Spring 2024
ME 433 - Internal Combustion Engine Systems

Course Resources

Course Description

Theory and characteristics of combustion engines; combustion process analysis; fuels, exhaust emissions and controls; system analysis and modeling. Prereq: ME 345 or permission.

Office Hours - GJ 234H
 - Tuesday 12:30 - 2:30 and Friday @ 9:30 - 10:30
 - Typically in my office on MWF from 9:30 to 11:20, and 12:30 to 1:20

 

WEEK 1: Jan 10 - 12    
Pre-Class Preparation In-Class Activity Post-Class Assignment
Wednesday
Input on course topics
Spring 2024 ME 433 Syllabus
No Homework for Week 1
Friday
Class Voting
 - Course Topics
 - Textbook
    - Option 1 (Stone)
    - Option 2 (Heywood)
 - Office Hours

 - First Exam Date

 
WEEK 2: Jan 15 - 19     
Monday
NO CLASS
Martin Luther King Day
 
Wednesday
Course Logistics
 - Course Grade Weighting
 - Vote on textbook (options above)

LECT 1
Thermodynamic Review

Week 2 Homework
(due next Wednesday)
May turn in either hard copies in class, or electronic submissions via Canvas.
Friday
ACTIVITIES
 - Process Diagrams
 - Cycle Analysis
 
SOLUTIONS
 - Process Diagrams
 - Cycle Analysis
 
WEEK 3: Jan 22 - 26    
Monday
ACTIVITIES
 - Cycle Performance
 - Combustion Analysis

SOLUTIONS
 - Cycle Performance
 - Combustion Analysis

Tips for Week 2 Homework

LECT 2
Combustion Chemistry Review
No Week 3 Homework
(study for pretest)
Wednesday

Week 2 Homework Due today
(turn in on Canvas, or bring paper version to class)
Review Week 2 Homework
(solutions on Canvas)

What to expect on pretest
 
Friday
Exam 1
Thermo/Chemistry Topics
 
WEEK 4: Jan 29 - Feb 2    
Monday
Review Exam 1

Semester Project Topics
Week 4 Homework
Wednesday

Week 4 Study Questions
Week 4 Heywood Sections
Semester Project Discussion

LECT 3
SI and CI Engine Primer (the basics)

ACTIVITY
 - Comparing SI and CI Engines
 
Friday
Semester Project Discussion

Engines for Sale
 - GM Vortec 350 (Lewiston)
 - Subaru EJ25 (Pasco)
 - VW Type 1 (Chattaroy)
 - EJ255, V2 short block (Pullman)
 - Subaru EJ253 (CDA)
 - Subaru EJ255 (CDA)
 - KTM 625 (Moscow)
 - YZ250f (maybe, Moscow)
 - Toyota 3S-GTE (Moscow)
 - Honda D16A (Spokane)
 - Mazda 13B (S5) (CDA)

Finish LECT 3
 
WEEK 5: Feb 5 - 9    
Monday
LECT 4
Modeling Ideal Cycles

EES Files
 - Otto Cycle, Ideal Gas
 - Otto Cycle, Real Gas
 - Dual Cycle, Real Gas
Week 5 Homework
Wednesday
Class Canceled for Career Fair  
Friday
Week 5 HW Questions
Review EES Cycle Files

LECT 5
Mean Effective Pressure and
Gas Exchange Processes
 
WEEK 6: Feb 12 - 16    
Monday
Review Week 5 Homework

No Week 6 Homework
Wednesday
Preview of next homework

Finish LECT 5

 
Friday
No Class - Sick Day  
WEEK 7: Feb 19 - 23    
Monday
No Classes - President's Day  
Wednesday
LECT 6
Engine Performance Parameters
Week 7 Homework
(due next Wednesday)
Friday
Homework Questions

LECT 7
Relationships between Parameters
 
WEEK 8: Feb 26 - Mar 1    
Monday
Homework Questions

LECT 8
Road Load Modeling

Gearing Example
 
Wednesday
Review Week 7 Homework
 - More Q&A
 - Volume Plots 1   2   3

Preview Week 8 Homework
 - Work on Model (Excel in class)
Week 8 Homework
(due next Wednesday)
Friday
 
LECT 9
Vehicle Acceleration

In-Class Excel File
 
WEEK 9: Mar 4 - 8    
Monday
Week 8 Homework Questions

LECT 10
Improved Acceleration Model
 
Wednesday
Remaining Week 8 Questions

Discuss Week 9 Homework

Next Topics for Semester
Week 9 Homework
(due Wednesday after break)
Friday
No Lecture
 - Travel Safely
 - Group Time for Week 9 HW
 
SPRING BREAK: Mar 11 - 15    
Monday - Friday     
WEEK 10: Mar 18 - 22    
Monday
Project Discussion

LECT 11
Engine Control Systems Activity
 
Wednesday
LECT 12
Engine Control System Basics
 
Friday
Continue LECT 12

Free/Trial ECU Tuning Software
Download and play with one of the ECU tuning software. Will talk about your experience in class on Monday.
WEEK 11: Mar 25 - 29    
Monday
Continue LECT 12
 
Wednesday
Class Canceled (schedule mistake)  
Friday
Finish LECT 12

Discuss ECU Software Discoveries
Feedback on semester projects
WEEK 12: Apr 1 - 5    
Monday
LECT 13
Forced Induction - Fuel Chemistry
Heats of Reaction Activity
 
Wednesday
LECT 13b
Forced Induction - Fuel Chemistry

Methanol vs. IsoOctane Analysis
 
Friday
LECT 15
Forced Induction - Positive Disp.
 - 2-Lobe Roots
 - 3-Lobe Roots
 - 4-Lobe Roots
 - Twin Screw
 - Scroll Compressor

Top Fuel Dragsters

EES Files
 - 6-71 Ideal displacement
 - 8-71 Ideal displacement
 - 6-71 Actual displacement
 - 8-71 Actual displacement
 - Non-Isentropic Blower Calcs.
 
WEEK 13: Apr 8 - 12    
Monday
LECT 16
Forced Induction - Non-Isentropic

EES Files
 - Blower, Non-Ideal, w/o Intercooler
 - Blower, Non-Ideal, with Intercooler
 - Turbocharger, Non-Ideal
 
Wednesday
LECT 17
Turbochargers
 
Friday
LECT 17 (with updates)
Turbine Maps and Activity

Borg Warner EFR Training Guide
 
WEEK 14: Apr 15 - 19    
Monday
Turbocharger Play Day
Do your activity
Be ready to share on Wednesday
 
Wednesday
Turbocharger Analysis Show & Tell  
Friday
Discuss Take-Home Exam and Projects  
WEEK 15: Apr 22 - 26    
Monday
Project and Exam Consulting
 - HW7 Sample Answers
 - HW8 Sample Answers
 - 1 (Road Load and F_Accel)
 - 2-3 (Torque vs. Vehicle Speed)
 - 4 (Torque at Rear Tire)
 - 5 (Prop. Force vs. Vehicle Speed)
 - 6-7 (Acceleration Prediction)
 
Wednesday
Project and Exam Consulting  
Friday
No Class --> EXPO  
WEEK 16: April 29 - May 3    
Monday
Project and Exam Consulting  
Wednesday
Project and Exam Consulting  
Friday
Project and Exam Consulting  
FINAL EXAM: (Date)    
Wednesday, May 8th Take-Home Exam Due (soft due date)  
Friday, May 10
12:45 am - 2:45 pm
There's no way we're having a Friday afternoon final exam.  
 
Old Summer 2020 Schedule (archived)
Schedule/Topics Activities/Handouts Assignments
Before June 15th
Orientation

Introductions
Steve Beyerlein
Course Overview
Homework #0 Overview

Syllabus
Problem Solving Rubric
Homework Example hand solution
Homework Example computer solution
HW#0
(due midnight June 16th)
Week of June 15th
Thermodynamics Review

Thermodynamic Properties
Equations of State
1st & 2nd Laws
Process Diagrams
Cycle Performance Analysis
Reaction Chemistry
Homework #1 Overview
Wk1 Study Guide
Polytropic Relations
Caloric Equation of State
Laws of Thermodynamics
Carnot Devices
Isentropic Efficiency
Balancing Chemical Reactions

ACTIVITY Visualizing Processes
ACTIVTY Diagramming Cycles
ACTIVITY Cycle Performance
ACTIVITY Ethanol Combustion

HW#1
(due midnight June 22th)
Week of June 22th
Engine Types

SI vs CI Engines
EES Software
Air Standard Cycle Models
         - Otto Cycle
         - Diesel Cycle
         - Dual Cycle
Mean Effective Pressure (MEP)
Intake and Exhaust Processes
Engine Components
Homework #2 Overview
WK2_STUDY GUIDE
WK2_READING NOTES
SI Engines
CI Engines
Otto Cycle Modeling
Otto Cycle/Ideal Gas
Otto Cycle/Real Gas
Diesel Cycle Modeling
Dual Cycle Modeling
Dual Cycle/Real Gas
MEP Modeling
Gas Exchange Processes

ACTIVITY Engine Types
ACTIVITY Engine Lab Tour
ACTIVITY MEP_Activity

HW #2
(due midnight June 29th)

Read Heywood Chapt 1

 

 

Week of June 29th
Engine Design and
Performances Parameters
mean piston speed
imep, bmep, fmep
arbitrary efficiency
thermal efficiency
mechanical efficiency
brake power
brake torque
brake specific
fuel consumption
brake specific emissions
Homework #3 overview

WEEK 3_STUDY GUIDE
WEEK3_READING NOTES
Performance Parameters
Derivation of Long Equations
Relationship Between Parameters
Performance Modeling Example
Typical Values for Parameters

ACTIVITY Using Sp & BMEP
ACTIVITY Interpreting BSFC Maps
ACTIVITY Engine Sizing

HW #3
(due midnight July 6th)

Read Heywood Chapter 2

Read Selected Sections
of Heywood Chapter 15
Week of July 6th
Vehicle Modeling
Road Load Power
Literature Review Project
Engine Testing
Gear Shifting
Dragstrip Modeling
Vehicle Modeling
Homework #4 Overview

Road Load Calculations
Technical Paper Tips
Sample Technical Paper
YZ250 Engine Test Data
YZ250 BSFC Map
Motorcycle Gear Shifting
Motocross Engine Design & Simulation

ACTIVITY - Acceleration Modeling

HW #4
(due midnight July 14th)



Week of July 13th
Thermochemistrty

Equivalence Ratio
Excess Air Coefficient
Reaction Balancing
Heat of Reaction
Adiabatic Combustion

Reaction Balancing Notes
Forward Balancing (w/EES)
Reverse Balancing (w/EES)
Heat of Reaction
Adiabatic Combustion
CO Combustion w/O2
CO Combustion w/Air

ACTIVITY - Calculating Heat of Reaction

HW #5
(due midnight July 21th)


Read Heywood Chapt 3
Week of July 20th
Reaction Equlibrium
Chemical Equilibrium
Types of Reactions
Equilibrium Constants
EES Equilibrium Software
Rich Mixture Equations
Chemical Kinetics
Emissions Lab Tour
Brake Specific Emissions
Premixed Combustion

Wk6 Study Questions
Chemical Equilibrium
EES Equilibrium Calcs
Rich Mixture
Chemical Kinetics
800cc Rotax Data
Engine Test Cell
BS Emissions Eqns
BS Emissions Results
Premixed Combustion

ACTIVITY - Finding Extent of Reaction
ACTIVITY - Engine Energy Balance

HW #6
(due midnight July 28th)

SAE Template

Browse Heywood Chapt 9 & 10
Week of July 27th
Engine Modeling
SI Engine Combustion
CI Engine Combustion
Heat Release Analysis
2-Zone Engine Model

SI Engine Combustion
CI Engine Combustion
Heat Release Analysis
2-Zone Engine Model PT1
2-Zone Engine Model PT2

ACTIVITY - Cylinder Pressure Modeling
ACTIVITY - Spark Optimization Timing

HW #7
(due midnight August 4th)


Browse Heywood Chapt 9, 10 & 15
Week of Aug 2nd
Project work

Virtual Meetings Mon
8/3 & Wed 8/5 @6pm
(Q/A on HMWK #7, Presentations, and Papers)

PPT Presentations Thursday
8/6 @1:30-3:00 pm or @ 6:00=7:30 pm
(email to sign up for a 10 min timeslot)

PPT Presentation and self assessment w/rubric
(due 11:45pm Aug 6th)

Post Paper and self assessment w/rubric
(due11:45pm Aug 9th)