Use of the Internet in Government First Grade College Libraries in Bidar District
Dr. D.B. Patil
Internet has revolutionized the world of information. It is one of two technological innovations that have greatly influence the development of communication strategies and practices in both the general and the business communities of the world. The first was the invention of the printing press, Gutenberg’s invention served to democratize the possession and transmission of texts, made the production of books much easier and cheaper than the manuscript method it replaced. The Internet provides new horizons for the researcher. A potentially vast population of all kinds of individuals and groups may be more easily reached than ever before, across geographical borders.
Statement of the Problem
The study is restricted to Government First Grade colleges libraries in Bidar District and studies the use of the Internet in the libraries there, with a view to discovering problems, offering recommendations, and providing insight on user needs and behavior.
The questionnaire method has been adopted for collecting research data from the user of college libraries which has been distributed to 8 colleges libraries in Bidar District. 320 questionnaires have distributed to the students and faculty members in 8 colleges libraries of Bidar Dist. Out of which, 260 filled in questionnaires were received back which accounts 81.25%.
The use of Internet methodology discussed by Eynon (2005). The most common use of ICTs in all subjects was to provide students with access to a range of online resources. Academic’s students with access to it range of online resources. Academic’s motivations for using ICTs included: enhancing the educational, such as the rise in student numbers and demand for flexible learning opportunities; and personal interest and enjoyment. The difficulties academics encountered when using these technologies for teaching included; alack of time; dissatisfaction with the software available; and copyright. This is a small scale, exploratory study. The study of the extent use of the Internet by Adanu and Alemna (2005).The study was undertaken at the Balme Library, University or Ghana. The findings indicate that among the services, email is the most used, followed by the use for research. The study undertaken by Adame (2005) surveyed 743 undergraduate students at two academic institutions to examine their Internet use, health-seeking behaviors, and attitudes related to the use of the Internet to obtain health information. Fifty-three percent of the respondents indicated that they would like to get health information online, and 288 reported that they would like to attend a health program online. Overall, 74% of the students reported having ever received health information online, and more than 40% reported that they frequently searched the Internet for information. They used various search engines and multiple websites to find health information. Issues related to the credibility of the information on health sites to find health information. Issues related to the credibility of the information on health sites were crucial considerations for students.
The study by Luambano and Julita (2004) revealed that the level of students' access to the Internet was low, and the major reason was that at the time of the study, computers with Internet facilities were inadequate. The findings also revealed that the students who had access to the Internet were not using it effectively. They used it mainly for communication with friends and relatives more than for academic purposes. The cause of this was found to be lack of skill required for effective use of the Internet. The study recommends the provision of more computer with Internet facilities, increasing Internet access speed, as well as providing more chances of training in Internet use.
Colleges Libraries in Bidar Districts: An Overview
In Bidar district, there are 38 colleges are imparting different disciplines of education. Out of 38 college, there are three engineering colleges, one medical college, four pharmacy colleges, three B.Ed. Colleges and 27 Degree Colleges. Out of 27 degree colleges, there are 8 Government First Grade Colleges.These colleges have been established in different years. Further the information of the colleges is given below in brief:
The total population of Bidar district is 15,02,373.
Data Analysis and Interpretation
Table 1: Growth of Government Colleges
The survey reveals that one of Govt. College were established in 1974 in Bidar. Rest of colleges were established above 2003.
Table 2: Show application of computer facilities
The study reveals that 12.50% colleges having the computer facilities but remaining 87.5% colleges do not have computer facilities.
Table 3: Show Internet Facility
The study reveals that 12.50% (1) college is having the Internet facilities but remaining 87.50% colleges do not have Internet facilities.
Table 4: Number of Students
The study reveals that 12.50% (1) of college student strength between 1- 50 . The study reveals that 37.50% (3) of college students strength between 51-100. The study reveals that 37.50% (3) college students strength between 101 - 150 in the colleges.
Table 5: Permanent Teaching Staff
The study reveals that 25% (2) of the colleges have got the permanent teaching staff strength between 1 - 2. 25% (2) colleges have got teaching staff strength between 3 - 4. 37.5% (3) of colleges have got teaching staff strength between 5-6. 12.5% have got the teaching staff strength more than 6.
Table 6: Permanent Supporting Staff
The survey reveals that 75% (6) of the colleges have got the permanent supporting staff strength between 1-2. No colleges have got the permanent supporting staff strength between 3 - 4. 12.5% (1) have got the permanent supporting staff above 4.
Table 7: Year of Establishment of the College Libraries
The above table reveals that 12.5% (1) of colleges have established their libraries between 1974-83, remaining college libraries were established above 2003.
Table 8: Number of Users
The above table shows that 320 questionnaire were distributed and 260 were received filled in questionnaire back, which accounts 81.25% where the Internet facilities available in college libraries.
Sixty respondents were female and the rest male.
Table 9: Satisfaction with existing Internet Facility
Table shows that, 76.92% users were satisfaction with existing Internet facility, but remaining 23.08% (60) of them are Internet facilities not satisfied.
Table 10: Use of Internet Services in Colleges
The above table shows indicates that use of Internet at different centres. It reveals that 86.54% (225) of respondents accessed Internet in college library 13.46% (35) at home.
Table 11: The purpose of using Internet
The study reveals that 38.46% (100) of respondents used for e-mail service. 3.85% used for sending manuscripts for publication.
The study reveals that are 7.70% of respondents used Internet keeping update of knowledge 3.85% used for course related information, 38.46% used for Internet library loan request, 7.70% used for getting conference information.
Table 12: Motivation for using Internet
The study reveals that 18.85% (49) of respondents have asked that enhance the Internet band width which helps to us search information on Internet. 23.08% (60) of respondents have suggested that Internet facilities should give at the centre of the library. 40.38% (105) of needed Training/ Awareness Program for faculty and students.
Table 13: Use of Internet of subject related activities
Above table indicates that 19.23% (50) respondents use of Internet less than 2 hours. 11.54% (30) of respondents use of Internet between 2 - 4 hours. 3.08% (8) and 3.85% (10) use Internet between 5 - 7 Hours and more than 7 hours respectively and rest of 62.50% (162) were not used.
Table 14: Advanced Internet training necessary
Above table shows that, in view of this question was raised by student, it reveals that out of 260 of respondents. 76.92% (200) have expressed they are in need of training how to use Internet resources. However, remaining 23.08% (60) of stated that the training program is not necessary.
Table 15: Methods of acquiring Internet Skills
Above table indicates that 38.46% (100) respondents have taken Internet skills by help of computer center. It is followed by library staff 26.15% (68). 14.62(38) by colleagues and friends 20.77(54) respectively
Table 16: Shows search strength by respondents
It is observed from above table that 20% (52) of respondents used through search engines 31.54 (82) of respondents used Internet through website address. 15.77% (41) of respondents used Internet for browsing only. 5.77% (15) of respondents used Internet with help of lecturers. 6.92% (18) of respondents used Internet with help of libraries.
Table 17: Reasons for not using Internet
The study indicates that 38.46% (100) respondents were not use Internet due to lack of training. 7.69% (20) and 7.69% (20) of respondents not use Internet due to not interested and financial constants respectively. 3.85% (10) of respondents not use Internet due to not useful to their study.
Findings and Suggestions
Recommendations for College Libraries
Recommendations for Librarians
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Eynon, Rebecca. The use of the Internet in higher education. Aslib Proceedings, 57(2) 2005, PP 168-180.
Luambano, T., and Julita N. Internet use by Students of the University of Dar es Salaam. Library Hi Tech News, 2( I0) 2004 PP 13-17.
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