Welcome to our course entitled, North American Indians. I am your instructor, Rodney Frey.
Contact me at:
Home Page: www.webpages.uidaho.edu/~rfrey
Office Hours: Mondays and Wednesday 9:30 to noon and by appointment.
Office: Phinney Hall, Room 116
Our Graduate Teaching Assistant is Tracy Schwartz:
Office Hours: Monday, Wednesday and
Friday from 11:30 to 12:30. Extra hours will be held prior
to the exams and location to be announced.
Extra hours will be held prior to the exams and location to be announced.
Office: Phinney Hall, Room 402
Class Days/Times and Location:
Tuesdays and Thursdays 8:00 - 9:15
Our textbooks include:
Rodney Frey, ed. Stories That Make the World: Oral Traditions of the Indian Peoples of the Inland Northwest. University of Oklahoma Press, 1995. (ISBN 0806131314)
Rodney Frey and a host of Elders. Huckleberries: Stories from the American Indian experience for research, writing, pedagogy and our humanity. 2012. (course packet at the bookstore)
Sam Gill. Native American Religions. 2nd edition. Wadsworth, 2005. (ISBN 05346260009)
Wendell Oswalt. This Land Was Theirs: A Study of Native Americans. 9th edition. Oxford University Press 2008. (ISBN 978-0195367409)
numerous PDF and HTML texts. See schedule
Course Learning Outcomes (course learning outcomes, linked with departmental and university learning outcomes)
Course Learning Activities (exams, paper, storytelling, attendance, grading points)
Course Schedule (topics, assignments, session and other important dates)
Membership of family groupings.
The following pages offer links to the primary Study Guides and to additional Study Guide Questions, which includes reading assignments, and Resources and Supplemental Materials, which includes links to other pages on the web, samples of music, and bibliographic information.
Oral Traditions: Study Guide
To access music at these sites, you will have to download a free RealPlayer
Course Description: There have perhaps been no people more misunderstood nor more misrepresented than the American Indian. Stereotypes abound, from being labeled "primitive heathens" to that of "noble savages." While history has witnessed the considerable cultural assimilation and physical genocide of the Indian, today we observe a vibrant culture, persisting and flowering into the twenty-first century. The overriding question asked throughout this course is who, in fact, are the Indian peoples of this land?
If our ultimate intent is to gain a better appreciation of the rich and dynamic culture of the Indian, it is critical we approach the world of the Indian, as best we can, from the perspective of the Indian, devoid of bias and preconceived ideas. Critical to our goal will be the presentation of a methodology that can convey, with integrity and authenticity, the voice and heart of the Indian. There is thus an acknowledged relationship between what is taught (Indian culture) and how it is taught (teaching methods). Certainly, a vast and well-developed inventory of anthropological and historical approaches can contribute to this endeavor. But we shall use these approaches sparingly. We also must acknowledge the constraints imposed on the "how" given the delivery format for this course, e.g., "textbooks," "classrooms," and "lectures." But in acknowledging the impact of such constraints we have taken the first steps in compensating for them.
Our focus is on an appreciation of the "traditions" that have anchored Indian identity and have continued to find expression throughout history and into the contemporary world. The approach taken in this course, the "how," is thus simply but with great effort and sensitivity to appreciate and incorporate, as best we can, an Indian epistemology. We must ask ourselves, "how would an Indian elder come to know the world, and, in turn, convey his story to his own grandchildren or share it with us?"
Crow Lodge on the U of I campus, October of 2000 (open tipi for slide show)
As our approach is anchored in the world of the "First Peoples," such as Coyote and Changing Woman, our journey begins with an appreciation of the oral traditions. It is from the First Peoples that the world was first created and all that would be needed for Human Peoples to thrive brought forth. From the First Peoples the various ways to relate to the Spirit, Animal and Human Peoples were instituted, in prayer and song, and through the Sweat House or Give Away, for example. In continuing to tell of the First Peoples these ways of relating and the world itself are perpetuated. In turn, it is with the oral traditions that an elder would seek to teach and pass on to a grandchild that which is most vital to the Indian, or even attempt to educate a stranger to the Indian ways. Through the "stories" and "storytelling" we can better understand the voice and heart of the Indian, their most cherished "teachings," their cultural values. From a foundation built upon the oral traditions, we can then explore aesthetic expressions, rites of passage, health and healing practices, ceremonial life, family and kinship, social and political organizations, and ecological relationships. It is an approach to appreciating the world of the Indian, the "what," that attempts to more closely parallel an Indian ontology.
To better appreciate the vitality and continuity of the world of the First Peoples, the historic world of Euro-American contact with Indians peoples must be reviewed. Among the topics considered will be the impact the horse, diseases, missionaries, war and treaties had and continue to have on Indian society. To fully begin to appreciate the policies and process emanating out of Euro-American contact history with the Indian, the emerging cultural values of this new societal experiment will also be considered. Paramount in our discussion of the confluence of American Indian and Euro-American cultural values and its varied manifestations will be an appreciation of the meanings of contemporary "tribal sovereignty."
Given the tremendous diversity and richness of the indigenous cultures of North America, special emphasis will be given to the Crow of the Plains, the Netsilik of the Arctic, the Navajo and Hopi of Southwest, the Kwakiutl of the Northwest Coast, Ojibwa of the Subarctic, and the Iroquois of the Northeast. While reference to the Coeur d'Alene and Nez Perce will be made in this course, the Indian peoples of the Plateau region, such as the Coeur d'Alene, Colville, Okanogan, Flathead, Nez Perce, Spokane, Umatilla, Warm Springs, Wasco and Yakama, will be more fully considered in the course, ANTH 422/522 - Plateau Indians. In addition, many of the contemporary issues facing Indian nations, such as those relating to sovereignty, religious freedom, education, health and natural resources, will be more fully addressed in the seminar, AIST 401 - Contemporary American Indian Issues.
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