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Library Philosophy and Practice 2011

ISSN 1522-0222

Bibliometric Analysis of the Indian Journal of Chemistry

S. Thanuskodi
Library & Information Science Wing, Directorate of Distance Education
Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar – 608 002

Introduction

Periodicals are the primary source of information and an important media for communication. They play a major role for communicating the latest research findings and publishing the articles containing the current development in any field of knowledge. Information is one of the most important resources for a nation and forms the integral base for the economic. Information has been growing out in an exponential rate which is often referred to as information explosion. Similarly the periodical publication has also been increasing day by day since the first scientific journal started publication in 1665. The periodicals are the indicators of literature growth in any field of knowledge. They emerge as the main channel for transmitting knowledge. Due to the escalating cost of the periodicals and lack of adequate library budgets the selection of any particular journal for a library should be done more carefully. Therefore, the library authorities are forced to reduce the number of journal subscriptions. Bibliometric analysis has many applications in the Library and Information Science filed in identifying the research trends in the subject, core journals, etc. and thereby framing new subscription policy for tomorrow. These studies will be helpful for librarians to plan a better collection development.

Bibliometrics

There are many definitions of the term 'bibliometrics' in the literature; only a few will be mentioned. Other definitions not discussed are provided by Fairthorne (1969), Hawkins (1977), Khawaja (1987), Burton (1988), Egghe (1988), Khurshid & Sahai (1991a,b) and Tague-Sutcliffe (1992a). An early definition is provided by Pritchard (1969b, pp. 348-349): "to shed light on the processes of written communication and of the nature and course of development of a discipline (in so far as this is displayed through written communication), by means of counting and analysing the various facets of written communication the application of mathematics and statistical methods to books and other media of communication ...". Broadus (1987b, p. 376) reviews various other definitions, and then provides the following: "... the quantitative study of physical published units, or of bibliographic units, or of surrogates of either ...". In contrast to the other two terms (scientometrics and informetrics), Brookes (1990, p. 42) says: "I have no doubt that bibliometrics must now be conceded to library studies only. Its work is not yet ended as libraries continue to adapt to the changing world around them. And bibliometrics itself needs the continued interest of outside experts, statisticians and others, in developing and refining its techniques." White & McCain (1989, p. 119) have the following definition and explanation: "Bibliometrics is the quantitative study of literatures as they are reflected in bibliographies. Its task, immodestly enough, is to provide evolutionary models of science, technology, and scholarship."

Indian Journal of Chemistry

Indian Journal of Chemistry (Section B) is a leading monthly journal in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry started publishing from 1976. It publishes papers on organic reaction mechanism, theoretical organic chemistry, structure-activity relationships, medicinal chemistry, synthesis of chiral compounds, bio-organic chemistry, enzymes in organic synthesis, reagents in organic synthesis, heterocyclic compounds, phytochemistry (natural products), amino acids, peptides and proteins, spectroscopy in characterization of organic compounds, chemoenzymatic and enantioselective synthesis of organic compounds, synthesis of fullerenes, metal-catalyzed asymmetric reactions, bioactive plant products and combinatorial chemistry. Apart from full length papers, notes and communications, the journal publishes short reviews on frontline areas under the column " advances in Contemporary Research". Moreover it is the one and only authoritative journal in chemistry, published in India.

Objectives of the Study

The present study has been undertaken with the objective of analysing the following aspects:

  • To make an analysis of articles published in Indian Journal of Chemistry
  • To identify the number of contributions published during the period of study
  • To study the authorship pattern
  • To identify geographical distribution of articles
  • To study the length of articles
  • To find out the number of cited documents and the average number of references per article.

Methodology

Methodology applied in the present study is bibliometric analysis which is used to study in detail the bibliographic features of the articles and citation analysis of reference appended at the end of each article, published in journal of chemistry from 2005-2009. The data pertaining to Indian Journal of chemistry regarding 974 articles made from volume 44 in 2005 to volume 48 in 2009. Then they are tabulated and analysed for making observations.

Data Analysis

Table-1 Year wise Distribution of Articles

Year

Vol. No.

No. of issues

No. of contribution

Percentage

2005

44B

12

261

26.80

2006

45B

12

218

22.39

2007

46B

12

183

18.79

2008

47B

12

156

16.01

2009

48B

12

156

16.01

Total

 

60

974

100

The above table showed that the maximum number of articles were published in the year 2005 (261) and minimum in the year 2008 & 2009 (156) articles. The journal publishes on an average of 195 articles per year.

Table-2 Distribution of Articles (Issue-wise)

Month

Volume Number

Total

44B

45B

46B

47B

48B

January

23

20

20

14

13

90

February

22

27

16

12

12

89

March

24

29

15

12

13

93

April

20

0

15

13

13

61

May

20

20

15

13

13

81

June

24

17

15

14

13

83

July

25

18

16

15

13

87

August

20

20

15

12

13

80

September

25

20

15

12

13

85

October

22

12

15

13

13

75

November

24

18

13

13

12

80

December

12

17

13

13

15

70

Total

261

218

183

156

156

974

The table 2 reveals distribution of articles (Issue-wise). Volume No. 44 shows the highest number of total articles. The second highest position is occupied by Volume No. 45. It is followed by volume 46. The lowest number of total articles in volume 47 and 48. The contribution of articles in volume 45 were more in March. The month January shows more issues in volume 46. In volume 47 and 48 the issues were more in July and December respectively.

Table-3 Authorship Pattern

Year

Number of Authors

Total

1

2

3

4

5 & more

2005

27

73

58

49

54

261

2006

21

67

56

33

41

218

2007

16

41

73

20

33

183

2008

18

37

28

43

30

156

2009

13

47

38

32

26

156

Total

95

265

253

177

184

974

Percentage

9.75

27.20

25.98

18.18

18.89

100

Table 3 reveals the authorship pattern of the articles published during the period of study. Maximum number of articles were contributed by two authors 265 (27.20%). This is followed by three authors with 253 (25.98%) articles, five and more authors were contributed 184 (18.89 %) articles, four authors with 177 (18.18%) and single author with 9.75% of the total articles.

Table-4 Year-wise Authorship pattern

Authorship

Year

Total

Percentage

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Single

27

21

16

18

13

95

9.75

Joint

234

197

167

138

143

879

90.25

Total

261

218

183

156

156

974

100

The above table-4 showed that out of 974 articles joint authors contributed 879 (90.25%) articles while the rest 95 (9.75%) articles were contributed by single author.

Table-5 Institution-wise contribution of articles

Name of the Institution

No. of Articles

Percentage

Universities

263

27.00

Colleges

169

17.35

Research Institutions

258

26.49

Chemical industries

284

29.16

Total

974

100

The table 5 above showed that majority of the articles 284 (29.16%) were contributed by chemical industries. This is followed by universities with 263 (27 %) and research institutions with 258 (26.49%) articles. The remaining 169 articles (17.35%) were contributed by colleges.

Table-6 Geographical Distribution of Articles

Name of the Institution

No. of Articles

Percentage

India

886

90.96

Foreign

088

9.04

Total

974

100

The table 6 showed that most of the contributions are from India with 90.96 % and the rest 9.04% only from foreign sources.

Table-7 Length of Articles

Pages

Year

Total

Percentage

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

1-4

76

66

62

43

38

285

29.26

5-8

82

91

77

58

64

372

38.20

9-12

80

44

26

46

43

239

24.54

13 & more

23

17

18

9

11

78

8.00

Total

261

218

183

156

156

974

100

Table 7 reveals that the majority of articles 372 (38.20%) have the length of 5-8 pages followed by 285 (29.26%) articles with 1-4 pages, 239 (24.54%) articles with 9-12 pages and the remaining 78 (8 %) articles have the length of 13 and more pages.

Table-8 Forms of Document cited

Forms of Document

Total No. of Citation

Percentage

Journals

3418

45.23

Books

1726

22.84

Reference Books

308

4.07

Seminar/Conference Proceedings

1832

24.24

Dissertations

274

3.62

Total

7558

100

The table 8 above showed that majority of the contributors preferred journals as the source of information which occupied the top position with the highest number of citations 3418 (45.23%) of the total 7558 citations. The second highest position is occupied by Seminar / Conference proceedings with 1832 (24.24%) citations. It is followed by books with 1726 (22.84%) and dissertations with 274 (3.62%) citations.

Conclusion

The journal has published 974 articles during the period of study. The maximum number of articles (26.80%) were published in the year 2005. The present study reveals that the maximum number of contributors are joint authors with 90.25 %. Similarly most of the contributions are from India with 90.96, while foreign contributions is very less. The study revealed that majority of the authors preferred journals as the source of information providing the highest number of citations (45.23%). The maximum number of contributions have the length of 5-8 pages with 38.20%.

References

Broadus, R.N. (1987b), Toward a definition of 'bibliometrics. Scientometrics, 12: 373-379.

Brookes, B C. (1990). Biblio-, Sciento-, Infor-metrics??? What are we talking about? In: L. Egghe, R. Rousseau (Eds), Informetrics 89/90. Selection of Papers Submitted for the Second International Conference on Bibliometrics, Scientometrics and Informetrics, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Elsevier, pp. 3143.

3) Burton, H. D. (1988), Use of a virtual information system for bibliometric analysis, Information Processing and Management, 24 : 3944.

4) Egghe, L. (1988), On the classification of the classical bibliometric laws, Journal of Documentation, 44 : 5362.

5) Fairthorne, R. A. (1969), Empirical hyperbolic distributions (Bradford-Zipf-Mandelbrot) for bibliometric description and prediction, Journal of Documentation, 25 : 319343.

6) Hawkins, D. T. (1977), Unconventional uses of on-line information retrieval systems: on-line bibliometric studies, Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 28 : 1318.

7) Khawaja, I. (1987), An alternative stipulation of the term bibliometry, Pakistan Library Bulletin, 18 : 16.

8) Khurshid, A., H. Sahai (1991a), Bibliometric distributions and laws: some comments and a selected bibliography, Journal of Educational Media and Library Sciences, 28 : 433459.

9) Khurshid, A., H. Sahai (1991b), Bibliometric, scientometric and informetric distributions and laws: a selected bibliography, International Forum on Information and Documentation, 16 : 1829.

10) Pritchard, A. (1969b), Statistical bibliography or bibliometrics?, Journal of Documentation, 25 : 348349.

11) Tague-Sutcliffe, J. M. (1992a), An introduction to informetrics, Information Processing & Management, 28 : 13.

12) White, H. D., K. W. Mccain (1989), Bibliometrics. In: M. E. Williams, (Ed.), Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, Vol. 24, Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. for the American Society for Information Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 119-186.