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Parking Lot Design: Introduction

Off-street parking is an important part of the transportation system. It is an efficient means of storing vehicles while they aren’t in use, and it causes little disruption to the neighboring roadways. Additionally, since parking is the terminal or destination for a trip, the availability of off-street parking can affect the attractiveness of destinations as well as transportation modes. The attractiveness of a destination is reduced if there is a delay or difficulty in parking. The use of transit systems is increased in areas where parking is scarce. To be efficient, the transportation system must include adequate parking facilities at all places that attract trips.

Off-street parking plays an important role in the efficiency of the overall transportation system. This chapter is designed to help the undergraduate engineering student understand the fundamentals of planning and designing off-street parking.

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