James Teit (1864-1922) and his first wife, Lucy Artko, a Thompson Indian. Photo: Harlan I. Smith, Spencerís Bridge, B.C. 1897

Jemes Teit, a Scot from the Shetland Islands, was recruited as part of the Jesup North Pacific Expedition under the direction of Franz Boas to do the first systematic ethnographic work on the Plateau between 1897 and 1900.  He had settled at Spence's Bidge, British Columbia, near the Thompson Indians, when Baos met him in 1895.  Teit had already acquired a thorough knowledge of the culture of the Thompson and spoke their language fluently, as he did Shuswap and Lillooet.  As Boas stated of Teit's assignment, his research was to focuse on a "whole knowledge of the material culture, social organization, customs, beliefs and tales of Salish tribes of the interior of British Columbia."  Among his published accounts were:

1898 Traditions of the Thompson River Indians of British Columbia. Boston and New York: Memoirs, American Folk-Lore Society 6.

1900 The Thompson Indians of British Columbia. New York: Memoirs, American Museum of Natural History 11 (4).

1906 The Lillooet Indians. Leiden and New York: Memoirs, American Museum of Natural History 9 (5).

1909 The Shuswap. Leiden and New York: Memoirs, American Museum of Natural History 4 (7).

1912a Mythology of the Thompson Indians. Leiden and New York: Jesup North

1912b Traditions of the Lillooet Indians of British Columbia. Journal of American Folk-Lore Society 25:287-371.

1930 The Salishan Tribes of the Western Plateau. Lancaster, Pennsylvania and New York: Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology 45:23-197, 295-396, 447-758. Smithsonian Institution.


Verne Ray (1905-2003)

1932 The Sanpoil and Nespelem: Salishan Peoples of Northwestern Washington. Seattle: University of Washington Publications in Anthropology 5.

1933 Sanpoil Folk Tales. Journal of the American Folk-Lore Society 46:129-187.

1939 Cultural Relations in the Plateau of Northwestern America.  Publications of the Frederick Webb Hodge Anniversary Publication Fund Volume III  Los Angeles:  Southwest Museum Administration of the Fund.

1942 Culture Element Distributions XXII  Berkeley: University of California Anthropological Records 8 (2):99-258.


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