The materials on this page are intended for use by students enrolled in ANTH 329 North American Indians. This page and its references are periodically up-dated.
Gill 1982: 20-22, 69-71 and 116-121
Oswalt and Neely 1999:404-444
The primary focus of this section will be on the Iroquois of New York and the Eastern Woodlands culture area. Additional references will also be made to the Menomini people. The term "Iroquois" is derived from an Algonquian word, "real adder," and is in reference to a confederation of tribes, including the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga and Seneca. The Tuscarora and Delaware also joined the League at various times. The ethnography of the Iroquois is based primarily on the Mohawk and Seneca peoples.
The Eastern Woodlands culture area encompasses the area of the New England states in the north down to Virginia in the south and east into the Ohio valley and the lower Great Lakes.
The Iroquois lived in sedentary villages close to their cultivated crops, building dome-shaped wigwams or longhouses. They are known for their sophisticated political confederation, "the League of the Iroquois." Wearing vision-inspired masks, healing was often conducted by members of the False Face Society.
Self-Study Guide Questions
Return to Top
You are currently viewing http://www.uidaho.edu/~rfrey/woodlands1.htm
To return to Frey's Home Page
To return to the Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Justice Studies
To return to the University of Idaho Home Page