Thank you for your interest in the Circumplex Scales of Interpersonal Values (CSIV).
The CSIV is a self-report inventory designed to complement interpersonal circumplex measures that assess interpersonal behavior by
efficiently assessing a comprehensive set of agentic and communal values. The
eight 8-item scales of the CSIV exhibit a circumplex structure, adequate internal and test-retest reliability, and convergent and discriminant validity with measures of interpersonal traits,
interpersonal problems, and implicit interpersonal motives. You are free to administer the CSIV as you wish
(you can obtain the Form and Scoring by clicking tabs to the left),
and I welcome feedback about what you find to
be the weaknesses and strengths of the measure.
The development and psychometrics of the CSIV are detailed in:
Locke, K.D. (2000). Circumplex scales of interpersonal values: Reliability,
validity, and applicability to interpersonal problems and personality disorders.
Journal of Personality Assessment, 75, 249-267.
papers which have used the CSIV include:
Cain, N. M., De Panfilis, C., Meehan, K. B., & Clarkin, J. F.
(2017). A multisurface interpersonal circumplex assessment
of rejection sensitivity. Journal of Personality Assessment,
Dowgwillo, E. A., & Pincus, A. L.
(2017). Differentiating dark triad traits within and across
interpersonal circumplex surfaces. Assessment, 24, 24-44.
Jordan, K. D., Masters, K. S., Hooker, S. A., Ruiz, J. M., &
Smith, T. W. (2014). An interpersonal approach to
religiousness and spirituality: Implications for health and
well‐being. Journal of Personality, 82, 418-431.
Jordan, K. D., Williams, P. G., & Smith, T. W. (2015).
Interpersonal distinctions among hypochondriacal trait
components: Styles, goals, vulnerabilities, and perceptions of
health care providers. Journal of Social and Clinical
Psychology, 34(6), 459.
Hopwood, C. J., Ansell, E. B., Pincus, A. L., Wright, A.G.C.,
Lukowitsky, M. R., & Roche, M. J. (2011). The circumplex
structure of interpersonal sensitivities. Journal of
Personality, 79, 707-740.
Locke, K.D. (2003). Status and solidarity in social comparison:
agentic and communal values and vertical and horizontal
directions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84,
& Christensen, L. (2007).
the relational self-construal and its relationship with self-consistency.
Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 389-402.
K.D. & Sadler, P. (2007). Self-efficacy, values, and complementarity in
dyadic interactions: Integrating interpersonal and social-cognitive theory.
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 94-109.
Locke, K. D., Sayegh, L., Weber, C., & Turecki, G. (2018). Interpersonal self-efficacy, goals, and problems of persistently
depressed outpatients: Prototypical circumplex profiles and distinctive
subgroups. Assessment, 25, 988-1000.
Locke, K.D., Sayegh, L., Penberthy, J. K., Weber, C., Haentjens, K., & Turecki, G. (2017). Interpersonal circumplex profiles of persistent depression: Goals,
self-efficacy, problems, and effects of group therapy. Journal of Clinical
Psychology, 73, 595-611. doi:10.1002/jclp.22343
K. D., & Heller, S. (2017). Communal and agentic interpersonal and
intergroup motives predict preferences for status versus power. Personality and
Social Psychology Bulletin, 43, 71-86.
Rek, I., & Dinger, U. (2016). Who sits behind the telephone?
Interpersonal characteristics of volunteer counselors in
telephone emergency services. Journal of Counseling
Psychology, 63, 429-442.
Rek, I., Ehrenthal, J. C., Strauss, B. M., Schauenburg, H.,
Nikendei, C., & Dinger, U. (2018). Attachment styles and
interpersonal motives of psychotherapy trainees.
Psychotherapy, 55, 209-215. doi:10.1037/pst000015
Roche, M. J., Jacobson, N. C., & Phillips, J. J. (2018). Expanding the
validity of the Level of Personality Functioning Scale Observer Report and Self-
Report versions across psychodynamic and interpersonal paradigms. Journal of Personality Assessment, 100, 571-580. doi:10.1080/00223891.2018.1475394
Guo, J., Boggiano, M. M., & Bedgood, D. (2014). Dominant, cold,
avoidant, and lonely: Basal testosterone as a biological marker
for an interpersonal style. Journal of Research in Personality,
Turan, B., &
Horowitz, L. M. (2010). The motive for support and the
identification of responsive partners. Journal of Research in
Personality, 44(3), 342-352.
G., Pincus, A. L., Conroy, D. E., & Elliot, A. J. (2009). The
pathoplastic relationship between interpersonal problems and
fear of failure. Journal of Personality, 77(4), 997-1024.
French version (courtesy of Liliane Sayegh, PhD, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal),
Chinese version (courtesy
of Jeanne Tsai, PhD, Stanford University Psychology Department), click
here. (I have not used this form
and cannot vouch for its its psychometric properties.)
The development of a Czech version is
P., Košová, M., Kopecký, R., & Locke, K. D. (2020). Psychometric properties
of the Circumplex Scales of Interpersonal Values in the Czech population.
Ceskoslovenska Psychologie, 64, 155-167.
Andrea Thomas & Bernhard Straub developed
a well-validated German version which is
described in the following paper
Thomas, A., Locke, K., Straub, B. (2012). Das Inventar zur
Erfassung interpersonaler Motive: Entwicklung und Validierung
einer deutschsprachigen Version der Circumplex Scales of
Interpersonal Values [IIM: Development and Validation of a
German Form of the Circumplex Scales of Interpersonal Values].
If you are interested in using the German version, please e-mail
me (email@example.com) or one of my co-authors.
There is a 32-item short-form (CSIV-32) available
Along with various collaborators
we have translated this 32-item version into
Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Malay, Spanish, and Tagalog/Filipino; if you are interested
in using (or just seeing) any of these translations, please contact me at
firstname.lastname@example.org. Examples of
papers in which I have used the CSIV-32 are:
Kahalon, R., Shnabel, N., & Becker, J. C. (2019). The effects of exposure to
positive gender stereotypes on women’s and men’s performance in
counter-stereotypical tasks and pursuit of agentic and communal goals.
Social Psychology, 51, 50-62.
Locke, K. D., & Adamic, E. (2012).
Interpersonal circumplex vector length and Interpersonal
decision making. Personality and Individual Differences, 53,
Locke, K. D.,
Craig, T. Y., Baik, K., & Gohil, K. (2012).
Binds and bounds of communion: Effects of
interpersonal values on assumed similarity of self and others.
Journal of Personality and Social
, 103, 879-897.