Thomas Tallis and Gregorio Allegri
Music of the Passion
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Thomas Tallis is was the most influential English composer of his generation, as well as one of the most popular Renaissance composers of today. Tallis served as an organist and in other professional capacities for four English monarchs, including in the Royal Chapel. Together with his most famous student, William Byrd, he obtained a monopoly right from Queen Elizabeth I for the publication of vocal music. Tallis presided over the most dynamic period in English musical history, during which the continental style of structural imitation was largely adopted by English composers in the wake of the Reformation and suppression of the monasteries.
Though Tallis' music includes a wide range of styles and objectives, the bulk of his output is choral music, both in the older Latin motet style and the newer English anthem style. Lyrical ideas usually dominate his musical impulses, and his polyphony is often primarily chordal or homophonic. He was not especially interested in technical counterpoint as such, and his settings have a consequent air of serenity about them that arises from the straightforward musical means used to develop melodic ideas. His sacred Latin choral music is his most highly regarded achievement; this large output is mostly in the motet genre with a wide range of personally selected texts, set syllabically in the style of the continental Renaissance masters of Italy and the North. His English Anthems also played an important role in the early development of this long-lived genre.
Today, Tallis' music continues to be extremely popular. It has been used for motivation by such contemporary composers as Ralph Vaughan Williams and Peter Maxwell Davies, as well as providing much of the impetus for the early music movement in English choral performance. Though Tallis' technical achievements pale by comparison with many of his near contemporaries, his music has a superbly communicative element of human expression which still speaks directly to audiences. ~ Todd McComb, All Music Guide
|By far the most celebrated composition of Allegri is the Miserere
mei, Deus, a setting of Vulgate Psalm 51 (50). It is written for two
choirs, the one of five and the other of four voices, and has obtained
considerable celebrity. It was composed during the reign of Pope
Urban VIII, probably during the 1630s, for use in the Sistine Chapel
during matins on Wednesday and Friday of Holy Week.
The Miserere is one of the most often-recorded examples of late Renaissance music, although it was actually written during the chronological confines of the Baroque era; in this regard it is representative of the music of the Roman School of composers, who were stylistically conservative. It was music that inspired such composers as Mendelssohn, Liszt and Mozart. ~ Todd McComb, All Music Guide
Text of Miserere (English translation):
Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy loving
Sample of their music:
Tallis: Salvator mundi (Antiphon for Good Friday, commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus at Calvery; written in Latin; 3:58) from the album Salve Regina - 2001
Tallis: Credo from Mass in Four Voices (7:09) from the album Benedictus - Classical Music For Reflection And Meditation - 1999.
Allegri: Miserere (Psalm 51 - Ash Wednesday; 13:51) from the album A Beginners Guide To Classical (complete) Allegri - 2007 Listen while viewing the Sistine Chapel.
Music for Passiontide from Saint Paul Sunday (American Public Media, broadcast 16 March 2008)
Note: these materials were authored by Todd McComb, from his All Music Guide, and are presented here for use by my students, for limited, non-profit, educational purposes.
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