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Annual volume 2012

Starting July 1, 2012, Library Philosophy and Practice will only be published in the University of Nebraska--Lincoln Libraries' Digital Commons. The University of Nebraska--Lincoln, the University of Idaho sites will remain and all articles published there will still be available, but new articles will not be added there. New articles will be published at: See that URL for instructions on submitting articles to LPP.

Shammasi Ali Suleiman User Education Programs in Academic Libraries: The Experience of the International Islamic University Malaysia Students (html) PDF 2012 (June)
The library supports the reading and research needs for that particular institution. It is the library's responsibility to provide better services to its clients to make sure that information sources, services and resources are well utilized for user benefits; hence user education program is very crucial for user's achievement. The aim of this paper is to identify perception of user education program at International Islamic University (IIUM) library, to identify Module of user education program at IIUM library and to develop searching skills for users. The descriptive survey is adopted for the study. The population is Undergraduate and Postgraduate students of IIUM, because of the time constraint the researcher selected sample of 75 students from a number of different faculties / kulliyah using the Krejcie and Morgan formula. Information was gathered using a questionnaire of 17 questions. Data analysis includes descriptive statistics, mean, variance, and charts. The result of the survey shows that users are in favor of various programs due to their adaptability, online public access catalogue and easy access to several sources of information. For library services to keep pace with the needs of students, library should increase number of employees' expert and skillful librarians who can provide user education programs Library should make user education training compulsory for all faculties, and provide them with instructional material to present to students as suggested by respondents that postgraduate students should attend user education classes. There is no doubt that the user education program brought a positive change to the respondents' behavior towards library use, considering their previous back ground. This survey reveals that there are active librarians who can contribute on user education and increase the number of users with satisfactory library skills.
Dr. T. Saravanan
M.M. Kalaivani
Dr. V. Senthilkumar
Does the Digital Environment Improve Modern Users' Internet Awareness? (html) PDF 2012 (June)
The main focus of this paper is to trace the users' literacy level of Internet by the way of measuring their Library visit towards various attributes as Library is the warehouse of electronic resources. Modern users' dependency of internet increases day by day as their requirements also come up in various aspects such as preparing lessons, assignments, research etc. The value of any product that exists in the market could be measured, when it comes for the usage. Human beings who live in society should be aware of those items, so as the purpose of any product would be satisfied. Either academic or personal the users are in need of modern technological items to meet their requirements as present scenario offers the sophisticated opportunity. The present study revolves around the modern users' frequency of Library visit and their Internet awareness levels. The identified research questions in the present investigation are; do the modern users' Library visits differ? ; do the users' Internet awareness levels differ? ; do the users' Library visits influence them to upgrade their awareness of Internet?
K.R. Mulla Identifying and Mapping the Information Science and Scientometrics Analysis Studies in India (2005-2009): A Bibliometric Study (html) PDF 2012 (June)
The paper describes the bibliometric analysis of 998 articles of on information science and scientometrics (ISS) that appeared in different journals during the period of 2005-2009. The study reveals that, most researchers preferred to publish their research results in journals; as such 91.98% of articles were published in journals. More numbers (329, 32.97%) of articles were published in 2009. The authorship trend shows that, out of 1703 authors who contributed a total of 998 articles, out of which more number of (376, 40.96% ) articles were two authored papers. The degree of collaboration in ISS was 0.78, and the country wise contribution of articles, India would contribute more documents i.e., 83.99% of the total publications. It also further examines year wise distribution of articles, distribution of types of documents, length of the papers, authorship pattern, degree of collaboration among authors, degree of collaboration among co-authors, degree of collaboration among different category of authors, rank wise distribution of collaborators, institution wise distribution of articles, country wise distribution of contributions, state wise distribution of contributions, journal wise distribution of articles.
Dr. Sumeer Gul
Tariq Ahmad Shah
Intellectual Educational Resources: Managing the Future in a Conflict Zone, Kashmir (html) PDF 2012 (June)
The efficacious intellectual dimensions of Kashmir are under unremitting risk because of the present conditions under which Kashmir is suffering. An immediate need to manage the intellectual resources is felt in order to turn them to elements of excellence. The paper is based on the personal experiences of the authors. The situation in Kashmir led the authors to highlight the problems faced by academia in Kashmir. The study provides curative measures to manage the academic circle of a devastated and war ravaged Kashmir. Highlighting the key problems, academia faces in Kashmir, the study can act as a platform to explore the core issues of the academic circle more deeply. Managing intellectual resources in Kashmir is in need of improvement. The issues discussed in this paper must be researched extensively. The paper lays down various management strategies to save the intellectual resources in Kashmir. The paper will be of value to academic administrators to establish a stress-free praxis for academia of Kashmir.
M.A. Adeniji
G.A. Babalola
Sarah Eleojo Adeniji
Workers Training Programmes in Two University Libraries in Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (June)
The study looked at the training programmes in two selected academic libraries in River State, Nigeria, (University of Science and Technology and University of Port Harcourt). Instrument of data collection was a questionnaire, administrated to Ninety two (92) staff out of which Sixty (60) or 65% were received and analyzed using frequency counts and percentages. The investigation revealed that the two schools have various developmental programmes that are similar which are necessary for staff to offered efficient services to the patrons. Most of the beneficiaries of the programmes perceived them to be adequate to their needs and that it has assisted them to acquire the needed skills, knowledge and proficiency in their daily work in the library. The study recommends that training programmes of the schools should be revised to cater for all aspect of the library service in the two schools. The library school in Nigerian Higher institutions should maintain a close liaison with libraries in order to design appropriate programmes for training and retraining of various work forces in the library.
Raj Kumar Bhardwaj
Dr. (Mrs.) Parmjeet K.Walia
Web Based Information Sources and Services: A Case Study of St. Stephen's College, University of Delhi (html) PDF 2012 (June)
Information-seeking pattern of students and faculty members have changed drastically in digital age. This study is an attempt to discover the use information sources and services in a Web-based environment by faculty members in St. Stephen’s College (Delhi) India. A questionnaire was used to collect data. The paper describes a model for accessing e-resources in a college. The study reveals that a majority of faculty members of St. Stephen’s College are aware of e-resources and frequently use them. The study further indicates that most faculty members use e-resources for teaching and research and to keep themselves up-to-date with developments in their fields. Faculty members need training in the use of e-resources and prefer workshops and tutorials. The paper highlights the Web OPAC, e-referencing, knowledge gateway, and institutional repository, which have been designed and developed by the college library and also the initiative of INFLIBENET N-LIST Programme.
E.D. Chigbu
C.L. Dim
Connectivity and Accessibility in Nigerian University Libraries: A Survey of Access, Usage, and Problems in the University of Nigeria, Nsukka (html) PDF 2012 (June)
This paper is an examination of the members of the University of Nigeria’s performance in joining the world in the process of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in developing her human capital. The research design was a survey and the population included 220 members of the University’s academic, administrative, and non-academic junior staff. Five research questions were posed. A structured questionnaire was administered to the subjects The result of the findings revealed that the three categories of staff had received sensitization through a capacity building project mounted by the administration – to spore staff. As many as 71% of the respondents have basic knowledge of computing. Computers and internet accessories abound in the university, provided by both the institution and various individuals and companies. Several cyber cafes, computer laboratories and data centers are offering access to the internet (some free, some subscribed). The University have mounted masts all around the campus for free wireless reception to members even in their residential areas. Respondents use this access for a variety of personal, academic and recreational activities. Some problems are encountered by the users of this infrastructure; especially unsteady power supply and low reception due to low bandwidth. The university administration is working hard not only to satisfy the demands and aspirations of her faculty and students to find access and resources, but also to make the institution visible and to compete in the webometric ranking, regionally and globally. This is pursuant of her vision to create a functional, globally competitive and research focused institution.
F.A. Oyesiku
O. Buraimo
O.F. Olusanya
Disruptive Readers in Academic Libraries: A Study of Olabisi Onabanjo University Library (html) PDF 2012 (June)
This study employed a case study method on disruptive readerships among users of Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ogun State, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was designed to solicit information based on the research objectives.500 questionnaires was distributed and only 427 were returned and vetted which accounted for 85.4% rate of return. Data collected were coded using a coding sheet and analysed with the aid of SPSS( Statistical Packages for Social Scientist) using simple percentage. The result shows that disruptive behaviours were rampant among users of OOU library and this includes: Stealing and mutilating of library materials, hiding of materials away from its original location, eaten in the library, failure to return over due borrowed materials among others. Also, the study revealed that students give reasons for the identified disruptive behaviours which include: inadequate materials, ignorant, indiscipline, lack of photocopy machine in the library, author integrity, lack of orientation, group discussion, strike, ill health, books may not be easily located when needed just to mention a few. Based on the aforementioned, recommendation and suggestion were made on how to eradicate disruptive behaviours among users of academic libraries.
Francis O. Anaeme Reducing Gender Discrimination and Violence against Women through Library and Information Services (html) PDF 2012 (June)
The paper examines women's rights issues, gender discrimination, and violence against women and efforts by international, local laws and bodies to curtail the problem. It observers with dismay that ignorance on the part of the women and even men largely contribute to gender discrimination and violence. The paper therefore advocates for library and information service delivery and participation in women's rights enlightenment and advancement programmes through documentation and dissemination, library hours on women's rights, production of handbills, leaflets, and public lectures/workshops at women/group periodic meetings. Libraries can achieve these through partnership with governments, institutions, bodies and non-governmental organizations.
Miss Shantashree Sengupta Status of E-Theses Repositories with Special Reference to India (html) PDF 2012 (June)
Efforts are increasing on a worldwide manner to make the research available to the public across the world without any restrictions through the open access institutional repositories. Out of the various sources of communicating scholarly literature, theses and dissertations are considered to be one of the most important sources. In the past, theses and dissertations consisted of written texts produced and bound in paper, archived, and made available through the university library. The limitations of written text can be overcome by using an electronic format known as Electronic Theses and Dissertation (ETD). This paper gives an overview of the growth of ETDs. The data collected from Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR) and Directory of Open Access Repositories (OpenDOAR) suggests that since 1990 the trend of ETDs started but after the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) in 2002 it showed a remarkable increase. At present there are more than 245 E-theses repositories available in various subjects in the world. Also in India, this trend is on a rise with 25 E-theses repositories. Even, in the absence of any national open access policy, various institutions and scholars have contributed to the open access movement in India.
Joseph Kehinde Fasae
Fasa Rachael Aladeniyi
Internet Use by Students of Faculty of Science in Two Nigerian Universities (html) PDF 2012 (June)
The study aimed at examining the use of Internet by students of faculty of science in two Nigerian Universities. The population for the study was 1200 and sample size of 240 was used. Two hundred and forty copies of questionnaire were administered to the respondents. This produced a return rate of 87.5%. The data collected was analysed using frequency and simple percentage and presented using tables. Among the findings of the study are that; most of the respondents use the Internet 2-3 times in a week and nearly all the respondents use the Internet facilities located outsides the campus. Also, slow access speed (96%) was the leading problem and almost all the respondents believed that Internet have increased their access to current information, ease research process and improved their professional competency. The study concluded that a majority of the students of faculty of science in Nigerian University are satisfied with the use of the Internet. Recommendations were made for further studies.
Ganiyu Oluwaseyi Quadri Impact of ICT Skills on the Use of E-Resources by Information Professionals: A Review of Related Literature (html) PDF 2012 (June)
The modernization of libraries and information centers enabled information transfer and access, there by establishes a network of libraries and information centres. This paper carries out a detailed review of ICT skills of information professionals in libraries and information centers and the effect on the use of e-resources for effective information service delivery.
Miracle Eka Njeze Preservation and Conservation Issues in Selected Private Universities in South-West Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (June)
This study examined preservation and conservation issues in some selected private universities in South-West, Nigeria. Six university libraries were randomly selected. A descriptive survey method using a self-developed questionnaire was used. A total of one hundred and fifty questionnaires were distributed, but one hundred and twelve were retrieved and used for this analysis. The respondents comprise librarians and non librarians in various university libraries. The study revealed that the rate of deterioration in the libraries especially the private ones under study is not very high and could be managed if proactive steps are taken on time. The analysis of the information from the respondents shows that some universities under study have preservation policy (partly written and unwritten) but this policy is not comprehensive and as such does not cover major areas such as disaster management plan. The study shows that funding is a major hindrance affecting the preservation programme of all the universities. In view of these findings, it is recommended that the National library should liaise with Universities to develop and monitor preservation policies of libraries in Nigeria. There should be a clear-cut policy on the minimum librarian required to set up a University library and the minimum training session in an academic year. There is also the need to improve on the security of the libraries either by the use of closed circuit cameras (CCTV) or the use of security personnel at strategic locations within the library.Finally, it is important that the National library commence discussion with relevant authorities to ensure that the paper manufacturing companies in Nigeria produce acid-free papers (alkaline paper) that will be durable for the production of books and other library materials.
Jacintha U. Eze Cataloguing in the Era of ICT: What is Happening in Public Libraries of South-East Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (June)
The paper looked into the impact of information communication technology on public library services with particular reference to cataloguing in the information age. The different changes impacted on the work of the cataloguers and librarians - they no longer catalogue materials in book formats alone but in electronic and other formats, were also covered in the discussion. The public libraries in the five states of South-east Nigeria were sampled for the study. Data for the study was generated from the cataloguing sections of these libraries and those librarians and library officers in charge of cataloguing through structured interview. Further information was also elicited from heads of libraries. The data was analyzed and presented in tables using frequencies and percentages. Major findings showed that all these libraries have very poor status as regards automation and use of ICT for library routine and services; inadequate number of staff for cataloguing, inadequate ICT skills and training opportunities to this effect. Findings further showed that these libraries just like most other public libraries in Nigeria have poor outdated collections of reading materials. Funding was seen as a major problem to most of the public libraries in Nigeria as a whole. Based on these findings, the paper mainly recommended that the government should make adequate provision for public libraries in the national budget so as to ensure adequate funding of these libraries, thereby improving their ICT status and general collection.
Abiola Modupeola Omotosho
Olatokunbo Christopher Okiki
Challenges of Public Libraries Patrons in the Use of Information Services for Attainment of Health Millennium Development Goals (html) PDF 2012 (June)
This study surveys the challenges of public libraries patrons in the use of information services in the attainment of heath Millennium Development Goals, using the South-West region of Nigeria. Methodology adopted is the survey design in which questionnaires were used for obtaining data from users. Result shows that public libraries users face awareness challenges in accessing information but the survey shows that they are satisfied with the services rendered in the libraries. The study recommends that public libraries in Nigeria should create awareness of her services to the communities they serve and support other roles that is not centred on information service delivery but that which can lead to the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals by 2015.
Shakeel Ahmad Khan
Dr. Rubina Bhatti
A Review of Problems and Challenges of Library Professionals in Developing Countries including Pakistan (html) PDF 2012 (June)
This study aims to investigate the problems of library professionals in the changing information environment. It identifies the major challenges for LIS professionals to work smoothly in cyber environment in developing countries. The study is based on comprehensive review of literature and semi-structured interviews regarding problems and challenges to LIS professionals with leading LIS professionals and academicians from developing countries in order to have a better understanding of the phenomenon. It showed that LIS professionals are facing common problems i.e. budgetary constrains, ineffective leadership, low professional status and pay scale, inadequately trained and skilled manpower, limited library resources, insufficient communication skills, lack of accreditation and IT literacy. It was also found the use of new technologies in the profession is the biggest challenge for LIS professionals. The study furnished with several recommendations to overcome the problems and to meet the challenges effectively. The study is valuable for planning dynamic strategies and course of action for LIS professionals working in developing countries including Pakistan so that the challenges of changing information environment may be resolved effectively.
Dr. Khalid Mahmood LIS Curriculum Review Using Focus Group Interviews of Employers (html) PDF 2012 (June)
The paper reports two focus group interviews of employers of LIS graduates in Pakistan conducted to seek their feedback on MLIS program of the Department of Library and Information Science at the University of the Punjab, Lahore. Usefulness of focus groups for such purposes is described. Procedure of focus group interviews conducted is given in detail. The results are presented according to the following questions of discussion. What competencies are required of LIS graduates in the changing LIS market in Pakistan? What changes are required in the objectives of MLIS program? What should be the entry requirements for MLIS program? What should be the structure of the program and sequence of courses? What changes are required in the course contents? What should be the curriculum implementation strategies? What physical facilities are needed to implement the curriculum? What other measures do you suggest to improve the quality of education at DLIS? The focus group was found an effective method to seek employer’s opinion about LIS curriculum.
Glenn S. McGuigan Addressing Change in Academic Libraries: A Review of Classical Organizational Theory and Implications for Academic Libraries (html) PDF 2012 (June)
To address questions of change in academic libraries from an organizational theory viewpoint, this essay provides a review of organization theory, focusing upon the concept of managing change. This review notes the importance of classical organization theory as a foundation for the management of academic libraries, while acknowledging the impact of the development of different notions of the post-bureaucratic organization. Combining organizational theory approaches, academic libraries have embraced Organizational Development (OD) as an ambitious, but ambiguous, answer to managing organizational change.
Keren Barner
Sharon Tal
SFX, Information Needs, the Academic Library,, and Its User (html) PDF 2012 (June)
This article examines whether SFX can be used not only as a link resolver, but also as a tool for assessing user information needs. We will review SFX's contribution to the assessment of information needs in an academic library and its benefits to its users. The assessment of information needs was performed using parameters suggested by Nicholas & Herman (2009), which were applied on SFX usage and statistical reports from the Younes & Soraya Nazarian library at the University of Haifa. It was found that SFX can assist the library in the process of evaluating information needs by following the "footsteps" of its users as well as providing better services for its users. It enables the library to offer a smooth access to its users to resources. It also allows the library to find out fast and easy what is wrong when an error occurs. For users it obvious; it gets them faster than ever to "Holy Grail" of information needs in the digital era – the full text. The originality of this article lies in its analysis of SFX contribution to revealing the academic digital user information needs by using Nicholas & Herman evaluating information needs working framework.
A.S. Obajemu
N.A. Dekpen
J.A. Ojo
Staff Motivation in the University of Lagos Libraries, Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (May)
The research work examined the motivation as a function of productivity in the University of Lagos Libraries, namely: University of Lagos main Library, Medical Library, College of Medicine of the University of Lagos and College of Education Library, Akoka. The study further aimed at developing the means by which the concerned institutions can engage the use of incentives as motivational factors toward improving on the productivity level. A questionnaire was used in collecting data from a sample sized population of 58 out of the total population of about 174. Results showed that application of fringe benefits (98%), regular promotion (95%), adequate trainings (100%), and good working environment cum equipment (70%), and workers' participation in decision-making (98%) agreed that if these are fully in place, their morale and productivity level would be boosted.
Shajarul Islam Khan Use of E-Journals by Students and Research Scholars in the Department of Botany of Aligarh Muslim University (html) PDF 2012 (May)
This is and information revolution era, with the shift from print based communication to electronic channels of communication. Today, there are thousands of electronic journals, scholarly publications that are available online via an electronic network along with print. Traditional publication is expensive. Publishing a journal electronically costs less than traditional publication because printing and distributing paper issues is much more expensive than posting files on the Internet. Keeping an article mounted on one server is a small expense compared to hundreds of libraries keeping bound volumes secure and accessible.
Bhaskar Mukherjee
Bidyut Kumar Mal
India's Efforts in Open Access Publishing (html) PDF 2012 (May)
Toll-free electronic access to research materials is one of the most discussing areas around the Globe. The present study is an attempt to know the status of OA journals in India. We evaluate status in terms of yearly addition in the last 5 years, the prominent subject on which most of the addition occurred and prominent publishers who are promoting open access in India. We also measure the visibility of OA journals in terms of citation received by Google Scholar. The study indicate that India's rank is fifth (307 journals) on production of OA journal preceded by United State (1200) Brazil (571), United Kingdom (492), Spain (381). Among Asian continents India is far ahead from Japan (105) and China (29). The growth rate of OA journals in the last five years is more prominent from 2005 onward. Medicine and Pharmacy are the two most prominent discipline in where most of the OA journals are publishing and Medknow Publications of Mumbai are one of the leading publishers promoting OA in India. The rate of citation of these OA journals are quite good and adopting OA model publishers are in win-win situation.
Dr. S. Dhanavandan
Dr. S. Mohammed Esmail
Dr. M. Nagarajan
Access and Awareness of ICT Resources and Services in Medical College Libraries in Puducherry (html) PDF 2012 (May)
In recent years, information and communication technologies have been regarded to have a pervasive influence on the economy as well as other parts of society. The information and communication technology is widely considered as the most important revolution humankind has experienced since the industrial revolution and the development of movable type printing techniques. The utilization of information and communication technology has become an indicator of the level a nation's wealth. This study reveals the information Communication Technology based resources and services by medical college libraries in Union Territory of Puducherry. Nearly 200 questionnaires were distributed among the faculty members of four medical colleges in Union Territory of Puducherry. Nearly 150 responses (75%) were received.
Muzzamil Tahira Seeking Online Information Sources: Science Faculties in Developing Countries (html) PDF 2012 (May)
This study reports the trends and practices of seeking online information sources of Science faculties of a university of developing country. The focus was to explore their trends and practices of accessing and using online sources in both modes, i.e. Open Access (OA) and Subscribed Access (SA) to meet their academic and research information. Quantitative design of research, based on a self-completion structured questionnaire survey was used. Surveyed population consisted of whole full time S&T teachers working in the 25 institutions/colleges/departments of all four S&T faculties viz. Sciences, Life Science, Engineering & Technology and Pharmacy. Total response rate was 71% (156 out of 220 existed members). Frequency measure, descriptive statistics (mean (µ) and further, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used to analyze, interpret and draw conclusions. The survey results report valuable information regarding the digital access culture of this community. Though these are not considered extremely important and nor, are fully exploiting. Yet both modes are playing important and complementing role in meeting the e-scholarly needs of this community. It also discloses that there is no significant difference exists regarding the importance, use of both modes and adequacy level of subscribed sources among faculties. Comparative analyses show no significant difference between the importance and use of these both modes in meeting the e-information. This study is the first account of the utilization of available online modes by Science faculties of university.
Prof. Preeti Mahajan
Neeraj Kumar Singh
Online Guides to Indian Languages with Particular Reference to Hindi, Punjabi, and Sanskrit (html) PDF 2012 May
Various agencies including universities, research institutions, associations, government, etc are providing wealth of information through the Internet. The paper presents a list of significant primary and secondary online resources available in Indian languages with special reference to Hindi, Punjabi and Sanskrit. These resources are identified, collected and presented in a systematic way. Some sites with good collections of translated literary works such as Geeta and Bible are also included. The information in this paper is useful for anyone who is interested in knowing different online sources in Indian languages.

Dr. Rakesh Prasad
Prof. Preeti Mahajan
Power Information and Communication Network (POWERICONET): A Proposal (html) PDF 2012 (May)
The paper aims to find out the collections, services and other infrastructure including any resource sharing being undertaken by the seven hydropower sector libraries in India. The research findings indicate that the libraries attached to NHPC, NTPC, SJVN, and DVC are better off and provide more services to their users. However, there is a lack of cooperation and coordination amongst such libraries in India. The research study proposes a national level network for resource sharing of hydroelectric power sector libraries in India entitled POWERICONET. POWERICONET if adopted would certainly be useful for the users of hydropower sector libraries in India.
Basil Enemute Iwhiwhu
Patience Obotayire Okorodudu
Public Library Information Resources, Facilities, and Services: User Satisfaction with the Edo State Central Library, Benin-City, Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (May)
This study is on public library's information resources, facilities and services: users' satisfaction with Edo state central library. The aim of the study is to assess the library information resources, facilities and services to know user's level of satisfaction. The ex-post facto research design was used in the study. A sample size of 200 was used, being the sitting capacity of the library at a time. Questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection and data were analysed using frequency counts, mean (X) and percentages. The findings revealed that the available information resources, facilities and services rendered at the Edo state central library negatively influence users' satisfaction. This is as result of the poor state of information resources, poor and inadequate facilities and services rendered by the library staff coupled and their poor attitude to work. Based on the findings, it was recommended that: the Edo state government should as a matter of urgency provide adequate funds to cater for the development of the library in terms of information resources, facilities; also, library staff must adopt a new approach to services delivery and change their attitude to work and towards users so they could meet user's information needs.
Gbola Olasina ICT Support for Knowledge Management in Primary Healthcare: a Case Study of Partnership for Reviving Routine Immunization in Northern Nigeria (PRRINN) (html) PDF 2012 (May)
This paper recognizes that there are many non-technological facets to KM research and practice, but provides a summary of the major trends of KM ICT tools in the last five years or so across the globe and at the same time zeroes on those limited ICT tools used to support KM at PRRINN with a view to providing information on these technologies to other organizations in Nigeria and the developing world on their use elsewhere. Drawn from quite a range of related literature published in industry and academics and findings at PRRINN derived from the content analysis of informal but in-dept interviews and interactions with the knowledge officer and other staff of the case study organization (PRRINN). Limitations: The findings at PRRINN are limited in scope and largely semi formal in the interviews carried out.
V.E. Ikolo
R.B. Okiy
Gender Differences in Computer Literacy Among Clinical Medical Students in Selected Southern Nigerian Universities (html) PDF 2012 (May)
This study investigates gender differences in the computer literacy levels of clinical medical students by looking at their access to computers, the frequency of computers use, gender difference in the use of various software and explores the problems they face when using computers. The study took the form of a descriptive survey, with a sample size of 93 clinical medical students of Delta State University and University of Benin who are in their 4th year. Data were collected using a self constructed, structured questionnaire. Findings revealed that there is a gender difference in the computer access, the frequency of computer use and the software they use. The study argues that although there is increased access to computers by way of the attainment of western education by more girls, there is still a noticeable gender difference in the computer use by female students.
J.C. Igbokwe
N.A. Obidike
E.C. Ezeji
Influence of Electronic Media on Reading Ability of School Children (html) PDF 2012 (May)
Reading is the basic tool for good education. Effective reading habit in school children widens their views and level of reasoning. Children that miss the opportunity of having access to reading materials at their early childhood days, find it difficult to develop good reading habits in their later years. In today's world where children are exposed to many sophisticated communication gadgets, useful hours that should be put in reading are now being diverted to manipulate these electronic media in homes and schools to the detriment of effective reading, hence poor reading habits in school children. This study investigated pupils/students reading habits and the influence of electronic media in homes and schools. The result showed great variation on the responses of school children concerning the activities they engage themselves in while at home. The bulk (76.1%) of the school children respondents attested that they read their textbooks, magazines, newspapers, novels etc while at home while those who concentrate in their home work at home had percentage rate of 64.8. 34. 6%, 33.8% and 25.5% watch television, play games on cell phones and engage themselves in Internet activities respectively, while at home and in school. From the above observation, some of the children respondents might have lied for the mere fear that the result of this study might get to their parents who would frown at their poor reading habits at home and in school. Further more, the result of this study revealed that school children respondents devote a good number of hours in online activities, watching television, playing music on DVD and other musical systems. Teachers that were interviewed during this study retreated that there is dwindling reading habits in school primary and secondary school children. They attributed the drop in reading habit of the school children to too many distractions in the society, ranging from various types of electronic gadgets in homes, to lack of proper attention by parents and teachers. Recommendations based on the findings of this study for the Federal Government, parents and teachers, libraries and school are highlighted.
Oghenetega Ivwighreghweta
Oghenovo Kelvin Onoriode
Use of Open Access Journals by Lecturers at Western Delta University, Oghara, Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (May)
This study was conducted to examine the usage of open access journals by the lecturers of the Western Delta University, Oghara, Nigeria. In doing this, four research questions were raised. The descriptive survey design was employed. Data were collected with the use of the questionnaire from 50 respondents who returned these questionnaires. Frequency counts and simple percentages were used to analyze the data. The study revealed that the level of usage of open access journals by lecturers is high, that the major benefits derived from using open access journals are that publications are made free for authors and that it reduces publication delay, and that open access publications represents high quality research and adequate standards of quality and scientific merit.
Rajender Kumar Growth and Development of Architectural Engineering College Libraries in Haryana, India (html) PDF 2012 (May)
Academic libraries provide collections and services to support education and research. Educational institutions are incomplete without a well-developed library. The library is growing organism, which reshapes its collections and services continuously. This study assesses library hours, space, collection, budget, professional staff, services, physical facilities, classification and cataloguing, use of technology, infrastructure and information provided by libraries of architecture colleges in Haryana state of India. A questionnaire was used to collect the data in this study. Based on the analysis, recommendations are made
Amitava Nandi
Dr. Amit Kumar Bandyopadhyay
Comparative Research Performance Analyses of the Departments of Botany and Zoology of the University of Burdwan from 1960-2000 (html) PDF 2012 (May)
The research output of the Botany and Zoology departments of The University of Burdwan during 1960–2000 is analyzed in this paper on several parameters to compare the year wise productivity, authorship pattern and collaboration, Co-authorship pattern, Impact of authors, the citation scenario of the outstanding authors and patterns of research communication in most productive journals.
Joseph Kehinde Fasae Citation Analysis of Dissertations and Theses Submitted to the Department of Agricultural Economics And Extension, Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria(html) PDF 2012 (May)
This study is on citation analysis of dissertations and theses submitted between 2004 – 2009 in the Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension (AEE), Federal University of Technology Akure. It is carried out to identify the information materials used by the master's and doctoral students. The study uses descriptive research design. The totaled number of theses and dissertations submitted and examined were 68. Extracted data from the title page and reference lists produced 4227 citations. It was discovered from the study that journal were the most consulted information materials followed by books; meanwhile, only one-third (34.97) of materials used and cited were recent. The study found out that Journal of Agricultural Economics followed by American Journal of Agricultural Economics was the most cited journals. The findings also revealed that slightly more than half (52.21%) of the cited materials were contributed by single authors. The result will assist the Department of AEE, School of SAAT, and University Library to know those information materials which needs to be added to library collection to meet the research needs of master and doctoral students. It was recommended that training/workshop on</i> <i>effective literature review be organized for the students while the research methodology as a course needs to include formal training in literature searching and research skills for master's and doctoral students.
Chimezie Patrick Uzuegbu
Faustinus U. McAlbert
Digital Librarians and the Challenges of Open Access to Knowledge: The Michael Okpara University of Agriculture (MOUAU) Library Experience (html) PDF 2012 (May)
This paper examines the state of open access in Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike. It also reveals the challenges confronting digital librarians in the institution which includes: low uptake and lack of knowledge or awareness of open access, poor state of ICT facilities on campus, lack of advocacy, inadequate manpower and skilled personnel, space and above all, the poor and inadequate funding of libraries and universities in Nigeria.
Moses Adekunle Omoniwa
Oladimeji Eyitayo Yemi-Peters
Investment Status of Librarians in Tertiary Institutions of Kogi State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (May)
Nigerian workers/employees often have a very poor attitude to saving and investment. The general feeling or attitude is that one must earn 'enough" to be able to save or invest. Nigerian workers hardly have savings or investments. Investment in the stock market is seen largely as being for the super-rich. Therefore, only a very tiny segment of the Nigerian workers are familiar with the operations of the capital market. This paper reviewed the investment status of librarians in four tertiary institutions of Kogi State, Nigeria. The paper analyzed the responses of librarians surveyed. Majority of respondents (31%) began investment in the stock exchange only 5 years ago. The study revealed that all of them (100%) are investors in the Nigerian Stock Market.
David Koenigstein Alleviating International Students' Culture Shock and Anxiety in American Academic Libraries: Welcome, Ahlan Wa Sahlan, Anyeong Hae Sae Yo, Bienvenidos, Huan ying, Sanu Da Zuwa, Shalom, Swaagat hai (html) PDF 2012 (May)
International students are an ever growing and important economic force in American higher education. Libraries play an important part in this unique population's academic success. This essay presents many practical methods whereby librarians can help to acculturate international students in the ways of American academic libraries, and alleviate their library anxiety and culture shock. These best practices and recommended techniques, culled from the literature and personal experience, emphasize the areas of library classes, reference service, and plagiarism. Also included is a summary of the most current statistics of international students in the United States.
Dr Priti Jain Promoting Open Access to Research in Academic Libraries (html) PDF 2012 (May)
Digital scholarship, institutional repositories, open access, digital libraries, knowledge management, institutional visibility, e-learning, innovative thinking, smart working and learning organisations all are common attributes of the digital age and technological advancement at the spur-of-the-moment. They are the viable strategies to gain and sustain competitive edge and keep pace with the changing global landscape. Therefore all organisations are moving in that direction. All academic librarians have to be continually inventive and come up with new initiatives to publish and disseminate the scholarly work. Open Access (OA) is the most recent movement in the library and information world in this direction. This paper looks into the academic libraries' initiatives in promoting open access. It will also look at the benefits, obstacles and challenges faced in open access, specifically in developing countries. Finally, the paper makes some recommendations. The paper is based on the recent literature on open access.
Monday Obaidjevwe Ogbomo
Alex Ozoemelem Obuh
Elizabeth Ibolo
Managing ICT Waste: The Case of Delta State University Abraka, Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (April)
The study focused on ICT waste management in Delta State University, Abraka. The main objectives were to ascertain the types and level of ICT waste generated, the measures put in place for ICT waste disposal, environmental consequences and problems militating against proper disposal of ICT waste in Delta State University, Abraka. A review of related studies was done based on these objectives. The descriptive survey method was adopted for the study. The sample for the study is 67 staff of the university who are working in ICT related sections/units. The questionnaire was used for collecting relevant data from the respondents. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as simple percentages and frequency counts. The result from the analysis revealed that Keyboard and computer are the common type of ICT waste generated and that the rate of ICT waste generation is high; that there is no defined measure put in place to guide management on ICT waste disposal; and that ICT waste can constitute health hazards and environmental pollution.
Dr. N. Zafrunnisha Citation Analysis of PhD Theses in Psychology of Selected Universities in Andhra Pradesh, India (html) PDF 2012 (April)
The exponential growth of scientific literature, interdisciplinary nature of research, and trend towards specialization have posed many problems both to the scientists and librarians. The multiplicity of journals, the constraints of limited financial resources and the ever increasing needs of user community necessitated the librarians to develop need based information resources and services to meet the literature requirements of psychologists. The popularity in the adoption of bibliometric techniques in various disciplines stimulated stupendous growth in literature on bibliometrics and its related areas. The present research is undertaken to analyse the characteristics of literature used by researchers in the field of psychology as a whole and sub-fields of psychology. The present study will help the scientists and librarians in the selection of core journals and other sources in psychology.
David C. Kupfer Guiding the Library Search by the English Teacher (html) PDF 2012 (April)
There is currently little professional literature for high school English teachers teaching their own students how to use an online catalog. Most “information literacy” articles are aimed at the trained librarian, the information specialist. For example, in the academic database Library Literature and Info Science Full Text, there are only 11 articles, using the keywords “teaching” and “high school” and “English.” English teachers need their own information literacy, the ability to use online databases skillfully to gather data quickly, accurately, and relevantly. This skill is a supplement – not a replacement – to the certified librarian. Librarians offer full lectures, but on a tight schedule; English teachers can initiate brief in-class sessions to help students to be “better searchers.” Teachers can build their own information literary skill, pass them on as the class engages in literature searches and writing projects. Effective search strategy will help students get pertinent information quicker, allowing for more time to be spent on the writing of term papers. Search skills can be used in the student’s home, at a personal computer, if the student logs into the school library. The result will be a student who absorbs sound search strategy, what it takes to make a faster, complete search, when preparing an argument for the paper.
Chimezie Patrick Uzuegbu The Role of University Libraries in Enhancing Local Content Availability in the Nigerian Community (html) PDF 2012 (April)
This paper is empirical. It discusses the role of the university library in enhancing local content development and dissemination. The importance of local content as it affects information is reviewed. Deducing that the university is a complete community of its own in Nigeria, this paper identified the various contents in this community and clearly enumerated the facilities and ways by which library and information centres of the Nigerian universities can develop and disseminate their content to the wider community.
Shafiq Ur Rehman Understanding the Expectations of Pakistani Libraries Users: A LIBQUAL Study (html) PDF 2012 (April)
Assessment of service quality in university libraries has gained great impetus due to rising cost, high expectations of users, and multiple service providers. Review of literature revealed that this area is neglected in the context of developing countries such as Pakistan. Therefore, current study was conducted to explore the minimum and desire expectations of Pakistani users from university libraries. The study also investigates whether users have similar or different demand for minimum and desired expectations. The cross-section survey research design was employed to meet the objective of the study. The convenient samples consisted of 426 faculty members, 501 graduate students, and 546 undergraduate from 22 universities of Pakistan. A slightly modified version of LIBQUAL (American English) was translated into Urdu language using standard procedure of forward-backward translation. After the pre-testing of the instrument, data were collected face to face on a self-reporting interactive mode. The psychometric properties of translated instrument were established through cronbach alpha, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The study found that Pakistani users expect high level of service quality. The faculty's minimum and desired expectations with library services are greater than those of graduates and undergraduates, and these expectations vary by user types. Among three service quality dimensions, users' minimum and higher expectation were related to LP dimension. Discussion on results, along with implications for library management is also provided. The research study may be helpful for library administration and higher authorities to improve the service quality as per users' minimum and desire expectations.
Jerome Idiegbeyan-Ose
Innocent Okoedion
A Survey on the Present State of School Libraries in Benin City (html) PDF 2012 (April)
Libraries are integral part of any educational system; and education leads to National Development. This empirical research survey the present state of school libraries in Benin City. Questionnaires were designed and administered to some selected secondary schools in Benin City. The research revealed that the state of school libraries in Benin City is in a sorry state; where the libraries lack qualify man-power to manage the library, the stocks are out dated were they existed, none of the school visited have audio visual materials, no annual budget for the school libraries, library period not included in some schools investigated. It is recommended that qualified staff should be employed, library stocks should be upgraded with recent books, journals and audio visual materials, inter library cooperation should be encourage, there should be annual budget for library so that school libraries in Benin City will meet the minimum standard for a school library.
Fahimeh Babalhavaeji
Mohammad Reza Farhadpoor
Academic Libraries' External Environment and Environmental Scanning by Managers of Central Libraries of Islamic Azad Universities of Iran (html) PDF 2012 (April)
Importance, Variability and Complexity are more common characteristics of organizations’ external environment. Managers scan the external environment in order to acquire information about events and trend to plan the organization's future courses of action. This study aims to first, investigates the mode that library and information center managers of IAU perceived environmental sectors importance, variability and complexity; next, calculate the perceived strategic uncertainty (PSU) and perceived environmental uncertainty (PEU) and account their correlation with the amount of scanning in each environmental sector. Populations of this survey are library and information center managers of large and very large units of Islamic Azad University that consist 94 units of 232. Data are collected by mail questionnaires and personal interviews. Results indicate that the amount of scanning is related to the perceived strategic uncertainty (range from 0.339 to 0.745) and perceived environmental uncertainty (range from 0.607 to 0.770); that is PSU and PEU of each environment sector strongly correlates with the amount of scanning. In the field of library and information center that act as a service base organization, managers that also scan the environment, customers, and technologic sectors are perceived Important, Variable and complex. The great mean value of competition (mean= 3.88) sector in the field of complexity shows the complexity of this sector and numerous factors in the field of information services.
Emmanuel K. Ogunlana Perceived Use of Networked Multimedia Applications on Learning in Selected Universities in South West Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (April)
The study investigated perceived use of networked multimedia applications on learning. A total number of 60 respondents were selected from 10 public university Libraries; five federal Universities, five state Universities. Three research questions were raised to guide the study. T-test and analysis of variance inferential statistic were used for data analysis. The finding reveals no significant differences by gender on the use of multimedia application in all the universities selected. The result revealed that the use of multimedia has increased significantly in most Universities especially federal Universities. It also finds out that female have a higher level mean score than their male counterparts. The study among other things recommended that interactive multimedia applications should be use especially where practicable, applicable, and valid to better communicate concepts to students.
Judith Nse Evaluation of Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) in Library School: The Federal Polytechnic Nekede Experience (html) PDF 2012 (April)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the students industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) in the library school of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri. The researcher focused on ascertaining if the students who participated were really attached to organizations related to their field of study and to establish the extent to which the knowledge acquired were relevant to their course of study as well as limitations to the actualization of the objectives of the (SIWES) programme. The survey method was used for the study and the questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection and the generated data was analyzed using the simple frequency counts and percentages. Findings show that the students participated effectively in the SIWES programme with majority being absorbed in areas related to their course of study and cyber cafes/computer centres recorded the highest place of attachment with the students gaining knowledge outside their core functions in libraries. Lack of proper coordination/supervision of the SIWES programme, refusal to absorb students by industries as well as delay in issuing of log books were the major problems limiting the actualization of SIWES objectives.
James Matovu, PhD
Wilberforce Musoke
Impact of the New Legal Deposit System on National Bibliographic Control in Uganda: Developments, Practices, and Challenges (html) PDF 2012 (April)
Uganda's Legal Deposit System comprises of Makerere University Library Legal Deposit Act (1958), revised (1964), the Deposit Library and Documentation Centre Act 1969, under UMI, and the National Library of Uganda Act (2003). There is concern about overburdening the depositors with such a disintegrated legal deposit framework. National Library of Uganda, operating under the Uganda National Library Act (2003) has, however helped to reenergize the country's legal deposit system. The objective of this paper is to review the working of the legal deposit system since the adoption of three state legal deposit systems. The research methods included: literature analysis, review of the raw data maintained by the legal deposit centres, and conducting of face to face interviews with key informers. The study will help policy makers and other stakeholders appreciate the challenges the legal deposit system in the country is facing, and provide a way and means of dealing with some of those challenges. The study reveals that under the three state legal deposit systems, there is concern about overburdening the depositors with too many legal deposit centres. Publishers, however, are more concerned about the administrative costs of satisfying a disintegrated legal deposit system. Publishers would prefer to work with one central legal deposit system, regardless of the number of copies expected of them. They would also prefer to release legal deposit materials in bulk rather than single titles. Government Ministries are the main source of legal deposit materials, with Ministry of Finance taking the lead. The newly created National Library of Uganda has, indeed, rejuvenated the working of legal deposit system. A specialized approach where MUL takes care of the scholarly literature, Uganda Management Institute (UMI) cares for Government publications and NLU cares for the rest of the literature produced by the country's publishing industry is advised.
Farzaneh Shadanpour
Saeideh Akbari Dariyan
Reza Shahrabi Farahani
Soudeh Seirafi
Alireza Vazifehdoust
Building an Iran Web Archive in the National Library and Archives of Iran: A Feasibility Study (html) PDF 2012 (April)
Since 1996, Web-archiving initiatives have made a great many attempts, both nationally and towards organizational objective, on long-term availability and preservation of internet content whose obvious characteristics are loss and change. In the National Library and Archives of the IR of Iran (NLAI), the archiving project of Web  resources began with feasibility study. What follows is a report on this project. This research dealt with the facilities existing in the NLAI and the country from the viewpoints of Iranian Web  space, the current and required technical and telecom infrastructure, the existing facilities and proposed standards for organizing of Web  resources, legal dimensions and national and international potential cooperators. In order to examine the present status, current hardware and telecommunication infrastructures were considered capable of establishing a national Web  archive. As for software aspect, especially in regard to the centrality of Web  crawlers in a Web  archiving system, the compilation and development of such a system based on Heritrix Model and Lucene Information Retrieval System is proposed. An internet line of high bandwidth and without filter is indispensable for harvesting Web sites and providing services. The information management standards such as MODS, MADS, METS, RDA, DOI, MIX, TextMD, PREMIS, OAI-PHM, SRU/W and MARC are recommended. As for legal aspect, addition of the term "online resources" to all kinds of resources as provided for in the "Act of non book materials legal deposit" has been proposed.
Rose B. Okiy, PhD Towards Accelerated Development of Academic Library Services in Nigeria for National Development in the 21st Century (html) PDF 2012 (April)
This paper examines the current state of education and academic libraries in Nigeria in this 21st century bringing to the fore the age-long neglect in funding and infrastructural development in these sectors. The Vision 20:2020 project of the Federal Government of Nigeria is x-rayed to highlight its key areas of focus such as agriculture, information and communication  technology, education, manufacturing, health, infrastructural development and the polity. The examples of the role of academic libraries in tertiary education in advanced countries and the special attention being given to them through massive provision of requisite funds and infrastructure are cited. This is with a view to driving home the point that the NV 2020 project is rather a stagnating force to the development of academic libraries since it has not focused on libraries the way it ought to in the light of the central place of academic libraries in helping to develop the necessary middle and higher level manpower for accelerated national development and hence the actualization of the NV 2020 project. Recommendations made include advice for government to mainstream libraries in the NV 2020 project.
O.A. Olaniyi
J.G. Adewale
Information on Maize Production among Rural Youth: A Solution for Sustainable Food Security in Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (April)
This study investigated the level of use of agricultural information on maize production among rural youth in southwest Nigeria. Structured interview schedule was used to elicit information from 455 maize crop farmers randomly selected from selected two states in southwest Nigeria. Data were analysed using frequency counts, percentages, mean, correlation, Chi square test and ANOVA. The study revealed that the most frequently used sources of information by the young farmers are radio, parents, fellow farmers and commercial input dealers. The study established that significant differences exists in the level of utilization of agricultural information on maize production across the study area (F=46.14 < p=0.05). The study concluded that availability and use of agricultural information could bring about increase in production of maize crop production for sustainable food security Nigeria.

Moosa Majidi
Hodeiseh Mahdavi
Hasan Siamian
Patients' Information Needs in Affiliated Hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (html) PDF 2012 (April)
The present study is studying the Information needs of the patients in hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The research method was a survey. For the sample size, the random sampling of non-probability sampling method was used. Patients were from 15 affiliated hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences from July 2010 to March 2011 that answered the questionnaires. SPSS version 17 was used for all analysis and calculations. 157 (44.9 %) females and 193 (55.1 %) of males answered the forms in this research. Maximum numbers of participants were 232 patients (66.3 %) in the age range of 21–40 years, and the minimum numbers were 15 patients (4.3%) in the age range of 61–80 years. The majority of the patients, 121persons (34.6%), were Turkish and the fewest were Arab and Mazndaranian races each of whom was about 7 (2%) persons. In educational aspect, 193 persons have diploma (55.1%), in majority, and one person (0.3%) who had the doctorate degree was in minority. The most accessible methods to seek information about disease was through physician, which was about 121 persons (34.6%), and the least possible way was through radio and TV which was about 15 persons (4.3%). The vast majority of patients tend to have information about the disease, treatment, treatment duration, information treatment and the information about the laboratory tests. This was accepted in theoretical texts and research studies in previous researches abroad. Patient's information is a fundamental part of patient care but often is not seen as a main concern in some societies. With the growth of electronic information and the increasing accessibility of health information, the idea of the 'informed patient' has become famous.
Oyetola Solomon Olusegun Influence of Motivation on Turnover of Library Personnel in Some Public
Universities in South West Nigeria
PDF 2012 (April)
Retention and productivity levels of the existing workforce are an essential concern in human resource management. Employee turnover is one of the most studied topics in organisational psychology and is of interest to other professionals, including personnel researchers and managers of organisations. Employees became dissatisfied with their job because of poor condition of service and lack of motivational strategies on the part of the employer. It is against this background that this research examines the influence of job motivation on turnover intentions of library personnel in some public Universities in South West Nigeria. To effectively carry out the study, research questions as well as hypotheses were formulated as the means of data collection. Descriptive research design of the ex-post facto type was adopted for the study. Total enumeration technique was used to cover the study population of two hundred and thirty three (233) respondents working in ten selected public (Federal and State) Universities in South West Nigeria. Demographic information, job motivation and Turnover Intentions questionnaire (DIJMTI) scale was used in the study. Job motivation scale developed by John Smith (2004) with reliability coefficient of 0.81 as well as turnover intentions scale by Viator (2001) with reliability coefficient of 0.86 using cronbach-alpha method were used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed using percentages, mean, standard deviation, Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis methods. The result of the study shows that the linear combination effect of job motivation and turnover intentions was significant (F (2,223) = 20.846; R = 0.397; Adj. R2 = 0.150; P < 0.05). Also, there are significant relationships between turnover intention and Job motivation. It is therefore recommended that Public Universities should design developmental programmes that would focus on greater motivation of workers so as to reduce their turnover intentions. Job motivation policies should be formulated to reduce employee's turnover intentions.

K.A. Owolabi
B.A. Ajiboye
O.W. Lawal
S.C. Okpeh
Use of Electronic Information Sources (EIS) by Faculty Members in Nigerian Universities (html) PDF 2012 (April)
This paper investigates the use of electronic information source among faculty members in Nigerian universities .Simple random technique was used to select one thousand and four hundred faculty members from the four universities in the country. Questionnaires were used as the main instrument of gathering data. The findings revealed that majority of the faculty members were using the electronic information sources, mostly for research purposes. Recommendations were basically that university managements should provide electronic information sources in all arms of the universities and the need for adequate funding for the development of electronic information sources in all the universities in the country.
B.U. Kannappanavar
Dr. H.M. Chidananda Swamy
User Education in Agricultural Science University Libraries in India with Special reference to South India (html)
PDF 2012 (April)
The present study is highlighted that the present situation prevailed as for as user education is concern in the Agricultural university libraries in India. The frequency of conducting the user education, the different methods used for conducting the user education such as lecture method, seminars, demonstration, guided tours etc., are discussed in details in the agricultural university libraries in India.

Oghenovo Kelvin Onoriode
Awareness and Use of Open Access Journals by LIS Students at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (April)
The study was conducted to survey the awareness, attitudes and use of open access journal by master's degree students of the Department of Library, Archival and Information Science, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. In doing this, five research questions were raised. The descriptive research method using expost-factor type of design was employed for the study. It was found that most students were not aware of several existing open access journals, and could not use them as a result. Student's show good attitude towards the use of open access journals because it offers them the benefits of free access to their information. It was also found that inadequate knowledge of the existence of several existing open access journals, limits students use of open access journals. It was recommended that efforts should be made by information providers especially librarians towards making students aware them and the benefits of OAJ use
Dr. Zahid Ashraf Wani
Tabasum Maqbol
The Islamic Era and Its Importance to Knowledge and the Development of Libraries (html) PDF 2012 (April)
The paper gives insight into the development of knowledge and establishment of libraries during and after the era when Islam first spread its message. The faith madeit imperative for its followers to gain knowledge, with the result that education and libraries came into existence and Muslims became torchbearers of knowledge.
Dr. Rubina Bhatti
Mah-e-Bushra Asghar
Hafiza Zaheer Fatima
Attia Firdous
An Assessment of Community Inclusion in the Activities of Bahawalpur Museum, South Punjab Pakistan (html) PDF 2012 (April)
The purpose of this study was to assess the involvement of local community in the performance of Bahawalpur Museum. It also attempted to evaluate its impact on the local community. The study is based on interview with the director and other staff and semi-strutured- interviews with the local community about the active role of the museum. The functions of this museum is to promote the research & education, explore, preserve and promote the cultural heritage of Cholistan Desert and Southern Punjab, orgainse the seminars / symposiums and exhibitions, adult literacy programmes, inspect the antiquities and other exhibits related to the cultural heritage. Galleries have been set up in the Museum namely Pakistan Movement Gallery, Archeological Gallery, Islamic Gallery, Regional Cultural Gallery, Coin Gallery, Quran Gallery, Bahawalpur Gallery and Cholistan Gallery. Bahar Festival is arranged on annual basis that attracts the community due to lots of variety programmes: camel dance, Luddi, (local folk dance) folk Music, drama, photography, painting & Calligraphic Exhibitions and Food Street, etc. Student competition on art and other creativities are organized on annual basis to motivate the students from school to university level in South Punjab and Cholistan Desert.
Dr. Kamal Lochan Jena
Dr. Dillip K Swain
Dr. K. C. Sahoo
Annals of Library and Information Studies, 2002–2010: A Bibliometric Study (html) PDF 2012 (April)
Research publications are the embodiments of the intellectual thought contents expressed in published literature whose key objective is to transmit innovative ideas or information to any specific field of knowledge towards the further development of a subject or a discipline. In this respect bibliometric study is regarded as one of the crucial areas of research in the field of Library and Information Science. Moreover, bibliometrics study is used as an instrument in the collection building policy by providing the precise and much needed information to the managers to take the right decision in right time as to what documents they should select and what documents they should discard from the existing collections of their respective libraries. Contextually, the present study attempts to measure the publication traits of a premier Indian referred journal namely, Annals of Library and Information Studies (ALIS) from 2002 to 2010. ALIS is a leading library science journal being published by The National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR), New Delhi on quarterly basis. This journal publishes articles, documentation notes and research reviews on library, documentation and information science, information systems, services and products, information technology, information users, bibliometrics, scientometrics and informetrics, education and training and other related topics ( Therefore a bibliometric study of this journal is of immense significance.
Bolanle Oluyemisi Fagbola
Mary Adefunke Adejoro
Citation Pattern of the Nigerian Journal of Horticultural Science from 1990-2005 (html) PDF 2012 (April)
This study examined citation pattern of articles published in the Nigerian Journal of Horticultural Science from 1990-2005. Ten journal volumes (volumes1-10) were produced during the period. These volumes generated 1,865 citations. The contributions were categorized by authors' affiliations to universities (240 or 75.5%), research institutes (62 or 19.5%), colleges of Agriculture and Education (10 or 3.1%), and or as foreign authors (6 or 1.8%) and were subjected to statistical analysis. The trend of the citation indicated that journals 874 (46.86%) were most cited, followed by books and monographs 540 (28.95%), conference proceedings 219 (11.74%), bulletins 101 (5.42%), reports 57(3.06%), theses & dissertations 49 (2.63%), and newsletters 25 (1.34%). On the average 15.5 articles were published per journal volume and volumes 5 and 9 had the highest numbers (19) while volume 4 had the least (10).This study therefore informed the need for prioritization of documents acquisition particularly for research scientists more towards journals (because of the current information they carry) than any other information sources.
R.O. Odunlade Managing Employee Compensation and Benefits for Job Satisfaction in Libraries and Information Centres in Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (March)
This is a case study of employee compensation and benefits in three academic libraries in Southwest Nigeria. The study sought to establish among other things the relationship between compensation, benefits and job satisfaction among librarians as well as ascertaining other types of benefits enjoyed by their counterparts within their institutions that are not extended to them. Questionnaire was administered on 58 randomly selected sample and 51 were returned. Though 66.75% of the respondents affirmed that they are satisfied with their present salaries, they would also like to enjoy the following: hazard allowance, overtime and responsibility allowance, social security, foreign service premiums, on- campus accommodation and so on. The study suggested total compensation package concept which include promotion opportunities as at when due, recognition awards, alternative pay plans such as pay differentials for weekend and late night duties, job risk/hazard payment, on campus accommodation, responsibility allowance, involvement in library orientation program (teaching) for fresher students, and sponsorship to professional workshops/conferences.
Naved Ahmad
Imtiaz Basha
Nishat Fatima
Use of UGC-Infonet Consortia by Research Scholars at University of Delhi: A Survey (html) PDF 2012 (March)
The paper presents the findings the study on usage of the UGC-Infonet consortia in the University of Delhi by the research scholars. A well-structured questionnaire was distributed to 100 research scholars to obtain the data.The study shows that research scholars use UGC-Infonet consortia for their research work as consortia proves very helpful in finding needed information electronically and also help them to access, manage, integrate, evaluate, create, and communicate information more easily than ever. The study also identifies lack of training and technical support in the use of UGC-Infonet consortia as these are the major hindrances faced by the research scholars in the University of Delhi. It is recommended that proper training and guidance on how to access e-journals in a better way for the optimum utilization of UGC-Infonet consortia.
Abdulwahab Olanrewaju Issa, PhD
Mulikat Bola Aliyu
Adegboyega Francis Adedeji

Akangbe Bisilola Rachel
Disaster Preparedness at the State Public Library, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (March)
Observations have shown that many libraries, especially public libraries in Nigeria, have little or no disaster preparedness plan for their collections. Yet, disasters do occur from time to time, avoidably and deliberately due to negligence and mischief on the part of man, or unavoidably and accidentally, being natural. The public libraries in Nigeria have the least financial standing compared to other library types. This has a great implication for disaster management of their collections; which is of high imperative.. Thus, this study investigated the nature, causes and existing disaster management plans at the Kwara State Library, Ilorin. The study employed the case study research design with interview as the major instruments for data collection complemented by personal observation. Consequently, the descriptive method of data analysis was employed by reporting the responses given to the interview questions. The study found that the State Library was built purposely to guide against such an occurrence as flooding given the good and solid sitting. It also has fire extinguishers readily available with staff who know how to use them, while regular sanitation exercise is fully enforced. Aside these, there is no comprehensive disaster preparedness plan occasioned by the inadequate financial standing of the library and technical know-how. However, these problems should not prevent librarians from developing disaster preparedness towards protecting the library's holdings. Thus, the study recommended that some measures be put in place against disasters which include drawing the attention of its funding agency to the need for specific financial allocation for the purpose of disaster preparedness and the deployment of technical personnel in the library as well as regular maintenance of drainage and plumbing system, installation of smoke and fire detectors and alarms.
Victor Teye
Edward Mensah Borteye
Afia Densi Asare-Kyire
Reaccessioning and Stocktaking Exercise: Experiences of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Library, Kumasi, Ghana (html) PDF 2012 (March)
In response to current trends and in order to provide efficient services to its patrons, the KNUST Library system embarked on an installation of an automation infrastructure. The automation system required data to make it operational. A re-accessioning and stocktaking exercise of books in the main library was undertaken to create the necessary data to be fed into the automation system. This study documented and examined the issues, challenges, experiences and lessons of the exercise. Data was collected by observation, interview and from documented sources. Evaluative and qualitative research analysis was applied in the analysis of data. Despite the benefits that the library seemed to have derived from the re-accession and stocktaking, the exercise was fraught with some challenges such as widespread mishelving, worn out and wrongly classified books, data entry difficulties etc. Recommendations have been proposed to deal with these challenges.
Shafiq Ur Rehman
Widad Mustafa El Hadi
Perceptions of Pakistani Users about Library Service Quality: LibQUAL Comments (html) PDF 2012 (March)
Contrary to the previous research studies which have examined the service quality through quantitative methods, this article analyzes 1263 open ended comments provided by 786 survey participants. The purpose of this analysis is to determine the problems, encountered by the Pakistani users with respect to library services, what are their concerns and suggestions for these problems. The data were collected in two separated studies through a paper pencil questionnaire method from students (graduate and undergraduate) and faculty members of 29 universities of Pakistan. A total of 514 and 1473 cases were finally selected from first and second study. This study focused only on users' open ended comments/suggestions. The qualitative comments/suggestions highlighted that university libraries of Pakistan were weak and far from meeting users' desired expectations, and the information needs especially collection and access dimension. On the other hand, libraries are meeting users' minimum acceptable requirements in physical facilities, space and environment of library and some area of staff services. So the libraries are comparatively better in physical facilities, space and environment of library (except space for group discussion). The users were not found satisfied with library collection and access, attitude of library staff and library space for group learning. Review of the related literature revealed that only few research studies have analyzed and used their open ended comments, but most of the research is focused on developed countries' contexts. The research, focused on users' perception in South Asia which is one fifth of the world's population, is largely ignored. The present study is an attempt to address this gap by examining the open ended comments. This is the first ever study in South Asia to investigate the users perception through LIBQUAL open ended comments and result of two studies found that users open ended comments can be used to identify week and strong areas of library. Libraries authorities can also use these comments for strategic planning regarding library services.

Nurudeen Adeniyi Aderibigbe
Sunday Oluwafemi Emmanuel
Use of Library Information Technology Resources by Graduate Students of University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (html) PDF 2012 (March)
This study adopts survey method to conduct a study into the level of awareness and usage of Information technology by graduate students in, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. 306 copies of questionnaire were produced and administered on the respondents in the eight colleges of the institutions. 209 copies of the questionnaire (68%) were duly completed, returned and found analyzable for the study. Results of the study shows that majority of the graduate students of the institution are aware of the IT resources in the library, know the potentialities of each IT resources, consider them useful to their studies, and consequently make use of them. It also shows that 17% of the respondents rarely or never use some of the IT resources in the library due to inadequate infrastructural development and training for the students. The study, therefore, recommends users' training and adequate infrastructure in the library to consolidate the students' interest in using the resources.
Fayaz Ahmad Loan Reading Habits of Rural and Urban College Students iIn the 21st Century (html) PDF 2012 (March)
Reading has increasingly been the object of empirical and theoretical investigations since a long past and has been studied from every possible dimension by researchers of different subject specialists from Psychology, Sociology, Education, Media studies and Library & Information Science. The present study is a part of Ph.D. thesis which aims to investigate the reading habits of the 21st century rural and urban college students of Kashmir Valley. The sample was selected through statistical sampling formula and questionnaire was used as a data collection tool. The results reveal that majority of the college students have positive attitudes towards reading in which urban are more than rural students. The urban students spend more time on reading than rural counterparts. The urban students read more than rural in English and rural students read more than urban in Urdu. The results also discover that urban students mostly read for information and rural students for education. The data furthershows that the rural students read more about Politics, Religion, Science & Technology and Games & Sports than urban students whereas urban students defeat them in reading about literature and Business.
Odaro Osayande
Christopher Ukpebor
Grey Literature Acquisition and Management: Challenges in Academic Libraries in Africa (html) PDF 2012 (March)
Grey literature is better described because it is difficult to define. Grey materials are those not easily acquired through normal conventional selling channels like the bookshops. They are materials without a commercial purpose or the mediation of a commercial publisher and lacks bibliographic control (such as ISBN and ISSN) that ensures standardization. Grey materials include, but not limited to: conference proceedings, conference reports, theses, dissertations, projects, government reports, committees' reports, news bulletins, etc. There has been increase in the academic and scholarly value placed in grey literature as an original and primary source of information. Also, the rapid increase of grey literature in virtually all subject areas is becoming a challenge and gradually giving librarians great concern. This paper therefore, examines the nature of grey literature, how grey materials are acquired, and the challenges academic libraries face in the acquisition and management of grey literature. The paper recommends that acquisition of grey materials must be demand-driven, special libraries should contribute to grey literature depositories, create more cataloguing records, and make those available more complete and accessible.
M.O. Okoye, PhD
C.F. Ugwuanyi
Management of Electronic Resources by Cataloguers in Nigerian Federal University Libraries (html) PDF 2012 (March)
The study explored the extent of appreciation of management of electronic resources by cataloguers in Nigerian Federal University Libraries in South East Nigeria. Survey method was used. Population of the study comprised 95 academic librarians in 4 Federal University Libraries. Entire population was used and 65 (68.42%) copies of the questionnaire were returned. Among those returned, 52 (80.00%) were found usable. The questionnaire contained 33 items which were analyzed using percentages and mean scores. Findings from the study showed that A-Z lists, Dark Archives, and ProQuest were not available in S.E. academic libraries. Only one (1.92%) respondent would want cataloguers to be responsible for e-resources management. Cataloguers do not perform licensing of e-resources, nor provide access to electronic resources through linking and cross-searching by use of Z39.50, nor through Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting, nor by linkage to full text through Digital Object Identifier, nor through Federated Search. The paper has recommendations and conclusion.
Francisca N. Okoroma Grey Literature Management at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (SIUE) Library, USA: A Macarthur Foundation Grant Research Project (html) PDF 2012 (March)
This study is focused on the management of grey literature (GL ) at the Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (SIUE) Library (with particular focus on Government information and Thesis) in order to enhance optimal access and utilization of grey materials for education and research. Survey instrument was used, it involved researchers participation and observation/ interview on how to organize GL. The study found out that GL at SIUE library is acquired mainly through repository and gifts and are integrated into different sections of the library, managed by government information/cartographic Librarian, Users Services Director and catalogued by special and music resources Librarians. The study diagnosed challenges in the organization of GL and how to resolve those challenges in order to ensure optimal access and utilization of grey materials for education and research.
Adam Gambo Saleh Information as a Major Criterion for Success in Women's Group Activities in Borno State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (March)
Women's groups constitute an important segment of the labour force in Borno and Nigeria in general. As early as 1930s, women groups such as Aba Market Women, The Amazons, and Matan Arewa had engaged in various activities aimed at improving their lives and contributing towards national development. Government on its part has recognized this fact and involved women groups in various development programs such as Family Economic Advancement Program (FEAP), Better Life Programme for Rural Women (BLRW), and National Program for the Eradication of Poverty (NAPEP); establishment of a ministry for Women Affairs; a host of NGOs; and spends huge amounts annually towards the implementation of the programs. Despite these efforts, the desired objective of transforming the women population as a catalyst for national development is not realized. A survey of 120 women groups in Borno State was carried out and the analysis revealed that while Women groups seek and use information in their activities and have in-built information mechanisms, lack of a formal information delivery system that will act as a provider as well as a feedback channel between the Government and Women groups is lacking. In order for any development program to succeed in the future, it must incorporate an information delivery system. In this case, The Borno State Library Board with its several public libraries spread across the State coupled with trained manpower and mobile services should be actively involved in the design and implementation of development programs.
Lucy Dzandu
Perpetua Dadzie
Facilitating ICT Adoption among Research Scientists in Ghana (html) PDF 2012 (March)
This study examined the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on information provision for research officers in six selected institutes of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Ghana. It was aimed at determining the levels of awareness, access to, and use of ICT facilities and services by research officers; the extent to which research officers were given training in the use of ICT and levels of skills acquired; and the effects of ICT use on the research activities of research officers. Questionnaires and interviews were used in the data collection. Questionnaires were administered to 100 respondents. The respondents included the Directors and the Librarians who were interviewed as well. The study revealed that the levels of awareness, access to, and use of computers, the Internet, and databases by research officers were high. The study also showed that generally, the level of skills acquired in the use of ICT was high. The research also revealed that the use of ICT enhanced work performance of the research officers. The basic conclusion of this study is that the use of ICT infrastructure has impacted positively on information provision for research officers in the six selected institutes of CSIR. The study recommended the need for librarians in CSIR to effectively publicize the ICT facilities and services available in their institutes in order to increase awareness and patronage. The study also recommended the need for adequate and continuous training for the research officers in the use of ICT facilities and services.
Dr. K.P. Singh Information Use, Satisfaction, and Difficulties: A Case Study of Agricultural Scientists in India (html) PDF 2012 (March)
The paper is an outcome of a research study on information seeking behaviour of agricultural scientists working in the ICAR institutions of Delhi and Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. Data has been collected through a structured questionnaire. Study finds that the agricultural scientists use a variety of information sources while seeking information and subsequently each source contribute to their information need at varied degrees. The databases were found the first priority as most preferred source of information by the agricultural scientists. The study also focuses on the level of satisfactions of agricultural scientists in keeping them well informed in the latest development in their respective field. The survey result further shows that the ‘lack of time’ is a common problem faced by the majority of the agricultural scientists followed by the scattering of information in diversified sources and inadequacy of resources in libraries.
Mathew K Susan
M.D. Baby
Developing Technology Skills for Academic Librarians: A Study Based on the Universities in Kerala, India (html) PDF 2012 (March)
This paper makes an attempt to analyze the skills and awareness of library professionals about various emerging technologies, Information Communication Technology (ICT) applications, Web tools, Library software packages and Digital library software. The study also aims to evaluate the attitudes of library professionals towards application of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in libraries, and includes suggestions from library professionals to update their knowledge and skills as a consequence of the developments in technology. The study is based on a questionnaire survey of library professionals employed in different departments and central libraries of seven major Universities in the state of Kerala, South India. Analysis reveals that library professionals are moderately skilled in various technologies and applications, and they have a positive attitude towards the application of ICT based services in libraries.
Bob Lemoine Nailing Jelly to the Wall: Understanding Postmodernism's Influence on Library Information Science (html) PDF 2012 (March)
The author discusses how the philosophy of postmodernism is influencing, and will continue to influence, the ideology and thought of the Library and Information Science field. This paper attempts to discuss what postmodernism means, what it is not, and how it poses challenges to the LIS world. Postmodernism is a deconstruction of modernism, the Enlightenment, and rational, logical thought which has informed much of the Western world in its order and standards. Public and academic libraries are discussed, as are archives, reference services, cataloging, classification systems, and also collection building. All are revealed to be products of modernity and positivism, and their very structures are now in flux. The World Wide Web is also connected to postmodernism, and the interplay between the two is discussed. Some say the library is doomed to compete in such an environment, while others reject the thought of postmodernism in favor of a grand old image of the library which is passing away. Others, however, see that though the role of the librarian has definitely changed, the need for guidance in navigating the twin worlds of the Web and postmodernism are very much necessary. Nailing jelly to the wall is an appropriate analogy for understanding not only the core of postmodernism, but also how it influences the LIS world.
Esther Opeola Lawal-Solarin A Survey of Library and Information Services to Physically Challenged Students in Academic Libraries in Ogun State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (February)
For libraries to add to the advancement of knowledge, they must not only provide resources but must ensure that the resources are effectively utilised. This paper looks at library and information services to the physically challenged students (students using Wheelchairs, Crutches and Braces) for mobility in eight academic libraries in Ogun state, Nigeria. Questionnaire and interview methods were used for the study. Analysis of the findings indicated that the physically challenged students lack accessibility to and within the library. Hence, they found library and its resources ineffective. Findings further revealed diverse needs of the students such as the recruitment of well trained library staff with a good understanding of disability issues. Age, Gender, type of course and challenge etc should also determine the kind of assistance to be offered by the library. The study recommends that the Nigerian government should have a human right approach rather than a charity or welfare approach to disability issues. UN Convention on the right and dignities of persons with disability should be strictly adhered to. The study also recommends, among others the use of library guides, ramps, elevator, good hand railings, wide doorways, accessible library shelves and good communication between the library staff and the students.

Dr. S. Dhanavandan
Dr. S. Mohammed Esmail
Dr. M. Nagarajan
Use of Electronic Resources at Krishnasamy College of Engineering & Technology Library, Cuddalore (html) PDF 2012 (February)
More and more publications are becoming web-based. The environment is rapidly becoming an electronic one. Most science and technology libraries have changed their functions and services to meet this change.This article reports on the results of a survey of users of a science and technology library. The survey covers various aspects like awareness of the users, user satisfaction, use pattern of E-resources, preference for print or electronic version, etc. The investigator decided to conduct this study for measuring the access and awareness of electronic resources by users in Krishnasamy College of Engineering & Technology College.
Dr. Atul Bhatt An Analytical study of the Medical College Libraries of Gujarat in the Age of Information Technology (html) PDF 2012 (February)
Medical Science Information is the basic needs for the medical science students, teachers, research scholars, health care practioners and other paramedical professionals who are the main users of the medical college libraries. A survey of the medical college libraries of Gujarat has been conducted to find out the ways and means for better accessing of medical science information. In this paper I have tried to draw a picture about the present problems and future prospects of the medical college libraries of Gujarat. In the age of information technology, medical science information needs of clientele and possible information services to satisfy them are also discussed.
Adesoji Adeola Arinola
Olalekan Abraham Adekunjo
Analysis of HIV/AIDS Information Awareness and Effectiveness Among Artisans in Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (February)
This study assessed the extent of HIV/AIDS information awareness among artisans in Ogbomoso. It was with the aim of investigating and identifying how artisans get aware and use this information that Stratified and purposive random sampling technique with questionnaire instrument was used to collect data from 300 respondents in the five local government areas of the study. The questionnaire was distributed equally among male and female artisans and was analyzed using SPSS. The study revealed that despite the fact that artisans in Ogbomoso were aware of information on HIV/AIDS yet majority of them were not willing to undertake voluntary test especially for fear of stigmatization. Their major source of information on HIV/AIDS was "radio and television". Government rural extension programmes on HIV/AIDS were found insufficient and ineffective. Major information providers like internet and libraries were rarely used as sources of information by artisans in Ogbomoso. Rather, Radio and television was discovered to be their most effective source of information on HIV/AIDS.
Samuel Olu Adeyoyin
Abayomi Imam
Taofik Olatunde Bello
Management of Change in the 21st Century Libraries and Information Centres (html) PDF 2012 (February)
This paper critically examines the contentious subject of change management. Change management cut across every sphere of life – social, economic and political. It also manifests in human, material, equipment and even organizational existence. The two school of thoughts on change management – Newtonian and Quantum were therefore examined and discussed in detail. Issues such as the concept of change management, organizational vision and change, the problems of change, reasons for adverse reactions to change, why change management fails and how to gain acceptance for change were discussed. Also, the paper treated how the librarians can rise up to the task of managing change in the world of information provision in the age of electronic library. We concluded that no matter how one stands on how to approach change, one thing so crystal clear about it is that, it never came without some form of pains and discomfort. This by the way, is recognition that changes have inherent forces of disruption, which if not properly handled could bleed the organization to death.
M. B. Edem, PhD
A. O. Okwilagwe, PhD
Acquisition and Use of Locally Published Law Textbooks as Correlates of Textbook Publishing in Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (February)
The study examined Indigenous Law Textbook Publishing (ILTP) and specified the relationship of library acquisitions and use to book output during the period 1960-1999. The descriptive survey method employed for the study consisted of quantitative assessment as well as statistical analysis of questionnaire. A multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted in the selection of three university libraries, their acquisition librarians as well as 384 final year law students who responded to the Law Student Textbook Utilization Questionnaire (LSTUQ). An interview schedule and documentary methods were also used to generate data relating to study objectives. Results revealed that a total of 215 titles of law texts covering 19 subject areas were contributed by four categories of Nigerian publishers. It was further shown that library acquisitions constituted about 25% of the total law textbook collection of sampled libraries. This covered 22 subject areas with over 31% more titles than the 215 determined for ILTP output. The extent of textbook utilization was generally high for majority (86%) of respondents and course work (97%) was found to be the most important purpose for utilization. The respondents' utilized textbooks from various sources especially personal collections (67%) and of the 12 core areas of the LL.B programme, the Nigerian Legal System attracted the highest extent of use. Findings also showed that there was a significant relationship between library acquisitions of published titles and ILTP output (P < 0.05). Library acquisitions accounted for 89.9% of the variability in ILTP output (R2 = 0.898). A significant relationship was found between law students' textbook utilization and ILTP (P < 0.05). It is concluded that ILTP is of relevance to the Law Degree Programme of Nigerian Universities, although factors militating against the collection development of ILTP are bound to give rise to problems of non-availability and inaccessibility of published texts as well as currency of titles. A planned acquisition policy, identifying specific goals for the collection and management of published law textbooks is recommended together with the possibility of taking cognizance of the special needs of the law discipline in the allocation, distribution and control of library materials budget.
Md. Arman Hossein
Md. Shariful Islam
Information Needs of Rural Women: A Study of Three Villages of Bangladesh (html) PDF 2012 (February)
This study examines the information needs of rural women in Bangladesh. Questionnaire and oral interviews were the main instruments used for data collection. The analysis revealed varying information needs, sources and channels, level of satisfaction in using the sources of information, reading habits of rural women.
Bijan Kumar Roy
Dr. Parthasarathi Mukhopadhyay
Dr. Subal Chandra Biswas
An Analytical Study of Institutional Digital Repositories in India (html) PDF 2012 (February)
The paper provides an overview of Institutional digital Repository (IDR) movement in India. It also compares all IDRs in respect of content, number of records, and software used etc. The roles of different agencies have also been discussed. Lastly, key findings have been highlighted along with suggestions for further development of IDR in Indian context.
Mboni Ruzegea The Usability of OPAC Interface Features: The Perspective of Postgraduate Students at International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) (html) PDF 2012 (February)
User interface designs aim at making the process of using the system effective, efficient and satisfying, but this is not always the case. This study sought to add knowledge on usability of OPAC interface features at IIUM. The following research questions were asked: (i) to what extent the OPAC interface features have influenced the use of the system to meet users' information needs? (ii) is the interface user friendly? (iii) what are difficulties in the use of these features? (iv) to what extent users' characteristics have influenced usability of interface features? A random proportionate sample of 30 students from the faculty of ICT was selected for the study. Questionnaire and face to face interviews were used to collect data. The bird' eye observation technique was used for search tasks in different library environments. The findings revealed the degree of usage of OPAC interface features in the IIUM library. Majority of respondents (76.7%) reported the deficiency of effective library OPAC interactive multimedia interface features like video, real players and audio features. The study concluded that interface features of the IIUM Library OPAC system were not optimal for serving user needs, with apparent limitations in its designs of multimedia features. Recommendations were given for improvement of IIUM Library OPAC system.
Dr. A.Thirumagal Stem Cell Research: A Bibliometric Analysis from 1999-2008 (html) PDF 2012 (February)
A stem cell is a cell that has the ability to divide (self replicate) for indefinite periods—often throughout the life of the organism. Under the right conditions, or given the right signals, stem cells can give rise (differentiate) to the many different cell types that make up the organism. Studying stem cells will help us understand how they transform into the dazzling array of specialized cells that make us what we are. Some of the most serious medical conditions, such as cancer and birth defects, are due to problems that occur somewhere in this process. Another potential application of stem cells is making cells and tissues for medical therapies. This paper deals with the biblliometric study on the publication of "Stem cell research". The records are collected from CD-ROM resource MEDLINE for the period of 1999-2008. Observe the authorship pattern. Find out the Degree of Collaboration in Stem Cell Research, Quantum of Research Productivity, Linguistic distribution, Geographical distribution of the literature, Growth rate of production of literature, and identify the highly frequent journals in the chosen discipline. Result of such studies may be very useful for the research administrators, policy makers and funding agencies.
Chidi Deborah Isiakpona Undergraduate Students' Perception of Copyright
Infringement: A Case Study of the University of Ibadan, Oyo State,
PDF 2012 (February)
The main objective of this project work was to find out the perception of undergraduate students of the University of Ibadan of copyright law and its infringement. Literature, both past and present has established that copyright laws are important for better creativity. The problem is that these laws are still being infringed on a large scale in higher institutions and the concern of this study is determine the level of knowledge and the different perceptions of undergraduate students on copyright infringement. The methodology used to collect data from the respondents was the stratified random sampling. The different views and awareness level of undergraduates in all the 13 faculties in the university on copyright law was accessed through the use of a questionnaire and it was analyzed with a software called the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS); and the output were presented in form of frequency tables and charts. From the analysis, it was evident that the level of awareness of undergraduate students of the term copyright is quite high and the rate of infringement is also high due to different factors such as high cost of purchasing literary materials, excessive photocopying, etc. We can conclude that the level of awareness is high and also the level of infringement is high because majority of the students do not follow the dictates of the law. The level of copyright infringement can be reduced if the prices of printed learning materials become very affordable and also if there can be better and more educating copyright awareness programme carried out in tertiary institutions.
Adam Gambo Saleh Employers' Expectations of Library Education in Nigeria (html) PDF 2012 (January)
A look at the history of Library Education in Nigeria indicates that from inception, it was bedeviled with various problems. The first two Library Schools established in Ibadan and Zaria was based on different professional and philosophical foundations. The failure of the leadership to harmonize and monitor this variation led to proliferation of library schools in different kinds of institutions in the country. This development led to questions being raised on issues such as curriculum content, professional qualification and the quality of products from these schools. This study provided answers to these questions from the perspective of the Employers. A survey of ten libraries drawn from both Academic and Public libraries was conducted. Questionnaire was administered on University Librarians and Directors of Library Boards under the study. Analysis of the data revealed the special qualities required of library school’s graduates and incompetence of fresh graduates in the field. The study also found out that despite the differences in curriculum content of library schools, library education in Nigeria is relevant to professional practice. There is need however, to revise and harmonize library schools curricular to reflect current trends in the information profession so that libraries in Nigeria can become effective Information Delivery Mechanisms in the Information system. This can be achieved if the Government provides the necessary infrastructure and the enabling environment for the participation of the Private Sector in the Information Industry in Nigeria.
Ikramul Haq
Pervaiz Ahmad
Knowledge Economy from the Pakistani Perspective (html) PDF 2012 (January)
Economy based on creating, evaluating, and trading knowledge is knowledge economy (KE), for knowledge has become perhaps the most important factor determining the standard of living – more than land, than tools, than labor and more. Knowledge economy means that production & management of knowledge, ideas and thoughts are more important than capital. Islamic theology and tradition pays great focus on the acquisition of knowledge. Knowledge is an intellectual heritage of Muslim Ummah. Muslims had been ruling the world because of being knowledge producers and managers in medieval era. But now the America and other developed countries controlling the world because of research and knowledge. The situation of Pakistan shows miserable picture when we see it in reflection of knowledge-based economy. The education is being neglected since long from gross root level to the higher one. The structure of information & communication technologies (ICTs) is progressing but it still needs momentum to abridge the gap. Libraries play crucial role in economic development of the country but this aspect despite having lively tradition and strong history, is also very discouraging. The issues of book publishing industry, brain drain and good governance need to be addressed immediately. The whole concept of growth, progress, prosperity and development is based on the thorough acquisition and proper opportunities for the utilization of acquired knowledge. This paper introduces the roots and modern concept of knowledge economy to the Library and Information Sciences (LIS) community. Islamic traditions and the present scenario of Pakistan with regard to KE have been highlighted and the allied issues/problems have been analyzed. Recommendations have been appended for the improvement of existing situation in Pakistan.
Anthony Agena Igbashal
Jacob F. Tsegba
Bibliographic Control of Publications: The Impact on African Countries (html) PDF 2012 (January)
Reactivation of bibliographic control activities in Africa has become pertinent to awaken her from bibliographic slumber. The authors have examined some historical developmental facts about bibliographic control activities on African continent. But these were not without problems which were considered and discussed .They include lukewarm attitudes towards embracing ICT, publishers non-compliance with depository laws, lack of suitable software for library automation, weak legal deposit laws and poor funding of ICT projects. Lastly, they suggested some ways for enhancing bibliographic control activities that will place Africa on bibliographical global information superhighway.
Dr. Suresh Jange Preparing LIS Professionals for Leadership (html) PDF 2012 (January)
Library leadership is one of the un-explored areas of research and its inevitability could be smelt seeing the present working environment particularly state universities and college libraries in India. In this direction, attempt has been made to identify and explore the significance of Leadership roles among Library and Information Science professionals in Bangalore city that can be leveraged as a strategic asset to attract staff, create favorable assessments by administrators and founders, and cast library institutions in a positive light for independent media and accreditation bodies. These are uniquely relevant to the growth and success of libraries can provide current and future library leaders with guidance, models, and intellectual resources to enhance personal and organizational success. Survey method using questionnaire is used to elicit research data from library professional and Non-library Professional working in Bangalore city with 206 questionnaires duly filled out of 312 distributed. The study concludes for developing effective leadership with a view to develop and build better qualitative libraries towards service motto and image building of library profession.
Nishat Kazi The Identity Crisis of Libraries in the Attention Economy (html)
PDF 2012 (January)
The paper attempts to critically look at the disinclination of people towards libraries in contemporary societies in relation to the concept of ‘attention economy’. The paper derives the theme from Herbert Simon’s concept of ‘attention economy’ that considers human attention as a scarce commodity in the modern world. This concept is critically articulated by looking at the present condition of the libraries. The paper focuses on the problem of identity crisis libraries and librarians are experiencing in contemporary times. It also emphasizes on promotion and marketing strategies that the libraries should be implementing in the attention economy.
Khalid Mahmood
Farzana Shafique
Alumni Participation in LIS Program Review: The Case of MLIS at University of the Punjab (html) PDF 2012 (January)
This study aims at receiving an input of the alumni of the Department of Library and Information Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore to review and improve its MLIS program. A questionnaire survey was conducted for the purpose. The study reveals that respondents have shown their satisfaction with many current MLIS contents and found them very helpful in their present jobs. Besides this they have recommend many changes in LIS curricula and teaching methods for meeting the current technological trends of information era. They have also recommended the conduct of training programs for LIS faculty. The findings of the study can be helpful for library schools to consider while revising and updating their LIS programs.

S.R. Adekunmisi
Use of Multimedia for Teaching in Nigerian University System: A Case Study of University of Ibadan (html) PDF 2012 (January)
Multimedia is now permeating the educational system as a tool for effective teaching and learning and powerful medium for delivery of information. It has been recognized that the conventional media technologies can no longer meet the needs of the teaching and learning processes and as a result being replaced by the multimedia technology which have tremendous impact on communication and delivery of information while providing a learning environment that is self-paced, learner-controlled and individualized. The study therefore investigated the use of multimedia for teaching among lecturers in the Faculties of Arts and Education, University of Ibadan. The instruments used for this study were questionnaire, observation method and interview. Simple random sampling technique was used to select one hundred (100) respondents in these faculties whose response rate were 80.00%. The result revealed that only 32 (40.00%) of the respondents used multimedia facilities in teaching their students while 48 (60.00%), a larger percentage did not use these resources. It also revealed that the multimedia resources were grossly inadequate and even majority 52 (65.00%) do not have access to these facilities. It further revealed that the Internet and computer were the most used of the multimedia facilities, amongst others. Factors which limit the use of these multimedia facilities were also revealed. Recommendations for improvement were proffered.
Bipin Bihari Sethi
Prof. K. C. Panda
Use of E-Resources by Life Scientists: A Case Study of Sambalpur University, India (html) PDF 2012 (January)
This paper examines the different spectrums of e-resources including a conjectural note on the subject. Vividly explains the ICT status of Sambalpur University with special reference to its e-resources. Clearly mentions the objectives, limitations of the study and reviews a few key studies conducted earlier on the subject. Examines the preferences of users in accessing e-resources, their objectives, class of e-resources they use, factors that influence the use of e-resources, search strategy employed in such use, medium of access, familiarity with Search Engines and constraints encountered by the Life Scientists in accessing e-resources at length. Concludes that, 92.18 % of the respondents prefer e-resources compared to printed documents. Significantly, the faculties, researchers, and students share the same perceptions on e-resources.
J. Ayodeji Akerele
Adeola F. Afolabi
Effect of Video on the Teaching of Library Studies among Undergraduates in Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo (html) PDF 2012 (January)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of video on teaching undergraduates in a college of education. Questionnaire tagged, Effect of Video on Teaching Scale (EVTS) was distributed to 100 respondents using pretest – posttest control group experimental design. That is, 50 respondents per group. Data were analysed using mean scores, standard deviation and analysis of covariance. It was found that video contributed significantly to the positive attitude of the students towards the course: Library Instruction Programme, (LIB 001). Also, students in the experimental group has a higher means score than the control group. It was therefore recommended that teaching / learning activities should always be supplemented with video and other media resources.
Md. Abul Kalam Siddike Users' Perceptions Regarding Networking and Resource Sharing in Selected Academic Libraries of Bangladesh (html) PDF 2012 (January)
An analysis of 100 users in different categories has been conducted to measure the perceptions and satisfaction level of users on library networking and resource sharing activities among the major public and private university libraries in Bangladesh. The key variables for this study include: user's visit to the libraries, availability of services and use of databases. User's suggestions to improve the library services have also been included.



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