rural students read Urdu. The results also discover that urban students mostly read for information and rural students for education. The data further shows that the rural students read more about politics, religion, science and technology, and games and sports, whereas urban students read more about literature and business.
A.D. Ugah
Uduakobong Oscar Udoh
Personnel Management Theories and their Implications for Libraries (html) PDF 2011 (March)
This paper discusses the application of McGregor’s management theories to library personnel management. It highlights the need for effective management, management skills needed in the library, and the application of the theories in the management of library personnel for effective performance.
E. Ademola Adekanye Computerization of the Fatiu Ademola Akesode Library, Lagos State University (html) PDF 2011 (March)
This paper discusses the computerization of the Fatiu Ademola Akesode Library, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos. It traces the history, planning, and implementation of the integrated computerized systems.  The paper provides a detailed overview of the planning process, designed to help librarians make decisions about library automation.  Practical suggestions are provided and the problems encountered, solutions proffered, and planned future developments are discussed.
Isaac Echezonam Anyira Internet Services in Nigerian Private Universities: A Case Study (html) PDF 2011 (February)
This study investigated the accessibility and use of Internet services in Nigerian private university system. The survey method was used for the study and data were collected with questionnaire from 240 respondents. Data were analyzed using frequency count and percentage. the findings are that: majority of the staff and students do not have access to the Internet as a result of ineffectiveness of the institution's Internet facility; cybercafés and personal laptops are their main Internet access points; Internet use is motivated by lack of materials in the library and the convenience of Internet use; staff and students use the Internet to gather materials to supplement course work, assignments, online examinations and distant education. The study recommended that: the library and the ICT laboratory should be provided with high speed Internet facilities, followed by networking of staff offices and lecture halls; contingency plan, security measures and user training should be put in place.
Chinwe M.T. Nwezeh
Students Use of Academic Libraries in Nigeria: A Case of Obafemi Awolowo University Library, Ile-Ife (html) PDF 2011 (February)
A survey of student use of Hezekiah Oluwasanmi LIibrary was carried out with five hundred students as respondents. While 95 percent of respondents use the library, those who do not have various reasons for it. It also showed that of all the library materials, indexes/abstracts, microfilms, and government publications are the least used library resources. Recommendations for improving the use of library resources are made.
Christopher Olatokunbo Okiki Information Communication Technology Support for an E-Learning Enviroment at the University of Lagos, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (February)
This paper is concerned with the concept of e-learning, its state and availability at university of Lagos, Nigeria. E-learning has become a new paradigm in education with a mission to serve as a platform knowledge base society. The two key concepts are e-learning and Information Communication Technology (ICT) support. The paper examines the 2005 -2009 strategic ICT policy of university of Lagos and how this has affected e-learning in the university community. It outlines the challenges faced in fully implementation it the university
Uche Arua
George I. Chinaka
Use of Library Resources by Staff and Students of Secondary Schools in Umuahia North Local Government Area of Abia State (html) PDF 2011 (February)
Use of library resources by staff and students of secondary schools in Umuahia North Local Government Area was investigated and analyzed, in order to determine the collections of these libraries the use made of them as well as determine whether or not these resources satisfy the information needs of both staff and students. The survey research method was adopted using simple random sampling techniques to select actual respondents from the population. The design is a case study and the major instrument for data collection was the questionnaires complemented by documentary sources and direct observations. Results indicate among other things that staff and students make use of these libraries but the library resources do not satisfy he information needs of respondents results also indicate that lack of current and up-to-date materials is the most prominent factor militating against library use. It is recommended that adequate funds should be provided to procedure current materials.
Akobundu Dike Ugah, PhD Size and Quality of Information Sources and the Use of Library Services in a University Library PDF 2011 (February)
The study investigated the size and quality of information sources and the use of library services in the Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike library. The case study research design was used for the study. The population was made up of 1,000 library-registered users in the university library. A sample size of 200 was selected using the simple random sampling technique. The study concluded that the independent variables of size and quality have influence and significant relationship with the use of library services. The study recommended that the information sources be improved in terms of size and quality.
Aragudige Nagaraja
Dr. M Vasanthakumar
Comparison of Web of Science and Scopus impact Factors of Indian Journals (html) PDF 2011 (February)
Database coverage of Indian journals in Web of Science and Scopus were identified. Impact factor from Journal Citation Reports 2008. SCImago journal rank indicator of Indian journals was tabulated and compared. It was found that Scopus covers more impact factor-tracked Indian journals, while Web of Science covers 45 Indian journals with impact factor.
Chimezie Patrick Uzuebgu
Nnamdi Emmanuel Onyekweodiri
The Professional Visibility of the Nigerian Library Association: A Report of Survey Findings (html) PDF 2011 (February)
This paper investigated the professional visibility of Nigerian library association (NLA). The descriptive survey method was adopted for this study. Data collected and analyzed was based on 200 non-librarians in Abia state and 25 librarians who are registered members of NLA in the Abia state chapter. 68.5% of the non-librarians whose knowledge of NLA was explored have not heard or know of NLA, while 76% of the librarians, whose opinions were gathered, agreed that NLA is not visible in Nigeria. Tables 4 and 5 in the paper contain the reasons given by librarians as to why NLA is not visible and their recommendations on how to enhance the image of the association, respectively. This paper concludes that NLA, like other professional associations in Nigeria, should find its perceptible niche in the Nigerian community
Victoria N. Okafor Access to Research Information in Cybercafés: The Challenge to Academic Libraries (html) PDF 2011 (February)
This study investigated the extent to which academics in science and engineering have access to research information through their university libraries. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select six universities, which were sampled from 13 Federal universities in Southern Nigeria. Purposive sample approach was used to survey academics in science and engineering faculties. In all 435 questionnaires were distributed for data collection and 291 (67%) were returned. Percentages and bar chart were used to generate data for discussion.The study revealed that Universities of Ibadan, Agriculture, Abeokuta and Nnamdi Azikiwe often have computer services in their university libraries with 83.6%, 75% and 72.4% respectively. On the other hand Universities of Benin, Uyo and Nigeria, Nsukka do not often have computer services available in their university libraries with 49.1%, 43.8% and 28.6% respectively. All the academics had much utilization of Internet with 86.6% average use. The study also showed that libraries do not frequently provide academics information needs as follows: Universities of Ibadan 32.7%, Uyo 31.3%, Benin 24.5%, Nnamdi Azikiwe 20.7%, Agriculture, Abeokuta 17.9% and Nigeria, Nsukka 15.5%. Information delivery is the major function of librarianship, to achieve this it was recommended that training of librarians and library staff in all aspect of information technology and to enable them deliver all facet of information services to users. The paper also offers possible solutions to improving of library organisation and management, through marketing of library services using hand bills, library bulletin, news letters and library orientation, user education which will improve on library services and library liaison.

Adetoun Sote
Kolawole Akinjide Aramide
Ajibola Gbotoso
An Evaluation of State Universal Basic Education Board (SUBEB) Libraries in Selected States in South-West Nigeria (html) PDF 2001 (February)
This study evaluates the state of SUBEB libraries/Learning resource centres (LRCs) in three selected states of the South-West region on Nigeria. The study aimed at ascertaining the adequacy and relevance of learning resources, infrastructural facilities and services to the needs of teachers, pupils and other users of the library. Data for the study was collected with the aid of questionnaire administered on both the teachers and library staff as well as interview with both pupils and heads of SUBEB libraries. Also, the researcher visited some of the libraries to observe the collection and resources. The study revealed that most of the SUBEB libraries contain only print based materials as oppose to multimedia materials which now form the major components of school library media collection. However, the study revealed that the SUBEB libraries/LRCs collection and facilities are relevant and adequate to users needs, hence the frequent use of SUBEB libraries/LRCs by teachers. The study revealed government as major source of funding for SUBEB libraries/LRCs as revealed by the study. The study recommends the development of a multimedia collection as well as extension of opening hours beyond school hours in SUBEB libraries/LRCs to attract pupils to using the library. Also, it is recommended that there is need for public – private partnership to ensure adequate funding of SUBEB libraries/LRCs as government alone cannot fund the libraries. Proper evaluation of the SUBEB libraries should be seen as very important to ensure that the SUBEB libraries/LRCs are serving the purpose(s) for which they are established.
H.N. Eke
U. Igwesi
D.I. Orji
Information Professionals as Agents for Promoting Entrepreneurship and Technology Education in Actualizing Vision 2020 for Nigeria (html PDF 2011 (February)
Entrepreneurship and technology education are central issues in the present state of dwindling national economies. Information is the bedrock for national development, and information professionals are agents in using this information tool to promote entrepreneurship. This paper discusses the roles of Information professionals in promoting entrepreneurial and technology education to address the high rate of unemployment and declining economic state in Nigeria. The paper also highlights the concept of entrepreneurship and technology education in Nigeria, information professionals and technology education enhancement, actualizing vision 2020 as a road map for transforming Nigeria into an economic giant.
M.O. Okoye
A.N. Ejikeme
Open Access, Institutional Repositories, and Scholarly Publishing: The Role of Librarians in South Eastern Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (February)
The study explored the extent of open access, institutional repositories, and scholarly publishing of academic librarians. Population of the study was 67. It comprised academic librarians in University of Nigeria (50), Enugu State University of Technology (6), Michael Okpara University of Agriculture (6), and Anambra State University (5). 52 (77. 61%) copies of the questionnaire were returned and 45 (86.54%) were found usable. Data were collected by a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire contained 38 questions which were divided into six sections. Responses from respondents were analyzed using percentages and mean scores. Findings of the study showed that librarians were aware of institutional repository, scholarly publication and open access journals. However, only 13.33% have published in open access journals. Five (11 .11%) of respondents did not agree that librarians are familiar with vendor licensing and copyright laws.
Dr. A.U. Nwabueze
Dr. R.E. Ozioko
Information and Communication Technology for Sustainable Development in Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (February)
The paper discusses the place of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for sustainable development in Nigeria. The application of ICT to various sectors in Nigeria has the potential of bringing about sporadic and sustainable development. Various ICT resources that could enhance sustainable development are discussed in the paper. Also sectorial input of ICT was discussed by the paper. The paper concludes that the application of ICT has emerged as the most radical development of the 21st century and is indispensable to Nigeria's sustainable development effort.
Adam Gambo Saleh
Fatima Ibrahim Lasisi
Information Needs and Information Seeking Behavior of Rural Women in Borno State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (February)
Women constitute the greater percentage of the rural population in Nigeria and form an important part of the labour force by engaging in subsistence trade. However, this role is grossly hindered as a result of lack of information on problems such as healthcare, literacy, early marriages, poverty, and lack of education. This study is an investigation of the information needs and information seeking behavior of rural women in Nigeria. Questionnaire and oral Interviews were the main instruments used for data collection. The analysis revealed varying information needs, sources, channels, and seeking behavior. Barriers to information needs are identified and suggestions provided.
Bulu Maharana
Smaranika Mishra
Bipin Bihari Sethi
Evaluation of Chemistry Journals at IIT Kharagpur, India: Use and Citation Analysis (html) PDF 2011 (February)
The paper evaluates chemistry journals at IIT Kharagpur discover with statistical measures a better way to manage journal collections in the library. It attempts to discover the impact of each journal at the local level. Questionnaire data coupled with citation statistics from SciFinder were used for the evaluation of chemistry journals. A questionnaire was prepared to elicit pertinent data on the use of journals by the respondents. In the second part of the study, the cited references of selected journals for 2005 and 2006 were collected from SciFinder Scholar based on data from the questionnaires. The ISI impact factor for each journal was obtained to find global usage trends. The survey found that 15 (29.41%) journals are used by 50% or more respondents, 14 (27.45%) are used by 10% or less respondents and 02 titles are never used. The research is limited to the jurisdiction of IIT Kharagpur. The population of this study is confined to the faculty and research scholars of Department of Chemistry, IIT Kharagpur.The result of this study will be useful in making decisions for collection development of journals in libraries. The quantitative aspects of the evaluation will be highly useful for acquisitions librarians for proper management of the collection and optimal use of the funds allocated for the purpose. The paper is the outcome of a survey undertaken among the faculty and research scholars of IIT Kharagpur. The research findings are original in nature and can be a basis for further research in this area
Amanze O. Unagha
Samuel K. Ibenne
Obstacles to Provision and Use of Development Information in Rural Communities in Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (January)
This paper focuses on the obstacles to development information provision and use in rural communities in Nigeria, where the impact of the oral tradition remains very strong. A review of the Nigerian rural community and its rural information environment is made. Requirements for development process in rural communities are taken into account. The paper discusses those attributes of information that are counter-productive to the development process in Nigerian rural communities, where more than 70% are known to be illiterate. The successful use of information as a resource for development depends in large part on knowledge of the nature of information and the ability of disseminators to apply appropriate communication mechanisms understandable to rural people. This has implications for people involved in the development of rural communities.
Daniel Emojorho ICT and Collection Management in Public Libraries: A Survey of South-South of Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 January)
The effect of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Nigerian public libraries was explored using a questionnaire was used to collect data. The research findings show that ICT improves public library services, but most libraries have not been digitized; hence, a considerable number of staff and users are not ICT-literate
Md. Sohail
Md. Imran Ahmad
Use of E-Resources and UGC-Infonet Consortium by the Teachers
and Research Scholars in Aligarh Muslim University
PDF 2011 (January)
Recent developments in Information Technology has changed the world. Libraries and Information Centers have embraced the new information technology more profoundly than many other fields and most of them are currently using electronic products and services. Mention about e-journal consortium. Assess the use of UGC-Infonet Consortium by the Teachers and Research Scholars in Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh Conclude to implement the opinions and suggestions of the users for improving the system.
Adam Gambo Saleh
Fatima Ibrahim Lasisi
An Assessment of Public Library Services in North Eastern Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (January)
North Eastern Nigeria, formally one political state, is now made up of six autonomous states. Government efforts to coordinate library service in Nigeria as exemplified by the commissioning of two expert studies variously led by F. A. Sharr (1963) and R. L. Pearce (1968), were thwarted by the incessant political fragmentation of the Country into autonomous states, resulting in the emergence of inefficient and ineffective public libraries. With the achievement of political stability of some sort, in the last ten years as a result of the institutionalization of democracy, the question is has the situation changed? Are public libraries in Nigeria efficient and effective? Are public libraries in Nigeria adequately funded? Do they conform to the minimum standards recommended by IFLA/UNESCO?, this and other questions guided the study. A survey of the Public Libraries in the capital of the Six States making the North East Region was conducted, Questionnaire and Facilities Enumeration Form (FEF) was used to collect data. Descriptive analysis of the data revealed that while improvements are noticeable in terms of physical structures and management legislation, the Libraries are far from provision of efficient and effective services. The Government must be committed towards public library development in the country in order to succeed in its various economic and political programs, with a view to becoming a developed nation by 2020.
Dr. D.B. Patil Use of the Internet in Government First Grade College Libraries in Bidar District (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The article reports on the results of a study on the use of the Internet in libraries of Bidar District colleges. A total of 320 questionnaires were distributed to eight colleges. Results indicate a need for more training and more widespread Internet access. Recommendations are offered.
Uche Arua A Framework of Cooperation Between Academic Staff and Library Staff for a Meaningful University Education for Students (html) PDF 2011 (January)
There is a need for effective cooperation between the teacher and the library staff, if the students are to be given quality and meaningful university education. By training, attitude, orientation, function, and commitment, the librarian is a teacher in any academic setting. Librarians' responsibilities extend far beyond organizing and maintaining library collections. Their major responsibility is to carry out the educational function of the parent institution. This article explores the role of librarians and suggests ways to strengthen cooperation between librarians and teachers.
Joyce Chinyere Oyadonghan
Felix Mmanuoma Eke
Factors Affecting Student Use of Information Technology: A Comparative Study of Federal University of Technology, Owerri and Niger Delta University, Amazoma (html) PDF 2011 (January)
A survey of two universities in Nigeria explored the use of information technology by students. Registered student users of FUTO and NDU library make adequate use of IT resources. However the return of duly completed questionnaire shows that 500 level students of FUTO and 400 level of students of NDU uses the IT in the library more than other levels as shown in table 1. The use of photocopying machine ranked highest amongst the student of both University.  But a similar study on the use of Internet and electronic resources by Dental science students at Baba Farid university of health science shows that the use of e-mail topped with 163(95.3%) out of 171 respondants, unlike the use of photocoping machine that ranked topmost in Nigeria.
M.O. Okoye
Mwabuisi T. Imo
Uche H. Igbo
Services for Conflict Resolution: The Role of Nigerian Academic Libraries (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The study investigated the services offered by Nigerian academic libraries for conflict resolution. The survey research methodology was adopted using the questionnaire as the instrument for data collection. The questionnaire which contained 34 items was administered to a population of 88 academic librarians of the four federal universities in South Eastern Nigeria. The findings revealed that academic libraries do not render all the necessary services for conflict resolution. Absence of established library policy, poor funding, lack of technological infrastructure and lack of government support are among the factors found to have hindered such services. It was recommended among others that academic libraries should be encouraged by government to develop policies on conflict management information services.
Olatokunbo Christopher Okiki
S.M. Asiru
Use of Electronic Information Sources by Postgraduate Students in Nigeria: Influencing Factors (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The study investigated the factors that influenced the use of electronic information sources by postgraduate students in six Universities in the South West, Nigeria. Questionnaire was the main research instrument used. 2500 copies of questionnaire were distributed and 2,187 copies were returned. The findings revealed that the factors that influenced the use of electronic information sources by respondents varied according to their program of study, the need to carry out researches to excel in their academic endeavour and versatility in the use of information technologies to search for information recommendations were made for the identified problems in the use of electronic information sources.
Victoria N. Okafor Comparative Analysis of Research Output of Federal Universities in Southern Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The study was carried out to compare the research output of academics in science and engineering faculties in southern Nigeria using bibliometric analysis. Descriptive survey method was used for the study. Through stratified random sampling six federal universities were selected out of 13 for the study. Two hundred and ninety-one academic staff with the rank of lecturer II and above were used for the study. The research output considered in this study was counting of journal articles and supervision of postgraduate students. The study showed that University of Benin had the highest publication of all the universities but mainly in local journals. However, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta had the highest articles in international journals, followed by University of Ibadan, Ibadan. University of Ibadan was the highest in masters and Ph.D supervision followed by university of Benin. The study also showed that there is no significant difference between mean productivity of academics from different universities. However there is significant difference between mean productivity of articles published in international journals. It is then recommended the all stake-holders in research and education should create conducive working environment for researchers, through funding, providing the necessary equipment, necessary information materials by equipping the libraries. Also researchers should be sponsored to local, national and international conferences and workshops. This will expose the researchers in their field and enhance publishing within and outside Nigeria. The federal government should in collaboration with NUC establish databases as has been done in other countries. This will make it easer for studies of this type to be carried out in Nigeria.
Samuel O. Ogunniyi
Johnson A. Akerele
Adeola F. Afolabi
Use of Serial Publications by the Academic Staff of School of Arts and Social Sciences in Adeyemi College of Education Ondo State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The article investigated the use of serial publications in Adeyemi College of Education Library, Ondo, by the academic staff of the School of Arts and Social Sciences.  Questionnaire was the main instrument of collecting data from the respondents. Also, complete enumeration sampling method was used. Out of the  49 questionnaires administered, 30 (61.2%) were returned and found useful for analysis.  The study found  that 20(66.7%) used the serial section of the Library while 10 (33.3%) did not. Also, 12 (6.6. %), 6(20%) and 12 (40%) used the  section very often, often and rarely, respectively.  It was inferred from the result that those that were not using the  section did so because of the notion that there is non-availability of new journals in their areas of interest.  It was recommended that the serial section should send list of recent journals and photocopies of contents’  table to relevant departments to improve the use of the section.
Dr Andrew Leo Ogbonyomi Security and Crime Prevention in Academic Libraries: A Case Study of the Kano State College of Education, Kano, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The security and prevention of crimes in academic libraries have always been major concerns to the librarians of these libraries. Attempts of many authors to suggest solutions to these disturbing issues have not yielded the required solution. In this research work, the researcher looked into a case study of an institution, which is making frantic efforts to fight theft, mutilation, vandalism and defacement of its information materials. This research work discovered that poverty, carelessness and selfishness among the patrons of the Kano State College of Education Library are major causes of crimes in the library, while poor funding, inadequate staffing and lack of vigilance on the part of the staff are responsible for some of the crimes committed in the library. The recommendations of this research work include a more intensive user education, increase in the finding and training and retraining of the staff of the library, will go a long way to reducing crimes and insecurity of information material in the Kano State College of Education Library.
Chinwe M. Nwezeh Undergraduate Library Instruction in Nigerian Universities: A Case Study of Hezekiah Oluwasanmi Library, Obafemi Awolowo University, lle-Ife, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (January)
This paper discusses .undergraduates' library instruction at Hezekiah Oluwasanmi Library, Obafemi Awolowo University, lle-Ife, Nigeria. It examines students' perception of library services and library instruction. It also examines the catalogue use pattern among students. The study assesses the rate of success being recorded when library materials are to be retrieved using the library catalogues. It also evaluates the contributions library instruction has on students' academic growth. A random sampling method was adopted to obtain 780 respondents out of 800 copies of questionnaire distributed among thirteen (13) faculties. Questionnaire was the major instrument used in data collection. A response 'rate of 97.5% was achieved. Going by the responses of the students on catalogue searches, it could be inferred that the use of catalogues to search often yields positive results. Some suggestions are made for the co-operation of librarians and faculty staff. It is hoped that the co-operation will enhance students' optimum learning.
Abdol Hamid Moarrefzadeh Current Status of University Libraries in Iran: Their Development, Organization, and Services (html) PDF 2011 (January)
A questionnaire was used to survey the organization and services of more 89 university libraries in Iran. User satisfaction was also surveyed. The results paint a picture of the financial support, administrative structure, services offered, and opinions of users in universities across the country.
Tabasum Maqbool A Knowledge Centre for Ladakh (html) PDF 2011 (January)
This paper explores the idea of a Knowledge Centre in Ladakh with a view to improve the socioeconomic, educational, and cultural aspects of the region. It gives a detailed sketch of different characteristics of the regionin order to improve the lives of residents through knowledge and learning.
Shakeel A. Khan
Farzana Shafique
Information Needs and Information-Seeking Behavior: A Survey of College Faculty at Bahawalpur (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The purpose of this paper is to determine the information needs and information-seeking behavior of college faculty (i.e. teachers and administrators) at Bahawalpur City. A survey was used for the study. The results of the study reveal that current services rendered by the college libraries are not fulfilling the information needs of college faculty to great extent. They search their personal collection in case of urgent need of information instead of visiting the library. Furthermore they mostly rely on informal sources of information. Information technology has affected their information seeking behavior and made information seeking process easier.
Dr. B U Kannappanavar
Dr. K V Manjunatha
Library Resources and Services of Engineering Colleges in Karnataka (html) PDF 2011 (January)
This paper highlights the issues concerning library resources and services in the engineering college libraries in Karnataka. The study found that a majority of the colleges are managed by the private institutions. Nearly all are understaffed. Very few college libraries are functioning in a independent library buildings. Most have good collections of books, while journal collections vary. Most provide an array of library services.
Kingsley Nwadiuto Igwe Reading Culture and Nigeria's Quest for Sustainable Development (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The paper highlights the role of reading culture as an aspect of the educational system in the development of a nation. With Nigeria as the nation in focus, it laments the neglect of its education sector including libraries over the years in terms of funding and inadequate infrastructures for human resource development; and emphasizes on the fact that qualitative and functional education remains the focal point for development. The paper also enumerates constraints to the improvement of reading culture. Strategies for the improvement and development of reading culture in Nigeria were suggested, of which if implemented will see the country on the part to sustainable development.
Helen Nneka Eke Modeling LIS Students' Intention to Adopt E-learning: A Case from University of Nigeria, Nsukka (html) PDF 2011 (January)
E-learning is one of the emerging issues in LIS education in Nigeria and students in the LIS profession have been adopting some of these technologies in enhancing their professional skills. E-learning is becoming increasingly prominent in higher education, with Universities increasing provision and more students signing up. In University of Nigeria, E-learning is at its infant stage, though a good number of the students have been introduced to it, and some of the students have already started using it for some courses. This paper examines factors that predict UNN LIS students’ intention to adopt e-learning. Understanding the nature of these factors may assist Nigerian Universities in promoting the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in teaching and learning. Data was collected through a survey of 50 LIS students at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. The technology adoption model is utilized in this study. Two more independent variables are added to the original model, namely, the pressure to act and resource availability. The results show that there are five factors that can be used in modeling students’ intention to adopt e-learning. These factors are attitudes toward e-learning, perceived usefulness of e-learning, perceived ease of e-learning use, pressure to use e-learning, and the availability of resources needed to use e-learning.
Lily Oluebube Ezeala
Kenneth Ivo Ngozi Nwalo
Correlation between Productivity and the Use of the Library by Nigerian Agricultural Research Institute Research Officers (html) PDF 2011 (January)
This study is an investigation of the role of agricultural research institutes’ libraries in Nigeria in the expeditious achievement of the overall goals and objectives of the parent institutions. The purpose of these institutes is to conduct research in various areas of agriculture to enhance agricultural production. Research results are published and also communicated to farmers through agricultural Extension. The research library is responsible for acquiring, organizing and disseminating information relevant to the mandate of the research institutes. Unfortunately, very few researchers patronize the library.
Halima Sadia Egberongbe The Use and Impact of Electronic Resources at the University of Lagos (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The paper examines the various electronic resources in University of Lagos, use and impact of electronic resources on productivity of end users.A questionnaire survey was used for data collection, and 82 out of a 100 were returned.The analysis of data collected covered awareness of electronic resources use of, impact of use of electronic resources on the academic productivity of respondents and problems faced by researchers while using electronic resources. The study found that the e-mail and Internet are the most used of the e-resources. There was a general indication that respondents did not receive adequate training in the use of electronic resources. Inadequate infrastructure is a major factor that hinders users from using electronic resources. The paper provides suggestions for further improvement of use of electronic resources in order reap the benefits of the innovation in the University of Lagos.
Dr .S. Mohamed Esmail
Dr. M. Nagarajan
Internet-Based Resources and Services among Librarians in Tamil Nadu, India (html) PDF 2011 (January)
This study examines the Internet use of library professionals in Tamil Nadu. Questionnaire, interviews, and observation were used to collect data. The data collected were analyzed and inferences made based on standard statistical methods. The finding of this study will assist Internet users in improving their knowledge and skills..
Devendra Kumar
Rajkumar Singh
Jamal Ahmad Siddiqui
Newspaper Reading Habits of University Students: A Case Study of Chaudhary Charan Singh University, India (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The study analyzed the newspapers reading habits of university students of Chaudhary Charan Singh University, India. Structured questionnaires were distributed among P.G. Students, M. Phil. Students, and Research Scholars of Chaudhary Charan Singh University, India. Data was gathered on various aspects of newspaper reading habits of university students including languages read, time spent on newspaper reading; sources of newspapers; and which sections of newspapers are read most.
Vahideh Zarea Gavgani
Farhad Shokraneh
Ali Roshani Shiramin
Need for Content Reengineering of the Medical Library and Information Science Curriculum in Iran (html) PDF 2011 (January)
New approaches in medical education and practice such as Evidence-Based Medicine, Information Therapy, and Patient-Centered Healthcare require more reliable, timely and specialized information services. At the same time, the provision of information services in the environment of Web 2.0, medicine 2.0, library 2.0, and mobile computer technology require new skills on the part of librarians. Library and Information Science (LIS) education curricula have to be changed to meet the professional needs and skills required for librarians. The aim of this study is to find out whether the content of LIS academic courses offered by Iranian Medical LIS schools meet the clinical/medical librarians' professional needs. It focuses on the areas of evidence-based approach, patient-centered healthcare, information therapy services, and Web2.0 applications. Methodology: This is an exploratory study involving a content analysis of the curricula and course descriptions of all schools/departments of medical library and information science in Iran. The medical library science education curricula in Iran address neither the trends in LIS education and services, nor the emerging technologies in information and communication. Specifically, professional skill requirements such as critical appraisal, rigorous research methods used in health science literature, evidence-based medicine, e-health, evidence-based library and information practice, Web 2.0, applications of Information Communication Technology and mobile technology are not included in LIS education to meet the needs of community and improve healthcare outcomes.

Suresh K Chauhan
Prem Chand
Sarbjot Kaur
Usage of E-Resources in Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, with Special reference to UGC-Infonet Digital Library Consortium (html) PDF 2011 (January)
This paper accommodates international scenario of library consortia in the beginning and then shifted to Indian library consortia. UGC-Infonet Digital Library consortium scholarly information is being given free of cost to more than 150 universities. Himachal Pradesh University is one amongst the beneficiaries of this program. Electronic resources usage statistics of this university is analyzed to cater the shortcomings in the available e-resources facility. To describe the current status of Himachal Pradesh University with reference to usage of electronic resources which are being accessed under UGC-Infonet Digital Consortium. The study identifies the limitations and problems for low usage of e-resources at Himachal Pradesh University and offers some suggestion to improve the usage.
C. Baskaran User Perception of Library Services in Academic Institutions in the Southern Districts of Tamil Nadu, India: A Case Study (html) PDF 2011 (January)
This paper describes the perceptions of academic library users of library services. The study explored user preferences regarding the collection, services such as interlibrary loan, and Web browsing habits.
Emmanual E. Baro A Critical Examination of Information and Communication Technology Policies: Effects on Library Services in Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (January)
Developments in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have changed nations and their citizens across the world regardless of their political or socioeconomic systems.  The paper critically examined the effectiveness of the various ICT policies in Nigeria, and their effect on library services. This study became imperative due to the fact that, nations like Nigeria need strong ICT policies that are fully implemented to change the nation and her citizenry. It is obvious that the various information and communication technology policies in Nigeria have not achieved the set objectives. This is because the policies are not fully implemented by the various bodies such as National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA), Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC), and Government at various levels, which are charged with the implementation responsibilities to achieve the set objectives of the IT policy, Telecommunications policy and Computer Education policy in Nigeria. This in turn has affected the use of ICT facilities to effectively utilize services provided by the Internet in rendering information services in libraries.
O.M. Bankole
S.O. Babalola
Use of Newspapers by Students of Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (January)
This study investigates the relative importance of newspaper information, purposes for consultation, types of information sought, the extent and satisfaction derived from the use of library newspaper services, and problems that might constrain students from visiting the newspaper sections of Olabisi Onabanjo University library, Ago Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria. A survey research design and interviews were used for data collection. A self-administered questionnaire was given to 456 who had used the library newspaper services in the past, of which 92.1% were found usable. The students ranked newspaper information as their third most important source of overall daily information. The respondents opined that  they visited the newspaper sections in the library to obtain information and to relieve themselves from stress. The specific information sought from newspapers in decreasing order of importance are information on politics/governments, sporting events, entertainments, health matters, world affairs and their academic work. The major barriers to the use of the newspaper sections are overcrowding, space limitation, non availability of newspapers on time, few copies of newspapers being provided, and non awareness of the newspaper services in the library. The paper concludes that in view of the importance of newspapers to students’ daily information needs and its relevance as source of recreation, library managers in Universities should accord its provision high priority. Specifically, there is the need for the management of Olabisi Onabanjo University library to address the shortcomings identified in newspaper provisions in this study.
Professor Dr. Ahmad Bakeri Abu Bakar Information Seeking Behaviours of Rural Women in Malaysia (html) PDF 2011 (January)
This study examines the information needs and seeking behaviours of women in a rural setting of Malaysia The aim of the study is to identify the information needs of  women, and to determine the information sources used by women in a rural village, to determine their information seeking behaviours  and to identify any accessbarriers to those sources of information.  A sample was selected and given a questionnaire. The return rate was 64 percent. The study  revealed that respondents were concerned with information related to food and child education. When seeking information on food and child education, respondents used family or friends  and popular magazines as the main sources. When seeking information on food and child education through the Internet most used relevant websites to get information. They also used the online periodicals or magazines.  Generally they observed that their village lacks infrastructure, which impedes their success. They suggested the establishment of a mosque library with Internet facilities in their village as a short term solution to their problems.
Musa Abdu Auyo
Ahmed Mohammed
The Prevalence of Arabic and Ajami Manuscripts in Northern Nigeria, Implications for Acccess, Use, and Enduring Management: A Framework For Research (html) PDF 2011 (January)
A paper presented at a National Conference on Exploring Nigeria’s Arabic/Ajami Manuscript Resources for Development of New Knowledge, organized by Arewa House and Ford Foundation Office of West Africa Region, Kaduna, Nigeria, 7th-8th  May, 2009
Emmanual U. Anyanwu
Enyinna Zander
Desmond Oparaku
Information Needs of Policy Makers in Nigeria: The Case of Imo State Civil Service (html) PDF 2011 (January)
A questionnaire was used to conduct a study of the information needs of policy makers/senior civil servants in Imo State Nigeria. Work activities and information needs of the policymakers were identified and resources of government libraries were evaluated. It was discovered that the government libraries are not adequate in all aspects. They are underfunded. The sources of information and factors affecting access to information needs were identified. Recommendations include the implementation of Information and Communication Technology.
Sylvester Ozioma Anie The Economic and Social Benefits of ICT Policies In Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (January)
This study examined the economic and social benefits of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) policies in Nigeria: Igyor (1996) declared that one of the most striking structural changes in the world's economies over the years has been the shift of allocation of human and capital resources from the task of processing material goods to that of processing information. On the basis of occupational statistics, those individuals whose function is primarily to create, process and handleinformation can be identified in a growing nation of working professionals that share in the information age, people such as administrators, clerks, secretaries, bankers, lawyers, scientists, researchers and teachers. This paper generated important findings in all spheres of business life, effective implementation of ICT policies will help to garner information on weather condition, disease outbreaks, new techniques, etc. These certainly will guide farmers, manufacturers, businessmen and government on how and when to invest their monies.
Samuel Arubam Amkpa
Amudat I. Imam
Library Instructon Programme As a Correlate of Student Catalogue Use in Colleges of Education Libraries (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The study investigated the relationship between library instruction programme components and students' catalogue use in colleges of education libraries. The study addressed the issue of students' inability to use catalogue to retrieve materials within the libraries. Four objectives guided the study with four null hypotheses tested. Survey research deign was used for the study. The population was 2,560 NCE III students chosen from four colleges of education in south-western Nigeria. While 256 samples were used for the study, Questionnaire was used for data collection. Data gathered was analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) coefficient for hypotheses tested. The study revealed among others that there was significant relationship between library instruction teaching methods and students library catalogue use. One of the recommendations made is that teaching methods should be improved through individual or groups assignment and computer assisted instruction should be combined with demonstration method. The study concluded that the low student's library catalogue use could be hinged on the teaching methods, bibliographic elements.
Gbade A. Alabi Book Availability and Performance Measure in an Academic Library: The Case of the Walter Sisulu University (WSU) Library, Mthatha Campus (html) PDF 2011 (January)
This study evaluates the book availability as well as the performance measure of the Walter Sisulu University (WSU) Library and determines the levels of satisfaction among its users. Attention was focused on four parameters of performance measure, namely: Acquisition (Pa), Circulation (Pc), Users' performance at the catalogue and success in obtaining materials from the shelf (Pu), and, the Library administrative operation (Pm), all of which were independently measured. An overall availability rate of 33% was obtained for the Walter Sisulu University (WSU) Library. This is rather low. This low availability level obtained was associated with the low circulation performance (Pc) at 45%.  However, a high performance was obtained for the university acquisition policy at 85%, Library operations at 88%, and User performance at 87%. The study focused largely on availability of monographic materials and not on online searches carried out by users of the library. Similar studies that were carried out in a number of academic libraries identified bottlenecks which enable library managers to effect policy changes or appropriate corrective actions that later resulted in the higher satisfaction level of the libraries concerned. This same approach is being recommended in this study.
Daniel O. Akparobore The Role of Public Libraries in Promoting Adult Education in Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The aim of this article is to help demonstrate that libraries are vital institutions for improving human resources. These human resources are the wealth of nation, and adult education, which helps in the development of these resources, provide foundations for adult learners. Public libraries play a crucial role in lifelong learning and increasing information literacy for adult learners.
Samson Oyeniyi Akande Computer and Internet Facilities Use in Distance Education: A Survey of Sandwich Students of University of Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria, Samson Oyeniyi Akande (html) PDF 2011 (January)
Education is an agent of transformation and change. Many people who cannot afford traditional educational delivery have opted for distance education.Distance education emphasizes electronic communications and use of ICT facilities, but few studies have been conducted to investigate the level of use of computer and Internet facilities by sandwich students in Nigerian universities. "Sandwich students" take an extra year to complete their degrees. The extra year is spent gaining relevant work experience.This study investigates the extent to which the sandwich students make use of computer and Internet facilities for their programme using the University of Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria, as a case study. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. 280 sandwich students who constituted the sample size were randomly selected from the 200, 300, and 400 levels in 2007.  Out of the 280 copies of the questionnaire administered, 200 copies were retrieved and analysed, giving a response rate of 71.4%. The findings reveal that 50% of the respondents could not make use of computer and Internet facilities on their own due to lack of computing and searching skills. The study also reveals that the lecturers do not give the students assignments to encourage their use of computer and Internet facilities. Recommendations were offered to improve the use of computer and Internet facilities by the students.
C.O. Ajidahun Indispensability of Library Services to All Professions (html) PDF 2011 (January)
Delivered at the Annual Lecture organised by the Nigerian Library Association, Ekiti State Chapter on Tuesday, December 23, 2008 at the Conference Hall, Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti.
Emmanuel Babatunde Ajala Work-related Stress among Librarians and Information Professionals in a Nigerian University (html) PDF 2011 (January)
Workers all over the world face stress. A Nigerian worker has many stress factors in the workplace. Life expectancy is dropping in an alarming rate, from 51.56 to 47.44, between the years 2000 and 2007. The library and information professions have become high stress. An anthropological approach was adopted to look at stress among librarians in the University of Ibadan Library System in Nigeria, using group and individual interviews as a data collection instrument. There were no significant differences between male and the female workers in their perception if workplace stress. Factors of stress in the library include work environment, personal or internal factors, home-work interface, issues of professional satisfaction, and management problems. Managing stress in a better way includes personal and organizational efforts, but the organization playa a greater role in making the library and information workplace stress-free in Nigeria.
Lydia Ola Adedibu
Isaac Olugbenga Ajala
Recognition of Library Terms and Concepts by Undergraduate Students (html) PDF 2011 (January)
The study investigated the recognition of library terms and concepts used by undergraduate students of Ladoke Akintola University of Technology students, Ogbomoso, Nigeria. 2,039 questionnaires were analysed. Four hypotheses were tested using Analysis of variance (ANOVA). The study revealed that the variables; age, gender, use of library, visitation to library, educational level, and familiarity with library before admission into the university were all significantly positive (P&lt;0.01) thus influencing the extent of awareness of the respondents to the library terms, and concepts. Various recommendations such as librarians to always try to define terms, concepts, and jargon used for the first time, request for feedbacks from students either monthly, quarterly or bi-annually, and try to make access and retrieval of library resources more efficient and user friendly by using the language that users understand.
Edwin I. Achugbue
Sylvester O. Anie
ICTs and Information Needs of Rural Female Farmers in Delta State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2011 (January)
Female farmers in Delta State play an important role in crop production, poultry farming, and socioeconomic development of the communities. This research work investigates ICTs and information needs of rural female farmers in Delta State, Nigeria. It also ascertains the level of their ICT-compliance in the management of agricultural information for increased productivity. The paper uses descriptive survey method to determine the information needs of rural female farmers and the impact of ICTs on rural female farmers. It was discovered that female farmers in Delta State, Nigeria, are very keen to know more about treatments of animals, application of fertilizers, controlling of pests and parasites with the application of ICTs. The paper provides a useful insight into the imperativeness of ICTs with the provision of information for the rural female farmers in Delta State, Nigeria.
Bappah Magaji Abubakar Academic Libraries in Nigeria in the 21st Century (html) PDF 2011 (January)
Academic libraries in Nigeria must meet the demands the 21st century. The world is witnessing a revolution as a result of developments in ICTs that has permeated all sectors. This paper discusses the paradigm shift in academic library services. It also analyzes academic libraries situation in Nigeria within the context of inadequate funding. If academic libraries in Nigeria are to measure up to expectations in the 21st century, they must develop coping strategies to overcome some of the major challenges.

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