The materials on this page are intended for use by students enrolled in ANTH 329 North American Indians. This page and its references are periodically up-dated.
Gill 1982: 27-29, 79-80, 97-101, and 161-173, and review 59-81
Oswalt and Neely 1999:175-211
Wisconsin Powwow and Naamikaaged: Dancer for the People, Smithsonian Folkways.
Cree Hunters, PBS Video.
To a discussion of:
Crow Social Organization and Kinship Terms
The primary focus of this section will be on the Crow of Montana, a representative of the Plains culture area. Additional references will be made to the Arapaho, Blood, Cheyenne, Kiowa, Lakota and Mandan, along with the Beaver, a tribe of Alberta and the Subarctic culture area. The Crow term for themselves is "Apsaalooke," meaning "children of the large beaked bird," which is in likely reference to the raven.
|"Big Lodge or Elder Brother" - Crow Sun Dance Lodge - 1993 - and "Younger Brother"|
The Plains culture area encompasses the vast region between the Rocky Mountains in the west and the Mississippi River to the east, from southern Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, Canada in the north and the Rio Grande River and Texas in the south.
The peoples of the Plains were divided into two distinct types. There were societies, like the Hidatsa and Mandan, who pursued a sedentary way of life, living in earthen lodges and growing maize and beans. Political and spiritual power were typically acquired through inheritance. In contrast, there were societies, like the Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Crow and Lakota, who traveled by horse in a seasonal round with the buffalo, and lived in tipis. These are peoples who gained and expressed their spiritual prowess in the vision quest and Sun Dance, their military prowess in counting coup on an enemy, and their political prowess as a chief through achieved deeds.
Study Guide Questions
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