I. Francis (Frank) Cheng

Electro-, Analytical and Environmental Chemistries

B.S. 1982 University of Delaware

Ph.D. 1987 The Pennsylvania State University

Postdoctoral Fellow 1987-89 Texas A&M University

Editorial Board: Microchemical Journal (1997-2023)

C-Journal of Carbon Research

AAAFM Material Communications

Tel. (208) 885-6387

Email: ifcheng@uidaho.edu


Back to the UI Chemistry Website


Google Scholar Page


Highlight: Biosensing with Polymerase Chain Reaction-Stable DNA-Functionalized Magnetically Susceptible Carbon–Iron Microparticles, Published in Analytical Chemistry, October 30, 2023.



In this publication, we demonstrate rapid analysis for pathogenic sequences of DNA. The total time required for analysis is lowered from 8 to 2 hours. The process is through the stable covalent linkage of probe ssDNA strands to magnetic particles. Magnetic separation from the sample and PCR matrices is instantaneous.




May 8, 2023, Dipak Koirala, Frank Cheng, Jhnonnathan Plasencia, Micheal Okeke, Zaira Velasco, Malachi Witherwax. Missing Forrest Dalbec.


A group of people posing for a photo

Description automatically generated

November, 2021 làr, Kailash Hamal, Jai Earsley, Dipak Koirala, Jeremy May, Forrest Dalbec, William Strub, Frank Cheng.


Kailash Hamal’s UI Alumni Award for Excellence, video.

Jeremy May – Winner of 2020 College of Science Research Expo.


Other Group Pictures 


Patents (Search - Patent Center - USPTO

1. GUITAR, Graphite/Graphene from the University of Idaho Thermolyzed Asphalt Reaction , US Patent 9691556 B2, June 27, 2017    

2.Electrochemical Devices Comprising Carbon-Based Materials. Projected U.S. Patent No. 10,804,041, Issue Date October 13, 2020. https://patents.google.com/patent/US10804041B2/en

3. pH Sensing Using Pseudo-Graphite, Patent # 11,327,046. Issue Date May 11, 2022, https://patents.justia.com/patent/11327046

4. U.S. Application No. 16/292323, Technologies Using Nitrogen-Functionalized Pseudo-Graphite, https://patents.justia.com/patent/11415540  August 16, 2022.

5. Chemical Oxygen Demand Sensing Using Pseudo-Graphite, https://patents.google.com/patent/US20200284747A1/en August 16, 2022

6. U.S. Patent Number 11,585,776 B2 , Chlorine Species Sensing Using Pseudo-Graphite, https://patentsgazette.uspto.gov/week08/OG/classification/cpcClassGroup_G01.html February 21, 2023

7. U.S. Application No. 16/292325, Technologies Using Pseudo-Graphite Composites, https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/c6/9d/ae/fae1587a058f3c/US20200284749A1.pdf, Issue Date 6/15/2023

8. U.S. Application No.  16/292322, Technologies Using Surface-Modified Pseudo-Graphite, https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/c6/9d/ae/fae1587a058f3c/US20200284749A1.pdf

New 9. U.S. Application 18/473,769 on Sept. 25, 2023, “Carbon (GUITAR) Coated Magnetic Particles and Methods and Using.”


Short Presentation on GUITAR                      

TEDx UIdaho Talk on GUITAR


Positions of Group Alums – Jeremy Foutch (Novarits, Texas), Isaiah Gyan (Intel, Oregon), Kenichi Shimizu (Northvolt, Sweden), Haoyu Zhu (Postdoc, Boise State University), Mark Engelmann (Pacific Northwest National Labs), Jose’ Morales (BMC, Puerto Rico) Derek Laine (Industrial Consultant), Christina Noradoun (Environmental Consultant), Simon McAllister (Arclin, Product Development Manager) Yuqun Xie (Faculty Member, Huazhong Agricultural University, China), Ryan Hutcheson (Pixis Labs, Portland OR) Rubha Ponraj (Hanyang University, South Korea, Researcher), Edmund Wong (EPA, Chicago), Humayun Kabir (Lumigen, Michigan), Francisco Ramirez (Marathon Oil Refinery, Washington), Kailash Hamal (Intel, Oregon), Jeremy May (Waters Associates, New Castle, Delaware)


Research Carbon materials for batteries, fuel cells, ultracapacitors, sensors and water purification, rapid DNA synthesis, mechanisms of heavy metal poisoning, dietary antioxidants, biological oxidations, room temperature “combustion” of persistent organic pollutants and the detection of improvised explosives.


UI - Physical and Chemical Characterization Centers,

*Scanning Electron Micrscopy (link 2), *ICP , *Mass Spectrocsopy, Lee Deobald, debaldl@uidaho.edu, 885-5893, *AFM, Confocal Raman Spectrscopy, Dynamic Light Scattering, Zeta Potential, Eric Aston (aston@uidaho.edu )


Research Links:  Graphene/Graphite from the University of Idaho Thermolyzed Asphalt Reaction-(GUITAR UI Video),  Publications, Graduate Admissions Page, NIST Chemistry WebBook


Course Links: Current Courses

Chem 303-307 Physical Chemistry Lab Fall Semesters

Chem 558 Electrochemistry Fall Semesters

Chem 454 Instrumental Analysis Spring Semesters

Chem 409 Proseminar Spring Semesters



Chem 504 Advanced Topics in Electrochemistry Spring 2020

Chem 112 Fall 2017

Chem 253 Quantitative Analysis Fall 2016

Chem 254 Quantitative Analysis Lab Fall 2016


Links for Research Students in my Lab: MSDS online, MSDS Information




Book - “Application of Nano-Iron Particulates Processes for Environmental Remediation”, Sung Hee Joo and I. Francis Cheng, Springer, New York, March 2006


Book Chapter – CRC Handbook for Graphene Science, May 2016 “Chapter 18 Low-Cost and Simple Method for Graphene Synthesis” Isaiah O. Gyan, Haoyu Zhu, and I. Francis Cheng, Pages 343-360. Print ISBN: 978-1-4665-9123-3, eBook ISBN: 978-1-4665-9124-0, DOI: 10.1201/b19674-22


Peer Reviewed/Evaluated:


1.      I.F. Cheng and C.R. Martin. "Microelectrode Ensembles II. Ultramicrodisk Electrode Ensembles Prepared By Incorporating Carbon Paste Into A Microporous Host Membrane," Anal. Chem. 1988, 60, 2163 http://dx.doi.org/10.1021%2Fac00170a038


2.      I.F Cheng, L.D. Whiteley and C.R. Martin. "Microelectrode Ensembles. III Comparison of Experimental And Theoretical Responses And Evaluation Of Electroanalytical Detection Limits," Anal. Chem. 1989, 61, 762. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021%2Fac00182a024


3.      Thomas Mebrahtu, Jose F. Rodriguez, Michael E. Bothwell, I. Francis Cheng, Del R. Lawson, John R. McBride, Charles R. Martin and Manuel P. Soriaga. "Observations on the surface of palladium cathodes after D2O electrolysis in LiOD solutions," J. Electroanal. Chem. 1989, 267, 351. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-0728(89)80268-2


4.      C.R. Martin, M. Tierney, I.F. Cheng, L.S. Van Dyke, Z. Cai, J. McBride and C. Brumlik. "Nano and Microstructures in Chemistry, Electrochemistry and Material Science," in the Proceedings of the Conference for Nanostructure Physics and Fabrication, March 1989, College Station, Texas, Mark A. Reed and Wiley P. Kirk Eds., Academic Press, San Diego, CA


5.      I.F. Cheng, Jane M. Schimpf and Charles R. Martin. "Microelectrode Ensembles IV. Sealing Defects Between Ensemble Elements and Host Membranes with Octadecyltrichlorosilane," J. Electroanal. Chem. 1990, 284, 499. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-0728(90)85054-9


6.      I.F. Cheng and J. Jordan. "Light Assisted Electrolysis of Water Using MoS2 Photoanodes Stabilized in a Cell with a Liquid-Liquid Phase Boundary," J. Phys. Chem., 1991, 95, 3874. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021%2Fj100162a079


7.      Del R. Lawson, Michael J. Tierney, I. Francis Cheng, Leon S. Van Dyke and Charles R. Martin. "Use Of A Coulometric Assay Technique To Study The Variables Affecting Deuterium Loading Levels Within Palladium Electrodes." Electrochimica Acta, 1991, 36, 1515. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0013-4686(91)85342-5


8.      I.F. Cheng, "Estimation of Step-Wise Stability Constants for Aqueous Tetramethylammonium-Hexacyanoferrate Ion Pairs." Analytica Chimica Acta, 1991, 251, 35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0003-2670(91)87112-K


9.      Isabella T. Smalera and I. Francis Cheng. "A Quantitative Detector For Thin-Layer Chromatography Based on Voltammetry At A Pt Microwire Electrode." Microchemical Journal, 1993, 47, 182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/mchj.1993.1031


10.    Christopher P. Zhao, Malgorzata Galazka, and I. Francis Cheng. "Eletrocatalytic Reduction of Hydrogen Peroxide by Iron-Adenosine Nucleotide Complexes." J. Electroanal. Chem., 1994, 379, 501. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-0728(94)87175-2


11.    I. Francis Cheng, Christopher P. Zhao, Andris Amolins, Malgorzata Galazka, Leon Doneski, “A Hypothesis for the in Vivo Antioxidant Action of  Salicylic Acid.” Biometals, 1996,  9(3) 285-290. http://www.springerlink.com/content/n824r25663213332/ doi: 10.1007/BF00817929


12.    I. Francis Cheng, Quintus Fernando, Nic Korte, “Electrochemical Dechlorination of 4-Chlorophenol to Phenol.” Environmental Science and Technology, 1997, 31(4) 1074-1078. http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/article.cgi/esthag/1997/31/i04/pdf/es960602b.pdf


13.    I. Francis Cheng, Book Review of “Electrochemical Phase Formation and Growth: An Introduction to the Initial Stages of Metal Deposition” by E. Budevski, G. Staikov and W.J. Lorenz, ISBN 3-527-29422-8, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1997, 119(22) 5276.


14.    I. Francis Cheng, Rosy Muftikian, Quintus Fernando, Nic Korte, “Reduction of Nitrate to Ammonia by Zero-Valent Iron.”, Chemosphere 1997, 35(11), 2689-2695. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00456535/1997/00000035/00000011/art00275


15.    John G. Doyle, TeriAnn Miles, Erik Parker, I. Francis Cheng. “Quantification of Total PCB by Dechlorination to Biphenyl by Pd/Mg Bimetallic Particles.” Microchemical Journal 1999, 60, 290-295 http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ap/mj/1998/00000060/00000003/art01668


16.    Hwa K. Yak, Bernd W. Wenclawiak, I. Francis Cheng, John G. Doyle, Chien M. Wai “Reductive Dechlorination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls by Zero-valent Iron in Subcritical Water” Environmental Science and Technology, 1999, 33, 1307-1310 http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/esthag/1999/33/i08/abs/es981066l.html


17.    Mark Engelmann, and I. Francis Cheng “Elimination of Chlorinated Pesticide Interferences from Total PCB Analysis by Rapid Dechlorination with Pd/Mg Bimetallic Particles” LC-GC, 1999, 18, 154-160.


18.    I. Francis Cheng, Kevin Breen “On the Ability of Four Flavonoids, Baicilein, Luteolin, Naringenin, and Quercetin, to Suppress the Fenton Reaction of the Iron-ATP Complex.” Biometals, 2000, 13, 77-83. http://www.springerlink.com/content/x731247414087135/ doi: 10.1023/A:1009229429250


19.    Mark Engelmann, John G. Doyle, I. Francis Cheng “Total Dechlorination of DDT by Pd/Mg Particles Under Mild Conditions” Chemosphere 2001, 43, 195-198 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00163-6


20.    Ronald L. Crawford, Andrzej Paszczynski, Qingyong Lang, I. Francis Cheng, Bruce Barnes, Tony J. Anderson, Richard Wells, Chien Wai, Giancarlo Corti, Lisa Allenbach, Daniel P. Erwin, Joohye Park, Touraj Assefi, Mohammad Mojarradi “Defining and Describing the Chemical Signatures of Life” Icarus, 2001, 154, 531-539. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00191035/2001/00000154/00000002/art96714


21.    Stephen Kariuki, Matthew Morra, I. Francis Cheng “Analysis of Ionic Polysulfides by Differential Pulse Polarography” Analytica Chimica Acta, 2001, 442, 277-285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(01)01171-0


22.    Jose’ Morales, Ryan Hutchinson and I. Francis Cheng “Dechlorination of Chlorinated Phenols by Catalyzed and Uncatalyzed Fe(0) and Mg(0) Particles” Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2002, 90(1), 97-108 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3894(01)00336-3


23.    Qingyong Lang, I. Francis Cheng, Chien Wai, Andrzej Paszczynski, Ronald L. Crawford, Bruce Barnes, Tony J. Anderson, Richard Wells, , Giancarlo Corti, Lisa Allenbach, Daniel P. Erwin, Touraj Assefi, Mohammad Mojarradi “Supercritical Fluid Extraction and HPLC-DAD-ECD Detection of Signature Redox Compounds from Sand and Soil Samples.” Analytical Biochemistry, 2002, 301, 225-234. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ap/ab/2002/00000301/00000002/art05502


24.    Umiker, K.J., M.J. Morra, and I.F. Cheng. Differential Pulse Polarography of Sulfur Species in Soil Extracts. Microchemical Journal 2002, 73, 287-297 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0026-265X(02)00097-8


25.    Jose’ Morales, Ryan Hutcheson*, Christina Noradoun, I. Francis Cheng “Hydrogenation of Phenol by the Pd/Mg and Pd/Fe Bimetallic Systems Under Mild Reaction Conditions.” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 2002, 41, 3071-3074 http://pubs.acs.org/journals/iecred/article.cgi/iecred/2002/41/i13/pdf/ie0200510.pdf


26.    Ronald L Crawford, Andrzej Paszczynski, Qingyong Lang, Daniel P Erwin, Lisa Allenbach, Giancarlo Corti, Tony J Anderson, I Francis Cheng, Chien Wai, Bruce Barnes, Richard Wells, Touraj Assefi and Mohammad Mojarradi “Measurement of Microbial Activity in Soil by Observation of In Situ Dye Reduction: an Approach to Detection of Extraterrestrial Life” BMC Microbiology 2002, 2:22. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2180/2/22/abstract


27.    Christina Noradoun, Mark D. Engelmann, Matthew McLaughlin, Kevin Breen, and I. Francis Cheng* “Mineralization of Organic Pollutants by Dioxygen Activation Under Aqueous Room Temperature, and Pressure Conditions” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 2003, 42, 5024-5030. http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/article.cgi/iecred/2003/42/i21/pdf/ie030076e.pdf


28.    Mark D. Engelmann, Ryan Hutcheson, Kristy Henschied, Ryan Neal, and I. Francis Cheng* “Simultaneous Determination of Total PCB and DDT by Dechlorination with Pd/Fe and Pd/Mg Bimetallic Particles and GC-FID” Microchemical Journal, 2003, 74, 19-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0026-265X(02)00084-X


29.    Robert T. Bobier, Mark D. Engelmann, Terrance Hiatt, and I. Francis Cheng* “Variability of the Fenton Reaction Characteristics of the EDTA, DTPA, and Citrate Complexes of Iron” Biometals, 2003 16: 519–527. http://www.springerlink.com/content/r1115616623581v7/ doi: 10.1023/A:1023480617038


30.    I. Francis Cheng Book Review of “ACS Symposium Series 837 Chlorinated Solvent and DNAPL Remediation Innovative Strategies for Subsurface Cleanup” Susan M. Henry and Scott D. Warner Eds.” for the Journal of Environmental Monitoring (RSC), July 2003


31.    Ryan Hutcheson, Mark D. Engelmann, & I. Francis Cheng* “A Hypothesis for the Basis of the Pro-oxidant Nature of Calcium Ions” Biometals, 2004 17:605-613 http://www.springerlink.com/content/x3513395m03nmx38/?p=975745dffafe4126b7c68140e026a330&pi=1 doi: 10.1007/s10534-004-1225-9


32.    Ryan M. Hutcheson, Mark D. Engelmann‡, and I. Francis Cheng* Voltammetric Studies of Zn and Fe Complexes of EDTA: Evidence for the Push Mechanism. Biometals, 2005, 18, 43-51http://www.springerlink.com/content/u80981wm4j673248/?p=5aced0d2b93f4107a5f7d354de1980e2&pi=5 doi: 10.1007/s10534-004-5769-5


33.    Mark D. Engelmann, Ryan Hutcheson and I. Francis Cheng* Stability Of Ferric Complexes With 3-Hydroxyflavone (Flavonol), 5,7-Dihydroxyflavone (Chrysin), And 3’4’-Dihydroxyflavone. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2005, 53, 2953-2960 http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/jafcau/2005/53/i08/abs/jf048298q.html


34.    Christina Noradoun, Chongkham S. Mekmaysy, Ryan Hutcheson, and I. Francis Cheng “Destruction of Malathion a Chemical Warfare Agent Surrogate using Dioxygen Activation at Room Temperature and Pressure” Green Chemistry (Royal Society), 2005, 7, 426–430 http://www.rsc.org/publishing/journals/GC/article.asp?doi=b502860d  doi: 10.1039/b502860d


35.    “Kinetics of EDTA Degradation Induced by Dioxgen Activation in a Zero Valent Iron/Air/Water System” Christina E. Noradoun, I. Francis Cheng* Environ. Sci. Technol. 2005, 39,7158-7163. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es050137v


36.    “The Destruction of Organic Pollutants under Mild Reaction Conditions: A Review” Derek F. Laine & I. Francis Cheng Microchemical Journal, 2007, 85, 183-193 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2006.07.002


37.    “Cyclic Voltammetric and Aqueous Equilibria Model Study of the pH dependant Iron(II/III)ethylenediamminetetraacetate Complex Reduction Potential” Kenichi Shimizu, Ryan Hutcheson, Mark D. Engelmann, and I. Francis Cheng, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 2007, 603, 44-50. doi:10.1016/j.jelechem.2007.01.027 


38.    “Electrochemical Characterization of Oxygen Reduction by FeII[ethylenediaminetetraacetate]” Derek F. Laine, Simon D. McAllister, I. Francis Cheng* Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry,2007, 608, 111-116 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2007.05.012


39.    Clive H. Yen,  Kenichi Shimizu, Ying-Ying Lin, Franklin Bailey, I. Francis Cheng, and Chien M. Wai, “ Chemical Fluid Deposition of Pt-Based Bimetallic Nanoparticles on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Application” Energy and Fuels Energy Fuels, 2007, 21 (4), 2268 -2271, http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/enfuem/2007/21/i04/abs/ef0606409.html doi:10.1021/ef0606409


40.    “Increase of Positive Active Material Utilization in Lead-Acid Batteries Using Diatomaceous Earth Additives” Simon D. McAllistera, Rubha Ponraja, I. Francis Chenga*, and Dean B. Edwards Journal of Power Sources, 2007, 173, 882-886  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.08.033


41.    “Purification of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Using a Supercritical Fluid Extraction Method” Joanna S. Wang, Chien M. Wai,*, Kenichi Shimizu, Frank Cheng, John J. Boeckl, Benji Maruyama, and Gail Brown. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2007, 111, 13007-13012 http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/asap.cgi/jpccck/asap/pdf/jp073374o.pdf  DOI: 10.1021/jp073374o


42.    “Electrochemical Detection of Triacetone Triperoxide Employing the Electrocatalytic Reaction of FeIIIEDTA and H2O2”  Derek F. Laine, Christopher W. Roske, I. Francis Cheng* Analytica Chimica Acta,, 2008, 608, 56-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2007.12.003


43.    “A Mechanistic Study of the ZEA Organic Pollutant Degradation System: Evidence for H2O2, HO·, and the Homogeneous Activation of O2 by FeIIEDTA” Derek F. Laine, Alexander Blumenfeld, I. Francis Cheng Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 47 (17), 6502–6508, 2008 DOI: 10.1021/ie701676q http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/iecred/2008/47/i17/abs/ie701676q.html


44.    “Water-in-supercritical CO2 microemulsion for synthesis of carbon nanotube supported Pt electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction” Kenichi Shimizu, Joanna S. Wanga, Clive H. Yen, Byunghoon Yoonb, Chien M. Wai, I. Francis Cheng*, Energy and Fuels 2008, 22, 2543-2549, DOI: 10.1021/ef800052b


45.    “Detection of hydrogen peroxide and t-butyl hydroperoxide via the electrocatalytic Fenton reaction.” Derek F. Laine and I. Francis Cheng, Microchemical Journal, 2009, 91, 78-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2008.08.005


46.    “Electrochemical Detection of the Explosive, Hexamethylene Triperoxide Diamine (HMTD)” Derek F. Laine and I. Francis Cheng, Microchemical Journal, 2009, 91, 125-128 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2008.08.015


47.    “Investigation on electrically conductive additives to improve positive active material utilization in lead-acid batteries” Rubha Ponraj, Simon D. McAllister, I. Francis Cheng*, Dean B. Edwards, Journal of Power Sources, 2009, 189, 1199-1203 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.12.077


48.    “Preparation of Pt coated Fe nanoparticle supported by single-wall carbon nanotube by galvanic exchange.  Selective reduction of oxygen over methanol oxidation”, Kenichi Shimizu, I. Francis Cheng*, and Chien M. Wai, Electrochemical Communications, 2009, 11, 691-694. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2009.01.016


49.    “Enhanced Reactivity of Superoxide in Water-Solid Matrices” Olha Furman, Derek F. Laine, Alexander Blumenfeld, Amy L. Teel, I. Francis Cheng, and Richard J. Watts, Environmental Science and Technology, 2009, 43, 1528-1533. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es802505s


50.    “Lead dioxide coated hollow glass microspheres as conductive additives for lead acid batteries” S.D. McAllister, S.N. Patankar, I. Francis Cheng and D.B. Edwards, Scripta Materialia 2009, 61, 375-378 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2009.04.021


51.    Le Quoc Trung, Nguyen Duc Hung, Tran Van Chung and I. Francis Cheng  “The reduction of 2,4,6-trinitroresorcinol (TNR) using zero-valent iron (ZVI)” Arch. Appl. Sci. Res. 2009, 1, 1-7


52.    Van Chat Nguyen, Do Ngoc Khue, Van Hung Nguyen, Tran Van Chung and I. Francis Cheng “  Photodegradation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, nitrobenzene mixtures in TiO2 suspension” Arch. Appl. Sci. Res. 2009, 1, 65-73


53.    Kenichi Shimizu, Joanna S. Wang, I. Francis Cheng and Chien M. Wai “Rapid and One-Step Synthesis of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube-Supported Platinum (Pt/SWNT) Using As-Grown SWNTs through Reduction by Methanol “  Energy Fuels 2009, 23, 1662-1667


54.    “Selective and Rapid Detection of Triacetone Triperoxide by Double-Step Chronoamperometry” I. Francis Cheng and Yuqun Xie, Microchemical Journal, 2010, 94, 166-170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2009.10.016


55.    “Conductive Ceramic Coating on Poly Acrylonitrile -Vinyl Chloride (Modacrylic) Discontinuous Fibers via Electroless Deposition” Sunil N Patankar, Simon D. McAllister, I. Francis Cheng, Dean B. Edwards, Journal of Power Sources, 2010 195, 362-366. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.07.010  


56.    “Heavy Metals Removal from Mine Runoff using Compost Bioreactors” David Christian, Edmund Wong, Ronald L. Crawford, Francis I. Cheng and  Thomas F. Hess, Journal of Environmental Quality 2010, 31, 1533-1546 DOI: 10.1080/09593331003786277


57.    “Synthesis of graphene paper from pyrolyzed asphalt” I. Francis Cheng, R. Allen Gonzales, Yuqun Xie, Przemysław  R. Brejna, Jency Pricilla Sundararajan, B. A. Fouetio Kengne, D. Eric Aston, David N. McIlroy, Jeremy D. Foutch and Peter R. Griffiths Carbon, 2011, 49, 2852-2861 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2011.03.020,


58.    “Fabrication of Porous Hollow Glass Microspheres” Yuqun Xie, Simon D. McAllister, Dean B. Edwards, I. Francis Cheng, Journal of Power Sources, 2011, 24, 10727-10730. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.07.049


59.    “Sulfur as an Important Co-factor in the formation of Multilayer Graphene in the Thermolyzed Asphalt Reaction” Yuqun Xie, Simon D. McAllister,  Seth A. Hyde, Jency Pricilla Sundararajan , B. A. Fouetio Kengne, David N. McIlroy, and I. Francis Cheng Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2012, 22, 5723-5729. http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2012/jm/c2jm15934a


60.    "Highest Measured Anodic Stability in Aqueous Solutions: Graphenic Electrodes from the Thermolyzed Asphalt Reaction" I. Francis Cheng, Yuqun Xie, Isaiah Owusu Gyan, Nolan R. Nicholas, RSC Advances, 2013, 3(7), 2379-2384 DOI:10.1039/C2RA23103D


61.    “Investigating the Use of Porous Hollow Glass Microspheres in Positive Lead Acid Battery Plates” Dean B. Edwards, Matthew Sorge, Thomas A Bean, Travis Woodland, John R Canning, I. F Cheng, Journal of Power Sources, 2014, 266, 498-511


62.    “A Study of the Electrochemical Properties of a New Graphitic Material: GUITAR” Isaiah O. Gyan, Peter Wojcik, D. Eric Aston, David N. McIlroy and I. Francis Cheng, ChemElectroChem, 2015, 2, 700-706. DOI: 10.1002/celc.201402433


63.    Electrospun Biocatalytic Hybrid Silica-PVA-Tyroinase Fiber Mats For Electrochemical Detection of Phenols” Dennis A Oriero, Isaiah O. Gyan, Benjamin W. Bolshaw, I. Francis Cheng, B. Eric Aston, Microchemical Journal, 2015, 118, 166-175.


64.    "Electrochemical Study of Biologically Relevant Molecules at Electrodes Constructed from GUITAR, a New Carbon Allotrope." Isaiah O. Gyan and I. Francis Cheng, Microchemical Journal, 2015, 122, 39-44., doi:10.1016/j.microc.2015.04.002


65.    “Application of GUITAR on the Negative Electrode of the Vanadium Redox Flow Battery: Improved V3+/2+ Heterogeneous Electron Transfer with Reduced Hydrogen Gassing” C Humayun Kabir, Isaiah O. Gyan, Jeremy D. Foutch, Haoyu Zhu and I. Francis Cheng C-Journal of Carbon Research, 2016, 2, 13; doi:10.3390/c2020013.


66.    “Electrochemical modification of a pyrolytic graphite sheet for improved negative electrode performance in the vanadium redox flow battery” Humayun Kabir, Isaiah O. Gyan and I. Francis Cheng*, Journal of Power Sources, 342 (2017) 31-37


67.    “Editorial: Batteries: Recent Advances in Carbon Materials” C-Journal of Carbon Research, 2017, 3, 1; doi:10.3390/c3010001


70.    “The sp2-sp3 Carbon Hybridization Content of the Pseudo-Graphite GUITAR, Comparison of Electrochemistry and Physical Properties with Other Carbon Forms and Allotropes.”

Humayun Kabir, Haoyu Zhu, Jeremy May, Kailash Hamal, Yuwei Kan, Thomas Williams, Elena Echeverria, David N. McIlroy, David Estrada, Paul H. Davis, Twinkle Pandhi, Katie Yocham, Kari Higginbotham, Abraham Clearfield, I. Francis Cheng* Carbon 144, 2019, 831-840.


71.    “Electrochemical Determination of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) on Functionalized GUITAR Electrodes.” Humayun Kabir, Haoyu Zhu, Ricardo Lopez, and I. Francis Cheng, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 2019, 851, 113448


72. “Amperometric Determination of Free Chlorine on GUITAR Electrodes” Humayun Kabir, Peng Yi Ma, Nicholas Renn and I. Francis Cheng, Talanta, 2019, 205, 120101


73. “Utilizing a Single Silica Nanospring as an Insulating Support to Characterize the Electrical Transport and Morphology of Nanocrystalline Graphite” Peter M. Wojcik, Negar Rajabi, Haoyu Zhu, David Estrada, Paul Davis, Twinkle Pandhi, I. Francis Cheng, and D. N. McIlroy, Materials, 2019, 12, 3794.


74. “Electrochemical determination of salicylic acid on a pseudo-graphite electrode” Humayun Kabir, Ricardo Lopez, Jeremy May, Kailash Hamal, Nolan W. Nicholas and I. Francis Cheng Current Topics in Analytical Chemistry, Current Topics in Analytical Chemistry, 2019, 9, 1-8.


75. “Voltammetric pH Sensor Based on Electrochemically Modified Pseudo-Graphite” Haoyu Zhu, Humayun Kabir, Jeremy May, Ricardo Lopez, Hailey J. Smith, Nolan W. Nicholas, Prasanna Sankaran, David N. McIlroy, I. Francis Cheng*, submitted to the Analyst, Analyst, 2020, 145, 7252 – 7259.


76. “Electrochemical Aspects of a Nitrogen-Doped Pseudo-Graphitic Carbon Material: Resistance to Electrode Fouling by Air-Aging and Dopamine Electro-oxidation.” Kailash Hamal, Jeremy May, Haoyu Zhu, Forrest Dalbec, Elena Echeverria, David N. McIlroy, Eric Aston, I. Francis Cheng, C - Journal of Carbon Research, 2020, 6(4), 68.


77. “Nitrogen-doped Pseudo-Graphite as a Completely Stable, Metal-Free Electrocatalyst for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction.” Kailash Hamal, Jeremy May, Haoyu Zhu, Humayun Kabir, Aaron Austin, Elena Echeverria, David N. McIlroy, I. Francis Cheng, Energy and Fuels 2021, 35, 10146-10155.


78. “A Comparison of Solid Electrolyte Interphase Formation and Evolution on Highly Oriented Pyrolytic and Disordered Graphite Negative Electrodes in Lithium-Ion Batteries.” H. Zhu, J. Russell, Z. Fang, P. Barnes, L. Li, C. Efaw, A. Muenzer, J. May, K. Hamal, I. F. Cheng, P. Davis, E. Dufek,* H. Xiong*, Small, 2021, 2105292.


79. “An Oxygen Reduction Reaction Electrocatalyst Tuned for Hydrogen Peroxide Generation Based on a Pseudo-Graphite Doped with Graphitic Nitrogen.” Kailash Hamal, Dipak Koirala, Jeremy May, Forrest Dalbec, Nolan Nicholas, I. Francis Cheng, August 2022, Journal of Electrochemical Science and Engineering 12 (5), 1009-1023


80. Superhydrophilicity and Anti-Fouling behavior in Electrochemically Oxidized Nanocrystalline Pseudo-Graphite” Jeremy May, Forrest Dalbec, Josh Russell, Claire Xiong, Elena Echeverria, David N. McIlroy, I. Francis Cheng, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 2023, 62, 6687-6696.


81. “Biosensing with PCR-stable DNA Functionalized, Magnetically Susceptible Carbon-Iron Microparticles ”Dipak Koirala, Forrest Dalbec, Jeremy May, Kailash Hamal, Peter B. Allen and I. Francis Cheng, Analytical Chemistry, Published October 30, 2023.